Nothofagus betuloides

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Nothofagus betuloides
Nothofagus betuloides.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Fagales
Family: Nothofagaceae
Genus: Nothofagus
Species: N. betuloides
Binomial name
Nothofagus betuloides
(Mirb.) Oerst.
Synonyms[1]
  • Betula antarctica G.Forst.
  • Calusparassus betuloides (Mirb.) Hombr. & Jacquinot ex Decne.
  • Calusparassus forsteri (Hook.) Hombr. & Jacquinot ex Decne.
  • Fagus betuloides Mirb.
  • Fagus dubia Mirb.
  • Fagus forsteri Hook.
  • Nothofagus betuloides (Mirb.) Blume
  • Nothofagus dubia (Mirb.) Oerst.
  • Nothofagus dubia (Mirb.) Blume
  • Nothofagus forsteri (Hook.) Krasser
  • Nothofagus patagonica Gand.

Nothofagus betuloides, Magellan's beech or guindo, is native to southern Patagonia.

In 1769 Sir Joseph Banks collected a specimen of the tree in Tierra del Fuego during Captain Cook's first voyage.[2]

Distribution[edit]

Nothofagus betuloides grows from southern Chile and southern Argentina (40°S) to Tierra del Fuego (56°S). It is found from sea level to 500 m (1,600 ft).

Description[edit]

It is an evergreen tree up to 25 m (82 ft) with a columnar appearance. In its natural environment it tolerates cold winters and absence of heat in summer. Specimens from the southern forests resist temperatures down to −20 °C (−4 °F).

Cultivation[edit]

It succeeds in Scotland. Trees planted in the Faroe Islands, which were imported directly from its southernmost distribution in Tierra del Fuego, have turned out to be very hardy.[3]

The wood has beautiful marks, is pinkish, hard and semi-heavy, and is used in furniture and construction.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "The Plant List: A Working List of All Plant Species". 
  2. ^ Kew gardens, or A popular guide to the Royal Botanic Gardens of Kew by Sir W.J. Hooker
  3. ^ Højgaard, A., J. Jóhansen, and S. Ødum (eds) 1989. A century of tree planting in the Faroe Islands. Føroya Frodskaparfelag, Torshavn.
  • Donoso, C. 2005. Árboles nativos de Chile. Guía de reconocimiento. Edición 4. Marisa Cuneo Ediciones, Valdivia, Chile. 136p.
  • Hoffmann, Adriana. 1998. Flora Silvestre de Chile, Zona Central. Edición 4. Fundación Claudio Gay, Santiago. 254p.
  • Rodríguez, R. & Quezada, M. 2003. Fagaceae. En C. Marticorena y R. Rodríguez [eds.], Flora de Chile Vol. 2(2), pp 64–76. Universidad de Concepción, Concepción.
  • "Nothofagus betuloides". Encyclopedia of Chilean Flora. Retrieved 2009-06-27. 
  • "Magellan's beech". Chilebosque. Retrieved 2009-06-27. 
  • "Nothofagotts betuloides in the Netherlands". PlantenTuin Esveld. Retrieved 2009-06-27.