Notholirion

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Notholirion
Notholirion macrophyllum CBM.png
Notholirion macrophyllum[1]
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
Order: Liliales
Family: Liliaceae
Genus: Notholirion
Wall. ex Boiss.
Type species
Notholirion thomsonianum (Royle) Stapf[2]

Notholirion is a small Asian genus of bulbous plants in the lily family. It is closely related to Lilium, but each individual flowers only once, and then dies after producing offsets. The bulb is covered by a tunic. Leaves are basal, produced in autumn and winter.[3][4]

Taxonomy[edit]

Baker (1874)[5] considered Notholirion to be a subgenus of Fritillaria, but Boissier (1884)[4] separated it as a distinct genus. The evolutionary and phylogenetic relationships between the genera currently included in Liliaceae are shown in the following Cladogram:

Cladogram: Phylogeny and biogeography of the genera of the Liliaceae
Liliaceae

West NA

Tricyrtis



Streptopoideae

Streptopus




Prosartes



Scoliopus








West NA

Calochortus


Lilioideae* East NA EA
Medeoleae East NA

Clintonia



Medeola



Lilieae s.l. EA
Tulipeae East Asia


Tulipa




Amana



Erythronium






Gagea (Lloydia)




Lilieae s.s. Himalayas

Notholirion




Cardiocrinum




Lilium (Nomocharis)



Fritillaria









Phylogenetic tree reflecting relationships based on molecular phylogenetic evidence.
*=Liliaceae sensu Tamura; EA=Eurasia NA=North America

Species[edit]

List of species:[6][7][3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1878 illustration. Source: Curtis's Botanical Magazine vol. 104, lithograph by J. Nugent Fitch
  2. ^ lectotype designated by Wilson, Lilies E. Asia 100 (1925).
  3. ^ a b Flora of China Vol. 24 Page 133 假百合属 jia bai he shu Notholirion Wallich ex Boissier, Fl. Orient. 5: 190. 1882.
  4. ^ a b Boissier 1884.
  5. ^ Baker 1874.
  6. ^ The Plant List
  7. ^ Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families

Bibliography[edit]