Nagar panchayat

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Not to be confused with Gram Panchayat or Panchayat Samiti.

A Nagar Panchayat or Notified Area Council (NAC) or City Council in India is a settlement which is in transition from rural to urban.[1]

The 74th amendment made the provisions relating to "urban local governments" (nagarpalikas). [2]

Three tier structure:

  • Municipal corporations
  • Municipal councils
  • Nagar panchayats


Each nagar panchayat has a committee consisting of a chairman/mayor along with ward members. Membership consists of a minimum of ten elected ward members and three nominated members. NAC members of the nagar panchayat are elected from the several wards of the nagar panchayat on the basis of adult franchise for a term of five years. There are seats reserved for scheduled castes, scheduled tribes, backward classes and women. The councillors or ward members chosen by direct election from electoral wards in the nagar panchayat.


The Chairman is the head of the Notified Area Committee. The Executive Officer is the official in charge of the Notified Area Council. Executive Officers monitor the implementation of all the programs related to planning and development of the Notified Area Council with the coordination of the NAC Chairman and all ward members.


  • Provide essential services and facilities to the urban area.
  • Sanitation programme in township.
  • Street lighting and providing roads in every wards and main roads of town.
  • Set up and run schools in urban area. Execute programme for adult literacy and run city libraries.
  • Water supplying to every ward of the urban area.
  • Drainage system to clear the solid and liquid wastes from town.
  • Build culvert for underground drainage system.
  • Records of births and deaths.

Sources of income[edit]

Nagar panchayats derive income from taxes including those on water, pilgrimage, markets and transport services. They also receive a mixed grant from the state government in proportion to the land revenue and money for works and schemes assigned to them.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "The Constitution (seventy-fourth Amendment) Act, 1992". India Code Legislative Department. Ministry of Law and Justice. Retrieved 28 September 2015. 
  2. ^ [1]