Location within Les Collines-de-l'Outaouais RCM.
|Coordinates: Coordinates: |
|Constituted||May 17, 1979|
|• Mayor||Daniel Malette|
|• Federal riding||Pontiac|
|• Prov. riding||Papineau|
|• Total||117.10 km2 (45.21 sq mi)|
|• Land||114.30 km2 (44.13 sq mi)|
|• Density||6.6/km2 (17/sq mi)|
|• Pop 2006-2011||2.2%|
|Time zone||EST (UTC−5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC−4)|
|Postal code(s)||J0X 2L0|
Notre-Dame-de-la-Salette is a municipality in the Outaouais region of Quebec, Canada. It is part of the Les Collines-de-l'Outaouais Regional County Municipality, straddling the eastern banks of the Du Lièvre River.
In 1841, the Township of Portland, named after the Isle of Portland in Dorset, England, was formed. From 1845 on, it was colonized by Irish and French Canadians, followed by Norwegians in 1860. A year later in 1861, the township was reorganized as a township municipality. A post office followed in 1883. French priests established a parish in 1905, named after the French pilgrimage location Notre-Dame-de-la-Salette.
During the early morning hours of April 26, 1908, a deadly landslide killed at least 34 people while sending 15 homes into the Lievre River including the residence of then-mayor Camille Lapointe. As the river was blocked by mud and land, a wave was sent into the village damaging or destroying several other structures. The toll could have been larger as a few years before the event the closure of a mine forced over 200 families to leave the village. Other major landslides were recorded in the village, twice in 1900 and in 1912 where several key infrastructures were demolished and swept away. A major fire also destroyed a large section of the village in 1903.
In 1966, Portland was renamed to Notre-Dame-de-la-Salette. On January 1, 1975, it was merged into a new City of Buckingham. But because of public outcry, this merger didn't last long. In 1980, Notre-Dame-de-la-Salette regained its municipal autonomy.
- Population in 2011: 757
- Population in 2006: 774
- Population in 2001: 706
- 2001 to 2006 population change: 9.6%
- Population in 1996: 678
- Population in 1991: 658
Private dwellings (occupied by usual residents): 332
- English as first language: 20%
- French as first language: 78%
- Other as first language: 2%
- Reference number 98673 of the Commission de toponymie du Québec (in French)
- Geographic code 82010 in the official Répertoire des municipalités (in French)
- "(Code 2482010) Census Profile". 2011 census. Statistics Canada. 2012.
- "Notre-Dame-de-la-Salette" (in French). Commission de toponymie du Québec. Retrieved 2008-04-10.
- "Un village en plein cauchemar". Le Droit. April 26, 2008.
- Statistics Canada: 1996, 2001, 2006, 2011 census