Notre-Dame de la Daurade
Notre-Dame de la Daurade is a basilica in Toulouse, France. It was established in 410 when Emperor Honorius allowed the conversion of pagan temples to Christianity. The original building of Notre-Dame de la Daurade was a temple dedicated to Apollo.
During the 5th or 6th century a church was erected, decorated with golden mosaics; the current name derives from the antique name, “Deaurata”, (Latin: aura, gold). Linguistic evidence from inscriptions that accompanied the mosaics suggest that the church was in use by the Visigoths, who adhered to Arian Christianity, before coming into Catholic hands following the Battle of Vouillé in 507. It became a Benedictine monastery during the 9th century. After a period of decline starting in the 15th century, the basilica was demolished in 1761 to make way for the construction of Toulouse's riverside quays. The buildings were restored and a new church built, but the monastery was closed during the French Revolution, becoming a tobacco factory.
The basilica had housed the shrine of a Black Madonna. The original icon was stolen in the fifteenth century, and its first replacement was burned by Revolutionaries in 1799 on the Place du Capitole. The icon presented today is an 1807 copy of the fifteenth century Madonna. Blackened by the hosts of candles, the second Madonna has been known since the sixteenth century as Notre Dame La Noire.
The current edifice was built during the 19th century.
The church has been listed as a Monument historique by the French Ministry of Culture; its organ has also been classified.
Seven-sided sanctuary of Notre Dame de la Daurade, with niches decorated with columns.
Altar of Black Madonna of Toulouse
Black Madonna of Toulouse
- ^ Notre-Dame de la Daurade
- ^ Carla Falluomini, "Traces of Wulfila's Bible Translation in Visigothic Gaul", Amsterdamer Beiträge zur älteren Germanistik 80 (2020) pp. 5-24.
- ^ Vanished Kingdoms: The History of Half-Forgotten Europe, Norman Davies
- ^ Base Mérimée: Notre-Dame-de-la-Daurade, Ministère français de la Culture. (in French)
- ^ Base Palissy: Orgue de tribune : partie instrumentale de l'orgue, Ministère français de la Culture. (in French)
- Weitzmann, Kurt, ed., Age of spirituality: late antique and early Christian art, third to seventh century, no. 595, 1979, Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, ISBN 9780870991790