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Rainbow Shiner.jpg
Notropis chrosomus
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Cypriniformes
Family: Cyprinidae
Subfamily: Leuciscinae
Genus: Notropis
Rafinesque, 1818
Type species
Notropis atherinoides
Rafinesque 1818
  • Alburnellus Girard, 1856
  • Alburnops Girard, 1856
  • Azteca Jordan & Evermann, 1896
  • Aztecula Jordan & Evermann, 1898
  • Chriope Jordan, 1878
  • Episema Cope & Jordan]], 1877
  • Ericymba Cope, 1865
  • Erinemus Jordan, 1876
  • Graodus Günther 1868
  • Hudsonius Girard, 1856
  • Hydrophlox Jordan, 1878
  • Miniellus Jordan, 1888
  • Minnilus Rafinesque, 1820
  • Nazatexico Whitley, 1931
  • Opsopoea Jordan & Evermann, 1898
  • Orcella Jordan & Evermann, 1896
  • Orcula Jordan & Evermann, 1900
  • Paranotropis Fowler 1904
  • Photogenis Cope, 1867

Notropis is a genus of freshwater fish in the family Cyprinidae. They are known commonly as eastern shiners.[1] They are native to North America, and are the continent's second largest genus.[2][3]

A 1997 phylogenetic analysis placed the genus in a clade with Campostoma, Cyprinella, Phenacobius, Platygobio and Rhinichthys.[4] The systematics of the genus is still unclear. It has not been confirmed to be monophyletic. While it has been divided into several subgenera and species groups, the relationships between the taxa are not yet understood.[5]


Members of the genus Notropis have eight dorsal rays and usually have no barbel (with the exception of Redeye chub). Scales for most species are not usually that much taller than they are wide. Their scales are usually not diamond shaped.

Their intestines are short and usually have one loop at the front.[3]


There are currently 88 recognized species in this genus:

Notropis girardi
Notropis leuciodus
Notropis lutipinnis
Notropis maculatus
Notropis rubricroceus
Notropis stilbius


  1. ^ Notropis Système canadien d’information sur la biodiversité (SCIB)
  2. ^ McAllister, C.T., Layher, W.G., Robison, H.W. & Buchanan, T.M. (2009): New Distribution Records for Three Species of Notropis (Cypriniformes: Cyprinidae) from Large Rivers of Arkansas. Journal of the Arkansas Academy of Science, 63: 192-194.
  3. ^ a b Page, Lawrence M.; Burr, Brooks M. (2011). Peterson Field Guide to Freshwater Fishes of North America North of Mexico. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. p. 253. ISBN 978-0547242064.
  4. ^ Simons, A.M. & Mayden, R. (1997): Phylogenetic Relationships of the Creek Chubs and the Spine-Fins: an Enigmatic Group of North American Cyprinid Fishes (Actinopterygii: Cyprinidae). Cladistics, 13 (3): 187-205.
  5. ^ Cashner, M.F., Piller, K.R. & Bart, H.L. (2011): Phylogenetic relationships of the North American cyprinid subgenus Hydrophlox. Archived 2014-05-05 at the Wayback Machine Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 59 (3): 725-735.
  6. ^ a b Conway, K.W. & Kim, D. (2016): Redescription of the Texas Shiner Notropis amabilis from the southwestern United States and northern Mexico with the reinstatement of N. megalops (Teleostei: Cyprinidae). Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters, 26 (4): 305-340.