Nottinghamshire County Council

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Nottinghamshire County Council
Coat of arms of Nottinghamshire County Council.png
Type
Type
Leadership
Chief Executive
Anthony May
Since April 2015
Leader
Alan Rhodes, Labour
Since May 2015
Chairman
Yvonne Woodhead, Labour
Structure
Elections
First past the post
Last election
2 May 2013
Next election
May 2017
Website
www.nottinghamshire.gov.uk

Nottinghamshire County Council is the upper-tier local authority for the non-metropolitan ceremonial county of Nottinghamshire in England. It consists of 67 county councillors, elected from 54 electoral divisions every four years. The most recent election was held in 2013.

The county council does not have jurisdiction over Nottingham, which is a unitary authority governed by Nottingham City Council.

Responsibilities[edit]

The council is responsible for public services such as education, transport, planning, social care, libraries, trading standards and waste management.[1]

History[edit]

The council was established in 1889 under the Local Government Act 1888, covering the administrative county which excluded the county borough of Nottingham. The first elections to the county council were held on 15 January 1889, with 51 councillors being elected. The first meeting of the council took place on 1 April 1889 and 17 alderman were elected by the elected councillors to serve on the council.[2]

The Local Government Act 1894 created urban and rural districts with elected councils in England and Wales, forming a section tier of local government below county councils. In Nottinghamshire, The act created ten rural districts, ten urban districts and reconstituted three municipal boroughs. This system of local government continued until 1974.

The county council was reconstituted as a non-metropolitan county by the Local Government Act 1972 and the first elections were held in 1973. All urban districts, rural districts and municipal boroughs within the county were abolished and replaced with non-metropolitan districts. Whilst previously the City of Nottingham was an independent county borough and therefore not included within the administrative county of Nottinghamshire or involved in the election of county councillors, the new non-metropolitan county included Nottingham for the first time as a non-metropolitan district.[3]

The last major change to local government in Nottinghamshire took place in 1998, when Nottingham regained independent control over its affairs when it became a unitary authority. Since then the county council has had control over the county of Nottinghamshire, excluding the City of Nottingham.[4]

Political makeup[edit]

The most recent elections to the council were held in 2013. The political makeup of the council following the election is shown in the table below.[5]

Party Councillors Change
Labour 34 +21
Conservative 21 -14
Liberal Democrat 8 -1
Independent 4 -3

Political control[edit]

Elections to the county council take place every four years, with the first election to the modern non-metropolitan county council taking place in 1973 (elections to the predecessor county council constituted by the Local Government Act 1888 were first held in 1889, and the final elections held in 1970 before it was abolished in 1974). Following each election, the county council has been controlled by the following parties:[6]

Year Party Details
1973 Labour Details
1977 Conservative Details
1981 Labour Details
1985 Labour Details
1989 Labour Details
1993 Labour Details
1997 Labour Details
2001 Labour Details
2005 Labour Details
2009 Conservative Details
2013 Labour Details

District councils[edit]

The county council is the upper-tier of local government, below which are 7 district councils with responsibility for local services such as housing, planning applications, licensing, council tax collection and rubbish collection. The districts of Nottinghamshire are;

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Understand how your council works". www.gov.uk. HM Government. Retrieved 15 October 2016. 
  2. ^ "History of Nottinghamshire County Council". Nottinghamshire County Council. Retrieved 15 October 2016. 
  3. ^ Local Government Act 1972. 1972 c.70. The Stationery Office Ltd. 1997. ISBN 0-10-547072-4. 
  4. ^ "The Nottinghamshire (City of Nottingham) (Structural Change) Order 1996". legislation.gov.uk. Retrieved 15 October 2016. 
  5. ^ "Nottinghamshire election 2013: Narrow win for Labour". BBC News. 3 May 2013. Retrieved 15 October 2016. 
  6. ^ "Nottinghamshire". BBC News Online. 19 April 2009. Retrieved 25 September 2009.