Nova Centauri 2013

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Nova Centauri 2013
Свежий снимок Новой Центавра 2013.jpg
Nova Centauri 2013 as seen with the naked-eye near La Silla Observatory[1]
Observation data
Epoch J2000.0      Equinox J2000.0
Constellation Centaurus
Right ascension  13h 54m 47.00s[2]
Declination −59° 09′ 08.0″[2]
Apparent magnitude (V) 3.3 (max)
Proper motion (μ) RA: -11.2[2] mas/yr
Dec.: -21.7[2] mas/yr
Other designations
Nova Centauri 2013, Nova Cen 2013, V1369 Centauri, V1369 Cen, PNV J13544700-5909080, PNV J1354-5909[2]
Database references

Nova Cen 2013 or V1369 Cen (PNV J13544700-5909080) was a bright nova in the constellation Centaurus. It was discovered on December 2, 2013 by amateur astronomer John Seach in Australia with a magnitude of 5.5.[3][4] On December 14, 2013 it peaked at about magnitude 3.3, making it the brightest nova so far of this millennium.[5]

Nova Centauri 2013 was observed emitting gamma-rays between 7–10 December 2013 by the Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope.[6] The nova continued to brighten in gamma-rays and the peak coincided with the second optical maximum on 11 December 2013.[7]

The Swift Gamma-Ray Burst Mission detected X-ray emission from Nova Centauri 2013 on 18 and 25 February 2014 and 8 March 2014.[8]

In July 2015 it was announced that lithium has been detected in material ejected from Nova Centauri 2013. This is the first time lithium has been detected in a nova system.[9][dubious ] The amount detected was less than a billionth of the mass of the Sun.[9] This finding is significant because it supports a theory that the extra lithium found in Population I stars (compared to Population II stars) comes from novae.[9]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Brand New Image of Nova Centauri 2013". ESO Picture of the Week. Retrieved 10 December 2013.
  2. ^ a b c d e f "NOVA Cen 2013 – Nova". SIMBAD. Retrieved 2015-02-20.
  3. ^ Dickinson, David (2013-12-04). "A Naked Eye Nova Erupts in Centaurus". Universe Today. Retrieved 2013-12-06.
  4. ^ "Alert Notice 492: Nova Centauri 2013 = PNV J13544700-5909080". American Association of Variable Star Observers. 2013-12-04. Retrieved 2013-12-06.
  5. ^ IAU Circ., 9266, 2 (2013). Edited by Green, D. W. E.
  6. ^ Astronomer's Telegram #5649
  7. ^ Astronomer's Telegram #5653
  8. ^ Astronomer's Telegram #5966
  9. ^ a b c "First Detection of Lithium from an Exploding Star". ESO. Archived from the original on 29 July 2015. Retrieved 29 July 2015.

External links[edit]