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Nova Kakhovka

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Nova Kakhovka
Нова Каховка
Новокаховський Палац культури.jpg
Novokakhovs'ka city council, Khersons'ka oblast, Ukraine - panoramio (3).jpg
Novokakhovs'ka city council, Khersons'ka oblast, Ukraine - panoramio (2).jpg
Шабо у НК.jpg
НКЕМЗ.jpg
Шлюз Каховської ГЕС 01.jpg
Flag of Nova Kakhovka
Coat of arms of Nova Kakhovka
Nova Kakhovka is located in Ukraine
Nova Kakhovka
Nova Kakhovka
Location of Nova Kakhovka
Nova Kakhovka is located in Kherson Oblast
Nova Kakhovka
Nova Kakhovka
Nova Kakhovka (Kherson Oblast)
Coordinates: 46°45′18″N 33°22′30″E / 46.75500°N 33.37500°E / 46.75500; 33.37500Coordinates: 46°45′18″N 33°22′30″E / 46.75500°N 33.37500°E / 46.75500; 33.37500
Country
Oblast
Raion
 Ukraine
Kherson Oblast
Kakhovka Raion
Founded28 February 1952
BoroughsOccupied by Russia[1]
Area
 • Total222.7 km2 (86.0 sq mi)
Elevation
21 m (69 ft)
Population
 (2021)
 • TotalDecrease 45,069
Postal code
74900
Area code(s)+380 5549
ClimateDfa
Websitenovakahovka.com.ua

Nova Kakhovka (Ukrainian: Нова́ Кахо́вка, pronounced [noˈwɑ kɐˈxɔu̯kɐ]; Russian: Новая Каховка) is a city in Kherson Oblast of southern Ukraine, recognized as the Monument of Architecture,[2] and was part of the Great Construction Projects of Communism. It is the center of Kakhovka Raion. Nova Kakhovka hosts the administration of Nova Kakhovka urban hromada, one of the hromadas of Ukraine.[3]

It is an important river port on Dnieper River and the Kakhovka Reservoir. It is also the site of the Tavria Games, (Ukrainian: Таврійські ігри, translit. Tavriys'ki ihry), the most popular annual international music festival in the region. Population: 45,069 (2021 est.)[4] The city is currently in a region hotly contested by Russian and Ukrainian forces in the 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine.[citation needed]

History

Nova Kakhovka was founded on 28 February 1952, in the place where, from 1891, the village Klyucheve had existed. It was in direct proximity of the established dam of the Kakhovka Hydroelectric Power Plant (1947–1948), and was built to house the plant's construction workers. Since its founding, the city has been called Nova Kakhovka, or New Kakhova, to distinguish from the city of Kakhovka located 15 km (9.3 mi) away. After the construction of the power plant was finished, most of the workers stayed in Nova Kakhovka. The city of Nova Kakhovka is recognized[by whom?] as one of the most successful colonization sites of the Ukrainian South in recent[as of?] years and earned a title of the Pearl of Lower Dnieper (Official website of the city).

On October 10, 1950, the management of the "Dniprobud" created a housing department, which was tasked with the construction of a new town of power engineers.[5]

April 20, 1951 laid the foundation of the first residential building on the street. K. Marx, 31, and already 30 May of the same year he was put into operation.[5]

On February 10, 1952, a train arrived from Fedorivka to Nova Kakhovka. In total for 9 months 154 km of railways were built. At 12 o'clock a train with a load from Chelyabinsk, Moscow, Bryansk approached the triumphal arch, where he met thousands of builders. The railway became an important transport artery, which accelerated the construction of the hydroelectric plant, the city, suburban farms, and the entire center of the Kherson region.[6]

On February 28, 1952, the working village of builders of the Kakhovka hydroelectric power station was given the name "Nova Kakhovka" by the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR. Initially it was assumed that it would be small, up to 20 thousand people, a city of power engineers. However, due to the good geographical location in the center of the region, the availability of cheap electricity, railways, highways and waterways, which opened the way to a large-tonnage ship from the mouth of the Dnieper to the Pripyat, as well as highly skilled, experienced personnel potential, opened the city with broad prospects for development.[6]

During the fall of 1950, school 1 and school 2 were opened.[6]

Until 18 July 2020, Nova Kakhovka was incorporated as a city of oblast significance and the center of Nova Kakhovka Municipality. The municipality as an administrative unit was abolished in July 2020 as part of the administrative reform of Ukraine, which reduced the number of raions of Kherson Oblast to five. The area of Nova Kakhovka Municipality was merged into Kakhovka Raion.[7][8]

Panorama of the Kakhovka Reservoir and the Town Hydropower Plant

Geography

Landsat image of Nova Kakhovka.

The city is sometimes referred to as an oasis, because it was built on an area where sand was plentiful. During the construction of the city, the parks and sod were built and lain on the sandy ground. Also, the architectural plans were developed to build streets and squares in the way they would harmonize perfectly with the shoreline of the reservoir.

Climate

Climate data for Nova Kakhovka (1981–2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 1.6
(34.9)
2.3
(36.1)
7.5
(45.5)
15.5
(59.9)
22.2
(72.0)
26.3
(79.3)
28.9
(84.0)
28.4
(83.1)
22.7
(72.9)
15.8
(60.4)
7.9
(46.2)
2.9
(37.2)
15.2
(59.4)
Daily mean °C (°F) −1.4
(29.5)
−1.2
(29.8)
3.1
(37.6)
10.2
(50.4)
16.4
(61.5)
20.6
(69.1)
23.2
(73.8)
22.8
(73.0)
17.3
(63.1)
11.0
(51.8)
4.6
(40.3)
0.1
(32.2)
10.6
(51.1)
Average low °C (°F) −4.0
(24.8)
−4.1
(24.6)
−0.1
(31.8)
5.7
(42.3)
11.2
(52.2)
15.5
(59.9)
17.8
(64.0)
17.4
(63.3)
12.6
(54.7)
7.2
(45.0)
1.8
(35.2)
−2.4
(27.7)
6.6
(43.9)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 30.2
(1.19)
32.6
(1.28)
30.8
(1.21)
37.3
(1.47)
40.2
(1.58)
48.1
(1.89)
46.8
(1.84)
32.3
(1.27)
39.9
(1.57)
30.6
(1.20)
37.9
(1.49)
38.0
(1.50)
444.7
(17.51)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 6.4 5.8 6.9 5.6 6.0 6.2 5.0 3.9 4.8 4.6 5.9 6.4 67.5
Average relative humidity (%) 84.6 82.2 77.4 68.4 64.5 65.4 61.7 60.2 67.5 74.7 83.5 85.9 73.0
Source: World Meteorological Organization[9]

Modern Nova Kakhovka

Economy and transport

The economic activities in Nova Kakhovka are engineering (electrotechnology) and power production. Near the city the large North Crimean Canal begins, via which the southwest of the Kherson Oblast and the entire northern part of the Crimea are supplied with water coming from the Dnieper River.

An alley in the Park of Stepan Faldzinsky

The city is located between Kherson in the west and Melitopol in the east on the European route E58, which runs from Odessa to Rostov-on-Don near the city. The city contains a non-electrified, one lane railroad, an airport, a water route to the Black Sea, and a port which is located on the southwest part of the Khakovka Reservoir.

Administrative divisions

The Nova Kakhovka city has a small city and an urban type village within it, as well as eight small villages in the outlying area.

Cities attractions

View of Nova Kakhovka

Culture

Restaurant complex SHABO
The elephant on the playground – an unofficial symbol of the city

The main cultural center of the city is the Palace of Culture, where there are regular performances of creative groups and folk ensembles, both local and guests from neighboring settlements.

Nova Kakhovka has a museum of local history with a permanent exhibition on the history of the city, a wine museum, a house-museum of Anatoly Bakhuta, an art gallery named after Albin Gavdzinsky, libraries, a summer theater, a cinema "Youth", which is part of the Cinema Palace.

City has three parks, squares, beaches, promenade, a large number of cafes, nightclubs, amusement park and zoo.

Sports

The main gate of the stadium "Energia"

The city has good conditions for development of physical culture and sports: there are three sports schools for children and youth, 21 gyms, 110 sports grounds, a water sports base, 13 tennis courts. Novokakhovska Tennis School is one of the best tennis schools in Ukraine. Well-known tennis players of Ukraine and the world: men – Andriy Shashkov, Maksym Dubov, Serhiy Yaroshenko, Serhiy Vergun, Oleksandr Maksymov, Dmytro Biletsky, women – Motobol Natalia Biletska, Yuliana Fedak, Halyna Furgailo. The school is also famous for its coaches – Serhiy Zhytsky (Honored Coach of Ukraine), Serhiy Korovaiko, Andriy Dubov, Tetyana Furgailo, Olga Kushnirenko, Anatoliy Biletsky.

"Energia" City Stadium promotes development of popular sports – motoball and soccer. Motorcyclists won silver medals in the championship of Ukraine in 2001, and the football team FC Enerhiya Nova Kakhovka during its existence won the regional cup 21 times and 25 times was the champion in the regional championship.

Thanks to the "Dynamo" archery sports complex, which allows 70 athletes to enter the shooting range at the same time, Nova Kakhovka holds the championships of Ukraine and the Cup of Ukraine. The team of archers of Nova Kakhovka took the eighth place at the championship of Ukraine in 2002. Among the famous archers raised by Nova Kakhovka – Tamara Literova, Vadim Reznikov, Lyudmila Arzhannikova, Anastasia Pavlova.

Currently, the city has developed children's and youth basketball, thanks to the pupils of coach Dzyubenko N. Z., who worthily and systematically defends the honor of the city at regional competitions. Its graduates play in professional teams of Kyiv, Dnipro, Cherkasy, Odesa, Poltava.

Media of Nova Kakhovka

Нова Каховка.City – online city publication, created in October 2017 by the staff of the public organization "Center for the Development of Deaf Children" and Local Media Development Agency "Abo".[10]

In Nova Kakhovka 5 weekly newspapers are published: municipal "Nova Kakhovka" (founded by the city council) and private "Novyny Dilovi", "Klyuchi", "Dniprovsikyi prospect", "Tavriiski chas".

Radio broadcasting services in the city are provided by the Novokakhovka City Radio Organization.

Notable people

Twin towns

References

  1. ^ "Nova Kakhovka has fallen to Russia: Ukraine media". The Business standard. 27 February 2022. Archived from the original on 27 February 2022. Retrieved 28 February 2022. Its mayor Volodymyr Kovalenko has reportedly said that Russian troops have seized the city's executive committee and removed all Ukrainian flags from buildings
  2. ^ "Official website". Archived from the original on 18 July 2011. Retrieved 18 March 2011.
  3. ^ "Новокаховская городская громада" (in Russian). Портал об'єднаних громад України.
  4. ^ Чисельність наявного населення України на 1 січня 2021 / Number of Present Population of Ukraine, as of January 1, 2021 (PDF) (in Ukrainian and English). Kyiv: State Statistics Service of Ukraine.
  5. ^ a b "History of the creation of our city, part 1" (in Ukrainian). Retrieved 28 February 2019.
  6. ^ a b c "History of the creation of our city, part 2" (in Ukrainian). Retrieved 28 February 2019.
  7. ^ "Про утворення та ліквідацію районів. Постанова Верховної Ради України № 807-ІХ". Голос України (in Ukrainian). 18 July 2020. Retrieved 3 October 2020.
  8. ^ "Нові райони: карти + склад" (in Ukrainian). Міністерство розвитку громад та територій України. 17 July 2020.
  9. ^ "World Meteorological Organization Climate Normals for 1981–2010". World Meteorological Organization. Archived from the original on 17 July 2021. Retrieved 17 July 2021.
  10. ^ "Novakahovka.City – про що наш сайт і хто ми". Нова Каховка.City (in Ukrainian). Retrieved 16 January 2020.
  11. ^ Новокаховчанка Анастасія Павлова виборола “золото” на Чемпіонаті України зі стрільби з лука

External links