Nova Scotia Highway 105

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Highway 105 shield

Highway 105
Mabel and Alexander Graham Bell Way
Trans-Canada Highway
Route information
Maintained by Nova Scotia Department of Transportation and Infrastructure Renewal
Length 142 km[1] (88 mi)
Existed 1970[citation needed] – present
Major junctions
West end Hwy 104 (TCH) / Trunk 4 / Trunk 19 near Port Hawkesbury
  Cabot Trail near Nyanza
Cabot Trail near St. Anns
Hwy 162 in Bras D'or
Hwy 125 near Sydney Mines
East end North Sydney Ferry Terminal
Highway system

Provincial highways in Nova Scotia

Hwy 104 (TCH)Hwy 106 (TCH)

Highway 105 in Nova Scotia represents the Cape Breton Island leg of the Trans-Canada Highway. It runs from the Port Hastings Rotary just east of the Canso Causeway in Port Hastings to the Marine Atlantic ferry terminal in North Sydney, representing a distance of 142 kilometres (88 mi).[1]

In 2010, the provincial government named the entire highway Mabel and Alexander Graham Bell Way in honour of Mabel Gardiner Hubbard and her husband Alexander Graham Bell, who resided and are buried at Beinn Bhreagh near Baddeck.[2]

Route description[edit]

Highway 105 crosses the Great Bras d'Or Channel of Bras d'Or Lake using the Seal Island Bridge.

The highway travels northeast from Port Hastings along the base of a group of mountains known as "The Big Ridge" to Whycocomagh. It then follows the north shore of Bras d'Or Lake, bypassing Baddeck on a short Super two controlled access segment. Still running in a general northeast direction, at St. Anns the highway begins ascending the west slope of Kelly's Mountain on the Cape Dauphin Peninsula. Highway 105 descends the east slope of Kelly's Mountain using a series of sharp turns including a 180° hairpin turn at New Harris Forks before crossing the Great Bras d'Or Channel of Bras d'Or Lake on the Seal Island Bridge. The road crosses Boularderie Island using another short Super two controlled access segment and then runs southeast as an uncontrolled access road through the villages of Bras d'Or and Florence. Highway 105 regains controlled access for the final 3 km (1.9 mi) to its eastern terminus at the Marine Atlantic ferry terminal in North Sydney where travellers can continue to Newfoundland.

With some minor exceptions noted above, the highway is two lanes and uncontrolled access. In addition, there are two intersections controlled by traffic lights in Florence.

The Cabot Trail, which is usually used to describe a different road, is signed along a portion of Highway 105 between Nyanza and St. Anns so that the signed route forms a loop.

History[edit]

Nova Scotia 5.svg
Nova Scotia Route 205.svg
Nova Scotia Route 305.svg

Highway 105 is descended from the former Trunk 5, which no longer exists; Highway 105 follows the old Trunk 5 alignment, using present Routes 205, 305 and roads named after it to serve areas bypassed by Highway 105. The 105 name was applied in 1970.

Trunk 5 was a provincial trunk road in Victoria County and the Cape Breton Regional Municipality between Boularderie East and Millville Boularderie on Boularderie Island in Nova Scotia. The route, known as Millville Highway, was the main highway before Nova Scotia Highway 105 opened. It originally extended from Sydney River to Port Hawkesbury. It is now commonly known as Old Route 5.

Exit list[edit]

CountyLocationkm[1]miExitDestinationsNotes
InvernessPort Hastings00.01 Hwy 104 (TCH) west / Trunk 4 west – Canso Causeway, Antigonish
Hwy 104 east / Trunk 4 east (Fleur-de-lis Trail) – Port Hawkesbury, St. Peter's, Sydney
Trunk 19 north (Ceilidh Trail) – Inverness, Port Hood, Margaree Forks
Exit 41 on Hwy 104; roundabout;
Trans-Canada Highway follows Hwy 104 west
Kingsville18112Riverside RoadAt-grade
Melford31193River Denys RoadAt-grade
Iron Mines42264Orangedale Road (Bras d'Or Lakes Scenic Drive)At-grade
Whycocomagh47295 Route 252 north to Route 395 – Mabou, Lake Ainslie, Margaree Forks, CheticampAt-grade
VictoriaLittle Narrows58366 Route 223 south (Bras d'Or Lakes Scenic Drive) – Little Narrows, Grand Narrows, IonaAt-grade
Nyanza76477 Cabot Trail (Trunk 30) to Trunk 19 – Margaree Forks, Cheticamp, InvernessAt-grade; unsigned Trunk 30
Baddeck83528 Route 205 eastAt-grade
85539 To Route 205 / Riverside Road
MacAulays Hill945810 Route 205 west – BaddeckAt-grade
St. Anns1036411Cabot Trail (Trunk 30) – IngonishAt-grade; unsigned Trunk 30
Englishtown1076612 Route 312 north – Englishtown Ferry, IngonishAt-grade
Bras d'Or Lake
(Great Bras d'Or Channel)
11974Seal Island Bridge
Big Bank1207513Kempt Head Road – Ross Ferry, Kempt HeadAt-grade
Boularderie East1227614Old Trunk 5Big Bras d'Or, Black RockAt-grade
Cape BretonNew Dominion1267815St. James RoadAt-grade
Millville Boularderie1328216Millville RoadMillville, Big Bras d'OrAt-grade
Bras d'Or1358417 Prince Mine Road (Hwy 162 north)At-grade
1368518 Route 305 east / Church Road – Alder Point, Georges RiverAt-grade
1388619Park Road – FlorenceAt-grade
Sydney Mines1398620 Hwy 125 east / Main Street – Sydney, Glace Bay, Louisbourg, Sydney MinesSigned as Exit 20E (east) and 20W (west); exit 1 on Hwy 125
North Sydney1428821 Route 305 (Queen Street) – North Sydney, Sydney Mines
North Sydney Ferry Terminal
Cabot Strait Marine Atlantic ferry to Channel-Port aux Basques (year-round) and Argentia (June–September)
Route 1 (TCH) continues in Newfoundland and Labrador
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi
  •       Tolled

References[edit]

Route map: Google

KML is from Wikidata
  1. ^ a b c Google (July 12, 2017). "Highway 105 in Nova Soctia" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved July 12, 2017. 
  2. ^ Transportation and Infrastructure Renewal (March 10, 2010). "Highway 105 Designated Mabel and Alexander Graham Bell Way". Government of Nova Scotia (Press release). 
Preceded by
Highway 104
Trans-Canada Highway
Highway 105
Succeeded by
NL Route 1