November 1913

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November 9, 1913: The "White Hurricane" gale sinks 19 ships on Michigan's Great Lakes, drowns hundreds
Notre Dame's Knute Rockne demonstrates the superiority of the forward pass in football, Irish upset Army Cadets 35-13
Map of casualties of the storm
British suffragette Pankhurst delivers "Freedom or Death Speech to American women in Harford

The following events occurred in November 1913:

November 1, 1913 (Saturday)[edit]

November 2, 1913 (Sunday)[edit]

November 3, 1913 (Monday)[edit]

  • The U.S. Department of Justice filed an antitrust suit seeking to break up the International Harvester Company.[4]
  • The U.S. Supreme Court upheld the constitutionality of a Massachusetts law, providing for a tax on foreign corporations.[4]
  • The Pleasure Seekers Broadway production opened at the Winter Garden Theatre and ran for 72 performances.[5][better source needed]
  • Born: Marika Rökk, Austrian-German singer and actress, leading actress for German Nazi films, (d. 2004) and Albert Cossery, Egyptian-French writer, author of Men God Forgot and other novels (d. 2008). Both were born in Cairo in Egypt on the same day.
  • Died: Hans Bronsart von Schellendorf, 83, German composer, known for his collaborations with Franz Liszt

November 4, 1913 (Tuesday)[edit]

U.S. Senator-elect Lee
Parran, with the second most votes up to that time for U.S. Senator

November 5, 1913 (Wednesday)[edit]

King Otto
King Ludwig III

November 6, 1913 (Thursday)[edit]

Attorney Mohandas K. Gandhi
2nd Lieutenant von Forstner
  • The "Saverne Affair" was started in Saverne, Alsace (now France but part of Germany in 1913), two local newspapers, Elsässer Anzeiger and Zaberner Anzeiger, ran articles concerning reports of disparaging remarks about Alsace residents, that had been made by 19-year-old Second Lieutenant Günter Freiherr von Forstner of the 2nd Upper Rhine Infantry Regiment No. 99 during a troop induction ceremony on October 28. Forstner reportedly told his soldiers, "If you are attacked, then make use of your weapon; if you stab such a Wackes (slur for a person who lived in the Alsace region) in the process, then you'll get ten marks from me."[13]
  • All 3,000 members of the Indiana National Guard were activated by order of Governor Samuel M. Ralston and called to Indianapolis to preserve order during the streetcar strike. The walkout was settled the next day.[14]
  • Two major storm fronts converged on the western side of Lake Superior and grew into an extra-tropical cyclone. The storm - known as the 'White Hurricane' and eventually the Great Lakes Storm of 1913 - created hurricane-force winds, massive waves and whiteout conditions.[15]
  • Died: William Henry Preece, 79, British electrical engineer, developed wireless communication for the United Kingdom

November 7, 1913 (Friday)[edit]

November 8, 1913 (Saturday)[edit]

November 9, 1913 (Sunday)[edit]

  • The Great Lakes Storm of 1913 ravaged four of the five Great Lakes around Michigan, sinking 19 ships (six of which have never been located) and killing 250 people. [23] Most of the damage occurred in Lake Huron where huge waves battered ships, scrambling to seek shelter along the lake's southern end. Most of the ships would remain missing more than a century after the storm.
  • At least 17 people on the SS Wexford died when the British bulk freighter sank in Lake Huron with a loss of all hands. The wreck would eventually be found on the lake bottom, 87 years after the disaster, on August 25, 2000.[24]
  • All 25 crew on the American freighter SS Hydrus were drowned when the 'White Hurricane' sank the ships in 35 feet (11 m) high waves on Lake Huron. The Hydrus would be located more than a century later in 2015. [25]
  • The 28 men on the SS Argus, sister ship to the Hydrus, were lost on Lake Huron. Parts of the wreckage would be found days later on the shore of Bayfield, Ontario [26] [27]
  • All 22 crew of the Canadian freighter SS James Carruthers drowned in Lake Huron. The wreckage has not been found. [28]
  • The 32 men on the Canadian freighter SS Regina died after the ship went down following the sending of a distress signal. The vessel sent word that it had hit a shoal while trying to reach Port Huron, Michigan, then capsized and sank. [29] The Regina would be located in 1986 in 80-feet deep waters 65 years later. [30]
  • On Lake Superior, all 25 people on the SS Henry B. Smith, were killed after the a ore transport ore left Marquette, Michigan to cross the lake in a belief that the storm had abated. Shortly after the storm returned, on-shore witnesses reported seeing the Henry B. Smith struggling through high waves to reach shelter at Keweenaw Point north of the harbor. It is believed the ship sank either the evening of the 9th or early morning of the 10th; only two bodies were recovered. The Henry B Smith wreck would not be found until May 2013 by shipwreck hunters, 535 feet (163 m) off Marquette.[31][32]
  • The United States and Honduras signed a peace treaty in Washington, DC, with Honduras becoming the latest of the Central American nations to accept the proposals of U.S. Secretary of State William Jennings Bryan.[4]

November 10, 1913 (Monday)[edit]

Mayor Archer

November 11, 1913 (Tuesday)[edit]

November 12, 1913 (Wednesday)[edit]

  • After several unsuccessful assaults on Ciudad Juárez, Pancho Villa devised a Trojan Horse move by capturing a coal train and hiding 2,000 soldiers inside. The train successfully entered the city where Villa's forces fought 4,000 fortified federal troops.[41]
  • Bulgaria demanded that Greece release all prisoners of war taken captive during the Second Balkan War.[4]
  • Born: Uriel Fernandes, later known as Teleco, Brazilian association football player, striker for the Corinthians, in Curitiba (d. 2000)

November 13, 1913 (Thursday)[edit]

  • British suffragist Emmeline Pankhurst delivered her "Freedom or Death" speech in Hartford, Connecticut. An excerpt of her speech read: "Human life for us is sacred, but we say if any life is to be sacrificed it shall be ours; we won’t do it ourselves, but we will put the enemy in the position where they will have to choose between giving us freedom or giving us death."[42]
  • The Nobel Prize in Literature was awarded to Hindu poet Rabindranath Tagore, marking "the first time that this prize has been given to anybody but a white person".[43]
Nobel Laureate Tagore

November 14, 1913 (Friday)[edit]

November 15, 1913 (Saturday)[edit]

Pancho Villa

November 16, 1913 (Sunday)[edit]

November 17, 1913 (Monday)[edit]

November 18, 1913 (Tuesday)[edit]

"Lincoln Beachey and his aeroplane"
  • American aviator Lincoln J. Beachey first performed his inside loop (called the "loop the loop") at an airshow at Naval Air Station North Island, San Diego. Beachey climbed to 3,500 feet (1,066 meters) before turning the airplane down. He brought the machine up at the 1,000-foot mark and completed a 300-foot (91-meter) loop.[53]
  • French aviator Maurice Chevillard performed the first somersault loop with an airplane while a passenger was on board, something previously done solo by aviators.[54]
  • Twenty-one coal miners were killed in the explosion of the Alabama Fuel and Iron Company's Mine Number 2 near Acton, Alabama.[55]
  • Born: Endre Rozsda, Hungarian-French painter, member of the Surrealism movement, in Mohács, Hungary (d. 1999)

November 19, 1913 (Wednesday)[edit]

  • Jack Thompson showed up at his own funeral visitation in Hamilton, Ontario, eight days after he had been believed to have drowned in the sinking of the SS James Carruthers. The body that had washed ashore from Lake Huron had been identified by his bereaved father, Thomas, at a morgue in Goderich, Ontario. In reality, Thompson had not accompanied the ship on its final voyage. The body his father identified was the same height and build, had similar facial features, tattoos (including the initials "J.T."), scars (crossed toes), and other markings on the body. Upon reading his name among the list of known dead in a newspaper while in Toronto, Thompson took a train back to his hometown and walked into his home, where his family was preparing for his burial. The identity of the body mistaken for Thompson remains unknown, and is buried with four other unknown seamen in Goderich.[56]
  • The Governor of Pennsylvania, John K. Tener, agreed to serve as the new president of baseball's National League[57]
  • Born: Harry Friedman, American orchestra leader, known as the Blue Barron in the Big Band era, in Cleveland (d. 2005)

November 20, 1913 (Thursday)[edit]

Radio Eiffel
  • The Eiffel Tower, made of iron, was used as a radio antenna for wireless transmission and reception by the Paris Observatory. For three weeks, the Paris Observatory and the U.S. Naval Observatory in Arlington, Virginia had been attempting to signal each other and "on November 20 the exchange worked well for the first time", in an experiment that continued until March.[58] The New York Times reported that the earlier tests had encountered interference from atmospheric conditions and other radio transmissions, but that on the evening of the 20th, "the beats of the Paris clock, as transmitted by wireless, were compared with the Washington clock for several minutes".[59]
  • Born:

November 21, 1913 (Friday)[edit]

  • The Olds School of Agriculture and Home Economics officially opened on the site of a demonstration farm in Olds, Alberta, the second of three agricultural schools opened by the Alberta Department of Agriculture. The school would expand its programs and campus over decades and is now the Olds College.[60]
Roy and John

November 22, 1913 (Saturday)[edit]

November 23, 1913 (Sunday)[edit]

November 24, 1913 (Monday)[edit]

November 25, 1913 (Tuesday)[edit]

White House wedding couple Wilson and Sayre

November 26, 1913 (Wednesday)[edit]

November 27, 1913 (Thursday)[edit]

November 28, 1913 (Friday)[edit]

  • New rules to speed up the game of ice hockey were tested for the first time in a game, as the Pacific Coast Hockey Association (PCHA) implemented ideas by Frank Patrick, including an end to the prohibition against passing the puck forward beyond one's own side of the rink. [76] Previously, players could only pass the puck forward until they reached the blue line that marked the neutral zone, after which they had to maintain possession while they skated forward, and could only pass to a player behind them. The penalties that resulted from frequent infractions of the rule delayed the games. Patrick's idea, which would later be accepted by the NHL forerunner, the National Hockey Association, was to allow forward passing by either team in the neutral zone. In a preseason exhibition at Victoria Arena in Victoria, British Columbia, the Victoria Aristocrats beat the Vancouver Millionaires 4 to 3 in overtime. [77]
  • Prussian soldiers occupying Saverne arrested and imprisoned 26 demonstrators without probable cause, after a crowd of demonstrators made their angriest protests up to that time over Lt. von Forstner's offensive remarks and the insufficiency of the discipline taken against the young officer. When the crowd ignored warnings to disperse, the soldiers charged the crowd, seized whomever they could detain, and imprisoned the 26 in the basement of the Rohan Palace. Martial law was declared in the town soon after.[78]
  • Pancho Villa gained control of Chihuahua, Mexico and established a base of operations in the city for División del Norte.[11]
  • Died: George B. Post, 75, American architect, noted proponent of the Beaux-Arts tradition and designer of many public New York City buildings including the New York Stock Exchange

November 29, 1913 (Saturday)[edit]

November 30, 1913 (Sunday)[edit]


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  2. ^ "Notre Dame Outclasses the Army Team— Westerners Show Great Speed and Execute 12 Forward Passes for Big Gains", Pittsburgh Gazette-Times, pIII-4
  3. ^ Constantelos, Stephen. "George Stovall". Society for American Baseball Research. Retrieved 13 April 2014.; "Federal League Contract", New York Times, November 3, 1913
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "Record of Current Events", The American Monthly Review of Reviews (December 1913), pp. 671-674
  5. ^ "The Pleasure Seekers (Original Broadway Production - 1913)". Ovrtur. Retrieved 13 April 2014.
  6. ^ "19131104 PERU". National Geophysical Data Center. March 29, 2014. Retrieved March 29, 2014.
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  8. ^ "Monarch Profile: King Otto of Bavaria". The Mad Monarchist. Retrieved 13 April 2014.; "Bavaria Has a New King", New York Times, November 6, 1913
  9. ^ John V.A. MacMurray, comp., Treaties and Agreements with and concerning China, 1894-1919 (New York, 1921), v. 2, no. 1913/11, pp. 1066-67
  10. ^ "Chinese President Expels 300 Deputies", New York Times, November 5, 1913
  11. ^ a b c d e "Timeline of the Mexican Revolution".; "Rebel Repulse Reported", New York Times, November 9, 1913
  12. ^ "Mohandas K. Gandhi is arrested as he leads a march of Indian miners in South Africa". South African History Online. Retrieved 14 April 2014.
  13. ^ Heitmann, Thierry. "The Affair of Saverne - 1913". Retrieved 4 May 2014.
  14. ^ "3,000 State Troops Hold Indianapolis", New York Times, November 7, 1913
  15. ^ Heidorn, Keith C. (2001). "The Great Lakes: Storm Breeding Ground". Science of the Sky. Published online 16 Nov 2001, Suite101.
  16. ^ See Brown, 2002, pp. 28–44, for wind speeds and other figures for November 7
  17. ^ See Brown, 2002, pp. 44–67, for wind speeds and other figures for November 8
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  20. ^ "U.S. Coast Guard Awards". U.S. Coast Guard.
  21. ^ "Woyzeck by Georg Büchner". Duke University. Retrieved 15 April 2014.
  22. ^ "George Tracey, Noted Runner, Killed", New York Times, November 10, 1913
  23. ^ David G. Brown (2002). White Hurricane: A Great Lakes November Gale and America's Deadliest Maritime Disaster. International Marine / McGraw-Hill, 2002) p223
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  25. ^ "Man discovers Lake Huron shipwreck missing since 1913", by Jim Schaefer, Detroit Free Press, November 9, 2015
  26. ^ "Awful Marine Disaster on the Great Lakes", The Signal (Goderich, ON), November 13, 1913., but the ship's cabin has never been located.
  27. ^ "SS Argus (+1913)". Wreck Site. Archived from the original on 2014-04-14. Retrieved 14 April 2014.
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  29. ^ Storm Toll Heavy in Life and Ships, Oshkosh (WI) Daily Northwestern, November 12, 1913. p.1
  30. ^ "Divers find 73-year old shipwreck in Lake Huron", Ludington (MI) Daily News, November 13, 1986, p7
  31. ^ Template:Cit.e news
  32. ^ Krueger, Andrew (1 July 2013). "Video confirms wreck is freighter Henry B. Smith: New video taken more than 500 feet beneath the surface of Lake Superior confirms that a shipwreck discovered earlier this year is indeed the long-lost freighter Henry B. Smith". Duluth News Tribune.
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  37. ^ "British Hands Off, Asserts Asquith", New York Times, November 11, 1913
  38. ^ "The Treaty Of Peace Between Turkey And Greece". Pollitecon Publications.
  39. ^ "The Madcap Duchess". Internet Broadway Database (IBDB). Archived from the original on 2012-11-12. Retrieved 13 April 2014.
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  41. ^ "Villa Takes Juarez in Night Attack", New York Times, November 16, 1913
  42. ^ "When Civil War is Waged by Women". History Is A Weapon. Retrieved 4 May 2014.
  43. ^ "Nobel Prize Given to a Hindu Poet", New York Times, November 14, 1913
  44. ^ "Fifteen Die in Wrecks", New York Times, November 14, 1913
  45. ^ "Yale University Press to celebrate 2013 centennial of Proust's masterpiece by launching landmark new edition of In Search of Lost Time" (PDF). Yale Book News. Retrieved 14 April 2014.
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  48. ^ Front page, Port Huron Times-Herald EXTRA edition, Port Huron, Michigan, 15 November 1913.
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  55. ^ "Explosion Kills Miners", New York Times, November 19, 1913
  56. ^ "'Corpse' Looks on as Family Mourns", Montreal Gazette, November 20, 1913, p. 1
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