November 1913

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November 9, 1913: The "White Hurricane" gale sinks 19 ships on Michigan's Great Lakes, drowns hundreds
Notre Dame's Knute Rockne demonstrates the superiority of the forward pass in football, Irish upset Army Cadets 35-13
Map of casualties of the storm
British suffragette Pankhurst delivers "Freedom or Death Speech to American women in Harford

The following events occurred in November 1913:

November 1, 1913 (Saturday)[edit]

November 2, 1913 (Sunday)[edit]

November 3, 1913 (Monday)[edit]

November 4, 1913 (Tuesday)[edit]

November 5, 1913 (Wednesday)[edit]

King Otto
King Ludwig III

November 6, 1913 (Thursday)[edit]

Attorney Mohandas K. Gandhi
2nd Lieutenant von Forstner
  • Mohandas Gandhi was arrested while leading a march of Indian miners in South Africa.[28]
  • The "Zabern Affair" was started in Saverne, Alsace (now France but part of Germany in 1913), when two local newspapers, Elsässer Anzeiger and Zaberner Anzeiger, ran articles concerning reports of disparaging remarks about Alsace residents, that had been made by 19-year-old Second Lieutenant Günter Freiherr von Forstner of the 2nd Upper Rhine Infantry Regiment No. 99 during a troop induction ceremony on October 28. Forstner reportedly told his soldiers, "If you are attacked, then make use of your weapon; if you stab such a Wackes (slur for a person who lived in the Alsace region) in the process, then you'll get ten marks from me."[29]
  • All 3,000 members of the Indiana National Guard were activated by order of Governor Samuel M. Ralston and called to Indianapolis to preserve order during the streetcar strike. The walkout was settled the next day.[30]
  • Two major storm fronts converged on the western side of Lake Superior and grew into an extra-tropical cyclone. The storm - known as the 'White Hurricane' and eventually the Great Lakes Storm - created hurricane-force winds, massive waves and whiteout conditions.[31]
  • Born: Cho Ki-chon, Korean poet, promoter of Korean literary nationalism through works including Mt. Paeketu, in Ael'tugeu, Russian Empire (d. 1951, killed in a bombing raid)
  • Died: William Henry Preece, British engineer, developed wireless communication for the United Kingdom (b. 1834)

November 7, 1913 (Friday)[edit]

November 8, 1913 (Saturday)[edit]

November 9, 1913 (Sunday)[edit]

  • The Great Lakes Storm ravaged four of the five Great Lakes around Michigan, sinking 19 ships (six of which have never been located) and killing 250 people.[43] Most of the damage occurred in Lake Huron where huge waves battered ships, scrambling to seek shelter along the lake's southern end. Most of the ships would remain missing more than a century after the storm, including:
    • British bulk freighter SS Wexford, which sank in Lake Huron with a loss of all 17 hands. The wreck would eventually be found on the lake bottom, 87 years after the disaster, on August 25, 2000.[44]
    • American freighter SS Hydrus, which sank in 35 feet (11 m) high waves on Lake Huron with 25 crew on board. It would be located more than a century later in 2015.[45]
    • American freighter SS Argus, sister ship to the Hydrus, which was also lost on Lake Huron. Parts of the wreckage were found days later on the shore of Bayfield, Ontario but the entire ship was never located.[46][47]
    • Canadian freighter SS James Carruthers, which drowned in Lake Huron with all 22 crew lost. The wreckage was never found.[48]
    • Canadian freighter SS Regina, which went down following the sending of a distress signal with 32 men on board. The vessel sent word that it had hit a shoal while trying to reach Port Huron, Michigan, then capsized and sank.[49] The Regina would be located in 80-feet deep waters some 65 years later.[50]
    • American ore transporter SS Henry B. Smith, which sank in Lake Superior with all 25 crew killed after leaving Marquette, Michigan to cross the lake in the belief that the storm had abated. Shortly after the storm returned, on-shore witnesses reported seeing the Henry B. Smith struggling through high waves to reach shelter at Keweenaw Point north of the harbor. It is believed the ship sank either the evening of the 9th or early morning of the 10th; only two bodies were recovered. The Henry B Smith wreck would not be found until May 2013 by shipwreck hunters, 535 feet (163 m) off Marquette.[51][52]
  • The United States and Honduras signed a peace treaty in Washington, D.C. with Honduras becoming the latest of the Central American nations to accept the proposals of United States Secretary of State William Jennings Bryan.[53]
  • Funakawa Light Railway extended the Oga Line in the Akita Prefecture, Japan, with station Futada serving the line.[54]

November 10, 1913 (Monday)[edit]

Mayor Archer

November 11, 1913 (Tuesday)[edit]

November 12, 1913 (Wednesday)[edit]

November 13, 1913 (Thursday)[edit]

Nobel Laureate Tagore

November 14, 1913 (Friday)[edit]

November 15, 1913 (Saturday)[edit]

Pancho Villa

November 16, 1913 (Sunday)[edit]

November 17, 1913 (Monday)[edit]

November 18, 1913 (Tuesday)[edit]

"Lincoln Beachey and his aeroplane"

November 19, 1913 (Wednesday)[edit]

  • Jack Thompson showed up at his own funeral visitation in Hamilton, Ontario, eight days after he had been believed to have drowned in the sinking of the SS James Carruthers. The body that had washed ashore from Lake Huron had been identified by his bereaved father, Thomas, at a morgue in Goderich, Ontario. In reality, Thompson had not accompanied the ship on its final voyage. The body his father identified was the same height and build, had similar facial features, tattoos (including the initials "J.T."), scars (crossed toes), and other markings on the body. Upon reading his name among the list of known dead in a newspaper while in Toronto, Thompson took a train back to his hometown and walked into his home, where his family was preparing for his burial. The identity of the body mistaken for Thompson remains unknown, and is buried with four other unknown seamen in Goderich.[96]
  • The Governor of Pennsylvania, John K. Tener, agreed to serve as the new president of the pro baseball National League.[97]

November 20, 1913 (Thursday)[edit]

Radio Eiffel

November 21, 1913 (Friday)[edit]

Roy and John Boulting

November 22, 1913 (Saturday)[edit]

November 23, 1913 (Sunday)[edit]

November 24, 1913 (Monday)[edit]

November 25, 1913 (Tuesday)[edit]

White House wedding couple Wilson and Sayre

November 26, 1913 (Wednesday)[edit]

November 27, 1913 (Thursday)[edit]

November 28, 1913 (Friday)[edit]

November 29, 1913 (Saturday)[edit]

November 30, 1913 (Sunday)[edit]

References[edit]

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