November 1941

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The following events occurred in November 1941:

November 1, 1941 (Saturday)[edit]

November 2, 1941 (Sunday)[edit]

November 3, 1941 (Monday)[edit]

November 4, 1941 (Tuesday)[edit]

November 5, 1941 (Wednesday)[edit]

November 6, 1941 (Thursday)[edit]

  • Joseph Stalin made a radio address broadcast worldwide declaring that Hitler's "crazy plan" to draw Britain and the United States into a coalition to destroy the Soviet Union had failed. Stalin said that a coalition of the United States, Britain and the USSR was "now a reality" and expressed his hopes that a "second front" would be established "in the near future."[12]
  • Between 15,000 and 18,000 Jews were taken to the Sosenki forest outside of Rovno and massacred over the next two days.[13]
  • Frostbite began to appear among German troops on the Eastern Front.[5]
  • German submarine U-595 was commissioned.
  • Born: Doug Sahm, musician and founder of the Sir Douglas Quintet, in San Antonio, Texas (d. 1999)

November 7, 1941 (Friday)[edit]

  • The Soviet hospital ship Armenia was sunk by German bombers while evacuating civilians and wounded soldiers from Crimea. As many as 7,000 people were killed in the sinking, making it one of the worst maritime disasters in history.
  • In an important symbolic event, Soviet troops marched in Red Square to commemorate the anniversary of the October Revolution as per the annual tradition. Soldiers taking part in the parade marched straight on to the front line.[14]
  • The United States Senate voted 50 to 37 to amend the Neutrality Act to allow merchantmen to be armed and permit U.S. ships to enter combat zones.[15]
  • The cargo ship MV Nottingham was sunk in the Atlantic Ocean by German submarine U-74.
  • Senior commanders of the Japanese Army and Navy were informed that the start of war against Britain and the United States was tentatively set for December 8 (Japanese time).[16]
  • Bette Davis became the first female president of the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences.[17]
  • Born: Angelo Scola, cardinal, in Malgrate, Italy
  • Died: Albin Zollinger, 46, Swiss writer

November 8, 1941 (Saturday)[edit]

November 9, 1941 (Sunday)[edit]

November 10, 1941 (Monday)[edit]

November 11, 1941 (Tuesday)[edit]

  • A general election was held in the Philippines. Incumbent President Manuel L. Quezon won an unprecedented second term.
  • German submarine U-580 sank in the Baltic Sea after a collision with the target ship Angelburg.
  • President Roosevelt gave an Armistice Day address at Arlington National Cemetery. "Our observance of this Anniversary has a particular significance in the year 1941," the president said. "For we are able today as we were not always able in the past to measure our indebtedness to those who died ... Whatever we knew or thought we knew a few years or months ago, we know now that the danger of brutality and tyranny and slavery to freedom-loving peoples can be real and terrible. We know why these men fought to keep our freedom - and why the wars that save a people's liberties are wars worth fighting and worth winning - and at any price."[21]
  • The Australian War Memorial was opened in Canberra.
  • Joe DiMaggio of the New York Yankees was named the American League's Most Valuable Player. DiMaggio's 56-game hitting streak beat out Ted Williams' .406 batting average, 291 points to 254.[22]
  • Died: Charles Huntziger, 61, French army general (plane crash)

November 12, 1941 (Wednesday)[edit]

November 13, 1941 (Thursday)[edit]

  • The British aircraft carrier Ark Royal was torpedoed and severely damaged off Gibraltar by the German submarine U-81.
  • The Soviet cruiser Chervona Ukraina was sunk at Sevastopol by German aircraft.
  • U.S. Congress voted 212 to 194 to abolish combat zones, thereby allowing U.S. ships to carry goods directly to ports of belligerent countries.[15]
  • German submarine U-596 was commissioned.
  • Born: Mel Stottlemyre, baseball player and coach, in Hazleton, Missouri

November 14, 1941 (Friday)[edit]

November 15, 1941 (Saturday)[edit]

  • The Germans renewed the drive on Moscow after a three-week lull. The Soviets were pushed back from the Volga Reservoir north of the capital but with temperatures dropping to -20 Celsius across the Eastern Front, the German advance was very slow.[5]
  • German submarine U-583 sank in the Baltic Sea with no survivors after a collision with U-153.
  • German submarines U-173 and U-459 were commissioned.

November 16, 1941 (Sunday)[edit]

November 17, 1941 (Monday)[edit]

November 18, 1941 (Tuesday)[edit]

November 19, 1941 (Wednesday)[edit]

November 20, 1941 (Thursday)[edit]

  • The German Afrika Korps gave battle over a broad area around Sidi Rezegh.[24]
  • Talks opened in Washington, D.C. between U.S. Secretary of State Cordell Hull, Japanese ambassador Kichisaburō Nomura and special Japanese envoy Saburō Kurusu. The Japanese demanded that the Americans withdraw from China, lift all sanctions directed against Japan and halt the U.S. naval buildup in the Pacific.[27]
  • The British cargo ship Empire Dorado collided with the Greek cargo ship Theomitor in the Atlantic Ocean. Empire Dorado was taken in tow by a Royal Navy ship but sank two days later.
  • German submarine U-597 was commissioned.
  • Died: Kurt von Briesen, 55, German general (killed by Soviet aircraft near Izium)

November 21, 1941 (Friday)[edit]

November 22, 1941 (Saturday)[edit]

November 23, 1941 (Sunday)[edit]

November 24, 1941 (Monday)[edit]

November 25, 1941 (Tuesday)[edit]

November 26, 1941 (Wednesday)[edit]

November 27, 1941 (Thursday)[edit]

November 28, 1941 (Friday)[edit]

November 29, 1941 (Saturday)[edit]

November 30, 1941 (Sunday)[edit]

  • Gerd von Runstedt approved a German retreat to the Mius River following the defeat at Rostov.[18]
  • Axis forces attacked again at Sidi Rezegh, battering the New Zealand 24th and 26th Battalions as the Germans launched a new drive on Tobruk.[5]
  • The first day of the Rumbula massacre occurred near Riga, Latvia. A total of about 25,000 Jews were killed on this day and December 8.
  • German submarine U-206 was lost in the Bay of Biscay on or around this date, probably to a naval mine.
  • The romantic comedy film Two-Faced Woman starring Greta Garbo (in her final role) and Melvyn Douglas was released.
  • Died: Esmond Romilly, 23, British socialist (shot down over the North Sea)

References[edit]

  1. ^ "U. S. 'Attacked Germany,' Says Hitler; Charges We Fired First in Sea War". Brooklyn Eagle. Brooklyn. November 2, 1941. p. 1. 
  2. ^ a b Matthäus, Jürgen (2013). Jewish Responses to Persecution: Volume III, 1941-1942. Lanham, Maryland: AltaMira Press. p. 528. ISBN 9780759122598. 
  3. ^ "Was war am 01. November 1941". chroniknet. Retrieved December 31, 2015. 
  4. ^ a b c Davidson, Edward; Manning, Dale (1999). Chronology of World War Two. London: Cassell & Co. pp. 85–88. ISBN 0-304-35309-4. 
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "1941". World War II Database. Retrieved December 31, 2015. 
  6. ^ a b c d e f g "1941". MusicAndHistory. Archived from the original on August 28, 2012. Retrieved December 31, 2015. 
  7. ^ "N.Y. Re-elects LaGuardia". The Stanford Daily. Stanford, California: 1. November 5, 1941. 
  8. ^ "Lord Halifax Pelted with Eggs, Tomatoes". The Daily News. Perth: 1. November 5, 1941. 
  9. ^ Roberts, Andrew. The Holy Fox: The Life of Lord Halifax. Head of Zeus. ISBN 9781781856963. 
  10. ^ Holmes, Tommy (November 4, 1941). "Vote Camilli League's Most Valuable Player". Brooklyn Eagle. Brooklyn. p. 13. 
  11. ^ Tucker, Spencer C., ed. (2015). Pearl Harbor: The Essential Reference Guide:. ABC-CLIO, LLC. p. 244. ISBN 9781440837197. 
  12. ^ "Stalin Urges U. S., Britain to Open 2d Fighting Front". Brooklyn Eagle. Brooklyn. November 6, 1941. p. 1. 
  13. ^ Arad, Yitzhak (2009). The Holocaust in the Soviet Union. University of Nebraska Press. p. 164. ISBN 9780803222700. 
  14. ^ "Soviet Troops March Through Red Square". World War II Today. Retrieved December 31, 2015. 
  15. ^ a b Doenecke, Justus D. (1990). In Danger Undaunted: The Anti-Interventionist Movement of 1940–1941 as Revealed in the Papers of the America First Committee. Stanford University Press. p. 44. ISBN 9780817988418. 
  16. ^ Mawdsley, Evan (2011). December 1941: Twelve Days that Began a World War. Yale University Press. p. 15. ISBN 9780300154450. 
  17. ^ "Bette Davis First Actress to Head Academy Group". Brooklyn Eagle. Brooklyn. November 7, 1941. p. 3. 
  18. ^ a b c d e f Kirchubel, Robert (2013). Operation Barbarossa: The German Invasion of Soviet Russia. Botley, Oxfordshire: Osprey Publishing. p. 11. ISBN 9781782004080. 
  19. ^ Record, Jeffrey (2011). A War It Was Always Going to Lose: Why Japan Attacked America in 1941. Potomac Books. p. 91. ISBN 9781597975346. 
  20. ^ "Speech by Prime Minister Churchill at the Mansion House Regarding Involvement un a US-Japanese War by the British". ibiblio. Retrieved December 31, 2015. 
  21. ^ "Franklin D. Roosevelt's Armistice Day Address". ibiblio. Retrieved December 31, 2015. 
  22. ^ Joe DiMaggio: An American Icon. The New York Daily News. 1999. p. 80. ISBN 9781582610375. 
  23. ^ "The King's Speech". Hansard. November 12, 1941. Retrieved December 31, 2015. 
  24. ^ a b c Chronology and Index of the Second World War, 1938-1945. Research Publications. 1990. p. 88. ISBN 9780887365683. 
  25. ^ "Junior Miss". Playbill Vault. Retrieved December 31, 2015. 
  26. ^ "British Army Changes". The Sydney Morning Herald. Sydney. November 20, 1941. p. 10. 
  27. ^ a b Tucker, Spencer C. (2010). A Global Chronology of Conflict: From the Ancient World to the Modern Middle East. ABC-CLIO, LLC. p. 1937. ISBN 9781851096725. 
  28. ^ a b Ford, Ken (2010). Operation Crusader 1941: Rommel in Retreat. Osprey Publishing. p. 10. ISBN 9781846035005. 
  29. ^ Tomasevich, Jozo (2001). War and Revolution in Yugoslavia: 1941-1945. Stanford University Press. p. 272. ISBN 9780804779241. 
  30. ^ "Japanese task force leaves for Pearl Harbor". History. A&E Networks. Retrieved December 31, 2015. 
  31. ^ Malaspina, Ann (2009). Lebanon. Chelsea House Publishing. pp. 49–50. ISBN 9781438105796. 
  32. ^ Salamey, Imad (2014). The Government and Politics of Lebanon. London and New York: Routledge. p. 29. ISBN 9781135011338. 
  33. ^ Merriam, Ray, ed. (2003). WWII Journal #2: Pearl Harbor. Merriam Press. p. 44. ISBN 9781576381540. 
  34. ^ Zetterling, Niklas; Frankson, Anders (2013). The Drive on Moscow, 1941. Casemate. ISBN 9781480406629. 
  35. ^ Wallace, William N. (December 7, 1991). "Football: Pushing Aside Games for a World War". The New York Times. Retrieved December 31, 2015. 
  36. ^ "Smith Is Awarded Heisman Trophy". Brooklyn Eagle. Brooklyn. November 29, 1941. p. 9.