November 1972

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1972
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The following events occurred in November 1972:

November 1, 1972 (Wednesday)[edit]

November 2, 1972 (Thursday)[edit]

  • Pierre Trudeau announced that he would not step down as Prime Minister of Canada despite what appeared to be a 109–109 tie between his Liberal Party and Robert Stansfield's Progressive Conservatives. David Lewis of the New Democrats announced that the 30 NDP members would form a coalition with the Liberals to give Trudeau a majority (139 of 264 members) in Canada's House of Commons.[2]
  • Five members of the American Indian Movement took over the office of the Bureau of Indian Affairs in Washington and held it for seven days.[3]

November 3, 1972 (Friday)[edit]

  • A group of 132 sailors on board the USS Constellation, mostly African-American, began what has been described as "the first mass mutiny in the history of the U.S. Navy".[4] The men refused to leave the mess deck in protest over announcements, the day before, that 250 black sailors would be discharged, six of them less than honorably, and demanded to meet with ship Captain J.D. Ward. The next day, the men disobeyed a direct order to report to the flight deck, and on November 9, the men refused orders to return to the ship while in San Diego. None of the sailors were ever arrested. Some were discharged early, and most were reassigned to shore duty.

November 4, 1972 (Saturday)[edit]

  • The CIA spy ship Glomar Explorer was launched on its first voyage. Although the 170 member crew was ostensibly conducting mining exploration on the ocean floor, the ship's true mission was to attempt recovery of the contents of a Soviet submarine that had sunk on April 11, 1968.[5]
  • Gusty Spence, leader of the Ulster Volunteer Force, was recaptured by British authorities four months after his escape on furlough from a prison in Northern Ireland. Between his rearrest and his release in 1984, Spence renounced violence and worked towards reconciling Catholics and Protestants in Ireland.[6]
  • Born:
    • Luís Figo, Portuguese footballer with 127 appearances for Portugal's national team; in Almada
    • Tabu, Indian film actress, as Tabassum Fatima Hashmi, in Hyderabad
  • Died: Yuri Galanskov, 33, Soviet dissident poet, in a labor camp

November 5, 1972 (Sunday)[edit]

November 6, 1972 (Monday)[edit]

November 7, 1972 (Tuesday)[edit]

November 8, 1972 (Wednesday)[edit]

  • HBO (Home Box Office), made its debut as the first "pay cable" television channel. On its first evening of programming, it showed the film Sometimes a Great Notion to 365 subscribers in Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania, followed by an NHL game (the New York Rangers' 5–2 win over Vancouver). Each household paid an additional $6.00 per month to Service Electric Cable TV for the service.[11]
  • On the day after his re-election as President of the United States, Richard Nixon announced that he had asked for the resignations of his cabinet and everyone he had appointed to office, with plans for "restructuring and reorganizing" the entire Executive Branch.[12]

November 9, 1972 (Thursday)[edit]

November 10, 1972 (Friday)[edit]

November 11, 1972 (Saturday)[edit]

November 12, 1972 (Sunday)[edit]

  • The hijacking of Southern Airways Flight 49 ended after 29 hours as the DC-9 made an emergency landing in Havana, after several of its tires had been shot out on takeoff by FBI agents hours before. One passenger noted later that "Everyone believed they would be dead in an hour" after the airplane took off on the damaged tires. The three hijackers – Henry Jackson, Lewis Moore and Melvin Cale – were arrested by Cuban authorities. Another Southern Airways jet flew the 27 passengers and four crew back to the United States.[19]
  • Born: Vassilios Tsiartas, Greece National Team footballer, in Alexandreia
  • Died: Rudolf Friml, 92, Czech composer of operettas and musicals

November 13, 1972 (Monday)[edit]

November 14, 1972 (Tuesday)[edit]

  • The Dow Jones Industrial Average closed above 1,000 (at 1,003.16) for the first time in its history.[21] The Dow had fluctuated above 1,000 five other times, but had never finished the day at four figures.[22]
  • One week after his re-election as Vice-President of the United States, Spiro T. Agnew, who had been described in the press as the front-runner for the Republican nomination in 1976, was being undercut by his boss, President Richard M. Nixon. In orders to H.R. Haldeman, Nixon said "We don't want him to have the appearance of heir apparent, but we also don't want to appear to push him down." [23]
  • Born:
  • Died: Martin Dies, Jr., 72, Congressman from Texas (1931–45, 1953–59) and first chairman of House Un-American Activities Committee (1937–1944)

November 15, 1972 (Wednesday)[edit]

  • In Rome, Pope Paul VI inspired a debate within the Roman Catholic Church about whether Satan was a real being, or a metaphor for evil. In addressing an audience in a speech entitled "Liberaci dal male" ("Deliver us from evil"), the Pontiff spoke in Italian, and was quoted in one translation as saying "The evil which exists in the world is the result and an effect of the attack upon us and our society by a dark and hostile agent, the devil. Evil is not only a privation, but a living, spiritual, corrupt and corrupting being".[24]
  • In the first-ever aircraft hijacking in Australia, Ansett Airlines Flight 232 from Adelaide to Alice Springs, with 28 passengers and a crew of four, was taken over by a lone gunman.
  • India's Prime Minister Indira Gandhi responded in writing to a parliamentary question from the Lok Sabha, suggesting that the Indian Atomic Energy Commission was considering the "potential economic benefits and possible environmental hazards" of developing the country's nuclear capability.[25]
  • Born: Jonny Lee Miller, English actor, in Kingston upon Thames

November 16, 1972 (Thursday)[edit]

  • At the 17th convention of UNESCO, United Nations members signed the "Convention Concerning the Protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage", otherwise known as the World Heritage Convention. In the years since 1972, UNESCO has designated areas all over the planet as World Heritage Sites subject to protection.[26]
  • The infamous Tuskegee syphilis experiment came to an end as the U.S. Public Health Service ceased further operations of "Tuskegee Study of Untreated Syphilis in the Negro Male".[27]
  • A protest by 100 students at historically black Southern University, in Louisiana, was broken up with tear gas by 55 sheriff's deputies and 30 state troopers. Two students, Leonard Brown and Denver Smith, both 20, were killed by a shotgun blast, apparently by one of the deputies, but the shooter was never identified.[28]
  • The Pepsi Cola Company announced a deal with Soyuzplodimport for Pepsi to be bottled and sold in the Soviet Union, making the drink the first American cola (and consumer product) to be made in the U.S.S.R.[29]
  • Died: Vera Karalli, 83, Russian ballerina, choreographer and actress

November 17, 1972 (Friday)[edit]

  • After 17 years in exile, Juan Perón returned to Argentina, where he had been President from 1946 to 1955, accompanied by his wife Isabel Perón. The next day, he addressed a rally of his followers, the "Peronistas".[30] Mr. and Mrs. Perón would become President and Vice-President in 1973, and Isabel would become President after Juan's death in 1974.

November 18, 1972 (Saturday)[edit]

November 19, 1972 (Sunday)[edit]

  • In the West German federal election, 1972, the Social Democrat Party led by Chancellor Willy Brandt, in coalition with the Free Democrats, regained a majority (230 SPD, 41 FDP) of 271 seats in the 496 member Bundestag. Rainer Barzel's Christian Democrats (CDU) and its partner the Christian Socialists won 177 and 48 seats, respectively.[32]

November 20, 1972 (Monday)[edit]

November 21, 1972 (Tuesday)[edit]

  • The second phase of the Strategic Arms Limitation Talks between the United States and the Soviet Union, (SALT II, and in Russian "OCB-II") began in Geneva. A treaty was signed in 1979, but was not ratified by the United States.[34][35]
  • The 1970 convictions of five members of the Chicago 7 (on charges of crossing state lines to incite a riot) were reversed by an appellate court, which concluded that Judge Julius J. Hoffman had committed numerous errors. The cases were never retried.[36]
  • The Fourth Republic of South Korea era began with a 91.5% approval of the Yusin Constitution in a national referendum, giving President Park Chung-hee dictatorial powers, including the right to appoint legislators. The Yusin Constitution was abandoned after Park's assassination in 1979.[37]
  • In Epping, British daredevil Stephen Ladd successfully rode his motorcycle through a 50 yard long tunnel of fire created by blazing bales of hay, but then persuaded organizers to let him try again as the flames got fiercer. On his second run, Ladd's motorcycle failed inside the tunnel, and he died of his burns.[38]

November 22, 1972 (Wednesday)[edit]

  • An American Boeing B-52 Stratofortress was shot down, the first to be downed by enemy fire in the Vietnam War.[39]
  • After his death penalty sentence was set aside, mass murderer Richard Speck was re-sentenced to 1,200 years in prison, at the time the longest American jail term ever ordered.[40]

November 23, 1972 (Thursday)[edit]

  • The Soviet Union's fourth and final attempt at launching a rocket powerful enough to carry a manned lunar orbiter failed. The N1 rocket, similar to the American Saturn V, was launched successfully in a secret test, but exploded at an altitude of 40 km (25 mi). "As pieces fell from the sky across the Kazakhstan steppes", wrote one observer later, "so did Russia's dreams of flying cosmonauts to the Moon".[41]
  • A sinkhole in Crystal River, Florida "swallowed" a home. The house was destroyed as it sank, over a matter of hours, into a 100-foot-deep (30 m) pit on Thanksgiving morning.[42]
  • Born: Alf-Inge Håland, Norwegian footballer, in Stavanger
  • Died: Marie Wilson, 56, American radio and television comedian who portrayed Irma Patterson, the title character of My Friend Irma

November 24, 1972 (Friday)[edit]

  • In Alaska, the search by the United States Air Force for missing U.S. Congressmen Hale Boggs (House Majority Leader from Louisiana) and Nick Begich (Alaska) was halted after 39 days. The Congressmen, a pilot, and Begich's aide had disappeared on October 16 during a flight from Anchorage to Juneau.[43]

November 25, 1972 (Saturday)[edit]

November 26, 1972 (Sunday)[edit]

November 27, 1972 (Monday)[edit]

  • In the first episode of the fourth season of Sesame Street, the character of "The Count" (officially Count von Count) was introduced. True to his name, the friendly children's show puppet vampire (performed by Jerry Nelson) helped children count.

November 28, 1972 (Tuesday)[edit]

November 29, 1972 (Wednesday)[edit]

November 30, 1972 (Thursday)[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kathryn C. Montgomery, Target Prime Time: Advocacy Groups and the Struggle over Entertainment Television (Oxford University Press, 1989), p75
  2. ^ "Trudeau Says He'll Stay", Oakland Tribune, November 3, 1972, p5
  3. ^ "Indians Arrested In BIA Takeover", Oakland Tribune, November 24, 1972, p1; Bruce E. Johansen, ed., The Encyclopedia of Native American Economic History (Greenwood Press, 1999), p226
  4. ^ David Cortright, Soldiers in Revolt: GI Resistance During the Vietnam War (Haymarket Books, 2005), pp122–123
  5. ^ Jeffrey T. Richelson, A Century of Spies: Intelligence in the Twentieth Century (Oxford University Press, 1995), pp351–352
  6. ^ Stephen E. Atkins, Encyclopedia of Modern Worldwide Extremists and Extremist Groups (Greenwood Press, 2004), p309
  7. ^ William Lockeretz, Organic Farming: An International History (CABI, 2007), pp176–177
  8. ^ "Japan Train Fire Kills 29", Oakland Tribune, November 6, 1972, p2
  9. ^ Pasquale Anthony Leonardo and Adam Zagoria, Ultimate: The First Four Decades (USAsia Press, 2005), pp 13–14
  10. ^ "Meet Frank and Ernest", Albuquerque Tribune, November 6, 1972, p1
  11. ^ Kerry Segrave, Movies at home: how Hollywood came to television (McFarland 1999), p160
  12. ^ "Appointees' Resignations To Be Asked", Oakland Tribune, November 8, 1972, p1
  13. ^ Ralph Nader, Nadia Milleron and Duff Conacher, Canada Firsts (McClelland & Stewart, 1992), p53; Telesat
  14. ^ "Skyjackers Demand $10 Million", Oakland Tribune, November 11, 1972, p1
  15. ^ Robert J. Schneller, Jr., Blue & Gold and Black: Racial Integration of the U.S. Naval Academy (Texas A&M University Press, 2008), p135
  16. ^ "FBI's shooting of hijacked plane criticized", Tucson Daily Citizen, November 13, 1972, p1
  17. ^ Rock and Roll Hall of Fame website; "Allman Brothers' Berry Oakley Killed", Wisconsin State Journal (Madison), November 13, 1972, II-4
  18. ^ Natalie Robins and Steven M. L. Aronson, Savage Grace: The True Story of Fatal Relations in a Rich and Famous American Family (Simon & Schuster, 2007)
  19. ^ "Skyjack Plane's Last Stop: Cuba", Pacific Stars and Stripes, November 14, 1972, p1
  20. ^ "Ocean-dumping pact signed by 79 nations, including U.S.", Tucson Daily Citizen, November 13, 1972, p1
  21. ^ Rik W. Hafer and Scott E. Hein, The Stock Market (Greenwood Press, 2007), p. xxii.
  22. ^ "Dow Closes Above 1,000", Oakland Tribune, November 14, 1972, p1
  23. ^ James Cannon, Time and Chance: Gerald Ford's Appointment with History (University of Michigan Press, 1998), p136
  24. ^ Benedict XVI with Vittorio Messori, The Ratzinger Report: An Exclusive Interview on the State of the Church (Ignatius Press, 1985), pp 136–137
  25. ^ George Perkovich, India's Nuclear Bomb: The Impact on Global Proliferation (Berkeley, California: University of California Press, 1999) p.170
  26. ^ "World Heritage Sites", National Geographic Visual Atlas of the World (National Geographic Society, 2009), pp92–97; UNESCO site
  27. ^ Daniel E. Wueste, "Biomedical Ethics", in Encyclopedia of Biomaterials and Biomedical Engineering p285
  28. ^ Adam Fairclough, Race & Democracy: The Civil Rights Struggle in Louisiana, 1915–1972 (University of Georgia Press, 2008), p460
  29. ^ "Russians to Get Pepsi-Cola Plant", New York Times, November 17, 1972, p1
  30. ^ "Peron's Return Marred by Mutiny", San Antonio Light, November 18, 1972, p1
  31. ^ Jimmy McDonough, Shakey: Neil Young's Biography (Vintage Canada, 2002), p388
  32. ^ Michael Balfour, West Germany: A Contemporary History (Routledge, 1982), p240; Psephos – Adam Carr's Election Archive
  33. ^ Christopher Andrew, For the President's Eyes Only: Secret Intelligence and the American Presidency from Washington to Bush (HarperPerennial, 1997), p387
  34. ^ John E. Jessup, An Encyclopedic Dictionary of Conflict and Conflict Resolution, 1945–1996 (Greenwood Press, 1998), p694
  35. ^ Encyclopedia of the United Nations and International Agreements (Vol. 2), (Taylor & Francis, 2003)
  36. ^ Howard Langer, The Vietnam War: An Encyclopedia of Quotations (Greenwood Press 2005), p224
  37. ^ Jürgen Kleiner, Korea: A Century of Change (World Scientific, 2001), p154
  38. ^ "Flames—Death", Oakland Tribune, November 22, 1972, p1
  39. ^ "Reds Down First B52, Crew Saved", Oakland Tribune, November 22, 1972, p1
  40. ^ Jay Robert Nash, The Great Pictorial History of World Crime (Scarecrow Press, 2004), p983
  41. ^ Rex D. Hall and David J. Shayler, Soyuz: A Universal Spacecraft (Springer, 2003), p33
  42. ^ "Earth Devours House, but No One's Home", Oakland Tribune, November 25, 1972, p1
  43. ^ "Boggs Search Called Off", St. Petersburg (Florida) Times, November 25, 1972, p1
  44. ^ Inter-Parliamentary Union website
  45. ^ "Foreign Sub Slips From Norwegians", Salt Lake Tribune, November 27, 1972, p1
  46. ^ Aviation Safety Network
  47. ^ "Japanese Plane Crashes", Oakland Tribune, November 28, 1972, p1
  48. ^ Elizabeth L. Wollman, The Theater Will Rock: A History of the Rock Musical from Hair to Hedwig (University of Michigan Press, 2006), pp82–83
  49. ^ Edwin D. Reilly, Milestones in Computer Science and Information Technology (Greenwood Press, 2003) p57; ArmchairArcade.com
  50. ^ Thomas A. Green, Martial Arts of the World: An Encyclopedia, Vol. 1 (ABC-CLIO 2001), p298
  51. ^ Rev. Albert Joseph Mary Shamon, The Masterworks of God: The Sacraments (CMJ Publishers, 2003), p25