Novena to Our Mother of Perpetual Help

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Icon of Our Mother of Perpetual Help, dating to before 1499.

The Novena to Our Mother of Perpetual Help is a booklet containing a set of prayers including the Roman Catholic novena to Our Mother of Perpetual Help, that was originally published in Jaén, Spain in 1899. It was then widely republished by American Redemptorist priests in 1927, then ultimately revised by Irish and Australian Redemptorist priests on 23 June 1948.

The present booklet was mainly co-authored by the Australian priest The Rev Leo James English, C.Ss.R, and Fra Gerard O'Donnell, and is officially presently used at the Church of San Alphonsus Ligouri in Rome each week, where the original icon of Our Mother of Perpetual Help is permanently enshrined.[1][2]

In the Catholic Church in the Philippines, the novena is recited at Baclaran Church, where a copy of the icon is enshrined, and in the Filipino diaspora. The popularity of the novena became known due to the authorisation granted by the Holy See to propagate the icon, along with prayers which addressed the strengthening of marriages, healing of sicknesses, and helping find employment, thus earning it a quick following from the masses.

In the United States, a 9-day televised novena is hosted at the Basilica and Shrine of Our Lady of Perpetual Help hosted by CatholicTV. The icon featured on the show does not bear its canonical crown.

History[edit]

The earliest existing novena to Our Mother of Perpetual Help was a booklet already in its third edition, and was published by the Bishop of Madrid, José María Cos y Macho, who granted his imprimatur in 1899. These were followed by re-printing in later years.

In the United States, the first novena prayers were compiled by Reverend Joseph Chapoton, the Vice-provincial of Portland, Oregon.[3] After his death in 1925, the laity added more prayers and hymns into the booklet[4]

This perhaps was the main reason why for many years, there was no set of novena prayers designated for Perpetual Help. By research within the United States, numerous texts vary from the Perpetual Help novena used in Redemptorist centers in Portland Brooklyn, Boston, Massachusetts, Pennsylvania, and Saint Louis, Missouri. Several versions of the Novena were made and circulated from the now-closed St. Philomena's Church (Pittsburgh). One of these copies, dating from 1927, was brought to Manila in the Philippine Islands.

The novena was originally designed for exclusive recitation by the presiding priest. After the Second Vatican Council, the laity were encouraged to participate more in religious activities, thus necessitating a revision of the prayers for uniform use by the laity. The new set of prayers was used in Baclaran Church and became widespread in various Filipino congregations.

The specific acts of Benediction and Exposition of the Blessed Sacrament during the novena service, however, remain the exclusive domain of the presiding priest.

Revision[edit]

During the pontificate of Pope Paul VI, a foreword on the indulgences for the novena was attached, including instructions citing the Sacrosanctum Concilium (#13) to:

  • Assist during Mass for collections, lector and laity recitation of the Novena within parishes.
  • Permission to recite the novena in private, in cases of dire sickness or illness before the image.
  • Writing a letter of thanksgiving in honour of Our Mother of Perpetual Help
  • Dropping the letter of thanksgiving or petition in its designated box provided by the parish.
  • Attaching the Benediction and Exposition of the Blessed Sacrament, per citation of the Mediator Dei, part II, chapter IV[5]

From the original 1927 Portland version, several common Marian hymns were included. After Vatican II, the following expiatory prayers were removed:

  • "That we may never grow so proud as to think we can do without God or religion"
  • "That we may practise self-denial and penance this Lent"
  • The Magnificat prayer

Imprimatur[edit]

On 17 May 1866, Pope Pius IX originally granted approval via the Sacred Congregation of Rites on three specific prayers dedicated to the title of Perpetual Help. These prayers were granted a plenary indulgence of 100 days.[6]

The Bishop of Madrid, José María Cos y Macho, granted his Imprimatur on the earliest compiled novena booklets in 1899,[7] followed by a re-print in 1902, 1917, 1927, 1935 etc.

An ordinary local permission to print the text was obtained via the vice-provincial of Portland, Oregon, Reverend Joseph Chapoton. To date, various texts were re-printed for private devotional use.

The Archbishop of Chicago, Cardinal George Mundelein gave an Imprimatur for the Perpetual Help novena in the Polish language on New Year's Eve 1934.

The Archbishop of San Francisco John Joseph Mitty gave his license on 26 August 1941 on a re-print of the original 1927 Portland version.

The Archbishop of New York, Cardinal Francis Spellman granted his license for the novena devotions in Boston, Massachusetts on 20 June 1948.

The Archbishop of Manila, Cardinal Rufino Santos on 14 April 1973, while the imprimi potest was given by the vice-provincial of Manila, Redemptorist friar Patrick Deane, CSsR.

The Archbishop of Singapore, Michel Olçomendy who granted a similar version for the town of Novena, Singapore on 28 September 1973.[8]

Content and ritual[edit]

† In some communities, Salutaris Hostia and Tantum Ergo are sung in the original Latin.[9] The Church in the Philippines meanwhile uses a different tune for Tantum Ergo that is unique to the country.

Ejaculatory prayers for courtship, against temptations, financial help, and the Memorare are also often added to the set of prayers.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Novena to our lady of perpetual help". www.maryourhelp.org.
  2. ^ Novena recitation of the Baclaran copy, Church of San Alphonsus - Rome https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6Zg2LU4UYBQ
  3. ^ "Our Lady of Perpetual Help, gender roles, and the decline of devotional Catholicism. - Free Online Library". www.thefreelibrary.com.
  4. ^ http://www.redemptorists.com/uploads/8/1/6/1/8161810/_issue_14__-_200_december.pdf
  5. ^ Novena to Our Mother of Perpetual Help, Baclaran version, Archdiocese of Manila, April 1973.
  6. ^ Reliquiarum, Catholic Church Congregatio Indulgentiarum et Sacrarum (28 July 1878). "The Raccolta: Or, Collection of Prayers and Good Works, to which the Sovereign Pontiffs Have Attached Holy Indulgences". Woodstock College – via Google Books.
  7. ^ "NOVENA A NUESTRA SEÑORA DEL PERPETUO SOCORRO - EDIC ION AÑO 1899". todocoleccion.net.
  8. ^ Novenas and Devotions to Our Mother of Perpetual Help, revised version. Archdiocese of Singapura, September 1973
  9. ^ Full text of the approved novena -