Novena to Our Mother of Perpetual Help
The Novena to Our Mother of Perpetual Help is a booklet containing a set of prayers including the Roman Catholic novena to Our Mother of Perpetual Help, that was originally published in Jaén, Spain in 1899. It was then widely republished by American Redemptorist priests in 1927, then ultimately revised by Irish and Australian Redemptorist priests on 23 June 1948.
The present booklet was mainly co-authored by the Australian priest The Rev Leo James English, C.Ss.R, and Fra Gerard O'Donnell, and is officially presently used at the Church of San Alphonsus Ligouri in Rome each week, where the original icon of Our Mother of Perpetual Help is permanently enshrined.
In the Catholic Church in the Philippines, the novena was first recited at the Redemptorist-run St. Clement's Church in La Paz, Iloilo following World War II and is still recited every Wednesday. The practice of Wednesday novena has since spread to the Baclaran Church, a Redemptorist-run church in Metro Manila, elsewhere in the Philippines, and in the Filipino diaspora. The popularity of the novena became known due to the authorisation granted by the Holy See to propagate the icon, along with prayers which addressed the strengthening of marriages, healing of sicknesses, and helping find employment, thus earning it a quick following from the masses.
In the United States, a 9-day televised novena is hosted at the Basilica and Shrine of Our Lady of Perpetual Help hosted by CatholicTV. The icon featured on the show does not bear its canonical crown.
The earliest existing novena to Our Mother of Perpetual Help was a booklet already in its third edition, and was published by the Bishop of Madrid, José María Cos y Macho, who granted his imprimatur in 1899. These were followed by re-printing in later years.
In the United States, the first novena prayers were compiled by Reverend Joseph Chapoton, the Vice-provincial of Portland, Oregon. After his death in 1925, the laity added more prayers and hymns into the booklet
This perhaps was the main reason why for many years, there was no set of novena prayers designated for Perpetual Help. By research within the United States, numerous texts vary from the Perpetual Help novena used in Redemptorist centers in Portland Brooklyn, Boston, Massachusetts, Pennsylvania, and Saint Louis, Missouri. Several versions of the Novena were made and circulated from the now-closed St. Philomena's Church (Pittsburgh). One of these copies, dating from 1927, was brought to Manila in the Philippine Islands.
The novena was originally designed for exclusive recitation by the presiding priest. After the Second Vatican Council, the laity were encouraged to participate more in religious activities, thus necessitating a revision of the prayers for uniform use by the laity. The new set of prayers was used in Baclaran Church and became widespread in various Filipino congregations.
- Assist during Mass for collections, lector and laity recitation of the Novena within parishes.
- Permission to recite the novena in private, in cases of dire sickness or illness before the image.
- Writing a letter of thanksgiving in honour of Our Mother of Perpetual Help
- Dropping the letter of thanksgiving or petition in its designated box provided by the parish.
- Attaching the Benediction and Exposition of the Blessed Sacrament, per citation of the Mediator Dei, part II, chapter IV
- "That we may never grow so proud as to think we can do without God or religion"
- "That we may practise self-denial and penance this Lent"
- The Magnificat prayer
On 17 May 1866, Pope Pius IX originally granted approval via the Sacred Congregation of Rites on three specific prayers dedicated to the title of Perpetual Help. These prayers were granted a plenary indulgence of 100 days.
The Bishop of Madrid, José María Cos y Macho, granted his Imprimatur on the earliest compiled novena booklets in 1899, followed by a re-print in 1902, 1917, 1927, 1935 etc.
An ordinary local permission to print the text was obtained via the vice-provincial of Portland, Oregon, Reverend Joseph Chapoton. To date, various texts were re-printed for private devotional use.
Content and ritual
- Immaculate Mother (hymn tune: the Pyrenean Immaculate Mary)
- Introductory prayers (optional recitation of letters of petition and thanksgiving)
- Mary Immaculate, Star of the Morning (hymn)
- Novena prayers
- Prayer for the Home
- Petitions to Our Mother of Perpetual Help
- Consecration to Our Mother of Perpetual Help (every First Wednesday of the month)
- Mother of Christ (hymn) followed by Benediction or Holy Mass
- O Saving Victim (hymn tune: O Salutaris Hostia)†
- Thanksgiving Prayer
- Prayer for the Sick
- Let Us Raise Our Voice (hymn tune: Tantum Ergo)†
- Divine Praises
- O Sacrament Most Holy (sung or recited)
- Hail Mary (a setting of the Ave Maria)
† In some communities, Salutaris Hostia and Tantum Ergo are sung in the original Latin. The Church in the Philippines meanwhile uses a different tune for Tantum Ergo that is unique to the country.
- "Novena to our lady of perpetual help". www.maryourhelp.org.
- Novena recitation of the Baclaran copy, Church of San Alphonsus - Rome https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6Zg2LU4UYBQ
- A bronze plaque installed at St. Clement's Church in La Paz, Iloilo City.
- "Our Lady of Perpetual Help, gender roles, and the decline of devotional Catholicism. - Free Online Library". www.thefreelibrary.com.
- Novena to Our Mother of Perpetual Help, Baclaran version, Archdiocese of Manila, April 1973.
- Reliquiarum, Catholic Church Congregatio Indulgentiarum et Sacrarum (28 July 1878). The Raccolta: Or, Collection of Prayers and Good Works, to which the Sovereign Pontiffs Have Attached Holy Indulgences. Woodstock College. p. 248 – via Internet Archive.
perpetual help pius ix re-script may 1866.
- "NOVENA A NUESTRA SEÑORA DEL PERPETUO SOCORRO - EDIC ION AÑO 1899". todocoleccion.net.
- Novenas and Devotions to Our Mother of Perpetual Help, revised version. Archdiocese of Singapura, September 1973
- Full text of the approved novena -