The Noveschi or the IX were a mercantile-banking oligarchy that ruled the Italian city-state of Siena from 1287 to 1355 AD They oversaw the period of Siena's greatest stability and prosperity in the Medieval era. A significant contributor to the instability that felled their regime was the 1349 outbreak of the Black Death.
- Bowsky, William M. (January 1964). "The Impact of the Black Death upon Sienese Government and Society". Speculum: A Journal of Mediaeval Studies. 39 (1): 1–34.
|This Italian history article is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.|