Нови Пазар (Serbian)
Novi Pazar (Turkish)
Location of the municipality of Novi Pazar within Serbia
|• Mayor||Nihat Biševac (SDP)|
|• Municipality||742 km2 (286 sq mi)|
|Population (2011 census)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
|Area code||+381 20|
Novi Pazar (Turkish: Yeni Pazar, lit. "New Bazaar", pronounced [nôʋiː pǎzaːr]) is a city located in southwest Serbia. Novi Pazar is the cultural center of the Bosniaks in Serbia and the historical region of Sandžak. A multicultural area of Muslims and Orthodox Christians, many monuments of both religions, like the Altun-Alem Mosque and the Church of St. Apostles Peter and Paul, are found in the region. As of the 2011 census, the population of the municipal area of Novi Pazar was 100,410, while the city itself had a population of 66,527.
During the 14th century under the old Serbian fortress of Stari Ras, an important marked-place named Trgovište started to develop. By the middle of the 15th century, in the time of the final Turkish conquest of Old Serbia, another market-place was developing some 11 km to the East. The older place became known as Staro Trgovište (Old Trgovište, in Turkish: Eski Pazar) and the younger as Novo Trgovište (Yeni Pazar). The latter developed into the modern city of Novi Pazar.
The name of Novi Pazar (meaning "new marketplace") was thus derived from Serbian placename Novo Trgovište, via Turkish Yeni Pazar, which is itself derived from bazaar (from Persian بازار (bāzār), meaning "market"; from Middle Persian بهاچار (bahā-chār), meaning "place of prices"). It is still known as Yeni Pazar in modern-day Turkey.
Novi Pazar is located in the valleys of the Jošanica, Raška, Deževska, and Ljudska rivers at the elevation of 496m, in southeast Sandžak region. The city is surrounded by Golija and Rogozna mountains; Pešter plateau lies southeast from the city. The total area of the municipality is 742 km². It contains over 100 settlements, mostly small and spread over hills and mountains surrounding the city. The largest surrounding village is Mur with over 3000 residents.
One of the oldest monuments of the area is the Church of the Apostles Peter and Paul first built in the Roman era. The capital city of the Principality of Serbia, Ras, which was ruled by the Vlastimirović dynasty from 768 to 980 is found near the city and has been designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site. In the next centuries, the region of modern Novi Pazar served as the principal province of the Serbian realm. It was an administrative division under the direct rule of the monarch and sometimes as an appanage. It was the crownland, seat or appanage of various Serbian states throughout the Middle Ages, among the Serbian Kingdom (1217-1345) and the Serbian Empire (1345-1371). In 1427, the region and the remnant of Ras, as part of the Serbian Despotate was ruled by Serbian despot Đurađ Branković. One of the markets was called "despotov trg" (Despot's square). In 1439, the region was captured by Ottoman Empire, but was reconquered by the Serbian Despotate in 1444. In the summer of 1455, the Ottomans conquered the region again, and named the settlement of Trgovište Eski Bazar (Old Market).
Novi Pazar was formally founded as a city in its own right in 1461 by Ottoman general Isa-Beg Isaković, the Bosnian governor of the district (sanjak) and founder of Sarajevo. Isa-Beg Isaković decided to establish a new town on the area of Trgovište as an urban center between Raška and Jošanica, where at first he built a mosque, a public bath, a marketplace, a hostel, and a compound.
It was the chief town of the Ras province (vilayet) until its disestablishment in 1463, when it became part of the Jeleč Vilayet. The first written document which mentions Novi Pazar dates from the 15th century, and describes the decision of the Republic of Ragusa to appoint a consul there. The town had thus been already developed at that time, being at the intersection of important routes leading to Dubrovnik, Niš, Sofia, Constantinople, Salonica, Sarajevo, Belgrade and Budapest. The town also remained the capital of the Sanjak of Novi Pazar, which continued until the 20th century as a constitutive unit of Bosnia Eyalet. The sanjak was occupied and administered by Austria-Hungary from 1878. In 1908 it was returned to the Ottoman Empire as part of of the Kosovo Vilayet, but taken over by Serbia in 1912 during the First Balkan War.
A report from a journalist active at the time stated that when the Serb forces entered the Sandjak of Novi Pazar, they "pacified" the Albanians.
In 1913, Novi Pazar became part of the Kingdom of Serbia, and as such, became part of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia in 1918. From 1929 to 1941, Novi Pazar was part of the Zeta Banovina of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia.
Today, Novi Pazar is the main economic and cultural centre, as well as the largest city, of the Sandžak region.
From the 15th century to the Balkan Wars, Novi Pazar was the capital of the sanjak of Novi Pazar. Typically, like other centres of the wider area, its composition was multiethnic, with Albanians, Serbs and Slavic-speaking Muslims as the main communities. The Ottoman travel writer Evliya Celebi noted that it was one of the most populated towns in the Balkans in the 17th century. Serbs also lived in the city until WWII when the entire Serb population of Novi Pazar - 521 individuals, were imprisoned, sent to the concentration camp Staro Sajmište and killed during the rule of Balli Kombetar.
According to the last official census done in 2011, the Municipality of Novi Pazar has 100,410 inhabitants, while the city itself has 68,749 inhabitants. Most of Novi Pazar’s population are Bosniaks (77.13%) while 68.47% of the municipality’s population is urban. Population density on the territory of the municipality is 135.32 inhabitants per square kilometer.
As of the 2011 census the religious make up of the Municipality of Novi Pazar was 82.4% Muslims, and 16% Orthodox Christians.
Ethnic composition of the city:
|This section needs to be updated. (January 2015)|
Aside from the town of Novi Pazar, the municipality includes the following settlements, with population from the 2002 census:
- Aluloviće (362)
- Bajevica (563)
- Banja (466)
- Bare (36)
- Batnjik (58)
- Bekova (116)
- Bele Vode (872)
- Boturovina (218)
- Brđani (195)
- Brestovo (5)
- Čašić Dolac (76)
- Cokoviće (20)
- Deževa (238)
- Dojinoviće (120)
- Dolac (87)
- Doljani (89)
- Dragočevo (112)
- Dramiće (80)
- Golice (64)
- Gornja Tušimlja (33)
- Goševo (50)
- Gračane (28)
- Građanoviće (19)
- Grubetiće (259)
- Hotkovo (193)
- Ivanča (813)
- Izbice (1,949)
- Jablanica (27)
- Janča (332)
- Javor (18)
- Jova (21)
- Kašalj (35)
- Koprivnica (12)
- Kosuriće (125)
- Kovačevo (243)
- Kožlje (618)
- Kruševo (486)
- Kuzmičevo (133)
- Leča (319)
- Lopužnje (70)
- Lukare (489)
- Lukarsko Goševo (850)
- Lukocrevo (186)
- Miščiće (231)
- Muhovo (545)
- Mur (3,407)
- Negotinac (26)
- Novi Pazar (54,604)
- Odojeviće (50)
- Oholje (179)
- Okose (36)
- Osaonica (284)
- Osoje (966)
- Paralovo (982)
- Pasji Potok (42)
- Pavlje (178)
- Pilareta (26)
- Pobrđe (2,176)
- Polokce (117)
- Pope (83)
- Postenje (3,471)
- Požega (523)
- Požežina (251)
- Prćenova (159)
- Pusta Tušimlja (53)
- Pustovlah (28)
- Radaljica (152)
- Rajčinoviće (537)
- Rajčinovićka Trnava (208)
- Rajetiće (63)
- Rajkoviće (29)
- Rakovac (21)
- Rast (51)
- Šaronje (398)
- Šavci (247)
- Sebečevo (897)
- Sitniče (778)
- Skukovo (23)
- Slatina (297)
- Smilov Laz (8)
- Srednja Tušimlja (40)
- Štitare (77)
- Stradovo (19)
- Sudsko Selo (87)
- Tenkovo (89)
- Trnava (694)
- Tunovo (128)
- Varevo (501)
- Vever (18)
- Vidovo (90)
- Vitkoviće (30)
- Vojkoviće (36)
- Vojniće (115)
- Vranovina (329)
- Vučiniće (245)
- Vučja Lokva (15)
- Zabrđe (49)
- Zlatare (12)
- Žunjeviće (211)
Novi Pazar is governed by a city assembly composed of 47 councillors, a mayor and vice-mayor. After the last legislative election held in 2012, the local assembly is composed of the following groups:
- European Novi Pazar - Rasim Ljajić (SDP, SDPS (18)
- Party of Democratic Action of Sandžak (11)
- Bošnjačka demokratska zajednica Sandžaka - Muamer Zukorlić (10)
- Aleksandar Vučić - Srbija pobeđuje (5)
- Mirsad Đerlek - SNP (3)
|This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. (January 2010)|
Lying on crossroads between numerous old and new states, Novi Pazar has always been a strong trade center. Along with the trade, the city developed manufacturing tradition. During the 20th century, it became a center of textile industry.
Paradoxically, during the turbulent 1990s and, Novi Pazar prospered, even during the UN sanctions, boosted by the strong private initiative in textile industry. Jeans of Novi Pazar, first of forged trademarks, and later on its own labels, became famous throughout the region. However, during the relative economic prosperity in Serbia of the 2000s, the Novi Pazar economy collapsed, with demise of large textile combines in mismanaged privatization, and incoming competition from the import.
The old Serb Orthodox monastery of Sopoćani, the foundation of St. King Uroš I, built in the second half of the 13th century and located west of Novi Pazar, is a World Heritage Site since 1979 accompanying with Stari Ras (Old Ras), a medieval capital of the Serbian great župan Stefan Nemanja.
The city also houses an old church from the 9th-century Church of St. Peter. On a hilltop overlooking Novi Pazar is the 12th century monastery of Đurđevi stupovi, long left in ruin, but recently restored and with a monastic community using it, with plate glass to keep out the weather and preserve the fine frescos. The main mosque of the city, the Altun-Alem Mosque, is the largest in this region of the Balkans and dates from 16th century. There are various other historic Ottoman buildings, such as the 17th-century Amir-agin Han, a 15th-century Hammam, and the 15th-century Turkish fortress (all gone but the walls, the site of which is now a walled park in the city centre).
The city's football club FK Novi Pazar was founded in 1928, under the name "FK Sandžak", which later changed to "FK Deževa". The club has played under its current name since 1962, when Deževa and another local football club, FK Ras, unified under this name. The club was a SFRJ amateur champion, and a member of the Yugoslav Second League. FK Novi Pazar qualified for a promotional play-off twice, but lost both times (to FK Sutjeska Nikšić in 1994, and to FK Sloboda Užice in 1995). FK Novipazar finally promoted to Serbian SuperLiga in 2011-12 season. FK Novi Pazar is the oldest second-league team in Serbia. Football is still extremely popular sport in Novi Pazar and city stadium is always full. The President of FK Novi Pazar is Rasim Ljajic, a minister in the government of the Republic of Serbia.
Volleyball clubs in the city are OK Novi Pazar (first league) and OK Koteks.
Handball club is in second league and used to have name "Ras" but it was changed in RK Novi Pazar in 2004.
Famous athletes from the city include Turkish basketball national team player Mirsad Jahović Türkcan, former football player of Besiktas Sead Halilagić, handball-player Mirsad Terzić (who represents Bosnia and Herzegovina) and young football players Adem Ljajić, Ediz Bahtiyaroğlu, and alpinist Basar Čarovac who climbed all seven continents' highest peaks.
- Basar Čarovac, alpinist
- Abdulah Gegić former Partizan Belgrade football coach
- Almir Gegić, football player
- Aćif Hadžiahmetović politician, mayor of Novi Pazar during Second World War
- Emina Jahović, pop singer
- Tahir Efendi Jakova, Albanian poet
- Adem Ljajić, FC Internazionale football player
- Rasim Ljajić, Republic of Serbia Minister of Foreign and Domestic Trade and Telecommunications
- Mladen Majdak, volleyball player, currently playing for Tourcoing Lille Métropole Volley-Ball
- Miljan Mutavdžić professional football player and former Serbian national team player
- Mirsad Đerlek politician, mayor of Novi Pazar during 2008
- Laza Ristovski (1956-2007), Yugoslav keyboardist, member of Smak and Bijelo Dugme
- Milunka Savić (1888–1973), the most-decorated female combatant in the entire history of warfare
- Elma Sinanović, pop singer
- Haris Skarep, pop singer
- Mirsad Jahović Türkcan, Turkish basketball player
- Bajro Župić, former Partizan Belgrade football player
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Novi Pazar, on the border of Kosovo, was founded by Isa Beg, a governor of Bosnia
- Holger H., Richard F. Hamilton. The Origins of World War I. Cambridge University Press. p. 103. ISBN 9781107393868.
- C. HALL, RICHARD (2002). The Balkan Wars 1912-1913: Prelude to the First World War Warfare and History. Routledge, 2002. ISBN 9781134583621.
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The Sandjak of Novi Pazar was a finger of the Ottoman province of Kosovo, which separated Montenegro from Serbia. The Sandjak of Novi Pazar had a mixed population of Albanians, Serbs, and Slavic-speaking Muslims.
- Cohen, Philip J.; Riesman, David (1996). Serbia's Secret War: Propaganda and the Deceit of History. Texas A&M University Press. pp. 191–. ISBN 9780890967607. Retrieved 2 January 2013.
Before World War II, about 10,500 Jews lived in Belgrade, about 350 in Nis, about 250 in Novi Pazar (Sandzak)
- Mušović, Ejup (1979), Etnički procesi i ethnička struktura stanovništva Novog Pazara, Etnografski Institut, 1979, p.48
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