Jump to content

Novi Sad

Coordinates: 45°15′15″N 19°50′33″E / 45.25417°N 19.84250°E / 45.25417; 19.84250
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Novi Sad
Нови Сад (Serbian)
Град Нови Сад
Grad Novi Sad

City of Novi Sad
Panorama of Novi Sad
Novi Sad City Hall
Liberty Square
Bishop's Palace
Flag of Novi Sad
Official logo of Novi Sad
Serbian Athens
Novi Sad is located in Serbia
Novi Sad
Novi Sad
Location within Serbia
Novi Sad is located in Vojvodina
Novi Sad
Novi Sad
Location with Vojvodina
Novi Sad is located in Europe
Novi Sad
Novi Sad
Location within Europe
Coordinates: 45°15′15″N 19°50′33″E / 45.25417°N 19.84250°E / 45.25417; 19.84250
Country Serbia
Province Vojvodina
DistrictSouth Bačka
Settled by Scordisci4th century B.C.
City status1 February 1748; 276 years ago (1748-02-01)
 • MayorMilan Đurić (SNS)
 • Ruling partiesSNS/SDPS/SPOSPS/JSSVM
 • Administrative702.7 km2 (271.3 sq mi)
 • Urban
129.4 km2 (50.0 sq mi)
 • Rank36th in Serbia
 • City proper106.2 km2 (41.0 sq mi)
80 m (262 ft)
 • Administrative368,967
 • Rank2nd in Serbia
 • Urban
 • Urban density2,400/km2 (6,100/sq mi)
 • Metro
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
Postal code
Area code+381(0)21
Vehicle registrationNS

Novi Sad (Serbian Cyrillic: Нови Сад, pronounced [nôʋiː sâːd] ; see below for other names) is the second largest city in Serbia after the capital Belgrade and the capital of the autonomous province of Vojvodina. It is located in the southern portion of the Pannonian Plain on the border of the Bačka and Syrmia geographical regions. Lying on the banks of the Danube river, the city faces the northern slopes of Fruška Gora and it is the fifth largest of all cities on the Danube river. It is the largest Danube city that is not the capital of an independent state.

According to the 2022 census, the population of the administrative area of the city totals 368,967 people,[3] while its urban area (including the adjacent settlements of Petrovaradin and Sremska Kamenica) comprises 306,702 inhabitants.

Novi Sad was founded in 1694, when Serb merchants formed a colony across the Danube from the Petrovaradin Fortress, a strategic Habsburg military post. In subsequent centuries, it became an important trading, manufacturing and cultural centre, and has historically been dubbed the Serbian Athens.[4][5] The city was heavily devastated in the 1848 Revolution, but was subsequently rebuilt and restored. Today, along with the Serbian capital city of Belgrade, Novi Sad is an industrial and financial center important to the Serbian economy.

Novi Sad was the European Youth Capital in 2019 and the European Capital of Culture in 2022.[6] It became a UNESCO Creative City of Media Arts in 2023.[7][8]


The name Novi Sad means "new plantation" in Serbo-Croatian. Its Latin name, stemming from the establishment of Habsburg city rights, is Neoplanta. The official names of Novi Sad in local administration are:[9][10]

In both Croatian and Romanian, which are official in provincial administration, the city is called Novi Sad. Historically, the city was called Neusatz and Neusatz an der Donau (translated as 'Novi Sad on the Danube') in German.

In its wider meaning, the name Grad Novi Sad refers to the "City of Novi Sad", one of the city-level administrative units of Serbia, which includes Novi Sad proper on the left bank of the Danube, the towns of Sremska Kamenica and Petrovaradin on the right bank and the extensive suburbs of the left bank. Novi Sad can also refer strictly to only the urban areas of the city (Novi Sad proper and the towns of Sremska Kamenica and Petrovaradin), or only to the historical core on the left bank, i.e. Novi Sad proper excluding Sremska Kamenica and Petrovaradin.


Older settlements[edit]

Roman golden helmet, Museum of Vojvodina
Historical affiliations

Principality of Hungary 895-1000
Kingdom of Hungary 1000–1526
 Ottoman Empire 1526–1687
Habsburg monarchy 1694–1804
 Austrian Empire 1804–1867
Austro-Hungarian Empire 1867–1918
 Kingdom of Serbia 1918
Kingdom of Yugoslavia[11] 1918–1941
Kingdom of Hungary 1941–1944
 SFR Yugoslavia[12] 1944–1992
 Serbia and Montenegro[13] 1992–2006
 Republic of Serbia 2006–

Human habitation in the territory of present-day Novi Sad has been traced as far back as the Stone Age. Several settlements and necropolises dating to 5000 BC were unearthed during the construction of a new boulevard in Avijatičarsko Naselje.[14] A settlement was also identified on the right bank of the river Danube in present-day Petrovaradin.

In antiquity, the region was inhabited by Celtic tribes, most notably the Scordisci. Celts had been present in the area since the 4th century BC and founded the first fortress on the right bank of the Danube. Later, in the 1st century BC, the region was conquered by the Romans. During Roman rule, a larger fortress was built in the 1st century, named Cusum, and included in the Roman province of Pannonia.

In the 5th century, Cusum was devastated by Hunnic invasions. By the end of the century, the Byzantines had rebuilt the town and called it Petrikon or Petrikov (Greek: Πέτρικον) after Saint Peter. Slavic tribes such as the Severians, the Obotrites and the Serbs (including the subtribes of the Braničevci and the Timočani) settled the region around Novi Sad, mainly in the 6th and 7th centuries.[15][unreliable source?] The Serbs absorbed the aforementioned Slavic groups as well as the Paleo-Balkanic peoples of the region.[15]

In the Middle Ages, the area was controlled by the Ostrogoths, Gepids, Avars, Franks, West Slavic groups, again by the Byzantines, and finally by the Hungarians. It was a part of the medieval Kingdom of Hungary from its foundation in 1000 until the Ottoman invasion in the 16th century. Hungarians began to settle in the area, which before that time had been mostly populated by Slavs. The earliest known mention was as the Hungarian variant Peturwarad or Pétervárad (Serbian: Petrovaradin/Петроварадин), derived from the Byzantine variant, found in documents from 1237. That year, several other settlements were mentioned as existing in the territory of modern-day urban Novi Sad.[citation needed]

From the 13th century to the 16th century, the following settlements existed in the urban territory of the modern-day Novi Sad:[16][17]

An etymology of settlement names reveals that some designations are of Slavic origin, which indicates that the areas were initially inhabited by Slavs, particularly the West Slavs. For example, Bivalo (Bivaljoš) had a large Slavic settlement dating from the 5th–6th centuries.[16] Other names are of Hungarian origin (for example Bélakút, Kűszentmárton, Vásárosvárad, Rév), indicating that the settlements were inhabited by Hungarians before the Ottoman invasion in the 16th century.[17] Some settlement names are of uncertain origin.

Tax records from 1522 show a mix of Hungarian and Slavic names among the inhabitants of these villages, including Slavic names like Bozso (Božo), Radovan, Radonya (Radonja), Ivo, etc. Following the Ottoman invasion in the 16th–17th centuries, some of these settlements were destroyed. Most of the surviving Hungarian inhabitants retreated from the area. Some of the settlements persisted under Ottoman rule and were populated by ethnic Serbs.[citation needed]

Between 1526 and 1687, the region was under Ottoman rule. In 1590, the population of all villages in the territory of present-day Novi Sad numbered 105 houses, inhabited exclusively by Serbs. Ottoman records mention only those who paid taxes, so the number of Serbs who lived in the area (for example, those that served in the Ottoman army) was likely larger than was recorded.[18]

Founding of Novi Sad[edit]

Habsburgs prohibited Orthodox Christians to settle in Petrovaradin. That policy pushed Serbs to form the Serb city which later became Novi Sad. The city was proclaimed to be a free royal city by Maria Theresa by 1748.

Habsburg rule was aligned with the Roman Catholic doctrine and, as it took over this area near the end of the 17th century, the government prohibited people of Orthodox faith from residing in Petrovaradin. Unable to build homes there, the Serbs of the area founded a new settlement in 1694 on the left bank of the Danube. They initially called it the 'Serb city' (Serbian: Srpski Grad, German: Ratzen Stadt). Another name used for the settlement was Petrovaradinski Šanac. In 1718, the inhabitants of the village of Almaš were resettled to Petrovaradinski Šanac, where they founded Almaški Kraj ('the Almaš quarter').

According to 1720 data, the population of Ratzen Stadt was composed of 112 Serbian, 14 German, and 5 Hungarian houses. The settlement officially gained the present names Novi Sad and Újvidék (Neoplanta in Latin) in 1748 when it became a 'free royal city', in German language it was called Neusatz.

The edict that made Novi Sad a 'free royal city' was proclaimed on 1 February 1748. The edict reads:

' We, Maria Theresa, by the grace of God Holy Roman Empress,
Queen of Hungary, Bohemia, Moravia, Dalmatia, Croatia, Slavonia, Rama, Serbia, Galicia, Lodomeria, Carinthia, [...]
cast this proclamation to anyone, whom it might concern... so that the renowned Petrovaradinski Šanac, which lies on the other side of the Danube in the Bačka province on the Sajlovo land, by the might of our divine royal power and prestige...make this town a Free Royal City and to fortify, accept and acknowledge it as one of the free royal cities of our Kingdom of Hungary and other territories, by abolishing its previous name of Petrovaradinski Šanac, renaming it Neoplanta (Latin), Új-Vidégh (Hungarian), Neusatz (German) and Novi Sad (Serbian) '

In the 18th century, the Habsburg monarchy recruited Germans from the southern principalities of the Holy Roman Empire to relocate to the Danube valley. They wanted both to increase the population and to redevelop the river valley for agriculture, which had declined markedly under the Ottomans. To encourage such settlement, the government ensured that the German communities could practice their religion (mostly Catholicism) and use their original German dialect.

Habsburg monarchy[edit]

Serb uprising of 1848–49, Serbian patriarch Josif Rajačić is giving a blessing to the army of Serbian Vojvodina in 1848.

For much of the 18th and 19th centuries, Novi Sad remained the largest city inhabited by Serbs. The reformer of the Serbian language, Vuk Stefanović Karadžić, wrote in 1817 that Novi Sad was the 'largest Serb municipality in the world'. It was a cultural and political centre for Serbs (see also Serbian Revival), who did not have their own national state at the time. Due to its cultural and political influence, the city became known as the 'Serbian Athens' (Srpska Atina in Serbian). According to 1843 data, Novi Sad had 17,332 inhabitants, of whom 9,675 were Orthodox Christians, 5,724 Catholics, 1,032 Protestants, 727 Jews, and 30 adherents of the Armenian church. The largest ethnic group in the city were Serbs, and the second largest were Germans.

During the Revolution of 1848–49, Novi Sad was part of Serbian Vojvodina, a Serbian autonomous region within the Austrian Empire. In 1849, the Hungarian garrison, located at the Petrovaradin Fortress, bombarded and devastated the city, which lost much of its population. According to the 1850 census, there were only 7,182 citizens left in the city, compared to 17,332 in 1843. Marija Trandafil and her husband paid for some of the rebuilding including two churches.[19] Between 1849 and 1860, Novi Sad was part of a separate Austrian crownland known as the Voivodeship of Serbia and Banat of Temeschwar. After the abolishment of this province, the city was included into the Batsch-Bodrog County. The post office was opened in 1853.

Postcard of Novi Sad with a picture of Lajos Kossuth Street (early 20th century).

Following the compromise of 1867, Novi Sad was located within the Kingdom of Hungary, the Transleithania, which comprised half of the new Austro-Hungarian Empire. During this time, the Magyarization policy of the Hungarian government drastically altered the demographic structure of the city as the formerly predominantly Serbian population became one with a more mixed character. In 1880, 41.2% of the city's inhabitants used the Serbian language most frequently and 25.9% employed Hungarian. In the following decades, the percentage of Serbian-speakers decreased, while the number of Hungarian-speakers increased. According to the 1910 census, the city had 33,590 residents, of whom 13,343 (39.72%) spoke Hungarian, 11,594 (34.52%) Serbian, 5,918 (17.62%) German and 1,453 (4.33%) Slovak. It is not certain whether Hungarians or Serbs were the larger ethnic group in the city in 1910, since the various ethnic groups (Bunjevci, Romani, Jews, other South Slavic people, etc.) were classified in census results only according to the language they spoke.[20]

Similar demographic changes can be seen in the religious structure: in 1870, the population of Novi Sad included 8,134 Orthodox Christians, 6,684 Catholics, 1,725 Calvinists, 1,343 Lutherans, and others.[21] In 1910, the population included 13,383 Roman Catholics and 11,553 Orthodox Christians, while 3,089 declared themselves as Lutheran, 2,751 as Calvinist, and 2,326 as Jewish.[22]

Serbia and Yugoslavia[edit]

Great Assembly of Serbs, Bunjevci, and other Slavs proclaimed the unification of Vojvodina region with the Kingdom of Serbia in Novi Sad in 1918.

On 25 November 1918, the Assembly of Serbs, Bunjevci and other Slavs of Vojvodina in Novi Sad proclaimed the union of the region of Vojvodina with the Kingdom of Serbia. From 1 December 1918, Novi Sad was part of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes; and in 1929, it became the capital of the Danube Banovina, a province of the newly named Kingdom of Yugoslavia. In 1921, the population of Novi Sad numbered 39,122 inhabitants, 16,293 of whom spoke the Serbian language, 12,991 Hungarian, 6,373 German, 1,117 Slovak, etc.[23]

Prince Tomislav Bridge, bridge was destroyed on 11 April 1941 by Yugoslav army to slow down the German advances to the south.

In 1941, Yugoslavia was invaded and partitioned by the Axis powers, and its northern parts, including Novi Sad, were annexed by Hungary. During World War II, about 5,000 citizens were murdered and many others were resettled. During the three days of the Novi Sad raid (21–23 January 1942) alone, Hungarian police killed 1,246 citizens, among them more than 800 Jews, and threw their corpses into the icy waters of the Danube.

The total death toll of the raid was around 2,500.[24][25] Citizens of all nationalities—Serbs, Hungarians, Slovaks, and others—fought together against the Axis authorities.[25] In 1975 the whole city was awarded the title People's Hero of Yugoslavia.

"The Family" by Jovan Soldatović, Monument dedicated to the victims of the Novi Sad raid, which took place during the Hungarian occupation in WWII.

The Yugoslav Partisans of Syrmia and Bačka entered the city on 23 October 1944. During the military administration of Banat, Bačka and Baranja (17 October 1944 – 27 January 1945), the Partisans killed tens of thousands, mostly Serbs, Germans, and Hungarians, who were perceived as opponents to the new regime.[26][better source needed]

Novi Sad became part of the new Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. Since 1945, Novi Sad has been the capital of Vojvodina, a province of the Republic of Serbia. The city went through rapid industrialization and its population more than doubled in the period between World War II and the breakup of Yugoslavia in the early 1990s.

After 1992, Novi Sad became a part of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. Devastated by NATO bombardment during the Kosovo War of 1999, Novi Sad was left without any of its three Danube bridges (Žeželj Bridge, Varadin Bridge and Liberty Bridge), communications, water, and electricity. Residential areas were cluster-bombed several times while the oil refinery was bombarded daily, causing severe pollution and widespread ecological damage. In 2003, FR Yugoslavia was transformed into the state union of Serbia and Montenegro. These two states separated in June 2006 (following the May 2006 Montenegrin independence referendum), leaving Novi Sad part of the Republic of Serbia.


Liberation Boulevard in Novi Sad during socialist Yugoslavia, 1963.

The city lies on the meander of the river Danube, which is only 350 meters wide beneath the marking stones of Petrovaradin.[27] A section of the Danube-Tisza-Danube Canal marks the northern edge of the wider city centre. The main part of the city lies on the left bank of the Danube in the region of Bačka, while the smaller settlements of Petrovaradin and Sremska Kamenica lie on the right bank, in the region of Srem (Syrmia). The section situated on the left bank of the river lies on one of the southernmost and lowest parts of the Pannonian Plain, while Fruška Gora on the right bank is a horst mountain. Alluvial plains along the Danube are well-formed, especially on the left bank, and in some parts 10 kilometres (6 miles) from the river. A large part of Novi Sad lies on a fluvial terrace with an elevation of between 80 and 83 metres (262 and 272 feet). The northern part of Fruška Gora is composed of massive landslide zones, although they are largely inactive with the exception of the Ribnjak neighbourhood between Sremska Kamenica and Petrovaradin Fortress.[28]
The total land area of the city is 699 square kilometres (270 sq mi), while its urban area spans 129.7 km2 (50 sq mi).[27]


Novi Sad has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen climate classification: Cfa)[29] closely bordering on humid continental climate (Dfa) with a January mean of 0.7 °C (33.3 °F). The city experiences four distinct seasons. Autumn is drier than spring, with long sunny and warm periods. Winter is not so severe, with an average of 22 days of complete sub-zero temperature, and averages 22 days of snowfall. January is the coldest month, with an average low of −2.5 °C (27.5 °F). Spring is usually short and rainy, while summer arrives abruptly. The coldest temperature ever recorded in Novi Sad was −30.7 °C (−23.3 °F) on 24 January 1963, and the hottest temperature ever recorded was 41.6 °C (106.9 °F) on 24 July 2007.

Panoramic view from the Petrovaradin Fortress

The east-southeasterly wind, known as Košava, blows from the Carpathians and brings clear and dry weather. It mostly blows in autumn and winter, in 2 to 3-day intervals. The average speed of Košava is 25 to 43 km/h (16 to 27 mph), but certain strokes can reach up to 130 km/h (81 mph). In wintertime, accompanied by snow storms, the winds can cause large snow-drifts.

Climate data for Rimski Šančevi, Novi Sad (1991–2020, extremes 1948–present)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 18.9
Mean daily maximum °C (°F) 4.3
Daily mean °C (°F) 0.7
Mean daily minimum °C (°F) −2.5
Record low °C (°F) −30.7
Average precipitation mm (inches) 38.9
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 12.1 10.5 10.6 11.2 13.4 11.1 9.9 8.1 10.1 10.1 10.8 12.9 130.8
Average snowy days 6.4 5.8 2.7 0.4 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 1.9 4.9 22.2
Average relative humidity (%) 85.5 80.2 70.8 64.4 67.9 69.7 68.2 67.4 72.5 77.1 82.1 86.7 74.5
Mean monthly sunshine hours 67.9 100.6 164.1 205.8 257.3 284.8 316.2 298.9 207.1 160.9 94.7 59.4 2,217.7
Source 1: Republic Hydrometeorological Service of Serbia[30][31]
Source 2: Meteo Climat (record highs and lows)[32]


Liman Towers, tallest buildings in Novi Sad since 1990.

Novi Sad is a typical Central European town in terms of its architecture. The Town Hall and the Court House were built by Emmerich Kitzweger (1868–1917). The city was almost completely destroyed during the 1848/1849 revolution, so architecture from the 19th century dominates the city centre. Small, older houses used to surround the centre of town, but they are now being replaced by modern, multi-story buildings.

During the socialist period, new city blocks with wide streets and multi-story buildings were constructed around the city core. However, not many communist-style high-rise buildings were erected. The total number of apartment buildings, with ten or more floors, remained at about 50, the rest having mostly three to six floors. From 1962 to 1964, a new boulevard, today called Bulevar oslobođenja, was cut through the older neighbourhoods, establishing major communication lines. Several more boulevards were subsequently built in a similar manner, creating an orthogonal network which replaced the primarily radial structure of the old town. These interventions paved the way for a relatively unhampered growth of the city, which has almost tripled in population since the 1950s. Despite a huge increase in car ownership, traffic congestion is still relatively mild, apart from a few major arteries.


Dunavska street in Stari Grad, 2023.

Some of the oldest neighbourhoods in the city are Stari Grad (Old Town), Rotkvarija, Podbara, and Salajka. The areas of Sremska Kamenica and Petrovaradin, located on the right bank of the Danube, were separate towns in the past, but today belong to the urban area of Novi Sad. Liman, as well as Bistrica, are neighbourhoods built during the 1960s, 1970s and 1980s, with contemporary style buildings and wide boulevards (Liman was divided into four sections, numbered I–IV).

New neighbourhoods, like Liman, Detelinara and Bistrica, emerged from the fields and forests surrounding the city. Following World War II, tall residential buildings were constructed to house the huge influx of people leaving the country side. Many old houses in the city centre, from the Rotkvarija and Bulevar neighbourhoods, were torn down in the 1950s and 1960s, to be replaced by multi-story buildings. Since the city has experienced a major construction boom in the last 10 years, some neighbourhoods like Grbavica have completely been transformed.

Neighbourhoods with single-family homes are mostly located away from the city centre. Telep, situated in the southwest, and Klisa, in the north, are the oldest such districts. Adice and Veternik, both located west of the downtown area, have significantly expanded during the last 15 years, partly due to the influx of Serbian refugees fleeing the Yugoslav wars.


While Novi Sad's urban municipalities, which include Petrovaradin, Sremska Kamenica and Novi Sad proper, have a combined population of about 277,000, its suburban areas have approximately 65,000 inhabitants. Some 23.7% of the administrative city's total population resides in the suburbs, which consist of 12 settlements and 1 town.[33] The largest numbers live in Futog (pop. 20,000) and in Veternik (pop. 17,000) to the west. Both places have grown bigger over the years, especially during the 1990s, and have physically merged with the city.

Suburbs like Futog are officially classified as an 'urban settlement' (town), while other suburbs are mostly considered to be 'rural' (village). Ledinci, Stari Ledinci and Bukovac are all villages located on Fruška Gora's slopes, with the last two having only one paved road. Stari Ledinci is the most isolated and least populated village belonging to Novi Sad's suburban areas.

Towns and villages in the adjacent municipalities of Sremski Karlovci, Temerin and Beočin share the same public transportation system and are economically tied to Novi Sad.

City of Novi Sad:
  City Municipality of Novi Sad
  City Municipality of Petrovaradin
No. Name Status City municipality Population[33]
1 Begeč Village Novi Sad 3,325
2 Budisava 3,656
3 Bukovac Petrovaradin 3,936
4 Čenej Novi Sad 2,125
5 Futog Town 18,641
6 Kać 11,740
7 Kisač Village 5,091
8 Kovilj 5,414
9 Ledinci Petrovaradin 1,912
10 Rumenka Novi Sad 6,495
11 Stari Ledinci Petrovaradin 934
12 Stepanovićevo Novi Sad 2,021
13 Veternik Town Novi Sad 17,454


Historical population
Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
Source: [34][35]

Novi Sad is the second largest city in Serbia (after Belgrade), and the largest city in Vojvodina. Since its founding, the population of the city has been constantly increasing. According to the 1991 census, 56.2% of the people who came to Novi Sad from 1961 to 1991 were from Vojvodina, while 15.3% came from Bosnia and Herzegovina and 11.7% from rest of Serbia.

In the 1990s and 2000s, the city experienced significant population growth. According to the 2011 census,[36] the city's population is 231,798, while in its urban area (including adjacent settlements of Petrovaradin and Sremska Kamenica) there are 277,522 inhabitants. Novi Sad's administrative city limits hold 341,625 inhabitants.[33]

Ethnic groups[edit]

The ethnic composition in the city administrative area (last three censuses):

Ethnicity 1991[37] 2002[38] 2011[39] 2022[40]
Serbs 173,420 225,995 269,117 289,119
Hungarians 20,245 15,687 13,272 9,792
Slovaks 8,165 7,230 6,596 5,458
Croats 8,848 6,263 5,335 3,877
Yugoslavs 32,803 9,514 2,355 3,465
Romani 1,133 1,740 3,636 3,321
Russians - - 329 2,766
Montenegrins 6,226 5,040 3,444 2,225
Rusyns - 2,032 2,160 1,836
Muslims 1,737 1,015 1,138 886
Gorani - 358 709 821
Macedonians - 1,144 1,111 819
Romanians 902 860 891 706
Albanians - - 356 476
Ukrainians - - 484 454
Slovenians - - 412 365
Germans - - 429 294
Others 18,211 22,416 31,861 44,287
Total 265,464 299,294 341,625 368,967

All of the inhabited places in the municipalities have an ethnic Serb majority, while the village of Kisač has an ethnic Slovak majority.


According to the 2011 census, the population of the administrative area of Novi Sad (comprising both municipalities) included 270,831 Orthodox Christians, 21,530 Catholics, 8,499 Protestants, 4,760 Muslims, 84 Jews, and others. The city is the seat of the Serbian Orthodox Eparchy of Bačka, the seat of the Bishop of the Slovak Evangelical Church of the Augsburg Confession in Serbia and of the Muftiship of Novi Sad of the Islamic Community in Serbia.


Serbian National Theatre

In the 19th and early 20th century, Novi Sad was the capital of Serbian culture, earning it the nickname Serbian Athens.[41] During that time, many Serbian novelists, poets, jurists, and publishers had lived or worked in Novi Sad at some point in their career, including Vuk Stefanović Karadžić, Mika Antić, Đura Jakšić and Jovan Jovanović Zmaj, among others. Matica srpska, the oldest cultural-scientific institution in Serbia, was moved from Budapest to Novi Sad in 1864, and now contains the second-largest library in the country, the Library of Matica srpska, with over 3.5 million volumes. The Serbian National Theatre, one of the oldest professional theatre among the South Slavs, was founded in Novi Sad in 1861.[42]

Today, Novi Sad is the second largest cultural centre in Serbia, after Belgrade. Municipal officials have made the city more attractive with numerous cultural events and music concerts. Since 2000, Novi Sad is home to the EXIT festival, one of the biggest music summer festivals in Europe. Other important cultural events include the Sterijino pozorje theatre festival, Zmaj Children Games, International Novi Sad Literature Festival, Novi Sad Jazz Festival, and many others.[43] Novi Sad also hosts a fashion show twice a year, attracting local and international designers. Called Serbia Fashion Week, the event also features the works of applied artists, musicians, interior decorators, multimedia experts and architects.[44]

In addition to the Serbian National Theatre, other prominent playhouses consist of the Novi Sad Theatre, Novi Sad Youth Theatre, and the Cultural Centre of Novi Sad. The Novi Sad Synagogue also houses many cultural events. Other cultural institutions include the Detachment of the Serbian Academy of Science and Art, Library of Matica Srpska, Novi Sad City Library and Azbukum. The city is also home to the Archive of Vojvodina, which has collected numerous documents from the Vojvodina region[45] dating back to 1565.

Novi Sad has several folk song societies, which are known as kulturno-umetničko društvo or KUD. The best known societies in the city are: KUD Svetozar Marković, AKUD Sonja Marinković, SKUD Željezničar, FA Vila and the oldest SZPD Neven, established in 1892.

National minorities express their own traditions, folklore and songs through various societies such as the Hungarian MKUD Petőfi Sándor, Slovak SKUD Pavel Jozef Šafárik, and Ruthenian RKC Novi Sad.

Novi Sad was chosen to be the European Capital of Culture for 2021,[46] however its mandate was moved to 2022 due to the COVID-19 pandemic.[47] From this mandate, the industrial zone in Liman neighborhood was repurposed as an artist quarter known as Distrikt. Due the continued efforts of local artists, the city became a UNESCO Creative City of Media Arts in 2023.[7][8]


Typical Serbian food can be found in Novi Sad, including traditional dishes like ćevapi, burek, kajmak, kiseli kupus, kiflice and pasulj, as well as fish dishes, local cheeses and charcuterie.[48] Restaurants and farmsteads offer fresh produce from local farmers and also regional vintages from Fruska Gora's wineries.[48][49] Modern alternatives are available at some of the city's top restaurants, which prepare traditional fare with an updated twist.[50][51] Pastry shops serve local specialties such as layered cakes made from ground nuts and cream, referred to as 'torta' in Serbian. Desserts also often include raspberries, one of the region's largest exports, and historic Dunavska Street is home to many ice cream parlors.[52][53]

Index sandwich, named after university student index books, is a popular local street food since the 1980s.[54] It is made out of a bread roll stuffed with melted cheese, ham, mushrooms and lashings of sauce.[55][56][57]


Museum of Vojvodina is an art and natural history museum.

The city has several museums and galleries, both public and privately owned. The best known institution in the city is the Museum of Vojvodina, founded in 1847,[58] which houses a permanent collection of Serbian culture and life in Vojvodina since ancient times.[47] The Museum of Novi Sad, located in the Petrovaradin Fortress,[59] has a permanent collection featuring the history of the old fortress.

The Gallery of Matica Srpska is the largest and most respected exhibition space in the city, with two galleries in the city centre. Other museums include The Gallery of Fine Arts – Gift Collection of Rajko Mamuzić and The Pavle Beljanski Memorial Collection, featuring one of the most extensive collections of Serbian art from the 1900s until the 1970s.


Petrovaradin Fortress during the Exit festival

Since 2000, the number of tourists visiting Novi Sad each year has steadily risen. During the annual EXIT music festival in July, the city is full of young people from all over Europe. In 2017, over 200,000 visitors from 60 countries came to the festival, attending about 35 concerts.[60][61]

Other events include shows and congresses organized by Novi Sad Fair, a local management company, bringing in many businesspersons and entrepreneurs to the city. Every May, Novi Sad is home to the largest agricultural show in the region, having attracted 600,000 attendees in 2005.[62] The tourist port, near Varadin Bridge in the city centre, welcomes cruise boats from across Europe that travel the Danube river.

The most recognized structure in Novi Sad is the Petrovaradin Fortress, which dominates the skyline and also offers scenic views of the city. The nearby historic neighbourhood of Stari Grad has many monuments, museums, cafes, restaurants and shops. Also in the vicinity, is the Fruška Gora National Park, approximately 20 km (12 mi) from the city centre.

According to the data of the Republic Institute of Statistics of Serbia, a total of 234,708 tourist arrivals were realized in the territory of the City in 2023, which represents an increase compared to the same period in 2022 by 7.2 percent. Also, last year a total of 567,926 overnight stays were realized, which represents a growth of 1.2 percent.


Novi Sad is the economic centre of Vojvodina, the most fertile agricultural region in Serbia. The city also represents one of the largest economic and cultural hubs in Serbia.

Novi Sad had always been a developed city within the former Yugoslavia. In 1981, its GDP per capita was 172% of the Yugoslav average.[63] During the 1990s, the city, like the rest of Serbia, was severely affected by an internationally imposed trade embargo and hyperinflation of the Yugoslav dinar. The embargo, along with economic mismanagement, led to a decay or demise of once important industrial combines, such as Novkabel (electric cable industry), Pobeda (metal industry), Jugoalat (tools), Albus and HINS (chemical industry). Practically the only viable large facilities remaining today are the oil refinery, located northeast of the city, and the thermal power plant.

The economy of Novi Sad has mostly recovered from that period and grown strongly since 2001, shifting from an industry-driven economy to the tertiary sector. The processes involved in privatizing state and society-owned enterprises, as well as strong private incentives, have increased the share of privately owned companies to over 95% in the district, with small and medium-size enterprises dominating the city's economic development.[64]

The significance of Novi Sad as a financial centre is already proven, by being home to the national headquarters of numerous banks, such as Erste Bank, Vojvođanska banka, and Crédit Agricole;[65] as well as the third largest insurance company in Serbia, DDOR Novi Sad. Furthermore, the city is home to major energy companies like Naftna Industrija Srbije oil company and Srbijagas gas company. It is also the seat of many farms for wheat production and trade.

Novi Sad Fair
Novi Sad Fair Convention Center
Bulevar Centar
Aleksandar Bulevar Centar

Novi Sad is also a growing information technology centre within Serbia, second only to Belgrade. As many as 900 IT companies operate in Novi Sad out of a total of 2,500 registered in the territory of the Republic of Serbia with over 11,500 employees. As of September 2017, Novi Sad has one of 14 free economic zones established in Serbia.[66]

The following table gives a preview of total number of registered people employed in legal entities per their core activity (as of 2018):[67]

Activity Total
Agriculture, forestry and fishing 1,276
Mining and quarrying 980
Manufacturing 22,551
Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply 1,888
Water supply; sewerage, waste management and remediation activities 2,259
Construction 7,952
Wholesale and retail trade, repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles 26,357
Transportation and storage 8,424
Accommodation and food services 5,811
Information and communication 8,886
Financial and insurance activities 4,483
Real estate activities 662
Professional, scientific and technical activities 10,147
Administrative and support service activities 7,785
Public administration and defense; compulsory social security 8,117
Education 10,807
Human health and social work activities 13,463
Arts, entertainment and recreation 3,397
Other service activities 3,556
Individual agricultural workers 777
Total 149,578


Banovina Palace, seat of the provincial institutions of AP Vojvodina

Novi Sad is the administrative centre of the Autonomous Province of Vojvodina, and as such, home to Vojvodina's Government and Provincial Assembly.

The city's administrative bodies include the city assembly as the representative body, as well as the mayor and city government defining the executive bodies. The mayor and city assembly members are chosen through direct elections. The city assembly has 78 seats,[68] while the city government consists of 11 members. The mayor and members of the city's assembly are elected to four-year terms. The city government is elected by the city assembly at the proposal of the mayor.

As of 2022, the mayor of Novi Sad is Milan Đurić of the Serbian Progressive Party.[69] While his party holds the majority of seats in the city assembly, the Socialist Party of Serbia, the Democratic Party of Serbia, as well as other parties and groups, are also represented.

The city of Novi Sad is divided into 47 local communities within two city municipalities, Novi Sad and Petrovaradin, which are separated by the Danube river.[70]

City holidays
1 February On this day, in 1748, Novi Sad gained 'free royal city' status.
23 October The partisan forces from Srem and Bačka entered and liberated the city from occupation on this day, in 1944.
9 November Troops of the Kingdom of Serbia entered the city on this day, in 1918, led by commandant Petar Bojović.
25 November In 1918, the Assembly of Serbs, Bunjevci, and other Slavs of Vojvodina (Banat, Bačka and Baranja) in Novi Sad proclaimed the unification of Vojvodina region with the Kingdom of Serbia.

The city commemorates the year 1694, when it was established.[71]

Coat of arms

The design consists of three white towers placed in the centre, set against a blue sky. A white dove holding an olive branch flies above the larger middle tower. All three structures have rooftops with crenellations, as well as opened windows and closed gates. Below the towers lies a green background, with a wavy white line depicting the Danube River.



University of Novi Sad
Jovan Jovanović Zmaj Gymnasium is one of the oldest educational institutions in Serbia.

Novi Sad is one of the most important centres of higher education and research in Serbia, with four universities overall and numerous professional, technical, and private colleges and research institutes, including a law school with its own publication.[72] The largest educational institution in the city is the University of Novi Sad, a public school established in 1960. As of 2012, it has 14 faculties, 9 of which are located on the main university campus.[73] It is attended by more than 50,000 students and has a total staff of nearly 5,000.[73]

Business Academy University and EducoNS University are private schools also located in the city.[74][75] Other educational institutions include Novi Sad Open University, offering professional courses in adult education, and the Protestant Theological Seminary.

As of 2022, there are 37 elementary schools (33 public and 4 private) with about 26,000 students.[76] The secondary school system consists of 25 vocational schools (12 public and 13 private) and 4 gymnasiums with almost 18,000 students.[76]


Novi Sad has one major daily newspaper, Dnevnik, and among the periodicals, the monthly magazine Vojvodjanski magazin stands out. The city is also home to the headquarters of regional public broadcaster, Radio Television of Vojvodina (RTV), and municipal public broadcaster, Novosadska televizija,[77] as well as a few commercial TV stations such as Kanal 9,[78] Panonija[79] and RTV Most.[80] Major local commercial radio stations include Radio AS FM and Radio 021.[81]

Novi Sad is also known as a publishing centre. The most important publishing houses are Matica srpska, Stilos and Prometej. Well-known journals, in literature and art, include Letopis Matice srpske, the oldest Serbian Journal, Polja,[82] which is issued by the Cultural centre of Novi Sad, and Zlatna greda, published by the Association of Writers of Vojvodina.[83]

The city hosts an annual literature conference, Book Talk.[84]


Founded in 1790, the 'City Marksmen Association' became the first sporting organization in Novi Sad. Founded on 28 March 1885, VK Danubius 1885 is the oldest rowing club in former Yugoslavia.[85] A more widespread interest in competitive sports developed after the Municipal Association of Physical Culture was created in 1959 and when the Spens Sports center was built in 1981. Today, about 220 sports organizations are active in Novi Sad.

Professional sports in Novi Sad mostly revolve around the Vojvodina multi-sport association. Having won two championships in 1966 and 1989, the FK Vojvodina football club represents the 3rd all-time best team in Serbia, right behind its two Belgrade rivals, Red Star and Partizan. With 13 championship titles, OK Vojvodina is the top volleyball team in the country. As for handball, RK Vojvodina has won the national championship on multiple occasions.[86]

Athletes from Novi Sad had the honour of participating in the first Olympic Games in Athens. The largest number of Novi Sad competitors, to participate in the Olympics, was at the Atlanta Games. Eleven athletes won 6 medals there. Three also competed at the 1980 Moscow Games, while two participated in the 1976 Montreal Games and the 1956 Melbourne Games.

Spens Sports centre
Karađorđe Stadium

Many national and international competitions are held in the city. Novi Sad played host to the European and World Championships in table tennis in 1981[87] and the 29th Chess Olympiad in 1990. It also welcomed the European and World Championships in sambo, the Balkan and European Championships in judo, the 1987 final match of the Saporta Cup in European basketball,[87][88] and the final tournament of the European volleyball cup.[87] Furthermore, Novi Sad co-hosted the 2005 European Basketball Championship, as well as hosting the 2017 Volleyball World League matches.[87][89] The year 2018 saw the city welcome the Senior European Fencing Championships and the European Senior Karate Championships.[87][89][90][91]

The city also holds traditional sporting events such as the Novi Sad marathon, international swimming competitions and many other events. The very first 'MTB Petrovaradin Fortress Cup' took place in 2018, allowing national and regional cyclists to compete. It is also the first mountain bike competition to be held in Serbia.[92]

Club Sport Founded League Venue
VK Danubius Rowing 1885
FK Vojvodina Football 1914 Serbian Superliga Karađorđe Stadium
RFK Novi Sad Football 1921 Serbian League Detelinara Stadium
FK Slavija Novi Sad Football 1926 Stadion Salajka
FK Kabel Football 1932 Serbian League Vojvodina Stadion FK Kabel
VK Vojvodina Water polo 1938 Serbian League, Regional League A2 Slana Bara Sports center
OK Vojvodina Volleyball 1946 Serbian volley league Spens Sports center
KKK Vojvodina Kayak and Canoe 1947
KK Vojvodina Basketball 1948 League B Spens Sports center
RK Vojvodina Handball 1949 Handball League of Serbia Slana Bara Sports center
FK Proleter Football 1951 Dissolved in 2022, merger with RFK Novi Sad Slana Bara Stadium
HK Vojvodina Ice hockey 1957 Serbian Hockey League Spens Sports center
FK Mladost Football 1972 Serbian First League GAT Arena
ŽFK Fruškogorac Women's football 1998 Druga Liga Srbije Sever GAT Arena


Štrand, popular beach on the Danube river
Fruška Gora National Park

The inhabitants of Novi Sad engage in a wide range of recreational and leisure activities. With regards to team sports, football and basketball have the highest numbers of participants. Cycling is also popular due to the city's flat terrain and the extensive off-road network, found in nearby mountainous Fruška Gora. Hundreds of commuters cycle the roads, bike lanes and bike paths daily.

Proximity to the Fruška Gora National Park attracts many city dwellers on the weekends. They enjoy the numerous hiking trails, restaurants and monasteries located in and around the mountain area. Occurring on the first weekend of every May, the Fruška Gora Marathon lets hikers, runners and cyclists take advantage of the many hiking trails.[93] During the summer months, citizens from Novi Sad visit Lake Ledinci in Fruška Gora, as well as the numerous beaches situated along the Danube, the largest being Štrand in the Liman neighbourhood. There are also several recreational marinas bordering the river.


Liberty Bridge
Air transport

Novi Sad currently does not have its own civil airport. The city is roughly a one-hour drive from Belgrade Nikola Tesla Airport, which connects it with capitals across Europe. The small Čenej Airport to the north of the city is used for sporting and agricultural purposes. There are plans to upgrade it to serve for cargo and small-scale public transport,[94] but the future of this initiative is uncertain.

City transport
City bus

The main public transportation system in Novi Sad consists of bus lines, operated by the public company JGSP Novi Sad. There are twenty-one urban lines and thirty-five suburban lines, with the main bus terminal being at the northern end of the Liberation Boulevard (Bulevar oslobođenja) next to the Novi Sad railway station, in addition to a smaller terminal in the town center. There are numerous taxi companies serving the city.

The city used to have a tram system, but it was decommissioned in 1957.[95][96]

Rail and road transport
Novi Sad's main railway station

Novi Sad lies on branch B of the Pan-European Corridor X. The A1 motorway connects the city with Subotica and Hungary to the north and the capital city of Belgrade to the south. It runs parallel to the Budapest–Belgrade railroad, which connects it to major European cities. On 19 March 2022 the "Soko" (meaning "falcon") high-speed line between Novi Sad and Belgrade opened and runs with 18 departures daily. Its maximum speed is 200 km/h and the 75 kilometres between Belgrade and Novi Sad are covered in 35 minutes. Between Belgrade and Novi Sad there are a total of 60 departures per day. There are three types of trains in total. "Intercity" (SOKO), "Regio-ekspres" and "Regio". Novi Sad is connected with Zrenjanin and Timișoara on the northeast and Ruma on south with a regional highway; there are plans to upgrade it to a motorway or an expressway, with a tunnel under the Fruška Gora shortcutting the Iriški Venac mountain pass.[97][98]

Three bridges cross the Danube in Novi Sad (as of 2020): Liberty Bridge (Most Slobode) connects Sremska Kamenica with the city proper. Varadin Bridge (Varadinski most) and Žeželj Bridge (Žeželjev most), connects Petrovaradin with city centre, and used for railway and heavy truck traffic. Many bridges also span the Danube-Tisa-Danube canal, running north of the city centre. Currently, two bridges over the Danube are being built, along with two new railway bridges over the Danube-Tisa-Danube canal.

Water transport
Danube–Tisa–Danube Canal

The Port of Novi Sad is located on the outskirts of the city on Danube river. Since May 2019 it has been owned by DP WORLD from the UAE. With over a million tonnes of load turnover, it is the largest cargo port in Serbia.[99]

International relations[edit]

Twin towns – sister cities[edit]

Novi Sad has relationships with several twin towns and twin cities. One of the main streets in its city centre is named after Modena in Italy; and likewise Modena has named a park in its town centre Parco di Piazza d'Armi Novi Sad. A city square near the Varadin Bridge is named after Dortmund in Germany; and likewise Dortmund has named a city square Platz von Novi Sad.[100] The Novi Sad Friendship Bridge in Norwich, United Kingdom, by Buro Happold, was also named in honour of Novi Sad. As of October 2023, there plans to establish twin city cooperation with Klagenfurt and Busan.[101]

Novi Sad is twinned with:[102]

Partner cities[edit]

Most frequent cooperation is done with Budva, Dortmund, Taverny, Timișoara, Tivat and Ulm in the fields of culture, tourism and sports.[101] Besides twin cities, Novi Sad has many signed agreements on joint cooperation with other cities, some of which could potential lead to twin city agreements. (see also: Politics of Novi Sad).

Novi Sad has signed agreements on joint cooperation with cities:[102]

Novi Sad is an associate member of Eurocities.[128]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Serbian census 2022
  2. ^ "First results of the 2022 Census of Population, Households and Dwellings" (PDF). stat.gov.rs (in Serbian). Statistical Office of Serbia. Archived from the original on 21 November 2020. Retrieved 22 December 2022.
  3. ^ "2022 Census of Population, Households and Dwellings: Ethnicity (data by municipalities and cities)" (PDF). Statistical Office of Republic Of Serbia, Belgrade. April 2023. ISBN 978-86-6161-228-2. Retrieved 30 April 2023.
  4. ^ Mishkova, Diana (1 January 2009). We, the people: politics of national peculiarity in Southeastern Europe. Central European University Press. pp. 277–278. ISBN 9789639776289.
  5. ^ "History of Novi Sad". Official Website of Novi Sad. Archived from the original on 19 July 2011.
  6. ^ "Esch, Kaunas and Novi Sad to be European Capitals of Culture in 2022". European Commission.
  7. ^ a b "55 new cities join the UNESCO Creative Cities Network on World Cities Day". www.unesco.org. Retrieved 31 October 2023.
  8. ^ a b "Novi Sad u Uneskovoj Mreži kreativnih gradova sveta: "Srpska Atina" prva u ovom delu Evrope na Media Arts listi". euronews.rs (in Serbian). 31 October 2023. Retrieved 31 October 2023.
  9. ^ "6" (PDF), Statut Grada Novog Sada (in Serbian), Official Gazette of City of Novi Sad, 22 October 2008, archived from the original (PDF) on 31 December 2013, [...]In the City are also in official use Hungarian, Slovak and Rusyn languages and their alphabets
  10. ^ "Jezici i pisma u službenoj upotrebi u statutima gradova i opština na teritoriji AP Vojvodine" (in Serbian). Pokrajinski sekretarijat za obrazovanje, upravu i nacionalne zajednice. Retrieved 10 August 2014.
  11. ^ Officially known as the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes until 1929
  12. ^ Known as Democratic Federal Yugoslavia until 1945
  13. ^ Officially known as the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia until 2003
  14. ^ Javna medijska ustanova Radio-televizija Vojvodine. "Arheološko nalazište na četvrtoj trasi Bulevara Evrope". Radio-televizija Vojvodine (in Serbian). Retrieved 18 March 2015.
  15. ^ a b Sava S. Vujić – Bogdan M. Basarić, Severni Srbi (ne)zaboravljeni narod, Beograd, 1998, pg. 36
  16. ^ a b Branko Ćurčin, Slana Bara nekad i sad, Novi Sad, 2002.
  17. ^ a b Borovszky Samu: Magyarország vármegyéi és városai, Bács-Bodrog vármegye I.-II. kötet, Apolló Irodalmi és Nyomdai Részvénytársaság, 1909.
  18. ^ Đorđe Randelj (1997). Novi Sad slobodan grad (in Serbian). Novi Sad.{{cite book}}: CS1 maint: location missing publisher (link)
  19. ^ "Национална Ревија - National Review". www.nacionalnarevija.com. Retrieved 18 July 2021.
  20. ^ Triva Militar, Novi Sad na raskrsnici minulog i sadanjeg veka, Novi Sad, 2000, p. 320
  21. ^ Triva Militar, Novi Sad na raskrsnici minulog i sadanjeg veka, Novi Sad, 2000, p. 317
  22. ^ Újvidék. Révai nagy lexikona, vol. 18. p. 612. Hungarian Electronic Library. (in Hungarian)
  23. ^ Agneš Ozer, Život i istorija u Novom Sadu, Novi Sad, 2005, p. 15
  24. ^ David Cesarani (1997). Genocide and Rescue: The Holocaust in Hungary 1944. Berg Publishers. p. 13. ISBN 978-1-85973-126-0. Retrieved 4 August 2009.
  25. ^ a b Enikő A. Sajti (Spring 2006). "The Former 'Southlands' in Serbia: 1918–1947". The Hungarian Quarterly. XLVII (181). Archived from the original on 6 June 2009. Retrieved 4 August 2009.
  26. ^ Večernje Novosti, Utorak, 9. Jun 2009, strana 11, mapa masovnih grobnica u Srbiji
  27. ^ a b "Novi Sad in numbers". City of Novi Sad. Archived from the original on 7 October 2010. Retrieved 12 October 2010.
  28. ^ Завод за урбанизам: "Еколошки Атлас Новог Сада" ("Ecological Atlas of Novi Sad"), page 14-15, 1994.
  29. ^ "Temperature, Climograph, Climate table for Novi Sad". Climate-Data.org. Retrieved 4 November 2017.
  30. ^ "Monthly and annual means, maximum and minimum values of meteorological elements for the period 1991–2020" (in Serbian). Republic Hydrometeorological Service of Serbia. Archived from the original on 15 April 2022. Retrieved 15 April 2022.
  31. ^ "Monthly and annual means, maximum and minimum values of meteorological elements for the period 1981–2010" (in Serbian). Republic Hydrometeorological Service of Serbia. Archived from the original on 29 January 2022. Retrieved 25 February 2017.
  32. ^ "Station Novi Sad" (in French). Meteo Climat. Retrieved 5 November 2017.
  33. ^ a b c "2011 Census of Population, Households and Dwellings in the Republic of Serbia: Comparative Overview of the Number of Population in 1948, 1953, 1961, 1971, 1981, 1991, 2002 and 2011, Data by settlements" (PDF). Statistical Office of Republic Of Serbia, Belgrade. 2014. p. 84-87. ISBN 978-86-6161-109-4. Retrieved 27 June 2014.
  34. ^ "2011 Census of Population, Households and Dwellings in the Republic of Serbia" (PDF). stat.gov.rs. Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia. Archived from the original (PDF) on 14 July 2014. Retrieved 11 January 2017.
  35. ^ "2022 Census of Population, Households and Dwellings" (PDF). Retrieved 7 December 2023.
  36. ^ "Microsoft Word – tekst, REV.GN.doc" (PDF). Retrieved 2 May 2018.
  37. ^ "STANOVNIŠTVO PREMA NACIONALNOJ PRIPADNOSTI (1991)" (PDF). stat.gov.rs. Republički zavod za statistiku. Retrieved 21 December 2015.
  38. ^ "Popis stanovnistva, domacinstava i stanova u 2002" (PDF). stat.gov.rs (in Serbian). Retrieved 21 December 2015.
  39. ^ "Попис становништва, домаћинстава и станова 2011. у Републици Србији" (PDF). stat.gov.rs. Republički zavod za statistiku. Retrieved 21 December 2015.
  40. ^ "Final results of the Census of Population, Households and Dwellings, 2022". Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia. 28 April 2023. Retrieved 28 April 2023.
  41. ^ Jelena Sredanović, Jelena (2010). Noyce, Richard (ed.). Critical Mass: Printmaking Beyond the Edge. A & C Black. p. 86. ISBN 9781408109397.
  42. ^ Nagy, Peter; Rouyer, Philippe (2014). World Encyclopedia of Contemporary Theatre: Volume 1: Europe, Volume 1. Routledge. p. 951. ISBN 9781136118043.
  43. ^ "Festivali, manifestacije, kulturne, cultural, music, muzicke". Archived from the original on 28 September 2007. Retrieved 18 March 2015.
  44. ^ "Serbia Fashion Week". TONS.
  45. ^ "Historical Archive Of Vojvodina - Novi Sad". Vojvodina Travel. Retrieved 11 March 2022.
  46. ^ "Novi Sad to be European Capital of Culture in 2021". ec.europa.eu. European Commission. 14 October 2016.
  47. ^ a b "Novi Sad: European Capital of Culture 2022". sustaineurope.com. 10 January 2023.
  48. ^ a b "Word of Mouth: Novi Sad, Serbia". 17 April 2018.
  49. ^ "CNN preporučio američkim turistima 11 destinacija u Srbiji". 4 May 2018.
  50. ^ "Serbia: A country full of surprises".
  51. ^ "The 10 Best Restaurants in Novi Sad, Serbia". 2 May 2018.
  52. ^ "Danube city Novi Sad is the jewel in Serbia's crown". 2 September 2017.
  53. ^ "An essential guide to Serbia's coolest city, Novi Sad - TV3 Xposé". Archived from the original on 21 July 2018. Retrieved 21 July 2018.
  54. ^ Jovanović, Aleksandar (4 July 2018). "ISTRAŽUJEMO: Gde se u gradu jedu najbolji Index sendviči". mojnovisad.com (in Serbian). Retrieved 23 September 2023.
  55. ^ Natošević Milovanović, Ljiljana (1 May 2022). "OMILJENI ZALOGAJ NOVOSAĐANA: 10 lokala brze hrane u kojima možete da pojedete index sendvič". mojnovisad.com (in Serbian). Retrieved 23 September 2023.
  56. ^ Natošević Milovanović, Ljiljana (19 September 2022). "OMILJENA FAST FOOD HRANA: Evo šta Novosađani vole da jedu kad ne kuvaju". mojnovisad.com (in Serbian). Retrieved 23 September 2023.
  57. ^ "10 reasons why you should visit Novi Sad this year". bbc.com. Retrieved 23 September 2023.
  58. ^ Popović-Živančević, Mila (2007). Condition of the Cultural and Natural Heritage in the Balkan Region: Proceedings of the Regional Conference Held in Kladovo, Serbia from 23th to 27th October 2006, Volume 1. National Museum Belgrade. p. 242. ISBN 9788672690903.
  59. ^ Natural Resources and Beauties of the Socialist Republic of Serbia. Eksport-Press. 1973. p. 104. ..the museum [of Novi Sad] organizes exhibitions in the hall of Topovnjača in Petrovaradin Fortress where the Museum itself is located..
  60. ^ "Music festivals: What's the world's biggest?". BBC News. 4 July 2018.
  61. ^ "EXIT Adventure: EXIT Festival, Serbia, 9 – 12 July 2015 / SEA DANCE Festival, Montenegro, 16 – 18 July 2015". EXIT Adventure: EXIT Festival, Serbia, 9–12 July 2015 / SEA DANCE Festival, Montenegro, 16–18 July 2015. Archived from the original on 10 February 2012. Retrieved 18 March 2015.
  62. ^ "Novosadski sajam – News – Međunarodni poljoprivredni sajam videlo 600.000 posetilaca". Archived from the original on 28 September 2007. Retrieved 18 March 2015.
  63. ^ Radovinović, Radovan; Bertić, Ivan, eds. (1984). Atlas svijeta: Novi pogled na Zemlju (in Croatian) (3rd ed.). Zagreb: Sveučilišna naklada Liber.
  64. ^ "Regional Chamber Of Commerce Novi Sad". Archived from the original on 12 January 2008. Retrieved 18 March 2015.
  65. ^ National Bank of SerbiaList of Banks[permanent dead link] operating in Serbia.
  66. ^ Mikavica, A. (3 September 2017). "Slobodne zone mamac za investitore". politika.rs (in Serbian). Retrieved 17 March 2019.
  67. ^ "Municipalities and Regions of the Republic of Serbia, 2019" (PDF). stat.gov.rs. Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia. 25 December 2019. Retrieved 25 December 2019.
  68. ^ "О ГИК-у | Скупштина Града Новог Сада".
  69. ^ "Milan Đurić novi gradonačelnik Novog Sada". Radio Television of Serbia (in Serbian). 26 October 2022. Retrieved 26 October 2022.
  70. ^ "Mesne zajednice u Novom Sadu | Novi Sad". www.novisad.rs.
  71. ^ "Dan Novog Sada | Novi Sad". www.novisad.rs.
  72. ^ "Ministry of education, list of private universities and faculties". Archived from the original on 16 May 2010.
  73. ^ a b O Univerzitetu (in Serbian), University of Novi Sad, 2012, archived from the original on 28 May 2012
  74. ^ "Institutions | StudyInSerbia". Studyinserbia.rs. Retrieved 11 March 2022.
  75. ^ "University business academy in Novi Sad". Archived from the original on 7 July 2018. Retrieved 7 July 2018.
  76. ^ a b "Serbian statistical office". Archived from the original on 25 February 2009.
  77. ^ "Новосадска ТВ". Retrieved 18 March 2015.
  78. ^ Kanal9ns.com Archived 24 October 2010 at the Wayback Machine
  79. ^ "RTV Panonija". www.panonija.tv. Archived from the original on 11 December 2018. Retrieved 17 September 2007.
  80. ^ "TV MOST". Archived from the original on 18 March 2015. Retrieved 18 March 2015.
  81. ^ "021 – Novosadski informativni portal". Retrieved 18 March 2015.
  82. ^ Laslo Blašković. "urednik POLjA" (in Serbian). POLjA. Archived from the original on 12 July 2012. Retrieved 4 January 2013.
  83. ^ "Drustvo knjizevnika Vojvodine – Íàñëîâíà -". Retrieved 18 March 2015.
  84. ^ Serbia, RTS, Radio televizija Srbije, Radio Television of. "Конференција "Book Talk" крајем септембра у Новом Саду". www.rts.rs.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  85. ^ "Историјат, danubius1885.org" (in Serbian). Retrieved 31 December 2010.
  86. ^ "Istorijat – Rukometni klub Vojvodina". Retrieved 18 June 2020.
  87. ^ a b c d e "Почетна – SPENS". SPENS.
  88. ^ "Cup Winners' Cup 1986–87". Retrieved 18 March 2015.
  89. ^ a b "53rd EKF Senior Championships Novi Sad, Serbia 10-13 May 2018 Bulletin Nr. 2" (PDF). World Karate Federation.
  90. ^ "Senior European Fencing Championship | Novi Sad 2018". Archived from the original on 13 November 2018. Retrieved 21 July 2018.
  91. ^ "Britain's Kruse wins Shanghai title". BBC Sport.
  92. ^ "FOTO: Održan prvi "MTB Petrovaradin Fortress cup" | (Vesti - 02.07.2018) Novi Sad". Archived from the original on 9 January 2019. Retrieved 7 July 2018.
  93. ^ Fruška Gora Marathon Archived 18 March 2009 at the Wayback Machine
  94. ^ "Betonska pista i toranj neophodni za sletanje aviona" (in Serbian). Danas. 20 January 2009.
  95. ^ Vojvodine, Javna medijska ustanova JMU Radio-televizija. "Prohujalo vreme novosadskih tramvaja". JMU Radio-televizija Vojvodine. Retrieved 18 June 2020.
  96. ^ "Новосадска хронологија". Дневник (in Serbian). Retrieved 18 June 2020.
  97. ^ ""Poluautoput" Novi Sad – Temišvar?" (in Serbian). B92. 9 April 2010.
  98. ^ "Tunel kroz Frušku goru" (in Serbian). Blic. 7 June 2010.
  99. ^ "Rekordna godina Luke Novi Sad – U 2016. pretovareno 1.180.000 tona robe". ekapija.com (in Serbian). Retrieved 27 March 2019.
  100. ^ "Gradovi pobratimi: Predstavnici Novog Sada u poseti Dortmundu, trg u Novom Sadu nosiće ime Trg Dortmunda". nsuzivo.rs (in Serbian). 27 May 2022. Retrieved 6 June 2020.
  101. ^ a b "ТЕМА "ДНЕВНИКА": САРАДЊА КОЈОМ СТВАРАМО ИМИЏ У СВЕТУ Нови Сад има 24 побратима, ускоро још три". dnevnik.rs (in Serbian). 7 October 2023. Retrieved 6 June 2020.
  102. ^ a b "Međunarodna saradnja". skupstina.novisad.rs (in Serbian). Novi Sad. Retrieved 6 June 2020.
  103. ^ "Gradovi pobratimi: Potpisan sporazum o saradnji između Novog Sada i Aleksandrije". 021.rs (in Serbian). 21 September 2021. Retrieved 5 November 2023.
  104. ^ "УПОЗНАЈМО ГРАДОВЕ ПОБРАТИМЕ НОВОГ САДА – АЛЕКСАНДРИЈА" (in Serbian). gradskeinfo.rs. 28 July 2022. Retrieved 5 November 2023.
  105. ^ "УПОЗНАЈМО ГРАДОВЕ ПОБРАТИМЕ НОВОГ САДА − БУДВА" (in Serbian). gradskeinfo.rs. 22 January 2022. Retrieved 5 November 2023.
  106. ^ "УПОЗНАЈМО ГРАДОВЕ ПОБРАТИМЕ НОВОГ САДА – ЧАНГЧУН, НР КИНА" (in Serbian). gradskeinfo.rs. 15 November 2021. Retrieved 5 November 2023.
  107. ^ "Srpska Atina nastavlja da nižе pobratimstva i to sa tri kontinеnta! REKORDERI U JAČANjU SARADNjE: Grad Novi Sad ima čak 24 grada pobratima, poslеdnji u nizu Klivlеnd koji ima jaku srpsku dijasporu". dnevnik.rs (in Serbian). 3 November 2023. Retrieved 5 November 2023.
  108. ^ "УПОЗНАЈМО ГРАДОВЕ ПОБРАТИМЕ НОВОГ САДА − ДОРТМУНД" (in Serbian). gradskeinfo.rs. 30 November 2021. Retrieved 5 November 2023.
  109. ^ "УПОЗНАЈМО ГРАДОВЕ ПОБРАТИМЕ НОВОГ САДА – ГОМЕЉ" (in Serbian). gradskeinfo.rs. 30 April 2022. Retrieved 5 November 2023.
  110. ^ "УПОЗНАЈМО ГРАДОВЕ ПОБРАТИМЕ НОВОГ САДА − ИЛИУПОЛИ" (in Serbian). gradskeinfo.rs. 10 January 2022. Retrieved 5 November 2023.
  111. ^ "Upoznajemo gradove pobratime Novog Sada – Grad Istočno Sarajevo" (in Serbian). vojvodinauzivo.rs. 3 September 2022. Retrieved 5 November 2023.
  112. ^ "Kumanovo i Novi Sad postali gradovi pobratimi" (in Serbian). danas.rs. 10 November 2019. Retrieved 5 November 2023.
  113. ^ "УПОЗНАЈМО ГРАДОВЕ ПОБРАТИМЕ НОВОГ САДА – НИЖЊИ НОВГОРОД" (in Serbian). gradskeinfo.rs. 23 February 2022. Retrieved 5 November 2023.
  114. ^ "УПОЗНАЈМО ГРАДОВЕ ПОБРАТИМЕ НОВОГ САДА – МОДЕНА" (in Serbian). gradskeinfo.rs. 7 November 2021. Retrieved 5 November 2023.
  115. ^ "УПОЗНАЈМО ГРАДОВЕ ПОБРАТИМЕ НОВОГ САДА – НОРИЧ" (in Serbian). gradskeinfo.rs. 27 December 2021. Retrieved 5 November 2023.
  116. ^ "УПОЗНАЈМО ГРАДОВЕ ПОБРАТИМЕ ГРАДА НОВОГ САДА – ПЕЧУЈ" (in Serbian). gradskeinfo.rs. 24 March 2022. Retrieved 5 November 2023.
  117. ^ a b c "The Ambassador of France Visits Novi Sad". novisadinvest.rs. 25 May 2022. Retrieved 5 November 2023.
  118. ^ "Novi Sad – Serbie" (in French). Taverny. Retrieved 12 May 2023.
  119. ^ "УПОЗНАЈМО ГРАДОВЕ ПОБРАТИМЕ НОВОГ САДА – ТЕМИШВАР" (in Serbian). gradskeinfo.rs. 5 February 2022. Retrieved 5 November 2023.
  120. ^ Luković, Siniša (7 July 2023). "Pobratimili se gradovi Tivat i Novi Sad" (in Serbian). vijesti.me. Retrieved 5 November 2023.
  121. ^ "Upoznajmo gradove pobratime Novog Sada – Tivat" (in Serbian). nsuzivo.rs. 16 July 2023. Retrieved 5 November 2023.
  122. ^ "УПОЗНАЈМО ГРАДОВЕ ПОБРАТИМЕ НОВОГ САДА – ТОЛУКА" (in Serbian). gradskeinfo.rs. 12 April 2022. Retrieved 5 November 2023.
  123. ^ "Нови Сад и Крф побратими и пријатељи" (in Serbian). 21 May 2017. Retrieved 5 November 2023.
  124. ^ "Vučević: Saradnja Novog Sada i Sankt Peterburga" (in Serbian). rtv.rs. 3 June 2021. Retrieved 5 November 2023.
  125. ^ "Potpisan sporazum o saradnji sa Orelom" (in Serbian). kanal9tv.com. 1 February 2017. Retrieved 5 November 2023.
  126. ^ "Novi Sad uspostavlja saradnju sa iranskim gradom Širazom" (in Serbian). kanal9tv.com. 27 June 2023. Retrieved 5 November 2023.
  127. ^ Kadrić, Milana (1 February 2017). "Sporazum o saradnji Novog Sada i Ulma" (in Serbian). rtv.rs. Retrieved 5 November 2023.
  128. ^ "EUROCITIES – the network of major European cities". Eurocities. Retrieved 8 November 2011.


  • Agneš Ozer, Petrovaradinska tvrđava – vodič kroz vreme i prostor, Novi Sad, 2002
  • Agneš Ozer, Petrovaradin fortress – a guide through time and space, Novi Sad, 2002
  • Boško Petrović – Živan Milisavac, Novi Sad – monografija, Novi Sad, 1987
  • Branko Ćurčin, Slana Bara – nekad i sad, Novi Sad, 2002
  • Branko Ćurčin, Novosadsko naselje Šangaj – nekad i sad, Novi Sad, 2004
  • Đorđe Randelj, Novi Sad – slobodan grad, Novi Sad, 1997
  • Jovan Mirosavljević, Brevijar ulica Novog Sada 1745–2001, Novi Sad, 2002
  • Jovan Mirosavljević, Novi Sad – atlas ulica, Novi Sad, 1998
  • Milorad Grujić, Vodič kroz Novi Sad i okolinu, Novi Sad, 2004
  • Mirjana Džepina, Društveni i zabavni život starih Novosađana, Novi Sad, 1982
  • Petar Jonović, Knjižare Novog Sada 1790–1990, Novi Sad, 1990
  • Petar Jonović – Dr Milan Vranić – Dr Dušan Popov, Znameniti knjižari i izdavači Novog Sada, Novi Sad, 1993
  • Radenko Gajić, Petrovaradinska tvrđava – Gibraltar na Dunavu, Novi Sad, 1994
  • Veljko Milković, Petrovaradin kroz legendu i stvarnost, Novi Sad, 2001
  • Veljko Milković, Petrovaradin i Srem – misterija prošlosti, Novi Sad, 2003
  • Veljko Milković, Petrovaradinska tvrđava – podzemlje i nadzemlje, Novi Sad, 2005
  • Veljko Milković, Petrovaradinska tvrđava – kosmički lavirint otkrića, Novi Sad, 2007
  • Zoran Knežev, Novi Sad : Priče iz prošlosti, Novi Sad, 2017
  • Zoran Knežev, Vojvodina : Hronike i legende, Novi Sad, 2018
  • Zoran Knežev, Novi Sad : Kafanoloija i prostitucija, Novi Sad, 2018
  • Zoran Knežev, Novi Sad: Prošlost u pričama, Novi Sad, 2019
  • Zoran Knežev, Turistički vodič kroz stari Novi Sad, Novi Sad, 2019
  • Zoran Knežev, Vojvodina: Kazivanja i sećanja, Novi Sad, 2021
  • Zoran Rapajić, Novi Sad bez tajni, Beograd, 2002
  • Zvonimir Golubović, Racija u Južnoj Bačkoj 1942. godine, Novi Sad, 1991
  • 30 godina mesne zajednice "7. Juli" u Novom Sadu 1974–2004 – monografija, Novi Sad, 2004
  • Enciklopedija Novog Sada, sveske 1–26, Novi Sad, 1993–2005
  • Sveske za istoriju Novog Sada, sveske 4–5, Novi Sad, 1993–1994
  • Ustav za čitaonicu srpsku u Novom Sadu, Novi Sad, 1993

External links[edit]