Noviodunum (castra)

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Noviodunum
Isacceanoviodumun01.JPG
Wall section of the fort.
Noviodunum (castra) is located in Romania
Noviodunum (castra)
Location within Romania
Alternative name(s)Noviodunum ad Istrum
Known also asCastra of Isaccea
Attested by
Place in the Roman world
ProvinceMoesia
Administrative unitMoesia Inferior
Directly connected to
Structure
— Stone structure —
Stationed military units
Legions
Classis
Moesica
Location
Coordinates45°16′N 28°29′E / 45.267°N 28.483°E / 45.267; 28.483Coordinates: 45°16′N 28°29′E / 45.267°N 28.483°E / 45.267; 28.483
Place nameLa pontonul vechi
TownIsaccea
CountyTulcea
Country Romania
Reference
RO-LMITL-I-s-A-05804[2]
RO-RAN159696.05[2]
Site notes
RecognitionMonument istoric.svg National Historical Monument
Discovery year1955[2]
ConditionRuined
Websitewww.noviodunum.ro

Noviodunum, known also as Noviodunum ad Istrum, was a fort and a port in the Roman province of Moesia located on the lower Danube.

History[edit]

Major military ports and fleets in the first two centuries of the Roman Empire (from Augustus to Septimius Severus). Noviodunum is located at the mouth of the Danube.

The geographical position of this settlement offered to the Romans the possibility of supervision and control of the border of the entire Roman limes in the north of the Danube. The strategic importance has been determinant in the economic and administrative function around which developed the military and naval legionaries.

Noviodunum was passed under Roman control with the annexation of Thrace in 46 AD, being then attached to the Roman province of Moesia.

Noviodunum on Tabula Peutingeriana.

It became an important port of Classis Flavia Moesica[3] and a military center of the region starting from Domitian-Trajan, after the conquest of Dacia. Here some vexillationes of legio V Macedonica were detached,[4] at least until the reign of Marcus Aurelius. Then followed vexillationes of legio I Italica,[5] and then from the Diocletian legio I Iovia.[6]

It was probably destroyed during the second half of the 3rd century during the period of heavy invasions of Goths and Heruli. It was rebuilt during the reign of Emperor Constantine the Great (after 324), during the military campaigns and placed under the command of Dux Scythiae.[7] In 369 on the opposite bank of the Danube was fought a great battle between the Emperor Valens and Athanaric and its Tervingi.

Between 434 and 441 AD, the city with its naval base was occupied by the Huns and then went back under Roman rule and then be part of the Byzantine Empire.

Currently near its ruins is the Romanian town of Isaccea. The area has been subject to recent excavations, which have highlighted the importance.[8]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Istoria Bizantului - Limesul dunarean in vremea lui Constantin cel Mare
  2. ^ a b c "Situl arheologic de la Isaccea - "Noviodunum - La Pontonul Vechi"". National Archaeological Record of Romania (RAN). ran.cimec.ro. 2009-09-10. Retrieved 2013-01-20.
  3. ^ AE 1962, 166; IScM-5, 283a-e; AE 1961, 120 e AE 1950, 175 speaking about an liburna Armata.
  4. ^ IScM-5, 284.
  5. ^ IScM-5, 271.
  6. ^ AE 1974, 568.
  7. ^ IScM-5, 285; Notitia Dignitatum, Oriens, XXXIX.
  8. ^ Photos of Noviodunum

References[edit]

  • Barnea, Ion. Dinogetia et Noviodunum, deux villes byzantines du Bas-Danube RESEE, 9, 1971, 3, 343-362.
  • Baumann, Victor Henrich. Atti del IV Convegno di Studi italo-romeno, Bari, 2004, 113-132
  • Golvin, Jean Claude. I Romani e il Mediterraneo. Istituto Poligrafico e Zecca dello Stato. Roma, 2008. ISBN 978-88-240-1142-6
  • Reddé, Michael. Mare nostrum - les infrastructures, le dispositif et l'histoire de la marine militaire sous l'empire romain. Ecole Française de Rome. Parigi, 1986. ISBN 978-2-7283-0114-0
  • Saddington, Denis B.. Classes. The Evolution of the Roman Imperial Fleets in Paul Erdkamp (a cura di), "A Companion to the Roman Army", Blackwell Publishing, 2007. ISBN 978-1-4051-2153-8
  • Starr, Chester G.. The Roman Imperial Navy: 31 B.C.-A.D. 324. 2nd. edition. Cornell University Press, 1960. ISBN 978-0-89005-544-1

External links[edit]