Novo-Ryazanskaya Street Garage

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Truck garage in Novoryazanskaya Street
Horseshoe Garage by Melnikov and Shukhov RAF2808.jpg
Western tip of the horseshoe, 2007 photograph
General information
Architectural style Avant-garde
Town or city 27 Novoryazanskaya Street, Moscow
55°46′20″N 37°39′57″E / 55.77222°N 37.66583°E / 55.77222; 37.66583
Country Russia
Construction started 1926
Completed 1929
Client City of Moscow
Technical details
Structural system Masonry, steel roof structure
Design and construction
Architect Konstantin Melnikov
Structural engineer Vladimir Shukhov
The Horseshoe Garage by Melnikov and Shukhov, 2008

Novoryazanskaya Street Garage, also spelled Novo-Ryazanskaya Street Garage, and known as "Horseshoe garage", was designed by Konstantin Melnikov and Vladimir Shukhov (structural engineering) in 1926 and completed in 1929 at 27, Novoryazanskaya Street in Krasnoselsky District, Moscow, Russia, near Kazansky Rail Terminal.

The main building of this truck garage has a semi-circular form, with service workshops and office in a standalone building between the tips of a "horseshoe". Each of two levels could store 110 trucks; unlike Bakhmetevsky Bus Garage, these had to be parked conventionally, using reverse gear. Each tip of the horseshoe has a V-shaped protrusion with entry and exit gates set at an angle to the street line; this was supposed to simplify entry and exit from a narrow street.

This garage is still used as such, and houses Moscow's Fourth Bus Park. However, since modern articulated buses are longer than 1920s trucks, present-day parking arrangement differs from Melnikov's efficient layout.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

(in English)

(in German)

  • Rainer Graefe und andere, «Vladimir G. Suchov 1853—1939. Die Kunst der sparsamen Konstruktion.», 192 S., Deutsche Verlags-Anstalt, Stuttgart, 1990, ISBN 3-421-02984-9.

(in Dutch)

(in Russian)

  • Мельников К.С.: "Архитектура моей жизни. Творческая концепция. Творческая практика." — М.: Искусство, 311 стр., 1985
  • Хан-Магомедов С.О.: "Константин Мельников" — М., изд. "Архитектура-С", cерия: "Мастера архитектуры", 296 стр., 2006, ISBN 5-9647-0095-0
  • Шухова Е.М.: «Владимир Григорьевич Шухов. Первый инженер России.», 368 стр., Изд. МГТУ, Москва, 2003, ISBN 5-7038-2295-5.

Photos[edit]

Coordinates: 55°46′20″N 37°39′57″E / 55.77222°N 37.66583°E / 55.77222; 37.66583.