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|Town and municipality|
|Novo Brdo / Novobërdë|
|District||District of Pristina|
|• Total||204.25 km2 (78.86 sq mi)|
|Elevation||946 m (3,104 ft)|
|• Density||34/km2 (88/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
|Area code(s)||+381 38|
|Website||Municipality of Novo Brdo|
Novo Brdo (in Serbian; Ново Брдо) or Novobërdë/Artanë (in Albanian) is a town and municipality in the Pristina district of eastern Kosovo.[a] The population of the municipality is estimated at 6,953 people (2014).
The name was derived from the medieval Serbian Novo Brdo, a mining town settled by Saxon miners and Croatian traders in medieval Serbia.
Novo Brdo was mentioned with its present name in historical documents as early as 1326. Previously it was known as , Novus Mons or Novamonte in Latin and as Nyeuberghe in Saxon texts. The famous Mediaeval Serbian writer Vladislav the Grammarian was born there between 1410 and 1415 .
Novo Brdo was a metropolis at the time, with a huge medieval Novo Brdo Fortress built on the top of an extinct volcano cone, the remains of which can be visited today, and residential sections sprawling all around. In the outer wall of the fortress a large cross is visible, built into the stones. The castle, or fortress, was thought at one point to have dated back to the time of the Serbian Empire. The population at its height was estimated to exceed 6,720 people. There were mines and smelting furnaces for iron, lead, gold and silver ores. Novo Brdo silver is known by its argentum glame (an alloy of silver with 1/6-1/3 gold). In 1450 the mines of Novo Brdo were producing about 6,000 kg of silver per year. Novo Brdo was the last Serbian city to remain standing during the first invasion. In 1439 the capital of Smederevo fell and Serbia resisted until finally Novo Brdo fell in 1441. Novo Brdo was by treaty restored to the Serbs in 1443. The fortress (named in Turkish Nobırda) came under siege for forty days by the Ottomans, before capitulating and becoming occupied by the Ottomans on 1 June 1455. This event is described by Konstantin Mihailović from Ostrovica near Novo Brdo, who was taken by the Ottomans along with some 300 other boys to be trained as Janissaries. All of the higher ranking Serbian officials were executed after the castle fell, with the younger men and boys being taken captive to serve in the Ottoman Army, and some 700 young Serbian women and girls being taken to be wives to Ottoman commanders.   By the early 20th century, Novo Brdo's population dwindled, with most inhabitants moving to the more easily accessible area of Gnjilane. In 1999, with the entry into Kosovo of KFOR and the United Nations Interim Administration Mission in Kosovo (UNMIK), the area had a small military outpost occupied by US soldiers, as well as a station of International Police and Kosovo Police.
|Ethnic Composition, Including IDPs|
|ref: Yugoslav Population Censuses for 1961 and 1991, and Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe estimates for 1998 and 2003|
There is no data for 1971 and 1981, as it was part of the Pristina Municipality in those censuses. In 1961 its area was a somewhat bigger than it is today.
- Gjergj Pelini (fl. 1436–d. 1463), Catholic priest and diplomat of Skanderbeg and Venice.
- Dimitrije Kantakouzenos (ca. 1435–after 1487), Serbian writer and poet
- Vladislav the Grammarian (fl. 1456–1479) Orthodox monk, writer, historian and theologian
- Lazar of Serbia (ca. 1329–15 June 1389) medieval Serbian prince, born in the fortress of Prilepac, 13 kilometres southeast of Novo Brdo
Notes and references
- Kosovo is the subject of a territorial dispute between the Republic of Kosovo and the Republic of Serbia. The Republic of Kosovo unilaterally declared independence on 17 February 2008, but Serbia continues to claim it as part of its own sovereign territory. The two governments began to normalise relations in 2013, as part of the Brussels Agreement. Kosovo has been recognised as an independent state by 108 out of 193 United Nations member states.
- OSCE PDF, April 2008.
- Municipality of Novo Brdo
- PDF, April 2008.
- Castle in Novo Brdo
- Novo Brdo youth and rural tourism network, local youth and rural tourism network. Arranges for bed and breakfast-houses and meals.
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