Novohrad-Volynskyi

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Novohrad-Volynskyi
Новогра́д-Воли́нський
City of regional significance
Mezentsev Palace in Novohrad-Volynskyi
Mezentsev Palace in Novohrad-Volynskyi
Flag of Novohrad-Volynskyi
Flag
Coat of arms of Novohrad-Volynskyi
Coat of arms
Novohrad-Volynskyi is located in Zhytomyr Oblast
Novohrad-Volynskyi
Novohrad-Volynskyi
Location of Novohrad-Volynskyi
Novohrad-Volynskyi is located in Ukraine
Novohrad-Volynskyi
Novohrad-Volynskyi
Novohrad-Volynskyi (Ukraine)
Coordinates: 50°35′0″N 27°38′0″E / 50.58333°N 27.63333°E / 50.58333; 27.63333Coordinates: 50°35′0″N 27°38′0″E / 50.58333°N 27.63333°E / 50.58333; 27.63333
Country Ukraine
Oblast Zhytomyr Oblast
RaionNovohrad-Volynskyi Raion
Founded9th century
City status1795
Government
 • MayorVolodymyr Zahryvyi
Area
 • Total26,67 km2 (1,030 sq mi)
Elevation218 m (715 ft)
Population (2013)
 • Total55,991
Postal code11700—11709
Area code(s)1811000000
Websitehttp://novograd.osp-ua.info/

Novohrad-Volynskyi (Ukrainian: Новогра́д-Воли́нський, translit. Novohrád-Volýns’kyj; Russian: Новоград-Волынский, translit. Novograd-Volynsky; Yiddish: זווילtranslit. Zvil; Polish: Zwiahel) is a city in the Zhytomyr Oblast (province) of northern Ukraine. Originally known as Zvyahel, the city was renamed in 1795 after annexation of territories of Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth by the Russian Empire soon after the third Partition of Poland.

It serves as the administrative center of Novohrad-Volynskyi Raion (district), though administratively it does not belong to the raion and is incorporated separately as a city of oblast significance. Population: 55,991 (2013 est.)[1]

History[edit]

The city had an important Jewish community. At the start of the 20th century, 10,000 Jews, 50% of the population, lived in the town.[2] In 1919, the Pogroms in Ukraine reached Novohrad-Volynskyi, and the troops of Symon Petliura murdered 1,000 Jews.[3] By the start of World War II only 6,840 Jews remained, (30% of the total population). Hundreds of Jews were murdered in mass executions perpetrated by an Einsatzgruppen in 1941. Many Survivors were imprisoned in harsh conditions in a ghetto and murdered in November 1942,[4] and an important part of the town was destroyed during the war.

The town is best known as the birthplace of Lesya Ukrainka (Larysa Petrivna Kosach-Kvitka, 1871-1913), famous nationalist Ukrainian poet, playwright, writer and more.

The city has previously been known as: Возвягель Vozvyahel’, Звяголь Zvyahol’, Звягель Zvyahel, Звягаль Zvyahal’

Gallery[edit]

International relations[edit]

Twin towns / sister cities[edit]

Novohrad-Volyns'kyi is twinned with:

Notable residents[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Чисельність наявного населення України (Actual population of Ukraine)" (in Ukrainian). State Statistics Service of Ukraine. Retrieved 21 January 2015.
  2. ^ http://kehilalinks.jewishgen.org/Novohrad_Volynskyy/
  3. ^ http://kehilalinks.jewishgen.org/Novohrad_Volynskyy/links.asp
  4. ^ http://www.yadvashem.org/yv/he/research/ghettos_encyclopedia/ghetto_details.asp?cid=650

External links[edit]