|City of regional significance|
Mezentsev Palace in Novohrad-Volynskyi
|• Mayor||Volodymyr Zahryvyi|
|• Total||26,67 km2 (1,030 sq mi)|
|Elevation||218 m (715 ft)|
Novohrad-Volynskyi (Ukrainian: Новогра́д-Воли́нський, translit. Novohrád-Volýns’kyj; Russian: Новоград-Волынский, translit. Novograd-Volynsky; Yiddish: זוויל translit. Zvil; Polish: Zwiahel) is a city in the Zhytomyr Oblast (province) of northern Ukraine. Originally known as Zvyahel, the city was renamed in 1795 after annexation of territories of Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth by the Russian Empire soon after the third Partition of Poland.
It serves as the administrative center of Novohrad-Volynskyi Raion (district), though administratively it does not belong to the raion and is incorporated separately as a city of oblast significance. Population: 55,991 (2013 est.)
The city had an important Jewish community. At the start of the 20th century, 10,000 Jews, 50% of the population, lived in the town. In 1919, the Pogroms in Ukraine reached Novohrad-Volynskyi, and the troops of Symon Petliura murdered 1,000 Jews. By the start of World War II only 6,840 Jews remained, (30% of the total population). Hundreds of Jews were murdered in mass executions perpetrated by an Einsatzgruppen in 1941. Many Survivors were imprisoned in harsh conditions in a ghetto and murdered in November 1942, and an important part of the town was destroyed during the war.
The town is best known as the birthplace of Lesya Ukrainka (Larysa Petrivna Kosach-Kvitka, 1871-1913), famous nationalist Ukrainian poet, playwright, writer and more.
The city has previously been known as: Возвягель Vozvyahel’, Звяголь Zvyahol’, Звягель Zvyahel, Звягаль Zvyahal’
Twin towns / sister cities
Novohrad-Volyns'kyi is twinned with:
- Łomża, Poland
- Rēzekne, Latvia
- Suomussalmi, Finland
- Dolyna, Ukraine
- Surami, Georgia
- Rahachow, The Republic of Belarus
- Kursk, Russia
- "Чисельність наявного населення України (Actual population of Ukraine)" (in Ukrainian). State Statistics Service of Ukraine. Retrieved 21 January 2015.
|This article about a location in Zhytomyr Oblast is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.|