Novohrad-Volynskyi

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Novohrad-Volynskyi

Новогра́д-Воли́нський
Mezentsev Palace in Novohrad-Volynskyi
Mezentsev Palace in Novohrad-Volynskyi
Flag of Novohrad-Volynskyi
Flag
Coat of arms of Novohrad-Volynskyi
Coat of arms
Novohrad-Volynskyi is located in Zhytomyr Oblast
Novohrad-Volynskyi
Novohrad-Volynskyi
Location of Novohrad-Volynskyi
Novohrad-Volynskyi is located in Ukraine
Novohrad-Volynskyi
Novohrad-Volynskyi
Novohrad-Volynskyi (Ukraine)
Coordinates: 50°35′0″N 27°38′0″E / 50.58333°N 27.63333°E / 50.58333; 27.63333Coordinates: 50°35′0″N 27°38′0″E / 50.58333°N 27.63333°E / 50.58333; 27.63333
Country Ukraine
Oblast Zhytomyr Oblast
RaionNovohrad-Volynskyi Raion
First mentioned1256
City status1795
Government
 • MayorVolodymyr Zahryvyi
Area
 • Total26,67 km2 (1,030 sq mi)
Elevation
218 m (715 ft)
Population
 (2013)
 • Total55,991
Postal code
11700—11709
Area code(s)1811000000
Websitehttp://novograd.osp-ua.info/

Novohrad-Volynskyi (Ukrainian: Новогра́д-Воли́нський, romanizedNovohrád-Volýns’kyj; Russian: Новоград-Волынский, romanizedNovograd-Volynsky; Yiddish: זווילtranslit. Zvil; Polish: Zwiahel) is a city in the Zhytomyr Oblast (province) of northern Ukraine. Originally known as Zvyahel, the city was renamed in 1795 after annexation of territories of Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth by the Russian Empire soon after the third Partition of Poland.

It serves as the administrative center of Novohrad-Volynskyi Raion (district), though administratively it does not belong to the raion and is incorporated separately as a city of oblast significance. Population: 55,991 (2013 est.)[1]

The city is located on the main route to Kiev ( E40) near its crossing at the Sluch River.

History[edit]

The city was mentioned in the Galician-Volhynian Chronicle under the year of 1256 as the town of Zvyahel. The original settlement was an Old Russian town of Bolokhiv Land located on the right bank of Sluch.[2] In 1257 it was razed by Daniel of Galicia.

The next mentioning of the settlement is found in 1432 as a rebuilt one on the left bank upstream from the original site.[2] Since 14th century it belonged to the Grand Duchy of Lithuania owned by Zvyahelski princely family.[2] In 1501 to 1554 the town belonged to Ostrogski princely family.[2] In 1507 Konstanty Ostrogski built here a castle.[2] After formation of Volhynian Voivodeship, it was located in Lutsk County. Following the 1569 Union of Lublin it was passed on to the Crown of Poland.[2]

During the Khmelnytskyi Uprising, Cossacks destroyed portion of the city's fortification and burnt down the Catholic church (kosciol).[2] In September of 1648 in the city was formed an insurgency group of local peasants led by Mykhalo Tysha.[2] In 1650s in Zvyahel existed Zvyahel Regiment.[2]

In 18th century the city belonged to Lubomirski princely family.[2]

The city had an important Jewish community. At the start of the 20th century, 10,000 Jews, 50% of the population, lived in the town.[3] In 1919, the Pogroms in Ukraine reached Novohrad-Volynskyi, and the troops of Symon Petliura murdered 1,000 Jews.[4] By the start of World War II only 6,840 Jews remained, (30% of the total population). Hundreds of Jews were murdered in mass executions perpetrated by an Einsatzgruppen in 1941. Many Survivors were imprisoned in harsh conditions in a ghetto and murdered in November 1942,[5] and an important part of the town was destroyed during the war.

The town is best known as the birthplace of Lesya Ukrainka (Larysa Petrivna Kosach-Kvitka, 1871-1913), famous nationalist Ukrainian poet, playwright, writer and more.

The city has previously been known as: Возвягель Vozvyahel’, Звяголь Zvyahol’, Звягель Zvyahel, Звягаль Zvyahal’

Gallery[edit]

International relations[edit]

Twin towns / sister cities[edit]

Novohrad-Volyns'kyi is twinned with:

Notable residents[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Чисельність наявного населення України (Actual population of Ukraine)" (in Ukrainian). State Statistics Service of Ukraine. Retrieved 21 January 2015.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Zvizdetskyi, B. Vozvyahl (ВОЗВЯГЛЬ). Encyclopedia of History of Ukraine. 2003
  3. ^ http://kehilalinks.jewishgen.org/Novohrad_Volynskyy/
  4. ^ http://kehilalinks.jewishgen.org/Novohrad_Volynskyy/links.asp
  5. ^ http://www.yadvashem.org/yv/he/research/ghettos_encyclopedia/ghetto_details.asp?cid=650

External links[edit]