Novosibirsk Metro

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Novosibirsk Metro
Logo-Nsk-Metro.svg
Metro NSK Collage 2017.png
Overview
Native nameНовосибирский метрополитен
Novosibirskiy metropoliten
LocaleNovosibirsk, Russia
Transit typeRapid transit
Number of lines2
Number of stations13[1]
Daily ridership224,000 (daily avg., 2015)[1]
345,000 (highest)[citation needed]
Operation
Began operation1986
Number of vehicles22 class 81-717/81-714
Technical
System length15.9 km (9.9 mi)[1]

Novosibirsk Metro is a rapid transit system that serves Novosibirsk, Russia. The system consists of 15.9 kilometres (9.9 mi)[1] over track on two lines with 13 stations.[1] It opened in January 1986, becoming the first Metro beyond the Ural Mountains and the fourth in the Soviet Union. According to 2017 statistics, it is the third-busiest system in Russia behind Moscow and Saint Petersburg.[2]

History[edit]

Novosibirsk is the third largest city of Russia, with a population of over 1.4 million people. It was founded as a junction city between the main transfer arteries in Siberia, the Trans-Siberian railway and the Ob River. Thus, it was not a surprise that the city grew very quickly. Plans for a rapid transit system began to be formed in the late 1960s and on 12 May 1979 the first construction works began. With wide experience in metro construction from the other metros of the USSR, it took seven-and-a-half years to complete work on the five-station launch stage of the system which was triumphantly opened on 7 January 1986, becoming the eleventh Metro in the USSR and the fourth in Russia. Work quickly expanded to meet the original plans for a four-line 62 km network. However, the financial difficulties of the early 1990s meant that most of the work had to be frozen, and they have been resumed only recently.[when?]

Facts[edit]

The system contains 13 stations on two lines. There are 80 carriages that form 20 four-carriage trains which in some years have carried over 250,000 passengers daily. The stations are vividly decorated in late-Soviet style. Of the 13 stations (12 station plus the interchange station counted twice), seven are three-span shallow column stations, four are single vaults. There is also one station that is both above- and below-ground that follows a 2.145 km covered bridge span of the Ob River.

Lines[edit]

# Name Opened Newest station added Length Stations
1 Leninskaya (Ленинская) 1986 1992 10.5 km 8
2 Dzerzhinskaya (Дзержинская) 1987 2010 5.5 km 5
Total 16 km 13

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e МЕТРОПОЛИТЕНЫ РОССИИ за 2012 год [METROS of Russia in 2012]. Новосибирский метрополитен (in Russian). Novosibirsk metro. 2012. Retrieved 2013-09-03.
  2. ^ "Достопримечательности Новосибирска: метро" (in Russian). VN.ru. 2017-08-28.

External links[edit]