Novosokolnichesky District

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Novosokolnichesky District
Новосокольнический район (Russian)
Location of Novosokolnichesky District (Pskov Oblast).svg
Location of Novosokolnichesky District in Pskov Oblast
Coordinates: 56°20′N 30°09′E / 56.333°N 30.150°E / 56.333; 30.150Coordinates: 56°20′N 30°09′E / 56.333°N 30.150°E / 56.333; 30.150
Location
Country Russia
Federal subject Pskov Oblast[1]
Administrative structure (as of December 2014)
Administrative center town of Novosokolniki[2]
Inhabited localities:[2]
Cities/towns 1
Rural localities 275
Municipal structure (as of December 2014)
Municipally incorporated as Novosokolnichesky Municipal District[2]
Municipal divisions:[2]
Urban settlements 1
Rural settlements 9
Statistics
Area 1,616.0 km2 (623.9 sq mi)[3]
Population (2010 Census) 14,776 inhabitants[4]
- Urban 54.9%
- Rural 45.1%
Density 9.14/km2 (23.7/sq mi)[5]
Time zone MSK (UTC+03:00)[6]
Official website
Novosokolnichesky District on WikiCommons

Novosokolnichesky District (Russian: Новосо́кольнический райо́н) is an administrative[1] and municipal[2] district (raion), one of the twenty-four in Pskov Oblast, Russia. It is located in the south of the oblast and borders with Loknyansky District in the north, Velikoluksky District in the east, Nevelsky District in the south, Pustoshkinsky District in the west, and with Bezhanitsky District in the northwest. The area of the district is 1,616.0 square kilometers (623.9 sq mi).[3] Its administrative center is the town of Novosokolniki.[2] Population: 14,776 (2010 Census);[4] 19,389 (2002 Census);[7] 21,319 (1989 Census).[8] The population of Novosokolniki accounts for 54.9% of the district's total population.[4]

Geography[edit]

Novosokolnichesky District is located in the Bezhanitsy Hills, a hilly plateau of glacial origin, and the area of the district is divided between the drainage basins of the Neva and the Narva. The rivers in the northwest and in the west of the district drain into the Velikaya River, which belongs to the Narva River basin. The source of the Velikaya is located in the district as well. The major part of the area of the district belongs to the drainage basin of the Lovat, which is a tributary of Lake Ilmen and belongs to the Neva basin. The main rivers in the district which belong to the drainage basin of the Lovat are the Nasva and the Smerdel.

31.2% of the area of the district is covered by forests.[9]

History[edit]

In the 19th century, the area was split between Velikoluksky Uyezd of Pskov Governorate and Nevelsky Uyezd of Vitebsk Governorate. Novosokolniki was founded in 1901 as a station of the railway which connected Moscow and Riga. It was granted town status in 1925.[10] After 1919, Vitebsk Governorate was a part of Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic.[11] In 1924, Vitebsk Governorate was abolished, and Nevelsky Uyezd was transferred to Pskov Governorate.

On August 1, 1927, the uyezds were abolished, and Novosokolnichesky District was established, with the administrative center in the town of Novosokolniki. It included parts of former Velikoluksky and Nevelsky Uyezds. Pskov Governorate was abolished as well, and the district became a part of Velikiye Luki Okrug of Leningrad Oblast. On June 17, 1929, the district was transferred to Western Oblast. On July 23, 1930, the okrugs were also abolished and the districts were directly subordinated to the oblast. On January 29, 1935, the district was transferred to Kalinin Oblast, and on February 5 of the same year, Novosokolnichesky District became a part of Velikiye Luki Okrug of Kalinin Oblast, one of the okrugs abutting the state boundaries of the Soviet Union. On May 4, 1938, the district was subordinated directly to the oblast. Between 1941 and 1944, Novosokolnichesky District was occupied by German troops. On August 22, 1944, the district was transferred to newly established Velikiye Luki Oblast. On October 2, 1957, Velikiye Luki Oblast was abolished, and Novosokolnichesky District was transferred to Pskov Oblast.[12]

On August 1, 1927 Rykovsky District with the administrative center in the selo of Skokovo was also created. It included parts of former Velikoluksky and Opochetsky Uyezds. The district was a part of Velikiye Luki Okrug of Leningrad Oblast. On June 17, 1929 the district was transferred to Western Oblast. On September 20, 1930, Rykovsky District was abolished and split between Nasvinsky, Loknyansky, Novosokolnichesky, and Pustoshkinsky Districts.[12]

Another district established on August 1, 1927 was Nasvinsky District, with the administrative center in the settlement of Nasva. It included parts of former Velikoluksky Uyezd. The district was a part of Velikiye Luki Okrug of Leningrad Oblast. On June 17, 1929 the district was transferred to Western Oblast. On January 1, 1932, Nasvinsky District was abolished and split between Loknyansky, Velikoluksky, and Novosokolnichesky Districts.[12]

Economy[edit]

Industry[edit]

The district has enterprises of textile and food industries.[13]

Agriculture[edit]

The main specialization of agriculture in the district is meat and milk production. In 2011, there were nine large- and mid-scale farms in the district.[14]

Transportation[edit]

The railway station in Novosokolniki

Novosokolniki is an important railway hub, located at the crossing of two lines. One railway connects Moscow and Velikiye Luki with Riga and runs in the east-west direction. Another railway, running in the north-south direction, connects Saint Petersburg and Dno with Nevel. In Nevel, south of Novosokolniki, it splits into two railway lines, both running southeast into Belarus: One line to Vitebsk, and another one to Grodno via Polotsk and Molodechno.

The M9 highway which connects Moscow and Riga crosses the district from east to west. Novosokolniki has an easy access to the highway. Novosokolniki is furthermore connected by roads with Velikiye Luki and Nevel. A road connecting Velikiye Luki and Porkhov via Loknya crosses the northeastern part of the district. There are also local roads.

Culture and recreation[edit]

The district contains three objects classified as cultural and historical heritage of federal significance and twenty-six monuments of local significance.[15] The federal monuments are the wooden church in the village of Nasteny, a monument to fallen soldiers, and an archeological site.

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Law #833-oz
  2. ^ a b c d e f Law #420-oz
  3. ^ a b О районе (in Russian). Портал муниципальных образований Псковской области. Retrieved September 20, 2012. 
  4. ^ a b c Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  5. ^ The value of density was calculated automatically by dividing the 2010 Census population by the area specified in the infobox. Please note that this value may not be accurate as the area specified in the infobox does not necessarily correspond to the area of the entity proper or is reported for the same year as the population.
  6. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Федеральный закон №107-ФЗ от 3 июня 2011 г. «Об исчислении времени», в ред. Федерального закона №248-ФЗ от 21 июля 2014 г. «О внесении изменений в Федеральный закон "Об исчислении времени"». Вступил в силу по истечении шестидесяти дней после дня официального опубликования (6 августа 2011 г.). Опубликован: "Российская газета", №120, 6 июня 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Federal Law #107-FZ of June 31, 2011 On Calculating Time, as amended by the Federal Law #248-FZ of July 21, 2014 On Amending Federal Law "On Calculating Time". Effective as of after sixty days following the day of the official publication.).
  7. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian). Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  8. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года[All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  9. ^ Географическая характеристика (in Russian). Портал муниципальных образований Псковской области. Retrieved 20 September 2012. 
  10. ^ История (in Russian). Портал муниципальных образований Псковской области. Retrieved 28 September 2012. 
  11. ^ Область (местность) (in Russian). Great Soviet Encyclopedia. Retrieved 9 November 2012. 
  12. ^ a b c Герасимёнок, Т. Е.; Н. В. Коломыцева, И. С. Пожидаев, С. М. Фёдоров, К. И. Карпов (2002). Территориальное деление Псковской области (in Russian). Pskov. ISBN 5-94542-031-X. 
  13. ^ Промышленность (in Russian). Портал муниципальных образований Псковской области. Retrieved 21 September 2012. 
  14. ^ Сельское хозяйство (in Russian). Портал муниципальных образований Псковской области. Retrieved 24 September 2012. 
  15. ^ Памятники истории и культуры народов Российской Федерации (in Russian). Russian Ministry of Culture. Retrieved September 25, 2012. 

Sources[edit]

  • Псковское областное Собрание депутатов. Закон №833-оз от 5 февраля 2009 г. «Об административно-территориальном устройстве Псковской области». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Псковская правда", №20, 10 февраля 2009 г. (Pskov Oblast Council of Deputies. Law #833-oz of February 5, 2009 On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Pskov Oblast. Effective as of the official publication date.).
  • Псковское областное Собрание депутатов. Закон №420-оз от 28 февраля 2005 г. «Об установлении границ и статусе вновь образуемых муниципальных образований на территории Псковской области», в ред. Закона №1478-ОЗ от 29 декабря 2014 г. «О внесении изменения в Закон Псковской области "Об установлении границ и статусе вновь образуемых муниципальных образований на территории Псковской области"». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Псковская правда", №41–43, №44–46, №49–51, 4 марта 2005 г., 5 марта 2005 г., 11 марта 2005 г. (Pskov Oblast Council of Deputies. Law #420-oz of February 28, 2005 On Establishing the Borders and the Status of the Newly Formed Municipal Formations on the Territory of Pskov Oblast, as amended by the Law #1478-OZ of December 29, 2014 On Amending the Law of Pskov Oblast "On Establishing the Borders and the Status of the Newly Formed Municipal Formations on the Territory of Pskov Oblast". Effective as of the official publication date.).