Nowa Ruda

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Nowa Ruda
2014 Nowa Ruda, rynek 01.JPG
Market Square and Town Hall in Nowa Ruda
Flag of Nowa Ruda
Flag
Coat of arms of Nowa Ruda
Coat of arms
Nowa Ruda is located in Poland
Nowa Ruda
Nowa Ruda
Nowa Ruda is located in Lower Silesian Voivodeship
Nowa Ruda
Nowa Ruda
Coordinates: 50°35′N 16°30′E / 50.583°N 16.500°E / 50.583; 16.500Coordinates: 50°35′N 16°30′E / 50.583°N 16.500°E / 50.583; 16.500
Country Poland
Voivodeship Lower Silesian
CountyKłodzko
GminaNowa Ruda (urban gmina)
First mentioned1337
Government
 • MayorTomasz Jacek Kiliński
Area
 • Total37.04 km2 (14.30 sq mi)
Elevation
402 m (1,319 ft)
Population
 (2019-06-30[1])
 • Total22,067
 • Density600/km2 (1,500/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
57-400
Car platesDKL
Websitehttp://www.um.nowaruda.pl

Nowa Ruda [ˈnɔva ˈruda] (Czech: Nová Ruda, German: Neurode, Silesian: Nowŏ Ruda) is a town in south-western Poland near the Czech border, lying on the Włodzica river in the central Sudetes mountain range. As of 2019 it had 22,067 inhabitants. The town is located in Kłodzko County, Lower Silesian Voivodeship (in 1975–1998 it was in the former Wałbrzych Voivodeship). It is the seat of the rural district of Gmina Nowa Ruda, but is not part of its territory (the town is a separate urban gmina in its own right).

History[edit]

Historic townhouses at the Market Square with the Saint Nicholas church in the background

Under Polish and Bohemian rule[edit]

A medieval village situated in the rich Kłodzko Valley, Nowa Ruda developed in the mid-13th century as part of the Kingdom of Bohemia.[2] German-speaking immigrants settled there as part of the Ostsiedlung. The oldest known mention of the settlement comes from 1337 from a document issued in nearby Kłodzko,[2] when it was part of the Duchy of Ziębice/Münsterberg under the Bohemian Crown of the Holy Roman Empire. Officially, the settlement was granted a city charter in 1363 and received the name of Newenrode. In the Late Middle Ages, weaving, clothmaking and shoemaking developed in the town.[2][3] In the years 1427-1429 the town was invaded by the Hussites.[2] The city was rechartered under a local variant of the Magdeburg Law in 1434 and then again in 1596. From 1459 it was part of the Bohemian-ruled County of Kladsko. The city was invaded and devastated again during the Thirty Years' War in 1622.

Under Prussia and Germany[edit]

In 1742 it passed to the Prussia.[2] In the second half of the 19th century the town developed due to coal mining and the textile industry.[2][3] In 1884 it suffered a great fire.[2] After World War I, it suffered an economic crisis.[2] The town was no longer a district seat after 1932, when it was reincorporated into the Landkreis Glatz (Kłodzko district).[2] During World War II, the Germans established three labour units for French, Belgian and Soviet prisoners of war, as well as two forced labour camps.[3] Also during the war, the largest mining disaster in the town's history took place; 187 miners were killed.[2]

Historic churches of Nowa Ruda
Church of the Holy Cross
Corpus Christi
St. Nicholas

After World War II[edit]

Following the defeat of Nazi Germany in World War II the region became part of Poland, and the town took on its present name, with the German population being expelled in accordance to the Potsdam Agreement. It was repopulated by Poles, expellees from former eastern Poland annexed by the Soviet Union, settlers from central Poland and miners returning from France.[2] In 1973 the settlement of Słupiec was included within the town limits as a new district.[3] In 1976 and 1979 mining disasters occurred, in which 17 and 7 miners respectively died.[2] After the adoption of Ostpolitik by the German Chancellor Willy Brandt, the former German inhabitants were allowed to travel to their hometowns and tried to establish relations with the current population and the Holy See redrew the boundaries of the ecclesiastical provinces along the post-war borders. On 28 June 1972 the Catholic parishes of Nowa Ruda were transferred from the traditional Hradec Králové diocese (est. 1664; Ecclesiastical Province of Bohemia) to the Archdiocese of Wrocław.[4]

The area was notable in the Middle Ages as a source of rich iron ore deposits. Until 2000 there was also a coal mine and a gabbro mine in Nowa Ruda's borough of Słupiec.

Sport[edit]

Piast Nowa Ruda is the local multi-sports club.

Literary Heights Festival[edit]

Olga Tokarczuk and Karol Maliszewski, 2018

The Literary Heights Festival, a Polish literary festival founded in 2015 which takes place in the vicinity of Gmina Nowa Ruda at the foot of the Owl Mountains in the Kłodzko Valley.

The event's organizers include the Mount Babel Cultural Association, the city and commune of Nowa Ruda, while the hosts are Karol Maliszewski and Olga Tokarczuk. The festival's program includes educational sessions, debates, concerts, panels, shows, meetings, poetry, literary workshops, film screenings, culinary workshops and various exhibitions.

Notable people[edit]

Twin towns – sister cities[edit]

Nowa Ruda is twinned with:[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Population. Size and structure and vital statistics in Poland by territorial divison in 2019. As of 30th June". stat.gov.pl. Statistics Poland. 2019-10-15. Retrieved 2020-02-14.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l "Historia miasta". Gmina Miejska Nowa Ruda (in Polish). Retrieved 9 February 2020.
  3. ^ a b c d "Nowa Ruda". Encyklopedia PWN (in Polish). Retrieved 9 February 2020.
  4. ^ Paulus VI, Constitutio Apostolica father/paul vi/apost constitutions/documents/hf p-vi apc 19720628 vratislaviensis lt.html "Vratislaviensis - Berolinensis et aliarum", in: Acta Apostolicae Sedis, 64 (1972), n. 10, pp. 657seq.
  5. ^ "Miasta partnerskie". um.nowaruda.pl (in Polish). Nowa Ruda. Retrieved 2019-09-25.

External links[edit]