Market Square and Town Hall in Nowa Ruda
|Gmina||Nowa Ruda (urban gmina)|
|• Mayor||Tomasz Jacek Kiliński|
|• Total||37.04 km2 (14.30 sq mi)|
|Elevation||2,016 m (6,614 ft)|
|• Density||610/km2 (1,600/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+2 (CEST)|
Nowa Ruda [ˈnɔva ˈruda] (German: Neurode, Czech: Nová Ruda) is a town in south-western Poland near the Czech border, lying on the Włodzica river in the central Sudetes mountain range. As of 2007[update] it had 25,240 inhabitants. The town is located in Kłodzko County, Lower Silesian Voivodeship (from 1975–1998 it was in the former Wałbrzych Voivodeship). It is the seat of the rural district of Gmina Nowa Ruda, but is not part of its territory (the town is a separate urban gmina in its own right).
Situated in the rich Kłodzko Valley, the area of the modern town was settled in the early Middle Ages by Germans. Officially, the settlement was granted a city charter in 1363 and received the name of Newenrode. The city was rechartered under a local variant of the Magdeburg Law in 1434 and then again in 1596. Since then it has shared the history of the nearby town of Kłodzko (German Glatz). The town was the seat of Landkreis Neurode until 1932, when it was reincorporated into Landkreis Glatz.
Following World War II the region became part of Poland, and the town took on its present name, with the German population being expelled. After the adoption of Ostpolitik by the German Chancellor Willy Brandt, the former German inhabitants were allowed to travel to their hometowns and tried to establish relations with the current population and the Holy See redrew the boundaries of the ecclesiastical provinces along the post-war borders. On 28 June 1972 the Catholic parishes of Nowa Ruda were transferred from the traditional Hradec Králové diocese (est. 1664; Ecclesiastical Province of Bohemia) to the Archdiocese of Wrocław.
The area was notable in the Middle Ages as a source of rich iron ore deposits. Until 2000 there was also a coal mine and a gabbro mine in Nowa Ruda's borough of Słupiec.
- Franz Eckert, composer
- Edyta Geppert, singer
- Friedrich Kayßler, actor and writer
- Karol Maliszewski, poet
- Friedrich-Wilhelm Otte (22 September 1898 – 8 May 1944) Wehrmacht general
- Joachim von Pfeil (1857-1924), German explorer
- Hans Albrecht Freiherr von Rechenberg, politician
- Werner Steinberg, writer
- Olga Tokarczuk, writer, Nobel laureate
- Gero Trauth, painter, graphic artist, porcelain illustrator and designer
- Krzysztof Tyniec, actor
- Robert Więckiewicz, actor
- Joseph Wittig (1879–1949), German theologian and writer
Media related to Nowa Ruda at Wikimedia Commons
- (in Polish) Online radio and hottest news website
- (in Polish) Private Internet Wortal of Nowa Ruda
- (in Polish) Nowa Ruda online - citizens' site