Nowe Miasto Lubawskie

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Nowe Miasto Lubawskie
Nowe Miasto Lubawskie, dawny kosciół ewangelicki.jpg
Brama Kurzętnicka.JPG
Nml bazylika.jpg
Nowe Miasto Lubawskie, Rynek 1, Urząd Miasta.jpg
Nowe Miasto Lubawskie, Rynek 2.jpg
  • From top, left to right: Former Protestant church at the Market Square
  • Brodnicka Gate
  • St. Thomas' Basilica
  • Town Hall
  • Townhouses at the Market Square
Flag of Nowe Miasto Lubawskie
Flag
Coat of arms of Nowe Miasto Lubawskie
Coat of arms
Nowe Miasto Lubawskie is located in Poland
Nowe Miasto Lubawskie
Nowe Miasto Lubawskie
Nowe Miasto Lubawskie is located in Warmian-Masurian Voivodeship
Nowe Miasto Lubawskie
Nowe Miasto Lubawskie
Coordinates: 53°25′32″N 19°35′16″E / 53.42556°N 19.58778°E / 53.42556; 19.58778Coordinates: 53°25′32″N 19°35′16″E / 53.42556°N 19.58778°E / 53.42556; 19.58778
Country Poland
Voivodeship Warmian-Masurian
CountyNowe Miasto
GminaNowe Miasto Lubawskie (urban gmina)
Established1325
Town rights1325
Government
 • MayorJózef Blank
Area
 • Total11.37 km2 (4.39 sq mi)
Elevation
82 m (269 ft)
Population
 (2016)
 • Total11,062
 • Density970/km2 (2,500/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
13-300
Area code(s)+48 56
Car platesNNM
Websitewww.umnowemiasto.pl

Nowe Miasto Lubawskie [ˈnɔvɛ ˈmʲastɔ luˈbafskʲɛ] (German: About this soundNeumark in Westpreußen ) is a town in Poland, situated on the River Drwęca. The total population in June 2018 was 11,062. Nowe Miasto Lubawskie is the capital of Nowe Miasto County (Polish: powiat nowomiejski) and was assigned to the Warmian-Masurian Voivodeship in 1999.

Geographical location[edit]

Nowe Miasto Lubawskie lies on the right (west) bank of the upper course of the River Drwęca in Gdańsk Pomerania, some 15 km south-west of the town of Lubawa, 70 km south-west of the town of Olsztyn, and 120 km south-east of the region's capital, Gdańsk.

History[edit]

The town's official webpage connects its early history with settlement by early Slavic peoples, and later settlement by Old Prussians who were conquered by Polish ruler Bolesław Krzywousty.[1] In 1310 the Teutonic Order acquired the region of Gdańsk Pomerania and Otto von Luttenberg, Komtur of Culm, founded the settlement in 1325.[citation needed] It was known under the names Nuwenmarkt, Novum Forum and Nowy Targ.[1] Between 1334–43 it was the seat of a Vogt of the Teutonic Order.[citation needed] It adopted Kulm law in 1353. In Polish–Teutonic War of 1410 the town briefly became part of Poland due to result of local fighting, and remained so until the 1411 Peace Treaty. In 1454, the city joined the Prussian Confederation, an association of cities and gentry that opposed the policies of the Order and wanted the region to become part of Poland.

Old granary

After the Second Peace of Thorn (1466) the town was reincorporated into the Kingdom of Poland, where it remained until 1772. Administratively, it was part of the Chełmno Voivodeship in the province of Royal Prussia (which after 1569 was itself part of the province of Greater Poland). During the Reformation, in 1581 the parish church, which is almost as old as the town itself, became evangelical.[citation needed] In the 18th century the town was still surrounded by a town wall and by a rampart, and the parish church was Catholic.[2] A Protestant church was built in 1824.[citation needed]

In the First Partition of Poland in 1772 Gdańsk Pomerania was incorporated into the Kingdom of Prussia, and Neumark belonged now to the newly formed province of West Prussia. It was briefly regained by the Poles and was part of the short-lived Polish Duchy of Warsaw between 1807 and 1815, and later it, again, fell under Prussian rule. At the end of the 19th century, the town was capital of Landkreis Löbau in the Prussian administrative district of Regierungsbezirk Marienwerder in West Prussia, where it remained until 1919. It had a Lutheran and a Catholic church, a Progymnasium, a court, a steam mill with grain trading, and (as of 1885) 2,678 inhabitants. The monastery Maria-Lonk was nearby. Around 1908 the town also had a dairy, an electric power plant, three sawmills and brickwork.[3]

When after World War I the Treaty of Versailles became effective in January 1920, and the Polish Corridor was created the town was incorporated into the Second Polish Republic, close to the border with German East Prussia. The city webpage notes 19 January 1920 as the "return of the city to the motherland".[4] During the Second Polish Republic Nowe Miasto Lubawskie was the capital of Nowe Miasto County (Polish: powiat nowomiejski) in the Polish Pomeranian Voivodeship.

A monument commemorating 150 Poles murdered by the Nazi Germans in the Bratian forest massacre [pl]

During the German Invasion of Poland in 1939 the town and the local area were occupied on 3 September. Afterwards 2,500 civilians were mass murdered in actions carried out by the SS and units made up from German minority's militia, the Selbstschutz.[1] From 26 October 1939 to 1945 Neumark belonged to Landkreis Löbau/Neumark in the province of Reichsgau Danzig-West Prussia.

On 21 January 1945 the town was captured by the Red Army. After the war the town returned to Poland which by then had become the People's Republic of Poland.

Elementary school
Medieval Lubawska Gate (Brama Lubawska)

Number of inhabitants by year[edit]

Year Number[2][3][5][6]
1789 809
1831 1,188
1875 2,371
1880 2,742
1885 2,678
1890 2,723
1905 3,800
1910 4,144
1921 3,721
1943 4,884
2006 11,036
2011 11,162

Famous people[edit]

International relations[edit]

Twin towns — Sister cities[edit]

Nowe Miasto Lubawskie is twinned with:

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c [1] Archived 2012-02-04 at the Wayback Machine O Mieście Urząd Nowego Miasta Lubawskiego
  2. ^ a b Johann Friedrich Goldbeck: Vollständige Topographie des Königreichs Preußen. Teil II, Marienwerder 1789, [2] pp. 45–46, no. 5.]
  3. ^ a b Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon, 6th edition, Vol. 14, Leipzig and Vienna 1908, p. 565–566, no. 1).
  4. ^ [3] Archived 2012-02-04 at the Wayback Machine O Mieście Urząd Nowego Miasta Lubawskiego "Nowe Miasto Lubawskie, podobnie jak całe Prusy Królewskie, zostało zagarnięte przez państwo pruskie w wyniku traktatów rozbiorowych z 1772 roku, a powróciło do Macierzy dopiero 19 stycznia 1920 roku"
  5. ^ Michael Rademacher: Deutsche Verwaltungsgeschichte Provinz Westpreußen, Kreis Löbau/Neumark Archived 2013-07-12 at the Wayback Machine (2006).
  6. ^ August Eduard Preuß: Preußische Landes- und Volkskunde. Königsberg 1835, p. 436, no. 43.

External links[edit]