Nowra, New South Wales

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Nowra
New South Wales
City Administration Centre in Nowra (3).jpg
Nowra City Administration centre
Nowra is located in New South Wales
Nowra
Nowra
Coordinates34°53′S 150°36′E / 34.883°S 150.600°E / -34.883; 150.600Coordinates: 34°53′S 150°36′E / 34.883°S 150.600°E / -34.883; 150.600
Population20,039 (2016)[1]
 • Density212.6/km2 (551/sq mi)
Established1852
Area202.4 km2 (78.1 sq mi)
Time zoneAEST (UTC+10)
 • Summer (DST)AEDT (UTC+11)
Location160 km (99 mi) from Sydney
LGA(s)City of Shoalhaven
State electorate(s)South Coast
Federal Division(s)Gilmore
Localities around Nowra:
North Nowra Bomaderry Bolong
West Nowra Nowra Terara
Mundamia South Nowra Worrigee

Nowra /ˈnaʊərə/ is a city in the South Coast region of New South Wales, Australia.[2] It is located 160 kilometres (99 mi) south-southwest of the state capital of Sydney (about 120 kilometres (75 mi) as the crow flies). As of the 2016 census, Nowra has an estimated population of 20,039. Situated in the southern reaches of the Sydney basin,[3] Nowra is the seat and commercial centre of the City of Shoalhaven.

The region around Nowra is a farming community with a thriving dairy industry and a significant amount of state-owned forest land. It is also an increasingly popular retirement and leisure area for people from Canberra and Sydney. The naval air station HMAS Albatross is located about 10 kilometres (6.2 mi) south-west of Nowra. The name Nowra, originally written by Europeans as 'nou-woo-ro' (pronounced Nowa Nowa by the Indigenous Australians of the area), is an Aboriginal word for the black cockatoo.[4]

History[edit]

Prior to European arrival, the part of the Nowra region south of Bomaderry Creek was inhabited by the Wodi-Wodi tribe of the Yuin nation, while the region north of Bomaderry Creek was inhabited by the Dharawal people.

Circa 1824, ex-convict Mary Reibey applied for a land grant in the Burrier area, on the southern side of the Shoalhaven River. The Nowra township was officially recognized in 1852. Less than ten years later, in 1861, a postal service was established. In 1861 the racehorse Archer, which was trained in Nowra by Etienne de Mestre, won the first Melbourne Cup. Nowra was declared a town in 1885[5] and a city in 1979.

A major landmark in the area is the house Bundanon, which renowned Australian artist Arthur Boyd and his wife Yvonne donated to the people of Australia in 1993 along with an adjoining property that had been previously owned by Boyd's brother-in-law, the equally famous Australian artist Sidney Nolan.[6][7] Bundanon began as a single-storey weatherboard structure built around 1840. In 1866, a two-storey sandstone house, made of locally quarried stone, was built immediately in front of the original weatherboard house. The sandstone house features timber verandas and is now listed on the Register of the National Estate.[8]

Heritage listings[edit]

Nowra has a number of heritage-listed sites, including:

Geography[edit]

Along the north of Nowra is the Shoalhaven River, which formerly hosted the Australian National wakeboarding championships and is a popular fishing location. The Nowra Bridge connects it to North Nowra and Bomaderry. The Shoalhaven River is a saltwater river, although it does not flow into the sea. The Shoalhaven River meets the sea through the canal that joins the Shoalhaven and Crookhaven Rivers, which was dug by convicts under the direction of local entrepreneur and pioneer Alexander Berry.

Climate[edit]

Nowra has a humid subtropical climate (Cfa) under the Köppen climate classification. This makes it the southernmost city on the coastal strip to be within this climate zone. Interestingly, nearby coastal cities to the north, such as Wollongong and Kiama, are not in this zone and instead have an oceanic climate (Cfb) because their warmest month's average temperature do not reach the 22 °C threshold.[11]

Climate data for Nowra (HMAS Albatross), elevation: 109 m, averages 2000–2019
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 45.1
(113.2)
40.5
(104.9)
37.6
(99.7)
34.6
(94.3)
27.4
(81.3)
23.3
(73.9)
24.7
(76.5)
26.6
(79.9)
33.2
(91.8)
37.1
(98.8)
41.2
(106.2)
43.0
(109.4)
45.1
(113.2)
Average high °C (°F) 27.6
(81.7)
26.3
(79.3)
25.2
(77.4)
22.7
(72.9)
19.6
(67.3)
16.9
(62.4)
16.6
(61.9)
18.2
(64.8)
21.1
(70.0)
23.2
(73.8)
24.7
(76.5)
25.9
(78.6)
22.3
(72.1)
Average low °C (°F) 16.5
(61.7)
16.7
(62.1)
15.1
(59.2)
12.3
(54.1)
9.2
(48.6)
7.8
(46.0)
6.6
(43.9)
6.8
(44.2)
8.8
(47.8)
10.6
(51.1)
13.5
(56.3)
14.8
(58.6)
11.6
(52.9)
Record low °C (°F) 8.6
(47.5)
9.5
(49.1)
7.7
(45.9)
3.7
(38.7)
3.0
(37.4)
2.5
(36.5)
−0.5
(31.1)
−0.9
(30.4)
2.5
(36.5)
2.7
(36.9)
5.7
(42.3)
7.4
(45.3)
−0.9
(30.4)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 65.8
(2.59)
132.6
(5.22)
98.6
(3.88)
67.9
(2.67)
52.5
(2.07)
121.4
(4.78)
64.7
(2.55)
72.7
(2.86)
42.5
(1.67)
66.7
(2.63)
72.2
(2.84)
79.9
(3.15)
901.5
(35.49)
Average rainy days 10.8 11.8 12.4 12.1 9.2 11.9 10.0 8.1 8.9 9.7 12.1 10.5 127.5
Average afternoon relative humidity (%) 57 63 59 57 55 56 53 46 47 52 56 55 55
Source: BOM[12]
Marriott Park
Nowra Bridge
Shoalhaven River at sunset
Nowra Creek
Nowra area from Cambewarra Lookout
Nowra shops (Junction Street)

Demographics[edit]

According to the 2016 census, Nowra has a population of 20,039.[1] The population is slightly younger than the state and country as a whole, with an average age of 37 compared to 38 for both Australia and New South Wales. However, the population is bimodally distributed, with a larger percentage of children and the elderly than the state and national averages.[1] 79.8% of the population were born in Australia and 83.9% speak only English at home, both above the state and national averages.[1]

Nowra has a significantly lower level of education than typical for the state and nation. Only 8.6% of the population of Nowra hold a bachelor's degree or higher, compared to 22% of Australia and 23.4% of New South Wales.[1] The proportion who left high school before finishing year 12 is also above average.[1]

The top five reported ancestries in Nowra at the 2016 census were Australian (32.1%), English (29.4%), Irish (7.9%), Scottish (6.3%), and German (2.9%).[1] Most (63.8%) people had both parents born in Australia, higher than the state and national averages; overseas birthplaces more represented in Nowra than the state average included England and the Netherlands.[1]

Economy[edit]

Nowra Town Hall was built in 1948 and is in the Central Business District. This district contains many services, including banks, health services and a library.

Nowra has a growing tourist industry, especially in the summer months, when visitors (mostly from Sydney and Canberra) flock to the beaches to enjoy swimming, surfing, fishing, shopping, and relaxing in the restaurants and cafés.

Nowra sits in the Shoalhaven region, where there are several vineyards producing award-winning wines.

Education[edit]

Nowra has three public high schools: Nowra High School, Shoalhaven High School and Bomaderry High School. There are also several non-government schools, all of which are religiously affiliated:

  • Nowra Christian School: a K-12 Christian-based school located in South Nowra
  • Nowra Anglican College: a K-12 Anglican college in Bomaderry
  • St John the Evangelist Catholic High School: a Catholic systemic high school on the outskirts of Nowra, affiliated with St Michael's Catholic Primary School in Nowra

There are seven public primary schools in the Nowra area: East Nowra Public School, Nowra Public School, Bomaderry Public School, Illaroo Road Public School, North Nowra Public School, Nowra Hill Public School, and Terara Public School.

The University of Wollongong has a campus in Nowra, and there is a campus of TAFE NSW Illawarra Institute in Bomaderry.

Health[edit]

There are two hospitals in Nowra: the Shoalhaven District Memorial Hospital, which is a hub for oncology services, and Nowra Private Hospital.

Sports[edit]

The four major codes of football in Australia are all popular in the Nowra area. Rugby union is represented by the Shoalhaven Rugby Club, who play out of Rugby Park in South Nowra. The club won the 2008 premiership in the Illawarra district competition, and has produced international and provincial players such as Andrew Walker and Alex Kanaar. Australian rules football is played by three clubs from the Shoalhaven area, with the Nowra Albatross Vikings playing at West Street Oval and the Bomaderry Tigers at Artie Smith Oval. Further south, the Bay and Basin Bombers play at the Leisure Centre at Vincentia. These four clubs are all members of the South Coast AFL, fielding junior and senior teams. Rugby league was traditionally represented by the Nowra Warriors and Bomaderry Swamprats. However, at the end of 2007 these teams merged to form the Shoalhaven Jets Rugby League Football Club.

The Shoalhaven Mariners were established in 2006 and represent the area in the sport of baseball. The team plays home matches out of Fred Finch Park in Berkeley, Wollongong. Baseball has a new venue at the South Nowra Soccer Complex.[13] The Shoalhaven Tigers represent the area in the New South Wales State Basketball League and have won several championships from 1988 until 2007.[citation needed]

Archer was an Australian thoroughbred racehorse trained in the Nowra area who won the first and the second Melbourne Cups in 1861 and 1862. He won both Cups by a significant margin. Archer is one of only five horses to have won the Melbourne Cup on two or more occasions, and one of only four horses to have won two successive Cups.

Public transport[edit]

Nowra Coaches operates services from Nowra to Bomaderry, Huskisson, Vincentia and Jervis Bay.[14] Shoal Bus operates services from Gerringong to Ulladulla.[15]

Nowra has no direct rail connection, but Illawarra railway line terminates at nearby Bomaderry railway station with NSW TrainLink operating services to Kiama railway station and Central railway station, Sydney.[16]

Notable people[edit]

Attractions[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h "2016 Census QuickStat: Nowra (Statistical Area Level 2)". Australian Bureau of Statistics. 23 October 2017. Retrieved 24 January 2021.
  2. ^ https://www.britannica.com/place/Nowra-Bomaderry
  3. ^ GIF map. dpi.nsw.gov.au
  4. ^ "Travel: Nowra", Sydney Morning Herald, 8 February 2004. Retrieved 26 April 2007.
  5. ^ "Nowra Police Station Archived 6 March 2011 at the Wayback Machine". NSW Police Regions and History. Retrieved 29 April 2008
  6. ^ Morris, Linda (29 June 2018). "Future of Arthur Boyd's gift to the nation is secured". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 12 January 2021.
  7. ^ "Picasso, Boyd, Nolan artworks in multi-million-dollar move as fire threat makes them 'too vulnerable'". www.abc.net.au. 16 January 2020. Retrieved 12 January 2021.
  8. ^ The Heritage of Australia, Macmillan Company, 1981, p.2/162
  9. ^ "Graham Lodge". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. H01699. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
  10. ^ "Meroogal". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. H00953. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
  11. ^ Stern, H., de Hoedt, G. and Ernst, J. 2000. Objective Classification of Australian Climates. Bureau of Meteorology, Melbourne.
  12. ^ "NOWRA RAN AIR STATION AWS". Climate statistics for Australian locations. Bureau of Meteorology. August 2016. Retrieved 9 August 2016.
  13. ^ http://www.southcoastregister.com.au/news/local/sport/baseball/mariners-start-preseason-training/1774804.aspx Mariners start pre-season training. South Coast Register (11 March 2010). Retrieved 2016-01-02.
  14. ^ Home Nowra Coaches
  15. ^ Timetables Shoal Bus
  16. ^ "South Coast line timetable". Transport for NSW.

External links[edit]