Nowshera, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa

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Location of Nowshera District (highlighted in yellow) within the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province of Pakistan.

Nowshera (Pashto: نوښار) - known locally as Nowkhaar or Nowshaar is the chief city of Nowshera District in the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Province of Pakistan. It is also one of the largest cities of the province[1] and lies on the Grand Trunk Road 27 miles due east of Peshawar city.[2] at 34°0'55N 71°58'29E.

Overview[edit]

Nowshera city is notable for its colonial era cantonment, which is located at 33°59'48N 72°0'47E[3] and is home to the Pakistan Army School of Artillery, School of ASC, ASC centre, Armour centre, Armed Forces Medical Stores Depot and School of Armour. The GT Road is the main road connecting villages and towns across the District. The town is also at the junction of Peshawar and Swat Road.

History[edit]

During British rule, Nowshera was a town and cantonment as well as tehsil of the Peshawar District (later Peshawar Division). The town was on the route of the North-Western Railway and GT road. The population according to the 1901 census of India was 9,518.

The Imperial Gazetteer of India describes the cantonment as follows:[2]

The cantonment stretches along the right bank of the Kābul river on a sandy plain, 3 miles in diameter, and is surrounded by low hills on all sides except the north, which is open towards the river. The garrison now consists of one British infantry regiment, two Native cavalry and four infantry regiments, a mountain battery, and a bearer corps, belonging to the Peshāwar division of the Northern Command. The Kābul river is crossed by a permanent bridge of boats, whence roads lead to Mardān and Chārsadda. The iron road and railway bridge across the river was opened on December 1, 1903. The village of Naushahra Khurd, west of the cantonment, and the large village of Naushahra Kalān, on the north bank of the Kābul, are both outside cantonment limits. The headquarters of the Naushahra tahsīl, with the police station, are in the former, 3 miles from the cantonment. The town contains a Government dispensary and a vernacular middle school, maintained by the District board.


Notable people[edit]

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Coordinates: 34°0′55″N 71°58′29″E / 34.01528°N 71.97472°E / 34.01528; 71.97472