Nowshera, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa

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Nowshera
  • نوشہرہ
  • نوښار
Nowshera City.JPG
Nowshera is located in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
Nowshera
Nowshera
Nowshera is located in Pakistan
Nowshera
Nowshera
Coordinates: 34°0′55″N 71°58′29″E / 34.01528°N 71.97472°E / 34.01528; 71.97472Coordinates: 34°0′55″N 71°58′29″E / 34.01528°N 71.97472°E / 34.01528; 71.97472
Country Pakistan
Province Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
DistrictNowshera
TehsilNowshera
Government
 • TypeTehsil-council
 • ChairmanMuhammad Ishaq Khan Khattak[1] (PTI)
Area
 • Total1,748 km2 (675 sq mi)
Population
 • Total120,131
 • Density500/km2 (1,000/sq mi)
 Nowshera Kalan Municipal Committee: 83,567
Nowshera Cantonment: 36,564
Time zoneUTC+5 (PST)
Area code0923
Highways N-5
N-45
Websitenowshera.kp.gov.pk

Nowshera (Urdu: نوشہرہ; pronunciation ; Pashto: نوښار, pr. Nowkhār pronunciation ) is the capital city of Nowshera District in the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province of Pakistan. It is the 78th largest city in Pakistan and ninth largest city in the province of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa.

Located in the Valley of Peshawar, Nowshera lies on the Kabul River, and is approximately 27 miles (43 km) east of the provincial capital Peshawar, along the historic Grand Trunk Road.[5]

Etymology[edit]

The local Pashto name of the city is Nowkhār (نوښار), which means "New City".[citation needed] It was translated into Dari Persian and Urdu as Nowshehra (نوشہرہ), which is a word with the same meaning.[citation needed]

History[edit]

British-era Taj Cinema building in Nowshera

Nowshera was developed during the Afghan Durrani Empire. The Battle of Nowshera was fought in March 1823 between the forces of Pashtuns with support from Azim Khan Barakzai, Durrani governor against the Sikh Khalsa Army of Ranjit Singh.[6] The battle was a decisive victory for the Sikh Empire against Afghans and led to their occupation of the Peshawar Valley.[7]

During British rule, Nowshera was a town and cantonment as well as tehsil of the Peshawar District (later Peshawar Division). The town was on the route of the North-Western Railway and Grand Trunk Road. The population according to the 1901 census of India was 9,518.

The Imperial Gazetteer of India described the cantonment as follows:[5]

The cantonment stretches along the right bank of the Kābul river on a sandy plain, 3 miles in diameter, and is surrounded by low hills on all sides except the north, which is open towards the river. The garrison now consists of one British infantry regiment, two Native cavalry and four infantry regiments, a mountain battery, and a bearer corps, belonging to the Peshāwar division of the Northern Command. The Kābul river is crossed by a permanent bridge of boats, whence roads lead to Mardān and Chārsadda. The iron road and railway bridge across the river was opened on December 1, 1903. The village of Naushahra Khurd, west of the cantonment, and the large village of Naushahra Kalān, on the north bank of the Kābul, are both outside cantonment limits. The headquarters of the Naushahra tahsīl, with the police station, are in the former, 3 miles from the cantonment. The town contains a Government dispensary and a vernacular middle school, maintained by the District board.

Languages and major tribes[edit]

Until 1920 KP province was part of Punjab under Ranjeet Singh. Historically locals use to speak Hindko dialect of Punjabi language which is spoken in Old City and areas of Nowshera Kalan, Akora Khattak, Shaidu, Jehangira and several other villages situated along the Grand Trunk Road. After demographic changes in recent decades due to Afghan Refugees and Tribal peoples arrival, Pashto language speakers are in majority today. Urdu being National language is also spoken and understood.English is official and educational language. Arabic is religious language also used in secondary school education.[citation needed]

The major tribes in the district are Durrani, Khattak, Paracha, Awan, Kaka Khel, Gakhar Rajgan, Gujjar, Arain, Babar, Yousafzai, Muhammadzai and Manki khel. The Khattak tribe makes up 65% of the population of the District.[citation needed] especially their sub-tribe Akora Khattak.

The Kakakhels are a prominent Syed clan of Khyber Pukhtunkhwa. Their roots reach to Hazrat Ali bin Ismail bin Imame-Jafer Sadiq. Kakakhels are descendants of the Islamic Sufi (wali) Syed Kastir Gul (also known as Kaka Sahib), and Sheikh Rahamkar - a student of Sheikh Hazrat Akhun Adeen/Adyan Seljuki. Kastir Gul was affectionately known as "Kakasahib", and his descendants are known as Kakakhels - meaning "the sons of Kakasahib". The clan originated in a small village known as "Kakasaib" in Nowshera. (It is a matter of debate whether Kaka Khels qualify as a Pashtun tribe as they are a family group with affiliation to one progenitor, Kaka Sahib – but it is not known if he was a Pashtun – Mian or Miah are the descendents of Kaka Sahib.)[citation needed]

Khattaks are the Largest tribe in District Nowshera with approximately 65%-70% of total district population. Nizampur area, Khairabad, Akorra Khattak, Mera Akorra, Misri banda, Jehangira, Merra Jehangira, Shaidu, Wattar, Surya Khel, Cherat area, Manki Sharif, and all surrounding areas of these villages are dominated by Khattak tribe.[citation needed]

On the right side of Kabul river across district Nowshera are non Khattack Pashtun tribe living in Akbarpura, Zakhi, Mohab Banda( all banda-jat villegs), khushmaqam, Tarkha, etc.[citation needed]

Geography[edit]

Nowshera District is bordered by Peshawar District to the west, Mardan District to the north, Charsadda District to the northwest, Swabi District to the northeast, Kohat District to the south, Orakzai Agency to the southwest, and Attock District to the east.[citation needed]

Generally, winters are cold from November to February, and summers are hot from June to August.[citation needed]

Demography[edit]

Pashto is the native language of the majority of residents. Hindko(a Punjabi language dialect) is also spoken in the city and parts of surrounding villages. Urdu, being the national language of Pakistan, is also widely understood.[citation needed]

According to the 1998 census of Pakistan the population was 874,373. The male population was 455,598 (52.10%), while the female population was 418,775 (47.90%), a population density of 500.2 persons per km².[8] The population of Urban dwellers was 227030 (25.96%) and that of Rural dwellers was 647343 (74.04%).[8] The annual growth rate was 2.9%.[8] The literacy rate was 89%.[8]

Transportation[edit]

Nowshera is well connected with the rest of the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province and other provinces of Pakistan through airports, railways, and roads.[citation needed]

Air[edit]

Bacha Khan International Airport in Peshawar and Islamabad International Airport in Islamabad are situated at a drive of around 1 hour and 2 hours, respectively.[citation needed]

Rail[edit]

Pakistan Railways offers passengers and freight rail services. Kabul River railway station and Nowshera Junction railway station are in the city.[citation needed]

Road[edit]

National Highway 5, or N-5, is Pakistan’s longest highway running from the port city of Karachi to the border crossing at Torkham. Its total length is 1,756 km and it runs north from Karachi located in Sindh province to Hyderabad, Moro and Khairpur before crossing into Punjab province where it passes through Multan, Sahiwal, Lahore, Sheikhupura District, Gujranwala, Gujrat, Jhelum and Rawalpindi. At Rawalpindi, it turns eastwards and passes through Attock Khurd before crossing the Indus River into Khyber Pakhtunkhwa to continue through Nowshera and Peshawar before entering the Khyber Pass and reaching the border town of Torkham.[citation needed]

The M-1 motorway in Punjab and Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. It is 155 km long, with 67 km in Punjab and the remaining 88 km in Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa. It has become a vital link to Afghanistan and Central Asia and is expected to take much traffic off the highly used N5. It is part of Pakistan’s Motorway Network. M1 begins northeast of Peshawar as it moves in an eastern direction, crossing over the Kabul River. From here it passes through Charsadda, Risalpur, Swabi and Rashakai before crossing the Indus River.[citation needed]

The historical Grand Trunk (GT) Road also passes through Nowshera. Swat Expressway also starts nearby Nowshera and ends at near Swat.[citation needed]

Economic Zone[edit]

After the launch of CPEC project, Rashakai village of Nowshera is now an Economic Zone of KPK.[9]

Administrative units[edit]

  • Tehsils 02[10]
  • Union Councils 47[10]
  • Mauzas 153[10]
  • Municipal Committees 04[10]
  • Town Committees 01[10]
  • Cantonment 03[10]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Tehsil Council Nowshera - KPK Local Body Election Result 2021". Geo News. Retrieved 18 January 2022.
  2. ^ "KP's new LG system: structure, powers, and voting process". SAMAA TV. 17 December 2021. Retrieved 18 January 2022.
  3. ^ "Area Populations". Archived from the original on 2016-05-08. Retrieved 2016-06-11.
  4. ^ "POPULATION AND HOUSEHOLD DETAIL FROM BLOCK TO DISTRICT LEVEL: KHYBER PAKHTUNKHWA (NOWSHERA DISTRICT)" (PDF). 2018-01-03. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2018-04-24. Retrieved 2018-04-25.
  5. ^ a b "Imperial Gazetteer2 of India, Volume 18, page 417 -- Imperial Gazetteer of India -- Digital South Asia Library". dsal.uchicago.edu.
  6. ^ Ganda Singh (1986) Maharaja Ranjit Singh: First Death Centenary Memorial. Nirmal Publishers
  7. ^ Joseph Greenwood (1844) Narrative of the late Victorious Campaigns in Afghanistan: under General Pollock; with recollections of seven years' service in India. London: H. Colburn.
  8. ^ a b c d "District At a Glance-Nowshera". Pakistan Bureau of Statistics. Government of Pakistan. Retrieved 28 June 2016.
  9. ^ "Rashakai Tech City - A Special Economic Zone - CPEC". Rashakai Tech City. Retrieved 2017-08-09.
  10. ^ a b c d e f "District At A Glance Nowshera". Pakistan Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 28 June 2016.

External links[edit]