Location of Nowshera District (highlighted in red) in the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Province of Pakistan
|• District Nazim||Liaquat Khattak|
|• Total||1,748 km2 (675 sq mi)|
|• Density||870/km2 (2,300/sq mi)|
|Time zone||PST (UTC+5)|
- 1 Overview and history
- 2 Demographics
- 3 Administration
- 4 Rivers
- 5 Parks
- 6 Notable people
- 7 Famous buildings
- 8 Hospitals/medical facilities
- 9 Highways and motorways
- 10 Economic Zone
- 11 Wars and battles
- 12 Provincial and National Assembly Seats
- 13 Military installations
- 14 Shrines
- 15 See also
- 16 References
- 17 Bibliography
Overview and history
Nowshera was a tehsil (sub division) of Peshawar until 1988, when it became a district. It is bordered by Peshawar District to the West, Mardan District to the North, Charsadda District to the North West, Swabi District to the North East, Kohat District to the South, Orakzai Agency to the South West & Attock District to the East.
Previously it was known as Nowkhaar Province till it was annexed into British India via the Durand Line Agreement. Prior to its establishment as a separate district in 1990, Nowshera was part of Peshawar District. The district was also part of the Peshawar Division until the reforms of The Government of Pakistan.
Total area of Nowshera is 1,748 km². The population density is 608 persons per square kilometre. The total agricultural area is 52,540 hectares. The main source of income of the region is agriculture.
The population of Nowshera district, according to the 2017 census, is 1,518,540 while the population, according to the 1998 census, was 874,000. The population of the district over the years is shown in the table below.
|Census Year||Population||Rural Area||Urban Area|
The predominant first language was Pashto, spoken natively by 91% of the population. The previous census of 1981 reported that in the tehsil of Nowshera, Pashto was the language of 88% of households, while Punjabi accounted for 4.3%, Hindko – 4.2%, and Urdu – 2.9%.
The 58% population of the district belongs to Khattak tribe, 12% belongs to Gumoriani tribe, 10% belongs to Kheshgi (Batakzai included) tribe, 7% belongs to Babar tribe, 7% belongs to Kakakhel tribe, 3% belongs to Awan tribe, 1% belongs to Paracha tribe, 1% belongs to Afridi tribe and 1% belongs to Taizi tribe.
Nowshera district is home of many excellent education institutions. The district has a public sector University of Technology, Nowshera and private sector Northern University, Nowshera. It also houses the campus of Abdul Wali Khan University Mardan in Pabbi town while it has a campus of University of Engineering and Technology Peshawar in Jalozai town. The district also has a public sector medical college: Nowshera Medical College, Nowshera.
It is also home to many degree colleges: Government Post Graduate College Nowshera, Government Home Economics College Nowshera, Government College Akbarpura, Government Degree College Pabbi and Government Girls Degree College Pabbi.
According to the Alif Ailaan Pakistan District Education Rankings 2017, Nowshera district is ranked 71 out of 155 districts in Pakistan in the quality of education while for facilities and infrastructure, the district is ranked 14 out of 155. It is vast improvement from Rankings of 2016, when the quality of education ranking was 71 out of 151 while facilities and infrastructure, the district was ranked 42 out of 151.
Towns and Villages
These cantonments were created by the British Raj. There are three cantonments in Nowshera District:
The following are the rivers which flow through the Nowshera District.
Some of the most famous parks are as follows.
- Kund Park
- Mangloot Wildlife Park
- Aza Khel Park
- Jinnah Park
- Cherat Chapri Wildlife Park
A list of some of the most prominent people from Nowshera District:
- Naseerullah Khan Babar - Former Interior Minister
- Qazi Hussain Ahmad - Former Ameer Jamat-i-Islami Pakistan
- Sami ul Haq - Senator
- Ajmal Khattak - Former President ANP
- Pervez Khattak - Chief Minister KP
- Shamsul Mulk - Care Taker Chief Minister
- Gul Hassan Khan - Commander in Chief
- Sher Zaman Taizi - Poet and Writer
- Major General Adam Khan Babar - Military Cross
- District Headquarters Hospital – Nowshera City
- Combined Military Hospital – Nowshera Cantonment
- Combined Military Hospital – Risalpur Cantonment
Highways and motorways
After the launch of CPEC project, Rashakai village of Nowshera is now an Economic Zone of KPK.
Wars and battles
Provincial and National Assembly Seats
The district has 5 Provincial Seats in The Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa Assembly.
The district has 2 National Assembly Seats in The National Assembly of Pakistan.
Since 2002: NA-5 (Nowshera-I)
Since 2002: NA-6 (Nowshera-II)
The District is currently represented by Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaaf who won all 7 Seats in the recent elections.
- Pakistan Air Force Academy
- Pakistan Army Armoured Corps Centre
- Special Operations School
- Military College of Engineering
Nowshera District is the home of many Sufi Shrines.
Shrine of Kaka Sahib
The most well known is the Shrine of "Kaka Sahib". It is named after 16th century Sufi Saint Syed Kastir Gul commonly known as Hazrat Kaka Sahib. The shrine is located in an rugged mountainous area named after him Kaka Sahib, around 12-km south of Nowshera city. The complex of the shrine has a mausoleum of Kaka Sahib, graves of his family members, his disciples, a mosque and library. In 2012, the shrine of Kaka Sahib was attacked by Taliban militants killing 3 people and injuring 25.
Shrine of Akhund Panju Baba
The shrine of Akhund Pangu Baba is named after Syed Abdul Wahab commonly known as Akhund Panju Baba and Baba Sahib. It is located in Akbarpura town in Pabbi Tehsil of Nowshera. The shrine was attacked by Taliban militants in 2011 killing 11 people.
Shrine of Sheikh Bahadur Baba
The shrine of Sheikh Bahadur Baba is named after Sheikh Bahadur Baba. He was the father of Hazrat Kaka Sahib. The Shrine is located around 40-km of village Kaka Sahib in the village of Nandrak.
Shrine of Sheikh Baba
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- "PDWP approves 32 projects". The Nation. Retrieved 2017-12-20.
- PCO 1998, p. 1.
- "Pakistan Tehsil Wise Census 2017 [PDF]" (PDF). www.pbscensus.gov.pk. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2017-11-07. Retrieved 2017-11-29.
- PCO 1998, p. 19.
- "NOWSHERA DISTRICT AT A GLANCE (PDF)" (PDF). www.pbs.gov.pk. Retrieved 2017-12-02.
- "AREA & POPULATION OF ADMINISTRATIVE UNITS BY RURAL/URBAN: 1951-1998 CENSUSES (PDF)" (PDF). www.pbs.gov.pk. Retrieved 2017-12-02.
- PCO 1998, p. 24.
- PCO 1981, p. 87.
- "University of Technology, Nowshera – First Ever Technology University of Pakistan". uotnowshera.edu.pk. Retrieved 2017-12-20.
- "New horizons: Khattak okays air and technical varsities in Nowshera - The Express Tribune". The Express Tribune. 2014-12-07. Retrieved 2017-12-20.
- "Home Page". www.northern.edu.pk. Retrieved 2017-12-20.
- "AWKU Mardan Pabbi Campus :: Welcome to AWKUM". www.awkum.edu.pk. Retrieved 2017-11-20.
- "University of Engineering & Technology, Peshawar, Pakistan". www.uetpeshawar.edu.pk. Retrieved 2017-11-20.
- "Recognised Medical and Dental Colleges - Pakistan Medical and Dental Association". www.pmdc.org.pk. Archived from the original on 2012-01-16. Retrieved 2017-12-04.
- "Home - Nowshera Medical College (MTI),Nowshera". Nowshera Medical College (MTI),Nowshera. Retrieved 2017-12-03.
- "Government College AkbarPura". www.admission.hed.gkp.pk. Retrieved 2017-11-20.
- "Govt Degree College Pabbi". www.admission.hed.gkp.pk. Retrieved 2017-11-20.
- "Government Girls Degree College Pabbi, Nowshera". www.admission.hed.gkp.pk. Retrieved 2017-11-20.
- "Rankings – Pakistan District Education Rankings 2017". rankings.alifailaan.pk. Retrieved 2017-12-18.
- "Pakistan Tehsil Wise Census 2017 [PDF]" (PDF). www.pbscensus.gov.pk. Retrieved 8 November 2017.
- "DIVISION, DISTRICT AND TEHSIL/CENSUS DISTRICT KHYBER PAKHTOONKHWA PROVINCE (PDF)" (PDF). www.pbscensus.gov.pk. Retrieved 24 November 2017.
- "NOWSHERA: Pabbi declared as tehsil". DAWN.COM. 2008-01-17. Retrieved 2017-12-20.
- "Rashakai Economic Zone".
- Shinwari, Sher Alam (26 July 2015). "Kaka Sahib shrine – a place of spiritual satisfaction for many". DAWN.COM. Retrieved 21 November 2017.
- Newspaper, From the (2017-02-17). "Timeline of attacks on shrines in Pakistan". DAWN.COM. Retrieved 2017-11-21.
- "Iftikhar terms terrorists beasts". The Nation. Retrieved 2017-11-21.
- "Sufi shrines under attack in Pakistan — a chronology". tn.thenews.com.pk. Retrieved 2017-11-21.
- "Pro-Taliban militants attack Sufi shrines in Pak". Zee News. 2011-12-11. Retrieved 2017-11-21.
- "Sheikh Rahamkar | Religion And Belief". Scribd. Retrieved 2017-11-21.
- "Shrines". auqaf.kp.gov.pk. Retrieved 2017-11-21.
- 1981 District census report of Peshawar. District census Report. 26. Islamabad: Population Census Organization, Statistics Division, Government of Pakistan. 1983. p. 86.
- 1998 District census report of Nowshera. Census publication. 55. Islamabad: Population Census Organization, Statistics Division, Government of Pakistan. 1999.