Location of Nowshera District (highlighted in red) in the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Province of Pakistan
|• District Nazim||Liaquat Khattak|
|• District||1,748 km2 (675 sq mi)|
|• Density||870/km2 (2,300/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+5 (PST)|
- 1 Overview and history
- 2 Demographics
- 3 Administration
- 4 Rivers
- 5 Parks
- 6 Notable people
- 7 Famous buildings
- 8 Hospitals/medical facilities
- 9 Highways and motorways
- 10 Economic Zone
- 11 Wars and battles
- 12 Provincial and National Assembly Seats
- 13 Military installations
- 14 Shrines
- 15 See also
- 16 References
- 17 Bibliography
Overview and history
Nowshera was a tehsil (sub division) of Peshawar until 1988, when it became a district. It is bordered by Peshawar District to the West, Mardan District to the North, Charsadda District to the North West, Swabi District to the North East, Kohat District to the South, Orakzai Agency to the South West & Attock District to the East.
Previously it was known as Nowkhaar Province till it was annexed into British India via the Durand Line Agreement. Prior to its establishment as a separate district in 1990, Nowshera was part of Peshawar District. The district was also part of the Peshawar Division until the reforms of The Government of Pakistan.
Total area of Nowshera is 1,748 km². The population density is 608 persons per square kilometre. The total agricultural area is 52,540 hectares. The main source of income of the region is agriculture.
The population of Nowshera district, according to the 2017 census, is 1,518,540 while the population, according to the 1998 census, was 874,000. The population of the district over the years is shown in the table below.
|Census Year||Population||Rural Area||Urban Area|
The predominant language is Pashto, which according to the 1998 census is spoken natively by 91% of the population. The previous census of 1981 reported that in the then tehsil of Nowshera, Pashto was the language of 88% of households, while Punjabi accounted for 4.3%, Hindko – 4.2%, and Urdu – 2.9%.
Nowshera district is home of many excellent education institutions. The district has a public sector University of Technology, Nowshera and private sector Northern University, Nowshera. It also houses the campus of Abdul Wali Khan University Mardan in Pabbi town while it has a campus of University of Engineering and Technology Peshawar in Jalozai town. The district also has a public sector medical college: Nowshera Medical College, Nowshera.
It is also home to many degree colleges: Government Post Graduate College Nowshera, Government Home Economics College Nowshera, Government College Akbarpura, Government Degree College Pabbi and Government Girls Degree College Pabbi.
According to the Alif Ailaan Pakistan District Education Rankings 2017, Nowshera district is ranked 71 out of 155 districts in Pakistan in the quality of education while for facilities and infrastructure, the district is ranked 14 out of 155. It is vast improvement from Rankings of 2016, when the quality of education ranking was 71 out of 151 while facilities and infrastructure, the district was ranked 42 out of 151.
Towns and Villages
These cantonments were created by the British Raj. There are three cantonments in Nowshera District:
The following are the rivers which flow through the Nowshera District.
Some of the most famous parks are as follows.
- Kund Park
- Mangloot Wildlife Park
- Aza Khel Park
- Jinnah Park
- Cherat Chapri Wildlife Park
A list of some of the most prominent people from Nowshera District:
- Abdul Haq Daarul uloom Haqqania
- Ajmal Khattak - Former President ANP
- Lt. General Alam Khattak
- Major General Adam Khan Babar - Military Cross
- Gul Hassan Khan - Commander in Chief
- Qazi Hussain Ahmad - Former Ameer Jamat-i-Islami Pakistan
- Naseerullah Khan Babar - Former Interior Minister
- Pervez Khattak - Chief Minister KP
- Syed Nadir Shah (Mast Baba)
- Syed Bahadur Baba (Abbak Sahib)
- Syed Rasool Rasa ambassador and a great pushto poet.
- Syed Abdul Razak English and Pushto drama writer.
- Saad Ullah Jan Baq (Great Poshto poet, Daram Negar, Kalam Negar)
- Sami ul Haq - Senator
- Shamsul Mulk - Care Taker Chief Minister
- Sher Zaman Taizi - Poet and Writer
- Manan Khan GM Tarbela Dam, Member WAPDA, Member Federal Public Service Commission
- Sartaj Aziz Former federal Minister
- Prof Dr Afzal Raza - poet, teacher
- Nasrullah Khan Khattak Ex- CM
- Zarsanga - The Queen Of Pashtun Folklore
- Samadar Khan Samandar - One of the Greatest Pashto Language Poet.
- Dr Syed Muhammad Anwar Shah is a famous Neurologist of Pakistan,working in Lady Reading Hospital Peshawar. He blonges to village Kurvi Tehsil Pabbi District Nowshera
Hajji Raees Khan Hajji Rashid Ullah Khan Khattak
- Qazi Hussain Ahmed Medical Complex – Nowshera City
- District Headquarters Hospital – Nowshera City
- LRBT Eye Hospital Akora Khattak – Nowshera City
- Combined Military Hospital – Nowshera Cantonment
- Combined Military Hospital – Risalpur Cantonment
- Cantt General Hospital Nowshera Cantt.
- A number of Rural Health Centers RHCs and Basi Health Units BHUs all over the district
Highways and motorways
After the launch of CPEC project, Rashakai village of Nowshera is now an Economic Zone of KPK.
Wars and battles
Provincial and National Assembly Seats
The district has 5 Provincial Seats in The Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa Assembly.
The district has 2 National Assembly Seats in The National Assembly of Pakistan.
Since 2002: NA-5 (Nowshera-I)
Since 2002: NA-6 (Nowshera-II)
The District is currently represented by Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaaf who won all 7 Seats in the recent elections.
- Pakistan Air Force Academy Risalpur Cantt
- Armoured Corps Centre Nowshera Cantt
- ASC School Nowshera Cantt
- School of Artillery Nowshera Cantt
- School of Armour and Mechanized Warfare Nowshera Cantt
- Special Operations School Chirat Cantt
- Military College of Engineering (NUST) Risalpur Cantt
- ASC Center Nowshera Cantt
- College of Aeronautical Engineering PAF Academy Asghar Khan
Nowshera District is the home of many Sufi Shrines.
Shrine of Sheikh Syed Nadir Shah (Mast Baba)
The shrine of Syed Nadir Shah (Mast Baba) He was the father of Hazrat Syed Sheikh Bahadur Baba (Abbak Sahib).He died on (02 Safar 969 Hijri) 1561-62 AD. The Shrine is located at Khawara village Khatak Territory Nowshera .
Shrine of Sheikh Bahadur Baba( Abbak Sahib )
The shrine of Sheikh Bahadur Baba is named after Sheikh Bahadur Baba. He was born at Khawara Village Khatak territory,on (15 Ramadan 941 Hijri) 1524 AD .After a life of full struggle for the prosperity of Islam and spreading of spiritual light in the region,he died on (14 Shaban 1027 Hijri)1627 Ad. He married once and had three Sons one died as an infant,and the remaining two are Hazrat Syed Sheikh Afan Sahib and Syed Sheikh Hayat Sahib(Alias Sheikh Attaan Sahib).His Decedent's are known as Abbak Kheil scattered all over Kpk province. The Shrine is located near(1.5KM) the village of Kana Khel .
Maslak Bahadur Baba
Bahadur Baba was follower of his father Mast Baba's maslak in Chishtiyyah and Suharwardiyah orders.
Bahadur Baba Famous Followers
Main Wali Sahib, Main Shadi Sahib, Hazrat sheikh ghafan sahib, Main Kasteer Gul Sahib(Kaka Sahib), Akhund Mian Dad, Akhund Shareef Bali, Sheikh Allah Dad Khatak, Sheikh Nask, Faqeer Malik Meer.
Shrine of Akhund Panju Baba
The shrine of Akhund Pangu Baba is named after Syed Abdul Wahab commonly known as Akhund Panju Baba and Baba Sahib. It is located in Akbarpura town in Pabbi Tehsil of Nowshera. The shrine was attacked by Taliban militants in 2011 killing 11 people.
Shrine of Sheikh Baba
Shrine of Pir Sabaq Baba gee
The shrine of Pir sabaq baba gee named Sheikh Abdus Salam commonly known as Sahib Mubarak is located in ( Pir Sabaq Sharif) 05KM from Nowshera Cantt on left side of Peshawar-Pindi GT road(after crossing Kabul river at Pirsabaq bridge 1.5KM).
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- "Govt Degree College Pabbi". www.admission.hed.gkp.pk. Retrieved 2017-11-20.
- "Government Girls Degree College Pabbi, Nowshera". www.admission.hed.gkp.pk. Retrieved 2017-11-20.
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- "NOWSHERA: Pabbi declared as tehsil". DAWN.COM. 2008-01-17. Retrieved 2017-12-20.
- "Rashakai Economic Zone".
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- 1981 District census report of Peshawar. District census Report. 26. Islamabad: Population Census Organization, Statistics Division, Government of Pakistan. 1983. p. 86.
- 1998 District census report of Nowshera. Census publication. 55. Islamabad: Population Census Organization, Statistics Division, Government of Pakistan. 1999.