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|• Type||District Administration|
|• Deputy Commissioner||N/A|
|• District Police Officer||N/A|
|• District Health Officer||N/A|
|• District||1,748 km2 (675 sq mi)|
|• Density||870/km2 (2,300/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+5 (PST)|
Overview and history
Nowshera was a tehsil (sub division) of Peshawar until 1988, when it became a district. It is bordered by Peshawar District to the West, Mardan District to the North, Charsadda District to the North West, Swabi District to the North East, Kohat District to the South, Orakzai Agency to the South West & Attock District to the East.
Previously it was known as Nowkhaar Province till it was annexed into British India via the Durand Line Agreement. Prior to its establishment as a separate district in 1990, Nowshera was part of Peshawar District. The district was also part of the Peshawar Division until the reforms of The Government of Pakistan.
Total area of Nowshera is 1,748 km². The population density is 608 persons per square kilometre. The total agricultural area is 52,540 hectares. The main source of income of the region is agriculture.
The population of Nowshera district, according to the 2017 census, is 1,518,540 while the population, according to the 1998 census, was 874,000. The population of the district over the years is shown in the table below.
|Census Year||Population||Rural Area||Urban Area|
The predominant language is Pashto, which according to the 1998 census is spoken natively by 91% of the population. The previous census of 1981 reported that in the then tehsil of Nowshera, Pashto was the language of 88% of households, while Punjabi accounted for 4.3%, Hindko – 4.2%, and Urdu – 2.9%.
Nowshera district is home of many excellent education institutions. The district has a public sector University of Technology, Nowshera and private sector Northern University, Nowshera. It also houses the campus of Abdul Wali Khan University Mardan in Pabbi town while it has a campus of University of Engineering and Technology Peshawar in Jalozai town. The district also has a public sector medical college: Nowshera Medical College, Nowshera.
It is also home to many degree colleges: Government Post Graduate College Nowshera, Government Home Economics College Nowshera, Government College Akbarpura, Government Degree College Pabbi and Government Girls Degree College Pabbi.
According to the Alif Ailaan Pakistan District Education Rankings 2017, Nowshera district is ranked 71 out of 155 districts in Pakistan in the quality of education while for facilities and infrastructure, the district is ranked 14 out of 155. It is vast improvement from Rankings of 2016, when the quality of education ranking was 71 out of 151 while facilities and infrastructure, the district was ranked 42 out of 151.
Administration and politics
Towns and villages
These cantonments were created by the British Raj. There are three cantonments in Nowshera District:
Provincial and National Assembly seats
The district has 5 Provincial Seats in The Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa Assembly.
|Member of Provincial Assembly||Party Affiliation||Constituency||Year|
|Ibrahim Khattak||Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf||PK-61 Nowshera-I||2018|
|Muhammad Idrees||Pakistan Muslim League (N)||PK-62 Nowshera-II||2018|
|Ikhtiar Wali||Pakistan Muslim League (N)||PK-63 Nowshera-III||2018|
|Liaqat Khattak||Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf||PK-64 Nowshera-IV||2018|
|Khaleeq ur Rahman||Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf||PPK-65 Nowshera-V||2018|
The district has 2 National Assembly Seats in The National Assembly of Pakistan.
Since 2002: NA-5 (Nowshera-I)
Since 2002: NA-6 (Nowshera-II)
The District is currently represented by Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaaf who won all 7 Seats in the recent elections.
The following are the rivers which flow through the Nowshera District.
Some of the most famous parks are as follows:
- Kund Park
- Mangloot Wildlife Park
- Aza Khel Park
- Jinnah Park
- Cherat Chapri Wildlife Park
After the launch of CPEC project, Rashakai village of Nowshera is now an Economic Zone of KPK.
Highways and motorways
- Pakistan Air Force Academy Risalpur Cantt
- Armoured Corps Centre Nowshera Cantt
- ASC School Nowshera Cantt
- School of Artillery Nowshera Cantt
- School of Armour and Mechanized Warfare Nowshera Cantt
- Special Operations School Chirat Cantt
- Military College of Engineering (NUST) Risalpur Cantt
- ASC Center Nowshera Cantt
- College of Aeronautical Engineering PAF Academy Asghar Khan
Buildings and institutions
- Notable buildings
- Hospitals/medical facilities
- Qazi Hussain Ahmed Medical Complex – Nowshera City
- District Headquarters Hospital – Nowshera City
- LRBT Eye Hospital Akora Khattak – Nowshera City
- Combined Military Hospital – Nowshera Cantonment
- Combined Military Hospital – Risalpur Cantonment
- Cantt General Hospital Nowshera Cantt.
- A number of Rural Health Centers RHCs and Basi Health Units BHUs all over the district
Nowshera District is the home of many Sufi shrines.
Shrine of Kastir Gul (Kaka Sahib)
The shrine of 16th century’s most popular Sufi saint Kastir Gul alias Hazrat Kaka Sahib is located in a rugged mountainous area around 12 km south of Nowshera district. It is considered one of the most frequently visited religious heritage sites in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. Born on the first of Ramazan in 1576, Kaka Sahib had received religious education from his Sufi father, Hazrat Sheikh Syed Bahadur Baba, and few Islamic scholars of his time. He used to practice all four Sufi orders – Naqshbandia, Suharwardia, Chistia and Qadria. Kaka Sahib also fondly called as Ziaree Kaka used to deliver lessons to his devotees.
Shrine of Sheikh Syed Nadir Shah (Mast Baba)
The shrine of Syed Nadir Shah (Mast Baba) He was the father of Syed Sheikh Bahadur Baba (Abbak Sahib) and grand father of Syed Kasteer Gul (Kaka Sahib). He died on (02 Safar 969 Hijri) 1561-62 AD. The Shrine is located at Khawara village Khatak Territory Nowshera.
Shrine of Sheikh Bahadur Baba (Abbak Sahib)
The shrine of Sheikh Bahadur Baba is named after Sheikh Bahadur Baba. He was born at Khawara Village Khatak territory, on (15 Ramadan 941 Hijri) 1524 AD. After a life of full struggle for the prosperity of Islam and spreading of spiritual light in the region, he died on (14 Shaban 1027 Hijri)1627 Ad. He married once and had four Sons one died as an infant, and the remaining three are Syed Sheikh Afan Sahib and Syed Sheikh Hayat Sahib(Alias Sheikh Attaan Sahib) Syed Sheikh Kasteer Gul (Sheikh Rahamkar, Kaka Sahib). His descendants are known as Abbak Kheil and Kakakheil scattered all over Kpk province. The Shrine is located near(1.5KM) the village of Kana Khel.
Maslak Bahadur Baba
Bahadur Baba was follower of his father Mast Baba's maslak in Chishtiyyah and Suharwardiyah orders.
- Bahadur Baba's famous followers
Main Wali Sahib, Main Shadi Sahib, sheikh Afan sahib, Sheikh Syed Kasteer Gul Sahib(Kaka Sahib), Akhund Mian Dad, Akhund Shareef Bali, Sheikh Allah Dad Khatak, Sheikh Nask, Faqeer Malik Meer.
Shrine of Akhund Panju Baba
The shrine of Akhund Pangu Baba is named after Syed Abdul Wahab commonly known as Akhund Panju Baba and Baba Sahib. It is located in Akbarpura town in Pabbi Tehsil of Nowshera. The shrine was attacked by Taliban militants in 2011 killing 11 people.
Shrine of Sheikh Baba
Shrine of Pir Sabaq Baba jee
The shrine of Pir sabaq baba jee named Sheikh Abdus Salam sahib commonly known as Sahib Mubarak is located in ( Pir Sabaq Sharif) 05KM from Nowshera Cantt on left side of Peshawar-Pindi GT road (after crossing Kabul river at Pirsabaq bridge 1.5KM).
A list of some of the most prominent people from Nowshera District:
- Abdul Haq Daarul uloom Haqqania
- Ajmal Khattak - President ANP
- John Ormsby Evelyn Vandeleur - brigadier general, WWII British Army Commander XXX Corps during Operation Market Garden
- Alam Khattak, lieutenant general
- Gul Hassan Khan - Commander in Chief
- Qazi Hussain Ahmad - Former Ameer Jamat-i-Islami Pakistan
- Naseerullah Khan Babar - Former Interior Minister
- Pervez Khattak - Chief Minister KP
- Sami ul Haq - senator
- Shamsul Mulk - caretaker chief minister
- Sher Zaman Taizi - poet and writer
- Sartaj Aziz Former federal minister
- Nasrullah Khan Khattak Ex- CM
- Zarsanga - The Queen Of Pashtun Folklore
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|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Nowshera District.|
- 1981 District census report of Peshawar. District census Report. 26. Islamabad: Population Census Organization, Statistics Division, Government of Pakistan. 1983. p. 86.
- 1998 District census report of Nowshera. Census publication. 55. Islamabad: Population Census Organization, Statistics Division, Government of Pakistan. 1999.