Noxolo Nogwaza (1987 – 24 April 2011) was a South African lesbian LGBT rights activist and member of the Ekurhuleni Pride Organising Committee. She was raped, then stoned and stabbed to death by assailants in KwaThema, Gauteng. Nogwaza had been with a friend at a bar the previous evening, and had a heated argument with a group of men who had propositioned her friend.
The attack on Nogwaza appeared to be a corrective rape, a practice by which men sexually assault women believed to be lesbians in an attempt to "correct" their sexual preference. 31 women had been murdered during corrective rape in South Africa over the previous decade, and according to the rape survivor charity Luleki Sizwe, at least 10 lesbians per week were raped in the Cape Town area. Human Rights Watch described the attack as part of a hate crime "epidemic" against South African gays, comparing it to the rape and murder of footballer and lesbian activist Eudy Simelane in the same township three years before.
More than 2,000 people attended her funeral. At one point, some of the mourners sang that they would castrate the suspects with razor blades themselves if police failed to arrest them. 170,000 people worldwide signed a petition for authorities to crack down on corrective rape.
Noxolo left behind 2 young children. After her death, the US-based nonprofit GO Campaign stepped in to raise funds for the children's education and to promote a tolerance campaign for youth in the township.
Human Rights Watch and Amnesty International called the killing a hate crime. A police spokesperson refused to classify it as a hate crime, stating, "murder is murder" and that police did not consider a victim's sexual orientation. No arrests had been made in the case of as November 2012.
In November 2012, Amnesty International featured the case in its "Write for Rights" campaign, calling for a renewed investigation into the murder.
- "Murder of S.African lesbian activist condemned". Google News. Agence France-Presse. 4 May 2011. Archived from the original on 28 November 2012. Retrieved 29 November 2012.
- David Smith (3 May 2011). "South Africa gay rights activists warn of homophobic attacks after murder". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 28 November 2012. Retrieved 28 November 2012.
- "Africa: End discrimination against LGBTI on international day against homophobia". Amnesty International. 16 May 2012. Archived from the original on 28 November 2012. Retrieved 28 November 2012.
- Pumza Fihlani (29 June 2011). "South Africa's lesbians fear 'corrective rape'". BBC News. Archived from the original on 28 November 2012. Retrieved 28 November 2012.
- "South Africa killing of lesbian Nogwaza 'a hate crime'". BBC News. 3 May 2011. Archived from the original on 28 November 2012. Retrieved 28 November 2012.
- "Jeremy Irons leads the call for Amnesty's Write for Rights Campaign". Amnesty International. 1 November 2012. Archived from the original on 29 November 2012. Retrieved 29 November 2012.
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