|Federal subject||Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug|
|Founded||October 26, 1977|
|City status since||April 28, 1982|
|• Body||City Duma|
|• Head||Alexey Romanov|
|Elevation||115 m (377 ft)|
|• Rank||144th in 2010|
|• Subordinated to||city of okrug significance of Noyabrsk|
|• Capital of||city of okrug significance of Noyabrsk|
|• Urban okrug||Noyabrsk Urban Okrug|
|• Capital of||Noyabrsk Urban Okrug|
|Time zone||UTC+5 (MSK+2 )|
|Dialing code(s)||+7 3496|
|City Day||First Sunday of September|
Noyabrsk (Russian: Ноя́брьск, IPA: [nɐˈjabrʲsk]) is the second largest city in Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug, Russia, located in the middle of the West Siberian oil fields, on the Tyumen–Novy Urengoy railway about 300 kilometers (190 mi) north of Surgut. Population: 110,620 (2010 Census).
The city history dates back to 1975 when a landing party arriving by helicopter disembarked on the ice of the Itu-Yakha River to start developing Kholmogorskoye oil field. In November 1976, the first party of railway builders arrived at the site of the future city and camped out by Lake Khanto with the task of creating a settlement. On October 26, 1977, the settlement of Noyabrsk, which grew around the railway station of Noyabrskaya, was officially registered. It was decided to choose the name of "Noyabrsk" instead of the other proposal, "Khanto", to perpetuate the memory of the first arrival in November 1976, as the Russian word for November is "ноябрь" (noyabr). The settlement was granted work settlement status on November 12, 1979 and that of a town on April 28, 1982.
Administrative and municipal status
Within the framework of administrative divisions, it is incorporated as the city of okrug significance of Noyabrsk—an administrative unit with the status equal to that of the districts. As a municipal division, the city of okrug significance of Noyabrsk is incorporated as Noyabrsk Urban Okrug.
- Graph of population growth:
The average age of the population is just over 30.
The economy of Noyabrsk is based on hydrocarbons production. Noyabrsk is the base of operations for two major companies. Gazpromneft–Noyabrskneftegaz is a major oil producing subsidiary of Gazprom Neft. It is the largest oil company in Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug and accounts for 6% of Russia's total oil production. In the natural gas sector, Gazprom dobycha Noyabrsk—one of the three leading Gazprom subsidiaries—has an annual production of 85 billion cubic meters. This corresponds to 9.3% of Gazprom's total yearly gas production. It operates several gas fields around the city. To the northeast: the Vyngapurovskoye (launched in 1978) and Vyngayakhinskoye (launched in 2006) fields; and to the northwest: the Komsomolskoye (launched in 1993) and Zapadno-Tarkosalinskoye (launched in 1996) fields. The main business advantage of Gazprom dobycha Noyabrsk is the low prime cost of production. The company also provides operator services in gas and consensation production and gas treatment. In addition, there are over 1,000 companies providing services for the oil and gas industry and support for the social infrastructure of the city.
The Noyabrsk Airport is located approximately 6 kilometers (3.7 mi) to the west of the city. It is a modern airport capable of landing large aircraft. There are flights most days to Moscow (Domodedovo or Vnukovo Airports), several times a week to Salekhard, and to a variety of other locations. The town is divided into a smaller southern part, Noyabrsk-I, and a larger northern part, Noyabrsk-II, each having its own train station. which has caught novice travellers out in the past. The railway line separates the residential part of the town from the industrial sites that service the oil fields.
Media and communication
The oldest local newspaper is "Severnaya Vakhta" (Russian: Се́верная Ва́хта, "Northern Watch"). Its first issue came out in January 1983. As of 2007[update], the paper is printed thrice a week and is distributed not only in the town but also in the neighbouring settlements - Hanymey, Vingapurovskiy, Muravlenko, Kholmy. There is also a local newspaper called Region 57 after the registration plate code for cars from the area, and a newspaper Slovo Neftyanika (Russian: Сло́во Нефтя́ника, "The word of the Oil-Worker"). The town has its radio stations, such as Radio Noyabrsk, a TV channel Mig (Russian: Миг, a moment), a Tele-express studio.
The first school in Noyabrsk opened in 1977, barely a year after the beginning of the settlement. Now Noyabrsk has 14 schools, a pedagogical college, an evening school, a children's art and a children's musical schools and driving schools. Providing higher education services to the population are 8 branches and 4 affiliated schools of higher education establishments of Tyumen, Tomsk and other cities of Russia.
Recreation, sports, sights
Noyabrsk boasts numerous sport facilities, including artificial ice rink and a number of open-air rinks in the winter, cross-country skiing tracks, several indoor swimming pools, a number of gyms and indoor playing fields used for football, basketball, volleyball, lawn-tennis, ping-pong, martial arts training, boxing.
The motocross track of Noyabrsk presents an arena for the annual Yamal motocross cup championship; one of stages of Russian motocross championship is also conducted here.
Recreation for the visiting oil worker or resident also includes a movie theater, shopping centers, bars.
In the summer and during early autumn the forests and marshes attract many people for hiking, camping and gathering berries and mushrooms.
In winter, there is a cross-country ski-club to the immediate west of the residential districts. Winter also normally has an "Ice Palace" constructed for some weeks in the town center's park, beside the city administrative offices.
There is a park with a Ferris wheel in the center of the town.
The Museum Resource Center of Noyabrsk comprises three departments: arts museum, town history museum, and the museum of children art. It boasts a rich ethnographical collection and provides place for diverse thematical expositions. In 2007 the center was awarded Grand Prix at the annual Yamal Museum Projects festival.
Noyabrsk was a very young and partially closed town during the Soviet era, with a predominantly professional working population, which provided some protection from external criminal influence. With its opening in the early 1990s and with oil and gas industry maintaining relatively high living standards in the economic turmoil of Post-Soviet Russia, illicit drug business became highly profitable, drawing criminal elements from other regions. The situation was compounded by the police and officials being corrupted and ill-equipped to tackle the problem and by the general lack of occupations for the teenagers. The drug abuse situation in Noyabrsk was covered on national TV and in other media and finally official and citizen organisations arose to fight the problem.
On March 17, 2009, a criminal case against the mayor Nikolay Korobkov was sent to court. According to the prosecution, he transferred some municipal property to a private company when he didn't have the power to do so.
Twin towns and sister cities
Noyabrsk is twinned with:
- Law #42-ZAO
- Charter of the Municipal Formation of the City of Noyabrsk, adopted on January 1, 2006
- Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1 [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года [2010 All-Russia Population Census] (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service.
- Law #101-ZAO
- "Об исчислении времени". Официальный интернет-портал правовой информации (in Russian). June 3, 2011. Retrieved January 19, 2019.
- Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (in Russian)
- Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. 1989 – via Demoscope Weekly.
- Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian).
- "Noyabrsk". RusBusinessNews. Retrieved December 29, 2009.
- "Oil Exploration and Production". Gazprom Neft. Retrieved December 29, 2009.
- "Gazprom in figures 2004–2008" (PDF). Gazprom. 2009. Retrieved July 2, 2009.
- "Gazprom dobycha Noyabrsk". Gazprom. Retrieved December 29, 2009.[permanent dead link]
- Noyabrsk Museum Resource Center—from the catalogue site "Museums of Russia".
- Grand Prix goes to Noyabrsk Museum Center - news report dated 02.05.2007
- Teenage drug use goes down - news report.
- Lesovskikh, Igor (March 18, 2009). "Мэра Ноябрьска направили в суд". Kommersant. Retrieved March 18, 2009.
- Государственная Дума Ямало-Ненецкого автономного округа. Закон №42-ЗАО от 6 октября 2006 г. «Об административно-территориальном устройстве Ямало-Ненецкого автономного округа», в ред. Закона №123-ЗАО от 6 декабря 2012 г. «О внесении изменений в некоторые Законы Ямало-Ненецкого автономного округа в части изменения вида населённого пункт Тазовский путём отнесения его к сельским пунктам и наделении муниципального образования посёлок Тазовский статусом сельского поселения». Вступил в силу по истечении десяти дней со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Красный Север", №119, 13 октября 2006 г. (State Duma of Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug. Law #42-ZAO of October 6, 2006 On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug, as amended by the Law #123-ZAO of December 6, 2012 On Amending Various Laws of Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug Due to Changing the Status of the Inhabited Locality of Tazovsky to a Rural Locality and on Granting the Municipal Formation of the Settlement of Tazovsky the Status of a Rural Settlement. Effective as of the day upon expiration of ten days from the official publication date.).
- Государственная Дума Ямало-Ненецкого автономного округа. Закон №101-ЗАО от 16 декабря 2004 г. «О наделении статусом, определении административного центра и установлении границ муниципального образования город Ноябрьск», в ред. Закона №104-ЗАО от 28 октября 2013 г. «О внесении изменения в Закон Ямало-Ненецкого автономного округа "О наделении статусом, определении административного центра и установлении границ муниципального образования город Ноябрьск"». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Красный Север", спецвыпуск №1–2, 18 января 2005 г. (State Duma of Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug. Law #101-ZAO of December 16, 2004 On Granting the Status, Determining the Administrative Center, and Establishing the Borders of the Municipal Formation of the City of Noyabrsk, as amended by the Law #104-ZAO of October 28, 2013 On Amending the Law of Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug "On Granting the Status, Determining the Administrative Center, and Establishing the Borders of the Municipal Formation of the City of Noyabrsk". Effective as of the day of the official publication.).
- Official website of Noyabrsk
- Official website of Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug. Information about Noyabrsk