Noyemberyan

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Coordinates: 41°10′21″N 44°59′37″E / 41.17250°N 44.99361°E / 41.17250; 44.99361

Noyemberyan
Նոյեմբերյան
Noyemberyan
Noyemberyan
Noyemberyan is located in Armenia
Noyemberyan
Noyemberyan
Coordinates: 41°10′21″N 44°59′37″E / 41.17250°N 44.99361°E / 41.17250; 44.99361
Country Armenia
Marz (Province) Tavush
Founded 13th century
Government
 • Mayor Vanush Amiraghyan
Area
 • Total 3.6 km2 (1.4 sq mi)
Elevation 820 m (2,690 ft)
Population (2011 census)
 • Total 5,310
 • Density 1,500/km2 (3,800/sq mi)
Time zone   (UTC+4)
Website Official website
Sources: Population[1]

Noyemberyan (Armenian: Նոյեմբերյան), is a town and urban municipal communitiy at the northeast of Armenia, within the Tavush Province. It s located 2 km west of the Armenia-Azerbaijan border, and 9 km south of the Armenia-Georgia border. As of the 2011 census, the population of the town was 5,310. As per the 2016 official estimate, the population of Noyemberyan is around 4,900.

Etymology[edit]

Noyemberyan was known as Barana (Armenian: Բարանա) until 1937. According to historian Makar Barkhudaryants, the old name Barana or Parana (Armenian: Պարանա) is a dialectical form of the Armenian word aparan (Armenian: ապարան), meaning palace.

In 1938, it was renamed Noyemberyan (meaning the city of November) by the Soviets, to commemorate the entrance of the Soviet Red Army to Armenia that took place on November 29, 1920.

History[edit]

Historically, the area of modern-day Noyemberyan was part of the Koghbapor (Armenian: Կողբափոր) canton of Gugark; the 13th province of Greater Armenia. Not much information is known about the origins of the settlement. However, the region was part of the Kingdom of Tashir-Dzoraget between the 10th and 12th centuries. The region was devastated during the Mongol invasions in 1236. Later, it was ruled by the Zakarids in the 13-14th centuries.

The 13th-century Mshkavank Monastery and Surp Sarkis Church built in the immediate vicinity of the town, suggest that the settlement was formed during the 13th century.

In 1501-02, most of the Eastern Armenian territories including the settlement of Barana (modern-day Noyemberyan) were swiftly conquered by the emerging Safavid dynasty of Iran led by Shah Ismail I.[2]

The territories of present-day Lori and Tavush along with the neighboring Georgia, became part of the Russian Empire in 1800-01. The territories became an official region of Russia as per the Treaty of Gulistan signed between Imperial Russia and Qajar Persia in October 1813, following the Russo-Persian War of 1804–13.[3] In 1840, the Yelizavetpolsky Uyezd was formed and most of the territories of Tavush became part of the newly-founded administrative division of the Russian Empire. Later in 1868, the Elisabethpol Governorate was established and Tavush became part of the newly-formed Kazakhsky Uyezd of the governorate.

Nagorno-Karabakh War memorial in Noyemberyan

After the short-lived independent Republic of Armenia in 1918-20, the Soviet Red Army entered the Armenian village of Barana on 29 November 1920 and the Armenian Soviet Socialist Republic was officially declared on 2 December 1920. In 1937, the Noyemberyan raion of Soviet Armenia was formed. One year later, the village Barana of was renamed Noyemberyan to become the centre of the raion. In 1971, Noyemberyan was turned into an urban-type settlement. During the Soviet days, food-processing -mainly dairy products- was the most developed industrial sector in Noyemberyan

Following the independence of Armenia in 1991, Noyemberyan was given the status of a town within the newly-founded Tavush Province as per the administrative reforms of 1995.[4] In 2016, the municipality of Noyemberyan was enlarged to include the nearby rural settlements of Baghanis, Barekamavan, Berdavan, Dovegh, Jujevan, Koti, Voskepar and Voskevan.[5]

Geography[edit]

Noyemberyan countryside

Noyemberyan is located at the northeast of Armenia, on the eastern foot of the Gugark mountains, at a road distance of 187 km northeast of the capital Yerevan, and 54 km north of the provincial centre Ijevan. The border with Azerbaijan is only 2 kilometers east of the town.

Noyemberyan is situated at the southeast of the Koghb River valley, at an average height of 820 meters above sea level. It is surrounded with the Voskepar mountains from the south and the mountains of Gugark from the west.

This location is classified as Cfb by the Köppen climate classification.[6] The average temperature of the year is 10.9 C, in January -1.5 C, while in July 26.7 C. The maximum temperature registered ever in Noyemberyan is +35 C and the minimum is -32 (1972). The annual precipitation is 535 mm, with the most rainy period of the year ranging between April and May.

Demographics[edit]

The majority of the town's population are ethnic Armenians who belong to the Armenian Apostolic Church. The regulating body of the church is the Diocese of Tavush, based in Ijevan. The town's main Surp Sarkis church dating back to 1903, was recently renovated. The town's second Surp Anna church was opened in 2011 through the efforts of Sedrak Mamyan; a native of Noyemberyan based in Volgograd.[7]

Here is the population timeline of Ijevan since 1831:[8]

Year 1831 1897 1926 1939 1959 1970 1980 1989 2001 2011 2016
Population 294 1,197 1,901 2,625 3,138 4,330 5,115 6,116 5,486 5,310 4,900

The healthcare in the town is served by the Noyemberyan Medical Center.

Culture[edit]

The remains of a cyclopean fortress dating back to the 2nd millennium BCE was found at the northern edge of Noyemberyan. The remains of the 13th-century Jukhtakeghtsi Church are found at the south of the town while the well-preserved Mshkavank Monastery of the same period is located around 2 km southwest of Noyemberyan.

Currently, The community of Noyemberyan is served by a cultural centre, a public library, an art school and a school of music.

Noyemberyan has the local "Kamut TV" station.

Transportation[edit]

The Ayrum border checkpoint and railway station on the Yerevan-Tbilisi highway, is around 22 km east of Noymeberyan. The town is connected with the main highway as well as the surrounding towns and villages, through the H-26 regional road.

Economy[edit]

Noyemberyan was an important centre of food and dairy products during the Soviet years. Currently, the town has small plants for canned food, dairy products, flour and bakery products. There are also small firms for furniture, plastic products and candles. The nearby settlement of Berdavan is home to the Berdavan wine Factory.

Many of the citizens of Noyemberyan are involved in agriculture. Surrounded with fertile farms, the main crops include peach and grape. Iron and copper mines are found near Noyemberyan.

Tourism is among the growing sectors in the region. The town has many boutique hotels as well as B&Bs.

Education[edit]

Currently, Noyemberyan is home to 2 public education school as well as 2 pre-school kindergartens.

Noyemberyan is also home to a state intermediate college run by the Ministry of Education and Science of Armenia.

Sport[edit]

Footbal is the most popular sport in Noyemberyan. Aznavour FC founded in 1981, represented the town in domestic football competitions until 1997 when the club was dissolved due to financial difficulties.

The football field of Noyemberyan known as the "Central" during the Soviet times, was reconstructed between 2008 and 2013 with many intervals. Finally, the new Noyemberyan City Stadium was opened on 18 October 2013, with a capacity of 100 seats only. It is envisaged to install a permanent stand at the northern side of the pitch to increase the capacity up to 1,500 seats.[9]

The town has a children and youth sport school run by the municipality.

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2011 Armenia census, Tavush Province
  2. ^ Steven R. Ward. Immortal, Updated Edition: A Military History of Iran and Its Armed Forces pp 43. Georgetown University Press, 8 January 2014 ISBN 1626160325
  3. ^ (in Russian)Акты собранные Кавказской Археографической Коммиссиею. Том 1. Тифлис, 1866. С. 436-437. Грузия разделяется на 5 уездов, из коих 3 в Карталинии: Горийский, Лорийский и Душетский, и 2 в Кахетии: Телавский и Сигнахский.
  4. ^ About the community of Noyemberyan
  5. ^ Community mergers in Armenia
  6. ^ Noyemberyan climate
  7. ^ Churches of Tavush Province
  8. ^ Dictionary of settlements in Armenia
  9. ^ The stadium in Noyemberyan has been reopened (in Armenian)