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The Ntoro is the genetic aspect of the father which the Akan people believe is passed on to his children. The Akan believe that the Ntoro does not die with the father. Instead, it is passed down to the man’s children, or if the children are not alive, to his nephews and nieces. The father's Ntoro represents the being of the child until the child comes of age. At this point the Ntoro along with the Sunsum and Kra explains how one interacts in the world.[1] The Ntoro is thus explained by Akans to be the father's characteristics which can be inherited. Thus, it is the cooperation of the father's Ntoro with the mother's blood (Mogya) Abusua which is believed to form the child and mold into the Human being.[2]

Different Ntoro[edit]

1) Bosompra (The Tough/Strong/firm)

2) Bosomtwe (The Human/Kind/empathetic)

3) Bosompo/Bosomnkóteaa (Proud/Audacious)

4) Bosomafram (The Liberal/Kind/empathetic)

5) Bosommuru (Respectable/ distinguished)

6) Bosomkonsi (The Virtuoso)

7) Bosomdweróbe (The Eccentric/Jittery)

8) Bosomayensu (The Truculent)

9) Bosomsika(The Fastidious)

10) Bosomkrete (The Chivalrous)

11) Bosomakím (The Fanatic)

12) Bosomafi (The Chaste)


  1. ^ Gyekye Kwame; An essay on African philosophical thought: the Akan conceptual scheme 1995
  2. ^ Asante Molefi; African Intellectual Heritage 1996