Nu Andromedae

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Nu Andromedae
Diagram showing star positions and boundaries of the Andromeda constellation and its surroundings
Cercle rouge 100%.svg
Location of ν Andromedae (circled)
Observation data
Epoch J2000      Equinox J2000
Constellation Andromeda
Right ascension  00h 49m 48.84737s[1]
Declination +41° 04′ 44.0764″[1]
Apparent magnitude (V) 4.522[2]
Characteristics
Spectral type B4/5 V[3][4] + F8 V[5]
U−B color index –0.573[2]
B−V color index –0.136[2]
Astrometry
Radial velocity (Rv)–23.9[6] km/s
Proper motion (μ) RA: +22.77 ±0.12[1] mas/yr
Dec.: –18.35 ±0.09[1] mas/yr
Parallax (π)5.28 ± 0.15[1] mas
Distance620 ± 20 ly
(189 ± 5 pc)
Absolute magnitude (MV)−1.85[7]
Orbit[5]
Period (P)4.2827 d
Eccentricity (e)0.03
Longitude of the node (Ω)25.°
Periastron epoch (T)18155.67
Semi-amplitude (K1)
(primary)
71.7 km/s
Semi-amplitude (K2)
(secondary)
101.9 km/s
Details
ν And A
Mass5.9 ± 0.2[3] M
Radius3.4[8] R
Luminosity1,104[7] L
Surface gravity (log g)4.12 ± 0.43[9] cgs
Temperature14,851 ± 396[9] K
Metallicity [Fe/H]+0.14 ± 0.17[9] dex
Rotational velocity (v sin i)20[10] km/s
Age63.1 ± 17.9[3] Myr
Other designations
ν Andromedae, ν And, Nu And, Nu Andromedae 35 Andromedae, 35 And, BD+40 171, FK5 1021, HD 4727, HIP 3881, HR 226, SAO 36699.[11]
Database references
SIMBADdata

Nu Andromedae (Nu And, ν Andromedae, ν And) is a binary star in the constellation Andromeda. The system has an apparent visual magnitude of 4.5,[2] which is bright enough to be seen with the naked eye. It is approximately 620 light-years (190 parsecs) from Earth.[1] Situated just over a degree to the west of this star is the Andromeda Galaxy.[12]

Nu Andromedae is the prominent blue star in the upper right of this image. At the center is the Andromeda Galaxy

Nu Andromedae is spectroscopic binary[3] system with a nearly circular orbit that has a period of 4.2828 days.[5] The primary component is a B-type main sequence star with a stellar classification of B5 V.[3] The fainter secondary has a classification of F8 V,[5] which makes it an F-type main sequence star. The pair is about 63 million years old.[3]

Naming[edit]

In Chinese, 奎宿 (Kuí Sù), meaning Legs (asterism), refers to an asterism consisting of ν Andromedae, η Andromedae, 65 Piscium, ζ Andromedae, ε Andromedae, δ Andromedae, π Andromedae, μ Andromedae, β Andromedae, σ Piscium, τ Piscium, 91 Piscium, υ Piscium, φ Piscium, χ Piscium and ψ¹ Piscium. Consequently, the Chinese name for ν Andromedae itself is 奎宿七 (Kuí Sù qī, English: the Seventh Star of Legs.)[13]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f van Leeuwen, F. (November 2007), "Validation of the new Hipparcos reduction", Astronomy and Astrophysics, 474 (2): 653–664, arXiv:0708.1752, Bibcode:2007A&A...474..653V, doi:10.1051/0004-6361:20078357.
  2. ^ a b c d Oja, T. (April 1983), "UBV photometry of FK4 and FK4 supplement stars", Astronomy and Astrophysics Supplement Series, 52: 131–134, Bibcode:1983A&AS...52..131O.
  3. ^ a b c d e f Tetzlaff, N.; Neuhäuser, R.; Hohle, M. M. (January 2011), "A catalogue of young runaway Hipparcos stars within 3 kpc from the Sun", Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 410 (1): 190–200, arXiv:1007.4883, Bibcode:2011MNRAS.410..190T, doi:10.1111/j.1365-2966.2010.17434.x.
  4. ^ "Nu Andromedae, a blue main-sequence star in Andromeda". astrostudio.org. Retrieved 18 August 2014.[permanent dead link]
  5. ^ a b c d Pourbaix, D.; et al. (September 2004), "SB9: The ninth catalogue of spectroscopic binary orbits", Astronomy and Astrophysics, 424: 727–732, arXiv:astro-ph/0406573, Bibcode:2004A&A...424..727P, doi:10.1051/0004-6361:20041213.
  6. ^ Wilson, R. E. (1953), General Catalogue of Stellar Radial Velocities, Carnegie Institute of Washington D.C., Bibcode:1953GCRV..C......0W.
  7. ^ a b Anderson, E.; Francis, Ch. (2012), "XHIP: An extended hipparcos compilation", Astronomy Letters, 38 (5): 331, arXiv:1108.4971, Bibcode:2012AstL...38..331A, doi:10.1134/S1063773712050015.
  8. ^ Pasinetti Fracassini, L. E.; et al. (February 2001), "Catalogue of Apparent Diameters and Absolute Radii of Stars (CADARS) - Third edition - Comments and statistics", Astronomy and Astrophysics, 367 (2): 521–524, arXiv:astro-ph/0012289, Bibcode:2001A&A...367..521P, doi:10.1051/0004-6361:20000451.
  9. ^ a b c Koleva, M.; Vazdekis, A. (February 2012), "Stellar population models in the UV. I. Characterisation of the New Generation Stellar Library", Astronomy & Astrophysics, 538: A143, arXiv:1111.5449, Bibcode:2012A&A...538A.143K, doi:10.1051/0004-6361/201118065.
  10. ^ Abt, Helmut A.; Levato, Hugo; Grosso, Monica (July 2002), "Rotational Velocities of B Stars", The Astrophysical Journal, 573 (1): 359–365, Bibcode:2002ApJ...573..359A, doi:10.1086/340590.
  11. ^ "35 And -- Star", SIMBAD Astronomical Object Database, Centre de Données astronomiques de Strasbourg, retrieved 2012-06-22.
  12. ^ Mollise, Rod (2006), The Urban Astronomer's Guide: A Walking Tour of the Cosmos for City Sky Watchers, Patrick Moore's Practical Astronomy Series, Springer, p. 178, ISBN 1846282160.
  13. ^ (in Chinese) AEEA (Activities of Exhibition and Education in Astronomy) 天文教育資訊網 2006 年 5 月 19 日

External links[edit]