Nu Scorpii

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ν Scorpii
Observation data
Epoch J2000.0      Equinox J2000.0
Constellation Scorpius
Right ascension 16h 11m 59.7s
Declination −19° 27' 39"
Apparent magnitude (V) combined: +4.00
AB: 4.4 + 6.9
CD: 6.5 + 7.9
Distance 437 ± 65 ly
(134 ± 20 pc)
Spectral type AB: B2IV + B2IV
CD: B8V + B9VpSi
Other designations
Jabbah, 14 Scorpii, 14 Sco, HR 6026 + HR 6027, HD 145501 + HD 145502, SAO 159763 + SAO 159764, HIP 79374, ADS 9951, CCDM 16120-1928, ν Sco, ν Scorpii, nu Sco, Nu Scorpii

Nu Scorpii or Jabbah (ν Sco, 14 Scorpii) is a star system in the constellation Scorpius.

It is at least a quintuple star, probably a septuple,[1] consisting of two close groups that are separated by 41 arcseconds. The brighter group, Nu Scorpii A and B, is split by 1.3" and composed of spectral type B2 subgiants. The fainter pair, Nu Scorpii C and D, are spectral type B8 and B9 main sequence dwarfs split by 2.4". Nu Scorpii A is itself a semi-detached spectroscopic binary, having a fainter B-type companion separated by approximately 0.3 mas.

Since it is near the ecliptic, Nu Scorpii can be occulted by the Moon and, very rarely, by planets. Mercury occulted it on 14 December 1821, but will not occult it again until 2 December 2031. The last occultation by Venus took place on 27 December 1852 and the next will take place on 30 December 2095. On 29 July 1808 there was an occultation by Neptune.

Nu Scorpii is the star which causes the reflection nebula cataloged as IC 4592. Reflection nebulae are actually made up of very fine dust that normally appears dark but can look quite blue when reflecting the light of energetic nearby stars.

In Chinese astronomy, Nu Scorpii is called 鍵閉, Pinyin: Jiànbì, meaning Door Bolt, because this star is marking itself and stand alone in Door Bolt asterism, Room mansion (see : Chinese constellation).[2] 鍵閉 (Jiànbì), westernized into Keen Pi, but the name Keen Pi was designated for the formation of λ Sco (Shaula) and υ Sco (Lesath) by R.H. Allen and the meaning is "the Two Parts of a Lock." Instead Allen notes the name Jabbah, possibly from Iklīl al Jabhah.[3]

See also[edit]

  • AR Cassiopeiae (IH Cas), another multiple star considered to have a multiplicity of 7


External links[edit]