|Stylistic origins||Heavy metal, alternative metal, rap metal, funk metal, industrial metal, groove metal, grunge, hardcore punk, hip hop, alternative rock, funk|
|Cultural origins||Early–mid 1990s, United States|
|Typical instruments||Electric guitar, bass, drums, turntables, synthesizer, sampling, vocals (rapping, singing, screaming, growling)|
Nu metal (also known as new metal, neo-metal, nü-metal, or aggro-metal) is a subgenre of alternative metal that fuses elements of heavy metal music with those of multiple other genres, most notably ones such as hip hop, alternative rock, funk, and grunge.
Bands associated with nu metal have derived influence from a variety of diverse styles, including multiple subgenres of heavy metal. Nu metal music is largely syncopated and based on guitar riffs, although guitar solos are uncommon. Many nu metal bands use seven-string guitars with a low "B" to create a heavier sound. DJs are also sometimes used for rhythmic scratching and electronic backgrounds. Nu metal vocal styles range between singing, rapping, screaming and growling.
With the release of Korn's 1996 album Life is Peachy, nu metal was beginning to rise in popularity. 1998 is generally recognized as the year nu metal broke into the mainstream. In the late 1990s, there were bands blending nu metal with other music genres (for example, industrial metal, such as Static-X and Dope). In 2002, MTV was claiming that nu metal's mainstream popularity was declining, but some bands still had commercial success. During the mid-2000s, metalcore was one of the most popular genres within the New Wave of American Heavy Metal. During this period, nu metal lost popularity and many nu metal bands experimented with other genres and sounds.
- 1 Characteristics and fashion
- 2 Predecessors and influences
- 3 History
- 4 Reception
- 5 See also
- 6 References
- 7 Further reading
- 8 External links
Characteristics and fashion
|Problems playing these files? See media help.|
Bands associated with nu metal have derived influence from a variety of diverse styles, including electronic music, funk, grunge, gothic rock, hardcore punk, hip hop, new wave music, industrial metal, jazz, post-punk, symphonic rock and synthpop. Nu metal also derives influences from multiple subgenres of heavy metal including rap metal, funk metal, alternative metal and thrash metal.
Nu metal music is largely syncopated and based on guitar riffs. Mid-song bridges and a general lack of guitar solos contrasts it with other genres of heavy metal, in which guitar solos play a major role. According to Kory Grow of Revolver magazine, "...[i]n its efforts to tune down and simplify riffs, nu-metal effectively drove a stake through the heart of the guitar solo." Another contrast with other metal genres is its emphasis on rhythm, rather than complexity or mood, tending towards groove metal in rhythm. Nu metal riffs sometimes tend to be sort of similar to death metal riffs and sometimes uses staccato similar to the riffs of the death metal genre. Nu metal bassists and drummers are often influenced by funk and hip hop break beats, respectively, helping add to the rhythmic nature of the genre. Blast beats, which are common in heavy metal subgenres such as black metal and death metal, are extremely rare in nu metal. Similarities with many heavy metal subgenres include its use of common time, distorted guitars, power chords and note structures primarily revolving around Dorian, Aeolian or Phrygian modes.
Many nu metal bands use often seven-string guitars (which are generally downtuned) and rarely eight-string guitars (Deftones) over traditional six-string guitars. This results in bass guitarists using five-string and six string instruments. DJs are also sometimes used for additional rhythmic instrumentation such as music sampling, turntable scratching and electronic backgrounds. Nu metal tends to have hip hop grooves and rhythms.
Nu metal is also sometimes noted for participation of women in the genre in contrast to multiple other metal genres, including bands such as Coal Chamber, Otep and the all-female band Kittie.
Nu metal vocal styles range between singing, rapping, screaming and death growling, sometimes using multiple of these styles within one song. The lyrics in nu metal often are angry or nihilistic. The lyrics of many nu metal bands often focus on topics such as pain, angst and personal alienation, similar to that of grunge. However, some nu metal music has really positive lyrics or lyrics about utterly different topics. The nu metal band P.O.D. have used positive lyrics and have used lyrics about topics such as promise and hope. The nu metal song Bodies by Drowning Pool is about moshing. Wayne Swinny of the nu metal band Saliva said the band's song "Badass" was "meant to be one of those 'sports anthem kind of songs". Nu metal tends to use the pop music structure of verses, choruses and bridges, contrasting it with other metal genres such as thrash metal and death metal. Nu metal bands occasionally feature hip hop musicians as guests in their songs. Korn's song "Children of the Korn" features the rapper Ice Cube, who performed with Korn on the band's 1998 Family Values Tour. The hip hop musician Nas was featured on the band Korn's song "Play Me", which is on the band's album Take a Look in the Mirror. Limp Bizkit has made songs with multiple hip hop musicians including Method Man, Lil Wayne, Xzibit, Redman, DMX and Snoop Dogg. Linkin Park collaborated with hip hop musician Jay Z on the 2004 EP Collision Course. Nu metal musician Kid Rock has made songs with hip hop musicians Eminem and Snoop Dogg.
Trevor Baker of The Guardian wrote "Bands such as Linkin Park, Korn and even the much reviled Limp Bizkit also, incidentally, did far more to break down the artificial barriers between "urban music" and rock than any of their more critically acceptable counterparts. Their concerts also drew huge numbers of women, which is much more than you could say for any old-metal band." Nu metal fashion includes baggy pants, baggy shorts, baggy JNCO jeans, Adidas tracksuits, baseball caps, baggy shirts, sports jerseys, sports jackets, basketball singlets, basketball shorts, hoodies, cargo pants, sweatpants, dreadlocks, wallet chains, spiky hair, facial piercings, chin beards, tattoos, long hair, bald heads, goatees, frosted tips, dyed hair and bleached hair. Some nu metal bands, such as Slipknot, Mushroomhead Mudvayne, and Motograter use masks, jumpsuits, costumes, face paint, corpse paint or body paint.
Predecessors and influences
Alternative metal, funk metal, alternative rock, experimental metal, rap metal, grunge and industrial metal bands of the 1980s and 1990s including Faith No More, Mr. Bungle, Red Hot Chili Peppers, Jane's Addiction, Primus, Rage Against the Machine, Helmet, Soundgarden, Alice in Chains, Godflesh, Nine Inch Nails and Ministry have been credited with laying groundwork for the development of nu metal, such as combining aggressive riffs with pop structures and drawing influence from a variety of genres within and outside of heavy metal music.
Groove metal and thrash metal bands of the same era such as Pantera, Slayer, Sepultura, Metallica and Anthrax have also been cited as influential to nu metal. Anthrax pioneered the rap metal sound by fusing hip hop with metal on their EP I'm the Man.
|Problems playing this file? See media help.|
Hip hop musicians Dr. Dre and Ice Cube has been a big influence on the nu metal pioneers Korn. Korn guitarist Munky said that Korn were trying to emulate the samples of Dr. Dre's album The Chronic. Korn guitarists Munky and Head also said that they tried to emulate samples by Cypress Hill. Rap groups Cypress Hill, Geto Boys and N.W.A. all have been a major influence on Korn. Fred Durst of Limp Bizkit has cited the hip hop group The Fat Boys as a major influence on him. The band Tool has influenced nu metal bands such as Mudvayne, Limp Bizkit and OTEP. Traditional heavy metal bands such Iron Maiden, Judas Priest and Black Sabbath have been a major influence on the nu metal band Disturbed. Guitarists such as Angus Young, George Lynch, Brian May and Eddie Van Halen all have influenced Munky of Korn and Warren DeMartini influenced Brian Welch of Korn. Gothic rock bands such as The Sisters of Mercy, Bauhaus, Alien Sex Fiend, The Cure and Specimen all are major influences on the nu metal band Coal Chamber.
Early development and rise (early–mid 1990s)
The origins of the term are often attributed to the work of producer Ross Robinson, sometimes called "The Godfather of Nu Metal". Ross Robinson has produced for nu metal bands such as Korn, Limp Bizkit and Slipknot. Many of the first nu metal bands came from California, such as Korn, who are identified as the ones who pioneered the nu metal sound with the release of their Neidermayer's Mind demo album in 1993, and the Deftones. Other notable nu metal bands are Staind from Massachusetts, Limp Bizkit from Florida, and Slipknot from Iowa. The aggressive riffs of Korn, the rapping of Limp Bizkit, and the acoustic ballads of Staind created the sonic template for nu metal.
In 1994, Korn released their self-titled debut album, which is considered the first nu metal album. Korn only had experienced underground fame, as their debut album peaked at number 72 on the Billboard 200. Nu metal continued to achieve recognition through MTV and Ozzy Osbourne's 1995 introduction of Ozzfest, which led the media to talk of a resurgence of heavy metal. Ozzfest was integral to launching the careers of several nu metal bands, including Limp Bizkit in 1998. Sepultura incorporated elements of nu metal into their 1996 album Roots, which was inspired by Korn's self-titled debut album. The album was influential on the nu metal scene that followed in its wake. Nu metal didn't have plenty of bands playing the genre until 1997 where multiple nu metal bands like Nothingface, Coal Chamber, Limp Bizkit, Papa Roach and Sevendust all released their debut albums.
Nu metal was beginning to rise in popularity when Korn's 1996 album Life Is Peachy peaked at number 3 on the Billboard 200 and sold 106,000 copies in its first week. Life is Peachy and Korn's self-titled debut album both were certified 2x Platinum by the RIAA in November 1999. In 1997, Deftones, a band from California, released their album Around the Fur, which peaked at #29 on The Billboard 200, remained there for 17 weeks and sold 43,000 copies in its first week of release. Around the Fur as well as the band's Adrenaline album both were certified gold in the summer of 1999. The nu metal band Coal Chamber's self-titled debut peaked at #10 on Top Heatseekers chart in 1998 and also was certified Gold by the RIAA in December 1999, with an excess of 500,000 copies sold in the United States.
Mainstream popularity (late 1990s and early 2000s)
A sample of "Good God", a song from Korn's second album Life Is Peachy. This song showcases the band's earlier raw and aggressive sound which helped popularize the nu metal genre.
|Problems playing this file? See media help.|
1998 is generally recognized as the year nu metal broke into the mainstream, with Korn's third album, Follow the Leader, which peaked at number 1 on the Billboard 200, became a multi-platinum hit, and paved the way for other nu metal bands. By this point, most nu metal bands were playing a combination of heavy metal, hip hop, industrial, grunge and hardcore punk. Artists and musical groups such as Cypress Hill, Sepultura, Slayer, Vanilla Ice, Primus, Fear Factory and Machine Head released albums that drew from the nu metal genre. In Sound of the Beast: The Complete Headbanging History of Heavy Metal, Ian Christie wrote that the genre demonstrated that "pancultural metal could pay off". In 1999, Korn's fourth studio album Issues peaked at number 1 on the Billboard 200 keeping 2001 by Dr. Dre and All the Way... A Decade of Song by Céline Dion from hitting number 1. Korn's album Issues was certified 3x Platinum in one month. The album sold at least 573,000 copies in its first week of release and its song Falling Away From Me peaked at number 99 on the Billboard Hot 100. A little before the band's album Issues was released, Korn appeared on an episode of South Park, titled "Korn's Groovy Pirate Ghost Mystery", in which the first single from Issues, "Falling Away from Me", was premiered. During the late 1990s and early 2000s, multiple nu metal bands such as Korn, Limp Bizkit and P.O.D. appeared constantly on MTV's Total Request Live. Woodstock also held a 1999 festival which featured multiple nu metal artists such as Korn, Kid Rock, Godsmack, Limp Bizkit and Sevendust.
During the early 2000s, the nu metal band Incubus were very popular and made the albums Make Yourself and Morning View, which both were certified 2x Platinum by the RIAA. The nu metal band Orgy became popular in the late 1990s with albums like Candyass, which was certified platinum by the RIAA and the band had Billboard Hot 100 singles such as Blue Monday and Opticon, which both peaked at number 56 on the Billboard Hot 100. The band Godsmack's self-titled debut album was released in 1998 and was certified 4x Platinum.
In May 1999, nu metal musician Kid Rock had sales for his Devil Without a Cause album taking off with the third single "Bawitdaba" and by April 1999, where Devil Without a Cause had achieved a gold disc. The following month, Devil Without a Cause, as he predicted, went platinum. The album managed to then get certified 11x Platinum.
In 1999, Slipknot, a nu metal band from Iowa, emerged with an extremely heavy sound, releasing their debut album, which has gone on to sell over 2 million copies in the United States, with Rick Anderson of AllMusic writing "You thought Limp Bizkit was hard? They're the Osmonds. These guys are something else entirely." Limp Bizkit's second album Significant Other, released in 1999, reached number 1 on the Billboard 200, selling 643,874 copies in its first week of release. In its second week, the album sold 335,000 copies.
In 1999, the nu metal band Staind's second album Dysfunction was released. The album had the popular song Mudshovel, and has been certified 2x Platinum by the RIAA, selling 2 million copies in the United States. In 2000, Limp Bizkit's follow-up album Chocolate Starfish and the Hot Dog Flavored Water, set a record for highest week-one sales of a rock album with over one million copies sold in the U.S. in its first week of release, with 400,000 of those sales coming on its first day, making it the fastest-selling rock album ever, breaking the world record held for seven years by Pearl Jam's Vs. That same year, Papa Roach's second studio album Infest and Disturbed's debut album The Sickness both were certified platinum. Disturbed's album The Sickness was certified 4x Platinum by the RIAA and Papa Roach's album Infest was certified 3x Platinum by the RIAA. Papa Roach's song Last Resort peaked at number 57 on the Billboard Hot 100 and also peaked at number 1 on the Modern Rock Tracks chart. In 2000, the nu metal band P.O.D.'s album The Fundamental Elements of Southtown went platinum and was the 143rd best-selling album of 2000. The album's song Rock the Party (Off the Hook) peaked at number 1 on MTV's Total Request Live.
|Problems playing this file? See media help.|
Late in 2000, Linkin Park released their debut album Hybrid Theory, which remains both the best-selling debut album by any artist in the 21st century, and the best-selling nu metal album of all time. The album was also the best-selling album in all genres in 2001, offsetting sales by prominent pop acts like the Backstreet Boys and NSYNC, earning the band a Grammy Award for their second single "Crawling", with the fourth single, "In the End", released late in 2001, becoming one of the most recognized songs in the first decade of the 21st century. In 2001, Linkin Park's Hybrid Theory sold 4.8 million copies in the United States, making it the highest-selling album of the year. In 2005, Linkin Park's Hybrid Theory received a diamond certification by the RIAA for shipment of 10,000,000 copies. Hybrid Theory has sold at least 10,222,000 copies in the United States. In 2000, the band Mudvayne's debut L.D. 50 received critical acclaim .CMJ called the Mudvayne album "A vivid cross section of nu-metal styles."  In 2000, Godsmack released their second studio album Awake, which was certified 2x Platinum.
The nu metal band Crazy Town broke into the mainstream success of nu metal with their 1999 album The Gift of Game, especially with their hit single, Butterfly, which peaked at number 1 on many charts including the Billboard Hot 100 during March 2001, remaining on the Hot 100 for 23 weeks. It also peaked at number 1 on the Modern Rock Tracks chart and the Hot Dance Singles chart as well as peaking number 6 on the Rhythmic Top 40, number 2 on the Top 40 Mainstream chart and number 4 on the Top 40 Tracks chart. Their album The Gift of Game peaked at number 9 on the Billboard 200. Worldwide, the album sold more than 2.5 million units. Staind's 2001 album Break The Cycle debuted at number 1 on the Billboard 200 with first week sales of 716,003 copies. On March , the band Saliva released their second album Every Six Seconds which was certified Platinum. The album's song "Click Click Boom" was used as a theme song for WWF No Mercy and WWE No Way Out. The song "Click Click Boom" also has been used during football games. Saliva's song "Your Disease" peaked at number 7 on Billboard's Modern Rock Tracks chart and peaked at number 3 on Billboard's Mainstream Rock chart.
That same year, Slipknot released their second album Iowa, which peaked at number 3 on the Billboard 200, going on to sell over a million copies in the United States, critic John Mulvey proclaimed the album as the "absolute triumph of nu metal". The band P.O.D.'s 2001 album Satellite went triple platinum and peaked at #6 on the Billboard 200 chart. On June 5, 2001, the band Drowning Pool released a nu metal album titled Sinner, which featured the band's famous song Bodies. The album went platinum on August 23, 2001. and the album's song "Bodies" became one of the most frequently played videos on MTV for new bands. The song "Bodies" peaked at number 6 on the Billboard Mainstream Rock chart. The nu metal band Alien Ant Farm's album Anthology peaked at no. 1 on the Top Heatseekers chart and included a popular cover of the Michael Jackson song Smooth Criminal.
In 2002, MTV claimed nu metal's mainstream popularity was declining, citing the fact that Korn's long-awaited fifth album Untouchables and Papa Roach's third album Lovehatetragedy both did not sell as well as their previous releases. The fact that nu metal bands were played less frequently on radio stations and MTV began focusing other musical genres was also cited. MTV noted that the band Papa Roach's third album Lovehatetragedy has less hip hop elements than the the band's previous album Infest and noted that Saliva's Back into Your System had less hip hop elements than Saliva's previous album Every Six Seconds. MTV also noted that Crazy Town's second album Darkhorse had no hit singles and sold a lot less than the band's previous album The Gift of Game. Additionally, MTV noted Kid Rock's album Cocky had elements of the musician's album Devil Without a Cause. However, the song Forever, which had the sound of the Kid Rock's song Bawitdaba, didn't have as much popularity as Kid Rock's country song Picture. Despite what MTV said, Korn's album Untouchables did manage to be quite popular as it went platinum and one of its singles "Here to Stay" peaked at number 72 on the Billboard Hot 100, had a lot of radio play, and went at number one on MTV's Total Request Live twice. Korn's album Untouchables also managed to sell 434,000 copies in first week of release and peaked at number 2 on the Billboard 200, with Eminem's album The Eminem Show at number 1. However, Korn's album Untouchables didn't manage to sell as much as their most commercially successful album, Follow the Leader.
Despite the fact that Korn's Untouchables didn't sell as much as Follow the Leader and Issues and the fact that Papa Roach's Lovehatetragedy didn't sell as much as Infest, nu metal managed to remain extremely popular with bands such as Linkin Park, Taproot, Trapt and Evanescence. Taproot's song Poem was popular in 2002 and peaked at number 5 on the Billboard Mainstream Rock chart. Trapt's 2002 song Headstrong gave the band lots of attention and the song peaked at number 16 on the Billboard Hot 100, number 4 on the Billboard Pop Songs chart and number 1 on the Billboard Mainstream Rock Tracks chart. The band's self-titled album was certified platinum in 2003. Evanescence's debut album Fallen, was released in March 2003. Critics noted the nu metal sound of the album, whose Grammy Award-winning lead single "Bring Me to Life" was compared favorably to Linkin Park's style. By the end of 2003, Linkin Park's Meteora and Evanescence's Fallen ranked third and fourth respectively in the best-selling albums of 2003, and would go on to sell nearly 35 million copies between them as of 2012. Both bands released high-charting singles throughout 2003 to mid-2004. In 2003, Korn released a song called Did My Time and the song peaked at number 38 on the Billboard Hot 100.
Decline (mid–late 2000s)
During mid-2000s, metalcore (a fusion of extreme metal and hardcore punk) had become the most popular genre within the New Wave of American Heavy Metal. After a period of massive success of Linkin Park and Evanescence, nu metal had declined in popularity. Regarding his band's decline in popularity, Fred Durst said "Here's the deal: say in 2000, there were 35 million people who connected to this band. Twelve years later, lots of those people have moved on. We were a moment in time and it's over."
30-second sample of Shadow of the Day, the third single from Linkin Park's 2007 album Minutes to Midnight, which shows a departure from the band's nu metal sound.
|Problems playing this file? See media help.|
In the mid–late 2000s, many nu metal bands experimented with other genres and sounds. Linkin Park's third studio album Minutes to Midnight, released in 2007, was noted for its complete departure from the band's signature nu metal sound. Other nu metal bands such as Disturbed, Drowning Pool, and Slipknot moved onto a more standard heavy metal sound, while others, such as Staind and Papa Roach went for lighter sounds. The band Soulfly moved away from their nu metal roots and moved on to styles such as death metal and thrash metal. Kittie abandoned their nu metal roots and started making music that featured elements of genres such as black metal and death metal. Nu metal bands Korn and Mudvayne still managed to experience popularity during the mid-2000s. Korn had popular hits such as "Coming Undone" and "Twisted Transistor", While Korn didn't abandon the nu metal style, the band did add industrial elements and moved onto a more commercially acceptable sound, with pop producers The Matrix helping produce the band's 2005 album See You on the Other Side. Mudvayne's 2005 album Lost and Found showed a change in the band's musical style. The album's song "Happy?" peaked at number 89 on the Billboard Hot 100 and peaked at number 91 on Billboard's Pop 100. In 2005, Limp Bizkit released an album called "The Unquestionable Truth (Part 1)" without promoting and advertising the album. The album didn't have a lot of popularity and had 67 percent drop in sales during its second week of release. In 2006, Limp Bizkit went on hiatus.
Fusion with other genres and slight comeback (2010s)
Despite the lack of radio play and popularity, some nu metal bands managed to get little to somewhat high popularity as nu metal bands released albums that featured a nu metal style. Korn's 9th studio album Korn III: Remember Who You Are, sold 63,000 copies during its first week in the United States, peaking at number two on the Billboard 200. As of December 6, 2011, the album has sold at least 185,000 units in the United States. In 2011, Limp Bizkit's long-awaited sixth studio album Gold Cobra was released and sold 27,000 copies during its first week in the United States and peaking at number 16 on the Billboard 200. Also in 2011, Staind's self-titled album was a return to their heavier sound. The album debuted at number 5 on the Billboard 200, with first sales week of 47,000 copies, making the fifth consecutive top-five album for Staind.
Evanescence's self-titled album debuted at number 1 on the Billboard 200 and other United States charts and sold over 127,000 copies in the first week. On December 2, 2011, Korn released their album The Path of Totality selling 55,000 copies in its first week. The album combined nu metal with dubstep. Both Phoenix New Times and LA Weekly cited The Path of Totality as a new direction for nu metal. The album won a Revolver Golden God award for "album of the year". This has led to some talk within the media of a possible nu metal revival.
Nu metal-influenced metalcore and deathcore bands such as Emmure, Here Comes the Kraken, Suicide Silence, Of Mice & Men and Issues all either gained moderate popularity or made an underground following in the 2010s. In September 2013, My Ticket Home released an album called Strangers Only in 2013 and it moves away from their former metalcore sound and features strong elements of nu metal.
In 2014, Linkin Park released their sixth album The Hunting Party which featured the band returning to the nu metal and rap metal style, including on the album's song "Guilty All the Same". The album peaked at number three on the Billboard 200 chart behind Lana Del Rey's Ultraviolence and Sam Smith's In the Lonely Hour, with first-week sales of 110,000 copies in the United States. Their song "Until It's Gone" was nominated for the Best Rock Video category on the 2014 MTV Video Music Awards, but lost to Lorde's "Royals". MTV also held a chance for fans to meet the band as well.
The band Islander released their debut album Violence & Destruction in 2014. Critics noted the nu metal sound of the album and compared the album to the nu metal bands P.O.D. and Deftones. Slipknot released .5: The Gray Chapter in 2014, which featured a return to their nu metal roots from their earlier albums while still keeping elements of their newer material. It debuted at #1 on the Billboard 200 with 132,000 copies sold. After abandoning the rap rock style, Papa Roach released an album that features rapping called F.E.A.R.. In May 2015, then nu metal band Coal Chamber released their long-awaited album Rivals. Critics noted the nu metal sound of the album. In a 2015 review of the Coal Chamber album Rivals, 100% Rock Magazine wrote that "Coal Chamber have taken the nu metal styling of the early 2000’s and modernized the sound for the current day."
Despite having popularity, nu metal has often been criticized by fans of various other metal genres, often being labelled derogatory terms such as "mallcore" and "whinecore". Gregory Heaney of AllMusic has described the genre as "one of metal's more unfortunate pushes into the mainstream." Jonathan Davis, the frontman of the pioneering nu metal band Korn, spoke about nu metal's criticism from heavy metal fans, saying "There's a lot of closed-minded metal purists that would hate something because it's not true to metal or whatever, but Korn has never been a metal band, dude. We're not a metal band. We've always been looked at as what they called the nu-metal thing. But we've always been the black sheep and we never fitted into that kind of thing so ... We're always ever evolving, and we always piss fans off and we're gaining other fans and it is how it is."
The heavy metal band Lamb of God's vocalist Randy Blythe criticized the nu metal genre and spoke about nu metal's loss of popularity in 2004 saying "I think with the socio-political and economic climate of the States, which of course affects the rest of the world — even Canada — people are ready for angrier music. I think people are ready for something that's real, not, you know, 'I did it all for the Nookie.'" Dave Mustaine of the heavy metal band Megadeth said he'd "rather have his eyelids pulled out" than listen to nu metal. Some musicians who are influential to nu metal have tried to distance themselves from the nu metal genre and nu metal bands. Regarding his bands' influence on nu metal, Faith No More and Mr. Bungle singer Mike Patton said "I feel no responsibility for that, it's their mothers' fault, not mine." In 2002, Mike Patton panned nu metal saying "Nu-metal makes my stomach turn. Don't blame that poo poo on us, blame it on their mothers! Do you think I listen to any of that stuff at all? No, it's for 13-year-old morons! Believe me, we'll all be laughing about nu-metal in a couple of years. Heck, I'm actually laughing at it now!" Helmet member Page Hamilton has stated "It's frustrating that people write [us] off because we're affiliated with or credited with or discredited with creating nu-metal and rap metal or whatever the fuck it is, which we sound nothing like." However, Page Hamilton appeared on the song All for Nothing on Linkin Park's sixth studio album The Hunting Party. In response to reports that Fred Durst, lead singer of nu metal band Limp Bizkit is a big fan of his band, Tool's vocalist Maynard James Keenan said "If the lunch-lady in high school hits on you, you appreciate the compliment, but you’re not really gonna start dating the lunch-lady, are ya?" Although Trent Reznor of Nine Inch Nails said that he knows some Korn members and that he thinks they're cool guys, he has also criticized the nu metal genre, saying "When I'm asked what do I think of a lot of the nu-metal bands that are out there, my response is that it seems really insincere to me. 'I've had a really shitty childhood and I'm really upset and I'm really ugly and I've put a lot of make-up on and I'm harder and faster and my voice sounds more like the cookie monster's than yours does'. To me it all comes across as being comical, as being a parody of itself." While Fred Durst of Limp Bizkit has cited Rage Against the Machine as a major influence, Tim Commerford of Rage Against the Machine has open about hating Limp Bizkit's music. At the 2000 MTV Video Music Awards, Limp Bizkit won the Best Rock Video category for their song Break Stuff, beating Rage Against the Machine's Sleep Now in the Fire. When Limp Bizkit accepted their award for Best Rock Video at the 2000 MTV Video Music Awards, Rage Against the Machine's bassist Tim Commerford went on stage and climbed 20 feet up a backdrop, rocking back and forth. After the incident, Tim Commerford of Rage Against the Machine was arrested and spent a night in jail. Tim Commerford called Limp Bizkit "one of the dumbest bands in the history of music". Tim Commerford spoke about Limp Bizkit saying "I do apologize for Limp Bizkit. I really do. I feel really bad that we inspired such bullshit... They’re gone, though. That’s the beautiful thing. There’s only one left, and that’s Rage, and as far as I’m concerned, we’re the only one that matters."
As Deftones abandoned the nu metal sound often featured on their early work, the band's vocalist Chino Moreno tried to distance himself from nu metal bands such as Korn and began to criticize nu metal albums and nu metal bands, including Korn's 2002 album Untouchables saying "As Korn go on, it's the same things—bad childhoods and mean moms. It gets too old after a while. How old is Jonathan? Thirty? How long has it been since he lived with his parents?" Korn's frontman Jonathan Davis responded "Obviously, Chino hasn't listened to the words on the rest of my albums because they're nothing about my parents or my childhood. He's bitter and pissed off. I haven't talked to him because that's some straight fucked up shit that he said. When we first came out it was cool and we were homies. Then as we came up they became bitter because we were getting more attention or some shit. It's retarded how it got like that." Chino Moreno also criticized Linkin Park and Limp Bizkit saying "A big problem for me was opening for Limp Bizkit and Linkin Park, two bands that wouldn't exist if it weren't for me, straight up!".
Some nu metal musicians have tried to distance themselves from the nu metal label and have rejected the label. The band Slipknot prefer to musically distance themselves from other nu metal groups such as Limp Bizkit and Korn, describing their music as simply "metal metal" and equate their link to nu metal solely as a coincidence in their time of emergence. Jonathan Davis of the nu metal band Korn has rejected the nu metal label saying "We're not 'rap rock,' we're not 'nu-metal,' " says Jonathan Davis. "We might have invented a new genre of heavy music or rock, but I believe the term 'nu-metal' was made up for all the bands that followed us. Those guys to me are nu-metal. And we're just Korn." In 2014, Jonathan Davis spoke about the nu metal label saying
"I’ve always rejected the fact [of] us getting pigeonholed into some kind of genre that we helped create. It seems like when a band comes out and we do something new and something different, that’s all great. When a whole bunch of bands jump on the bandwagon and start copying what that one band did, then it gets called something and those bands are cheap knockoffs of what the original thing was. So, to me, that’s why I never liked the ‘nu metal’ term."
Staind's vocalist Aaron Lewis rejected the nu metal label saying, "if we get called a 'Nu Metal' band one more time, I don't even know what I'm going to do! We never fit. Like you said, even on Tormented, there was still a full spectrum. Even then, I didn't want to get pigeonholed into being just one thing. We're not an alternative band. Why are we an alternative band? That's the newest one I'm hearing. We've never been a nu metal band. We never had a DJ. We never had any sort of rap element mixed in. We never fit that bill. I don't want to say it was guilt by association because we were very happy to be associated with some of the bands in that genre." FasterLouder called nu metal "music's most hated genre" and said that nu metal's "not as bad as people think". Chino Moreno of the band Deftones rejected the nu metal label saying "We told motherfuckers not to lump us in with nu metal because when those bands go down we aren't going to be with them." Wes Borland of Limp Bizkit said he never liked the term "nu metal" in any way and said he doesn't understand how so many bands that sound nothing alike can be put into" the nu metal genre. Mike Shinoda of Linkin Park spoke about the nu metal label in an interview with NME saying "We never held the flag for nu-metal — it was associated with frat rock. Arrogant, misogynistic, and full of testosterone; we were reacting against that."
Despite the fact that multiple nu metal musicians rejected the nu metal label, the nu metal band Limp Bizkit's vocalist Fred Durst defended nu metal saying "Nu metal let people open up and it meant something to people. It really did." The nu metal band Coal Chamber's vocalist Dez Fafara also defended nu metal. He said that he's proud to be associated with nu metal and also said that nu metal bands "broke new musical ground" saying "I think 'hair metal' was cheesy. [But] I think 'nu metal' was different. I think what's beautiful about 'nu metal' is it's different. And you've got so many different influences. Look at the biggest bands on the planet right now: Slipknot, Deftones, System of a Down... I mean, I could go on endlessly with our peers that have never gone away that have still stuck to that same formula. And I think there's this generation now of not only 15-to-17-year-olds but even [people who are between] 20 and 30, why they go back to that music and listen to it, or why they would even wanna listen to a new Coal Chamber record is they know it's gonna be something different. And that's what was beautiful about that time and era and that music —there was so many different influences to that music. You know, Coal Chamber has this metal influence along with this Bauhaus and goth kind of thing with us. Then you've got Korn [who've] got kind of a rap influence with their thing." Chester Bennington of Linkin Park said that he's okay with the nu metal label saying “I think for the first time in our history, we’re actually OK with being recognized as a nu metal band, especially for what we did early in our careers, because the truth is that when we were first doing it, nobody else really was, especially in terms of the hip-hop thing.”
- Pieslak, Jonathan (2008). "Sound, text and identity in Korn's 'Hey Daddy'". Popular Music 27: 35–52. doi:10.1017/S0261143008001451.
- "Genre: Alternative Metal". AllMusic. Retrieved 22 May 2010.
By the latter half of the '90s, most new alt-metal bands were playing some combination of simplified thrash, rap, industrial, hardcore punk, and grunge. This new sound was more about grinding textures... Korn, Linkin Park, Deftones, and Limp Bizkit were the biggest stars of this new movement -- sometimes dubbed aggro-metal, nu-metal...
- Van Pelt, Doug (2004). "Static X". Rock Stars on God: 20 Artists Speak Their Mind about Faith. Relevant Media Group. p. 180. ISBN 0-9729276-9-7.
- Grierson, Tim. "Alternative Metal - What Is Alternative Metal - Alt-Metal History". About.com. The New York Times Company. Retrieved January 8, 2012.
- Tompkins, Joseph (2009). "What's the Deal with Soundtrack Albums? Metal Music and the Customized Aesthetics of Contemporary Horror". Cinema Journal 49 (1).
- "Heavy Metal Classifications: A History of Thrash Metal". Metal Descent. Retrieved 11 April 2013.
- "COAL CHAMBER's DEZ FAFARA: Nu Metal Has 'Never Left'". Blabbermouth. (July 7th, 2015)
- McIver, Joel (2002). "How is nu-metal different from old metal?". Nu-metal: The Next Generation of Rock & Punk. Omnibus Press. pp. 12–13. ISBN 0-7119-9209-6.
- Bowar, Chad. "Heavy Metal: More Metal Genres". About.com. The New York Times Company. Retrieved April 28, 2010.
Combining heavy metal riffs with hip-hop influences and rapped lyrics, this genre became very popular in the late '90s through the early 2000s and then fell from favor.
- Taylor, Sam. "America's 'nu metal' bands have the world at their feet". The Observer. (September 2nd, 2000). Retrieved on September 22nd, 2015
- "Wayne Static's Widow Tera Wray Remembers Her Late Husband". Loudwire.
- Ulibas, Joseph. "Industrial metal band Dope has hit the road with a new album on hand". AXS. (October 7th, 2014)
- Bushman, Michael (January 2, 2012). "Interview:Lamb of God". modernfix.com. Retrieved 15 January 2012.
- Iannini, Tommaso (2003). Nu Metal. Giunti. p. 12. ISBN 88-09-03051-6.
- Kahn-Harris, Keith (2007). "Introduction: From heavy metal to extreme metal". Extreme metal: music and culture on the edge. Berg Publishers. p. 1. ISBN 1-84520-399-2.
- Grow, Kory (26 February 2010). "Final Six: The Six Best/Worst Things to Come out of Nu-Metal". http://www.revolvermag.com. Revolver magazine. Retrieved 21 September 2015.
The death of the guitar solo[:] In its efforts to tune down and simplify riffs, nu-metal effectively drove a stake through the heart of the guitar solo
- Udo, Tommy (2002). Brave Nu World. Sanctuary Publishing. p. 16. ISBN 1-86074-415-X.
- "Rock File: British Christian Nu-Metal". Cross Rhythms. 23 June 2003. Retrieved 30 January 2014.
- Joel McIver (2008). The 100 Greatest Metal Guitarists. Outline Press, Limited. p. 42. ISBN 978-1-906002-20-6. Retrieved 30 January 2014.
- Carol Vernallis, Amy Herzog, John Richardson (2013). The Oxford Handbook of Sound and Image in Digital Media. Oxford University Press. p. 315. ISBN 9780199757640.
- Robinson, Greg (2008). Ozzfest. The Rosen Publishing Group. p. 10. ISBN 1-4042-1756-8.
- Brabazon, Tara (2011). Popular Music: Topics, Trends & Trajectories. SAGE. p. 162. ISBN 9781847874368. (October 3rd, 2011)
- Branded Female. Billboard. 2001-12-01. Retrieved 2012-08-27.
- "Dez Fafara Says Coal Chamber Is 'Not Even Discussing' Any Other Tours After Soundwave - Blabbermouth.net". BLABBERMOUTH.NET. Retrieved 3 November 2014.
- "Review / photos: Otep leads a female-fronted metal revival at the State Theatre in St. Petersburg | Tampa Bay Times and tbt*". Tampabay.com. 2011-06-28. Retrieved 2014-06-27.
- Kittie - Music Biography, Credits and Discography AllMusic.
- Joel, Mclver (2008). The Bloody Reign of Slayer. Omnibus Press. ISBN 1849383863.
- "Satellite - P.O.D.". Allmusic.
- "Drowning Pool, Have They Finally Hit the Floor?". Thrash Magazine. (May 27th, 2012)
- "The Ultimate Nu Metal Mixtape". Kerrang!. (November 10th, 2014)
- "Drowning Pool respond to Arizona shooting link with their song 'Bodies'". NME. IPC Media.(January 11th, 2011)
- "Wayne Swinny of Saliva". Songfacts.
- Buts, Jeroen. "5.1". The Thematical and Stylistic Evolution of Heavy Metal Lyrics and Imagery From the 70s to Present Day. p. 80. "Also, the genre combined a low tuned guitar sound and many other thrash, industrial and death metal traits within a structure which was much more traditional and akin to Pop music (e.g. intro-verse-chorus-verse-chorus-bridge-chorus-outro)."
- McLeod, Kembrew. "Korn, Ice Cube Blur Line Between Rap And Rock". MTV. (September 28th, 1998)
- Fox, Luke. "Ice Cube Neighbour With Attitude". Exclaim.ca. (June 9th, 2014)
- Moss, Corey. "Korn Land Nas For Mirror, Ask Fans To Direct New Video". MTV. (November 4th, 2003). Retrieved on September 27th, 2015
- Kaufman, Gil. "Limp Bizkit, Method Man, Redman Continue Touring". MTV. (October 5th, 1999)
- Lipshutz, Jason. "Limp Bizkit Is 'Ready To Go' with Lil Wayne On New Single". Billboard.(March 25th, 2013). Retrieved on September 25th, 2015
- "Limp Bizkit: Chocolate St*rfish and the Hot Dog Flavored Water". Robert Christgau.
- Reid, Shaheem. "DMX, Fred Durst To Record Together Again". MTV. (November 21st, 2001)
- "Limp Bizkit, Results May Vary: 1 star". The Observer. (September 21st, 2003). Retrieved on September 25th, 2015
- Long, Pat. "Jay-Z/Linkin Park: Collision Course". NME. NME. (December 11th, 2004)
- Huxley, Martin (2000). Eminem: Crossing the Line. Macmillan Publishers. p. 86. ISBN 9781429975742.
Em also contributed a raucous verse to the metallic "Fuck Off" on Kid Rock's breakthrough album Devil Without a Cause(September 19th, 2000)
- D'Angelo, Joe. "American Bad Asses Wanted For Kid Rock Video". MTV. (October 19th, 2001). Retrieved on September 25th, 2015
- Baker, Trevor (2008-02-06). "Why it's worth celebrating nu-metal's anniversary | Music". The Guardian. Retrieved 2014-06-27.
- "NU-Metal: Style’s Specific Features - Music Article". Articles3k.com. Retrieved 2013-02-26.
- Mulholland Garry (October 4, 2002). "Nu-metal gurus". The Independent (Independent Print Limited). Retrieved April 29, 2010.
- Krovatin, Chris (February 26, 2010). "Final Six:The Six Best/Worst Things to Come out of Nu-Metal". Revolver (Future US, Inc.). Retrieved April 29, 2010.
- Marmaduke, Lauren (2011-08-17). "Top 10 Nu-Metal Fashion Violations | Houston Press". Blogs.houstonpress.com. Retrieved 2014-06-27.
- "They Did It All for the Nookie: Decibel Explores the Rise and Fall of Nu-Metal". Decibel. (August 13th, 2005). Retrieved on September 15th, 2015
- "The Complete Guide to Nu-Metal Fashion". Fuse. (18 February 2015)
- "The 12 Most Underrated Nu Metal Albums". VH1. (15 September 2015). Retrieved on 18 September 2015
- "What is UR Favorite Classic Nu-Metal Band??". MetalSucks. (29 September 2010)
- "28 Nu-Metal Era Bands You Probably Forgot All About". NME.
- "What I Learned from Growing Up Nu Metal in British Suburbia". VICE.
- "JNCOS Are Coming Back". Metal Injection. (19 February 2015)
- Pell, Nicholas. "Unpopular Opinion: It's Time to Take a Fresh Look at Nu Metal". LA Weekly. (July 6th, 2015)
- "Slipknot". AllMusic.
- "Mushroomhead | Biography". Allmusic.
- "Mudvayne". Allmusic.
- Hay, Carla. "No Name's Mudvayne 'Digs' into the Billboard 200" 113 (17). pp. 17; 81. ISSN 0006-2510. (April 28th, 2001)
- Weinstein, Deena (2015). Rock'n America: A Social and Cultural History. University of Toronto Press. (January 27th, 2015)
- McIver, Joel (2002). "It's their fault...the people who made it happen". Nu-metal: The Next Generation of Rock & Punk. Omnibus Press. pp. 16–23. ISBN 0-7119-9209-6.
- Borthwick, Stuart; Moy, Ron (2004). Popular music genres: an introduction. Edinburgh University Press. p. 149. ISBN 0-7486-1745-0.
- Alternative Press (7/02, p. 98) - "... These reissues benefit from keen remastering, making it even more obvious that Primus' crunch has influenced legions of nu-metal soldiers... "
- Condran, Ed. "Nu metal pioneer Helmet returns". Courier Times. Retrieved 2012-10-17.
- Guzmn, Isaac. "ON THE RECORD / A Fine Dose of Self-Loathing". Newsday - Long Island, N.Y. Retrieved 2012-10-17.
- Prato, Greg (2006-07-18). "Monochrome - Helmet : Songs, Reviews, Credits, Awards". AllMusic. Retrieved 2013-02-26.
- "MTVNews.com: The Greatest Metal Bands of All Time." MTV. Retrieved 31 October 2012.
- "Opinion | Black Sky Thinking | Why The World Doesn't Need New Nu Metal". The Quietus. 2009-03-11. Retrieved 2012-12-30.
- Raggett, Ned. "Ministry - Psalm 69: The Way to Succeed & The Way to Suck Eggs". AllMusic. Retrieved April 20, 2013.
- Begrand, Adrien. "Sepultura: Roorback". Popmatters. Retrieved 2012-10-31.
- Wiederhorn, Jon. "'Dimebag' Darrell Abbott: A Larger-Than-Life Guitarist And Human Being - News Story". MTV. Retrieved 13 July 2010.
- Peterson, Thane (September 26, 2000). "How Corrosive Is Heavy Metal?". BusinessWeek. Retrieved January 8, 2009.
- Burgess, Aaron. "10 Nu-Metal Albums You Need to Own". Revolver. (September 9th, 2014). Retrieved on October 6th, 2015
- Weingarten, Christopher. "Korn's 1994 Debut LP: The Oral History of the Most Important Metal Record of the Last 20 Years". Rolling Stone. (December 11th, 2014)
- "Under the Influence: Korn's James "Munky" Shaffer". The Skinny. (January 6th, 2015)
- "Korn's James 'Munky' Shaffer Talks to UG Readers". Ultimate Guitar. (September 30th, 2013)
- "Fred Durst Details His Hip-Hop History, "Lil Wayne & I Bonded Over Skateboarding"". XXL. (May 29th, 2013)
- "KAOS2000 Magazine interview with Spag / Matt McDonough of MudVayne". KAOS2000. (June 2001). Retrieved on October 5th, 2015
- "Maynard Not Impressed With Durst Compliment". rockdirt.com. 2001-09-29. Retrieved 2013-02-26.
- Swick, Rob. "Otep Interview". All Access Magazine. (November 16th, 2006). Retrieved on October 4th, 2015
- Abbott, Jim. "Disturbingly consistent". Orlando Sentinel. (April 11th, 2009). Retrieved on October 4th, 2015
- Ferrante, John. "10 Questions with Head & Munky Of Korn". Guitar.com. Retrieved on October 4th, 2015
- Suehs, Bob. "Dez (Devil Driver) - Interview 2009". Rock N Roll Experience. (July 10th, 2009). Retrieved on October 5th, 2015
- "Korn Frontman Confirms Roadrunner Deal". Blabbermouth. (March 26th, 2010). Retrieved on September 21st, 2015
- "Korn – Korn (Credits)". AllMusic. Rovi Corporation. Retrieved March 20, 2013.
- Erlewine, Stephen Thomas. "Three Dollar Bill Y'all – Limp Bizkit : Songs, Reviews, Credits, Awards : AllMusic". AllMusic.
- Anderson, Rick. "Slipknot – Slipknot : Songs, Reviews, Credits, Awards : AllMusic". AllMusic.
- Birchmeier, Jason. "Iowa – Slipknot : Songs, Reviews, Credits, Awards : AllMusic". AllMusic.
- Iannini, Tommaso (2003). Nu Metal. Giunti. p. 11. ISBN 88-09-03051-6.
- McIver, Joel (2002). "How did we get to nu-metal from old metal?". Nu-metal: The Next Generation of Rock & Punk. Omnibus Press. pp. 10; 12. ISBN 0-7119-9209-6.
- Greg Prato. "Deftones - Biography - AllMusic". AllMusic. Retrieved 3 November 2014.
- Steve Huey. "Slipknot - Biography - AllMusic". AllMusic. Retrieved 3 November 2014.
- Weingarten, Christopher. "Korn's 1994 Debut LP: The Oral History of the Most Important Metal Record of the Last 20 Years". Rolling Stone. (December 11th, 2014). Retrieved on September 21st, 2015
- McIver, Joel (2002). Nu-metal: The Next Generation of Rock & Punk. Omnibus Press. p. 23. ISBN 0-7119-9209-6.
- "Korn – Chart History: Billboard 200". Billboard. Prometheus Global Media. Retrieved January 26, 2013.
- Christie, p. 324
- Christie, p. 326
- Begrand, Adrien. "Sepultura: Roorback". Popmatters.
- DiVita, Joe. "Soulfly and Sevendust Confirmed for the 2013 Gathering of the Juggalos". Loudwire. (July 15th, 2013). Retrieved on September 28th, 2015
- Dimery 2006 pg 782, "Drawing on Brazilian Latin and tribal music, nu-metal, and Sepultura's own thrash/death style, the results were unique,"
- Arnopp 2002, pp. 6–7.
- "10 Nu-Metal Albums You Needs to Own". Revolver. (September 9th, 2014). Retrieved on September 21st, 2015
- SEPULTURA - Roots Roadrunner Records
- "Pacifier - Nothingface". Allmusic.
- Steve Huey. "Coal Chamber - Coal Chamber - Songs, Reviews, Credits, Awards - AllMusic". AllMusic. Retrieved 3 November 2014.
- Stephen Thomas Erlewine. "Three Dollar Bill Y'All - Limp Bizkit - Songs, Reviews, Credits, Awards - AllMusic". AllMusic. Retrieved 3 November 2014.
- Jason D. Taylor. "Old Friends from Young Years - Papa Roach - Songs, Reviews, Credits, Awards - AllMusic". AllMusic. Retrieved 3 November 2014.
- Alex Henderson. "Sevendust - Sevendust - Songs, Reviews, Credits, Awards - AllMusic". AllMusic. Retrieved 3 November 2014.
- Small 1998 p. 30
- Arvizu 2009 p. 79
- "RIAA Gold and Platinum Data". RIAA. Retrieved on September 15th, 2015
- Glover, Adrian Gregory. Deftones: Running on Pure Passion, Circus, May 1998.
- "The Billboard 200 – Around the Fur". Billboard.com. June 13, 1998. Archived from the original on January 10, 2008. Retrieved December 17, 2007.
- "RIAA Gold and Platinum searchable database". Search for artist "Deftones". RIAA. Retrieved September 1, 2007.
- "Coal Chamber - Coal Chamber | Awards". Allmusic.
- Martelli, Mark. "Muggs: Dust". Pitchfork Media. (March 24th, 2003)
- Thoroddsen, Arnar (2006). "Roots". In Dimery, Robert. 1001 Albums You Must Hear Before You Die. Quintet Publishing Limited. p. 782. ISBN 0-7893-1371-5.
- "Baltimore City Paper: Nothingface / An Audio Guide to Everyday Atrocity | Record Review". .citypaper.com. Retrieved 2014-06-27.
- Begrand, Adrien (2004-01-23). "The Devil in Music". PopMatters. Retrieved 2007-05-29.
- Vontz, Andrew. "Ice capades". Salon.com. Retrieved 2007-11-10.
- Schultz, Christopher. "Primus, 'Green Naugahyde'". Spin. Retrieved 2012-10-23.
- Uley, Jeremy. "CD Review: PRIMUS Green Naugahyde". Metal Injection. Retrieved 2012-10-23.
- "Machine Head – Where to Start with – Kerrang". Kerrang!. Retrieved 16 May 2010.
- Christie, Ian (2003). "Virtual Ozzy & Metal's Digital Rebound". Sound of the Beast: The Complete Headbanging History of Heavy Metal. HarperCollins. p. 327; 329. ISBN 0-380-81127-8.
- Mancini, Robert (November 24, 1999). "Korn Tops Dre, Celine, Will Smith on Album Chart". MTV News. Viacom Media Networks. Retrieved October 3, 2007.
- "Korn | Awards". Allmusic.
- Basham, David (October 11, 1999). "Korn To Premiere New Track During "South Park" Special". MTV News. Viacom Media Networks. Retrieved October 3, 2007. (October 11th, 1999). Retrieved on September 29th, 2015
- Mancini, Robert. "Korn Headed to The Apollo to Unveil 'Issues'". MTV News. Viacom Media Networks. (November 5th, 1999). Retrieved on September 29th, 2015
- "The TRL Archive - Hall of Fame". ATRL. Retrieved on September 29th, 2015
- "P.O.D.'s mixture of rock and faith propel band to platinum success". Online Athens. (February 2nd, 2002). Retrieved on September 29th, 2015
- "The TRL Archive - Recap: September 2001". ATRL.
- "Korn". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 3 November 2014.
- "Korn Guitarist Munky Reflects on Kicking Boy Bands to the Curb on ‘TRL’ Loudwire : 1 February 2012". Loudwire. Retrieved 3 November 2014.
- "The TRL Archive - Recap: August 1999". ATRL.
- Gil Kaufman (23 July 2014). "Check Out This Report From The Woodstock '99 Riot". MTV. Retrieved 6 September 2014.
- Teri Vanhorn (29 July 1999). "Creed, Oleander, Sevendust Blame Riot On Woodstock’s Crowded, Poor Conditions". MTV. Retrieved 6 September 2014.
- "Godsmack Bio". MTV.
- Udo, Tommy (2002). Brave Nu World. Sanctuary Publishing. pp. 169–172, 243. ISBN 1-86074-415-X.
- Soghomonian, Talia. "Incubus: Paris Le Bataclan". NME. Retrieved 2010-04-04.
- Simpson, Dave (2002-04-26). "Incubus, Manchester Apollo". London: The Guardian. Retrieved 2010-04-04.
- "Incubus Biography". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on 2008-06-20. Retrieved April 8, 2010.
- Van Nostrand, David (March 20, 2008). "Sole survivors of the Nu Metal apocalypse descend on Maui". Maui Time Weekly.
- "Orgy – Chart History: Hot 100". Billboard. Prometheus Global Media. Retrieved January 30, 2013.
- "American album certifications – Godsmack – Godsmack". Recording Industry Association of America. If necessary, click Advanced, then click Format, then select Album, then click SEARCH
- "RIAA Certifications for albums by Kid Rock: Gold and Platinum". RIAA.com. Recording Industry Association of America. Retrieved July 22, 2008.
- Gold and Platinum database Recording Industry Association of America.
- "Slipknot - Slipknot". Allmusic.
- Devenish, Colin (2000). Limp Bizkit. St. Martin's. pp. 95–113. ISBN 0-312-26349-X.
- Billboard.com - Artist Chart History - Staind
- Reese, Lori (October 24, 2000). "Bizkit in Gravy | Music". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved July 29, 2010.
- B. Reesman, "Sustaining the success", Billboard, June 23, 2001, 113 (25), p. 25.
- "RIAA Database Search Results for Disturbed". Recording Industry Association of America.
- "American certifications – Papa Roach". Recording Industry Association of America.
- "Papa Roach | Awards". Allmusic.
- "The Fundamental Elements of Southtown - P.O.D. : Awards". Allmusic.
- "Billboard 200 Albums - 2000 Year End Charts: 141 - 160 | Billboard".
- Stagg, David. "The Ghost Inside with POD". HM Magazine. (April 3rd, 2014). Retrieved on September 29th, 2015
- "Linkin Park - Hybrid Theory (staff review)". Sputnikmusic. 2006-09-02. Retrieved 2012-08-27.
- Sanneh, Kelefa (March 31, 2002). "MUSIC; New Ideas From the Top of the Charts". New York Times.
- "Complete List Of Grammy Nominees". CBS News. 2009-02-11. Retrieved 2012-08-27.
-  Archived October 18, 2014 at the Wayback Machine
-  Archived February 27, 2009 at the Wayback Machine
- Sanneh, Kelefa (2002-03-31). "MUSIC; New Ideas From the Top of the Charts". The New York Times.
- "Hybrid Theory tops best-sellers of 2001". MTV.com.
- "Gold and Platinum: Diamond Certified Albums". RIAA. Retrieved on September 27th, 2015
- Grein, Paul. "USA: Top 20 New Acts Since 2000". Yahoo! Music. (June 23rd, 2014) Retrieved on September 27th, 2015
- 12/00, p. 70
- "Crazy Town - Chart History". Billboard.
- "Crazy Town | New Music And Songs". MTV.
- "The Gift of Game - Crazy Town | Awards". AllMusic.
- "Melodic Net - Crazytown - Darkhorse". Melodic.net.
- Andrew Dansby (2001-05-30). "Staind Break in at No. One | Music News". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 2014-06-27.
- "American certifications – Saliva". Recording Industry Association of America.
- "Saliva goes Extreme". WWE. (February 27th, 2008)
- Aitken, Robert. "CvC 2.0: Saliva Is the Best WWE Band Ever". Bleacher Report. (June 28th, 2011)
- "Saliva | Awards". Allmusic.
- "Slipknot - Chart history". Billboard. Retrieved 2014-06-27.
- American album certifications - Slipknot : Iowa Recording Industry Association of America. If necessary, click Advanced, then click Format, then select Album, then click SEARCH
- Mulvey, John (August 23, 2001). "Slipknot – Iowa". Yahoo.com. Retrieved March 21, 2008.
- Jeckell, Barry A. (September 19, 2002). "Eminem, Nelly, Lavigne Notch New Platinum Marks". Billboard. Retrieved December 31, 2007.
The triple-platinum milestone was recently reached by hard rock act P.O.D.'s year-old "Satellite" (Atlantic)
- "P.O.D. Billboard Albums Chart". billboard.com.
- "American certifications – Drowning Pool". Recording Industry Association of America.
- "Drowning Pool". Tim Grierson.
- Craig Harris (2002-08-03). "Drowning Pool | Biography". AllMusic. Retrieved 2014-06-27.
- "Drowning Pool | Awards". Allmusic.
- Mesquita Borges, Maria. "ANThology – Alien Ant Farm". AllMusic. Rovi Corporation. Retrieved 28 July 2011.
- Joe D'Angelo, "Will Korn, Papa Roach and Limp Bizkit evolve or die: a look at the Nu Metal meltdown", MTV, archived from the original on 14 February 2011
- Nixon, Chris. "The face in the 'mirror'". The San Diego Union-Tribune. (September 2nd, 2004). Retrieved on September 20th, 2015
- D'Angelo, Joe. "Nu Metal Meltdown (Page 3)". MTV. Retrieved on September 28th, 2015
- "The TRL Archive - Recap: May 2002". ATRL. Retrieved on September 15th, 2015
- D'Angelo, Joe (2002-06-19). "Korn Can't Kick Eminem From Top Of Billboard Chart". MTV. Retrieved 29 April 2011. (June 19th, 2002). Retrieved on April 29th, 2011
- "Taproot | Awards". Allmusic. Retrieved on September 22nd, 2015
- "Trapt – Chart History: Hot 100". Billboard. Prometheus Global Media.
- "Trapt – Chart History: Pop Songs". Billboard. Prometheus Global Media.
- "Trapt – Chart History: Mainstream Rock Songs". Billboard. Prometheus Global Media.
- "RIAA certifications". Recording Industry Association of America.
- Loftus, Johnny (2003-03-04). "Fallen - Evanescence : Songs, Reviews, Credits, Awards". AllMusic. Retrieved 2012-08-27.
- "Evanescence - Going Under | track reviews". musicOMH.com. Retrieved 2012-08-27.
- "Beyonce Shines At Grammys". CBS News. 2009-02-18. Retrieved 2012-08-27.
- James Sullivan (2004-02-09). "Beyonce, OutKast Top Grammys | Music News". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 2012-08-27.
- "Private Tutor". Infoplease.com. 2003-10-01. Retrieved 2012-08-27.
- "Second Cup Cafe: Amy Lee Of Evanescence". CBS News. 2007-11-10. Retrieved 2012-08-27.
- "Linkin Park Headlines Live Earth Tokyo". Live Earth. Retrieved 2012-08-27.
- "Billboard Hot 100 - Week of April 10, 2004". Billboard.com. Retrieved 2012-08-27.
- "The Day Nu Metal Officially Died". Pedestrian TV. 2012-08-17. Retrieved 2014-06-27.
- "Linkin Park - Minutes To Midnight - IGN". Music.ign.com. 2007-05-15. Retrieved 2012-08-27.
- Tyrangiel, Josh (September 20, 2002). "Music Review Believe (2002) Disturbed". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved April 27, 2010. (September 20th, 2002). Retrieved on October 1st, 2015
- James Christopher Monger. "Indestructible - Disturbed". Allmusic. Retrieved on October 1st, 2015
- "Slipknot – All Hope Is Gone Review - IGN". Au.music.ign.com. 2008-08-26. Retrieved 2014-06-27.
- Grierson, Tim. "Staind - Career Biography and Discography". About.com. Retrieved on September 28th, 2015
- "Papa Roach | Music Biography, Credits and Discography". AllMusic. Retrieved 2014-06-27.
- DiVita, Joe. "Soulfly and Sevendust Confirmed for the 2013 Gathering of the Juggalos". Loudwire. (July 15th, 2013)
- Hinch, Matt. "Soulfly - Archangel Review". About.com. Retrieved on September 27th, 2015
- Heaney, Gregory. "Omen - Soulfly". Allmusic.
- "Kittie - "In The Black" CD Review". Metal Underground. (August 18th, 2009). Retrieved on September 27th, 2015
- "Reviewed: Lohan gets raw, Eminem gets nostalgic and Korn gets over losing a band member to Jesus". Salon.com. Retrieved 3 November 2014.
- Begrand, Adrien (2005-07-14). "Mudvayne: Lost and Found". PopMatters. Retrieved 2012-04-17.
- Artist Chart History - Mudvayne - Singles. Billboard.com. Accessed: September 19th, 2005
- Harris, Chris. "Music Ruined Wes Borland's Life, So He's Formed A New Band". VH1. (November 18th, 2005). Retrieved on September 19th, 2005
- Harris, Chris. "Bye Bye Bizkit? Wes Borland Says Limp Are Pretty Much Done". MTV. (March 17th, 2006). Retrieved on September 19th, 2015
- "Limp Bizkit: What Happened?". MTV.
- "Limp Bizkit: What Happened? (Part 2)". MTV.
- "Eminem's 'Recovery' Tops Billboard 200 for a Fourth Week". Billboard.com. 2009-09-14. Retrieved 2012-01-16.
- David Peisner (2011-12-09). "Korn and Dubstep, Not-So-Unlikely Marriage". The New York Times. Retrieved 2012-01-16.
- "Limp Bizkit - Charts & Awards". Allmusic. Retrieved 14 December 2011.
- "LIMP BIZKIT Parts Ways With INTERSCOPE". blabbermouth.net. December 1, 2011. Retrieved 30 December 2011.
- Grischow, Chad. "Staind: Staind Review". IGN. (September 13th, 2011). Retrieved on September 27th, 2015
- Caulfield, Keith. "Lady Antebellum 'Own' the Billboard 200 with Second No. 1 Album". billboard.com. January 16, 2012.
- Keith Caulfield (19 October 2011). "Evanescence Nets Second No. 1 Album on Billboard 200 Chart". Billboard. Retrieved 4 September 2014.
- Stephen Thomas Erlewine. "The Path of Totality - Korn". Allmusic.
- "Korn's 'The Path of Totality' Cracks U.S. Top 10". Blabbermouth. (December 14th, 2011). Retrieved on September 29th, 2015
- Lyford, Josh. "Korn Back to tear up Worcester". Worcester Magazine. (September 26th, 2013). Retrieved on September 29th, 2015
- Wise, Lauren. "Is Dubstep the New Nu-Metal?". Phoenix New Times. (June 18th, 2012). Retrieved on September 29th, 2015
- Lecaro, Lina. "Wait, Now Korn Invented Dubstep?! Here Are Five Other Nu-Metal Who Could Also Make Dubstep Comebacks". LA Weekly. (December 6th, 2011). Retrieved on September 29th, 2015
- "Korn Win 'Album of the Year' at 2012 Revolver Golden Gods Awards". Loudwire. Retrieved 3 November 2014.
-  Archived August 6, 2013 at the Wayback Machine
- "Fred Durst". Billboard. Retrieved 3 November 2014.
- "Of Mice & Men - Restoring Force (Album review)". Crypticrock.com.
- "Of Mice & Men - Restoring Force (2014)". Megusta Reviews.
- "REVIEW: OF MICE & MEN - RESTORING FORCE". The Monolith.
- "Guest Insider: Mike Gitter Reviews Emmure’s ‘Felony’". Metal Insider. 2009-09-10. Retrieved 2014-06-27.
- "Emmure - Slave to the Game Review". DecoyMusic.com. Retrieved 2014-06-27.
- "Is Nu-Dethcore The Next Big Thing???? #Bouncewitme". MetalSucks. Retrieved 2014-06-27.
- "Interviews: Suicide Silence - Alex Lopez". Live-Metal.Net. Retrieved 2014-06-27.
- "ISSUES: The Band That (Finally) Gets Nu-Metal Right". MetalSucks. Retrieved 2014-06-27.
- "Are ISSUES Ushering In A New Wave of Nü-Metal?". Metal Injection. Retrieved 2014-06-27.
- "ALBUM: My Ticket Home - Strangers Only". DEAD PRESS!. (September 3rd, 2013). Retrieved on September 26th, 2015
- "Linkin Park Drop Surprise New Single ‘Guilty All The Same’". Music Feeds. March 6, 2014. Retrieved September 3, 2014.
- "Linkin Park Release New Song ‘Guilty All The Same’ (Hear It Inside!)". Metal Hammer. March 6, 2013. Retrieved September 3, 2013.
- "Lana Del Rey Lands First No. 1 Album On Billboard 200". Billboard. 2014-06-25. Retrieved 2014-06-25.
- "Linkin Park + Black Keys, Jack White + More Earn 2014 Video Music Awards Nominations : Loudwire". Loudwire. Retrieved 3 November 2014.
- Craig Flaster (24 August 2014). "Lorde Becomes First Female Artist To Win Best Rock Video VMA". MTV.
- "Wanna Meet Linkin Park? Enter To Win MTV’S Ultimate Fan Experience : MTV". MTV News. Retrieved 3 November 2014.
- O'Connor, Sarah (August 2014). "Islander – Violence & Destruction". Rock Sound (Freeway Press Inc.) (189): 84. ISSN 1465-0185. (Retrieved on September 26th, 2015)
- Bowar, Chad. "New Heavy Metal Album Reviews: Week of July 8, 2014". About.com.
- "Violence & Destruction - Islander". Allmusic. (Retrieved on September 26th, 2015)
- Mesecher, Andy. "Album Review: Islander – Violence & Destruction".
- Weaver, Michael. "Islander, "Violence & Destruction" Review". =Jesus Freak Hideout. (July 8th, 2014). Retrieved on September 26th, 2015
- "SLIPKNOT Frontman Says New Material Is "Really Dark," Will Be A Mix of Iowa & Vol. 3". Metal Injection. Retrieved 9 August 2015.
- "Slipknot Scores Second No. 1 Album on Billboard 200 Chart". Billboard. (October 29th, 2014)
- "Papa Roach Embraces 'Rap Rock' Roots On New Album - Blabbermouth.net". BLABBERMOUTH.NET. Retrieved 9 August 2015.
- "CD Reviews - Rivals Coal Coal Chamber". Blabbermouth. Retrieved on October 1st, 2015
- "Album Review: Coal Chamber — "Rivals"". New Noise Magazine. (May 27th, 2015). Retrieved on October 1st, 2015
- "Coal Chamber - Rivals". Theprp.com. May 19th, 2015
- "CD REVIEW: Coal Chamber — Rivals". 100% ROCK MAGAZINE. (July 2nd, 2015). Retrieved on October 1st, 2015
- Heaney, Gregory. "Deftones - Koi No Yokan". AllMusic. Retrieved April 29, 2013.
- "Korn's Jonathan Davis: 'We're Not a Metal Band'". Loudwire. Retrieved December 8, 2012.
- "Lamb Of God Singer: 'People Are Ready For Angrier Music'". Blabbermouth. (September 9th, 2004). Retrieved on September 26th, 2015
- Swan, David. "Dave Mustaine In The Firing Line: "So many people misinterpret what I say"". FasterLouder. (January 23rd, 2014). Retrieved on September 26th, 2015
- Weatherford, Mike (15 October 1999). "Mr. Bungle serving up pop music from Mars". The Las Vegas Review-Journal. p. 32J.
- Patterson, Dayal. "Why The World Doesn't Need New Nu Metal". The Quietus. (March 11th, 2009). Retrieved on September 29th, 2015
- "HELMET Mainman: We're Better Than 99.9% Of The Other Bands Out There, Rock Or Any Other Genre". Blabbermouth. 11 June 2011. Retrieved 2015-10-01.
- Partridge, Kenneth. "Linkin Park's 'The Hunting Party': Track-by-Track Review". Billboard.com. (June 18th, 2014). Retrieved on October 1st, 2015
- "TRENT REZNOR - A CONVERSATION WITH KURT LODER". MTV. Retrieved on 18 September 2015
- "TRENT REZNOR Slams "Nu-Metal"!". Blabbermouth.Net. 29 January 2002. Retrieved 2013-03-08.
- Carley, Brennan. "Rage Against the Machine's Tim Commerford Apologizes for Inspiring Limp Bizkit". SPIN. (September 29th, 2015). Retrieved on October 1st, 2015
- Newman Jason, Spanos Brittany. "Rage Against the Machine: 'I Apologize for Limp Bizkit'". Rolling Stone. (September 29th, 2015). Retrieved on October 1st, 2015
- Mancini, Rob. "Rage Bassist Crashes Limp Bizkit's VMA Party". MTV. (September 7th, 2000). Retrieved on October 1st, 2015
- Bowar, Chad. "Tim Commerford Recalls Outrageous MTV VMA Protest". Loudwire. (February 11th, 2015). Retrieved on October 1st, 2015
- "Deftones Singer Slams Linkin Park, Limp Bizkit, Metallica And Korn". Blabbermouth. (May 29th, 2003)
- "Korn's Jonathan Davis: 'Chino Moreno Is Bitter And Pissed Off' - June 24, 2003". Blabbermouth. 24 June 2003. Retrieved 11 April 2013.
- Porter, Dick (2003). Rapcore: The Nu-Metal Rap Fusion. London: Plexus. p. 117. ISBN 0-85965-321-8.
- "KORN To Perform Entire Debut Album To Celebrate 20th Anniversary". Blabbermouth. (September 21st, 2014). Retrieved on September 20th, 2015
- Florino, Rick. "Interview: Staind (Aaron Lewis)". Artistdirect. (August 26th, 2008). Retrieved on September 20th, 2015
- Macgregor, Jody. "9 things about nu metal that didn't suck". FasterLouder. (February 22nd, 2015). Retrieved on September 20th, 2015
- "Deftones [interview]". Kerrang!. May 2003.
- "Wes Borland: I Hate The Term "Nu Metal"". Blabbermouth. (May 9th, 2002)
- "Linkin Park's Mike Shinoda Says Band Never Identified With 'Nu Metal'". Blabbermouth. (September 10th, 2015). Retrieved on October 4th, 2015
- Sharp, Tyler. "Linkin Park "never held the flag for nu-metal," says Mike Shinoda". Alternative Press. (September 9th, 2015). Retrieved on October 4th, 2015
- "Limp Bizkit:Fred Durst Believes On A Nu Metal Revival". Newmetal4u. (June 23rd, 2014)
- "Coal Chamber's Dez Fafara Says 'Nu Metal' Bands Broke New Musical Ground". Blabbermouth. (April 19th, 2015)
- Childers, Chad. "Linkin Park’s Chester Bennington ‘OK’ With Nu Metal Label". Loudwire. (August 19th, 2012). Retrieved on October 4th, 2015
- Kitts, Tolinski, Jeff, Brad (2002). Guitar World Presents Nu-metal. Hal Leonard Corporation. ISBN 0634032879.
- McIver, Joel (2002). Nu-metal: The Next Generation of Rock & Punk. Omnibus Press. ISBN 0-7119-9209-6.
- Porter, Dick (2003). Rapcore: The Nu-Metal Rap Fusion. Plexus Publishing. ISBN 0859653218.
- Udo, Tommy (2002). Brave Nu World. Sanctuary Publishing. ISBN 1-86074-415-X.