Nu metal: Difference between revisions

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| stylistic_origins = [[Alternative metal]],<ref>[{{Allmusic|class=explore|id=style/d2697|pure_url=yes}} This new sound was more about grinding .... Korn, Marilyn Manson, and Limp Bizkit were the biggest stars of this new movement]</ref> [[rap metal]],<ref name="McIver-12"/> [[grunge]],<ref name="McIver-12"/> [[funk metal]],<ref name="McIver-12"/> [[Heavy metal music|heavy metal]], [[rap]]<ref>{{cite web | url=http://heavymetal.about.com/od/heavymetal101/a/101_history_2.htm | author=Bowar, Chad | title=Heavy Metal: More Metal Genres | work=[[About.com]] | publisher=[[The New York Times Company]] | accessdate=April 28, 2010}}</ref>
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| stylistic_origins = BALLS
 
| cultural_origins = Early 1990s, [[United States]]
 
| cultural_origins = Early 1990s, [[United States]]
 
| instruments = [[Guitar]], [[Bass guitar|bass]], [[singing|vocals]], [[Drum kit|drums]], [[sampler (musical instrument)|samplers]], [[turntablism|turntables]], [[rapping]], [[screaming (music)|screaming]]
 
| instruments = [[Guitar]], [[Bass guitar|bass]], [[singing|vocals]], [[Drum kit|drums]], [[sampler (musical instrument)|samplers]], [[turntablism|turntables]], [[rapping]], [[screaming (music)|screaming]]

Revision as of 00:16, 14 February 2011

Nu metal (also known as nü-metal,[1] aggro-metal[2][3] or neo-metal[4]) is a subgenre[5] of heavy metal.[1][6][7][8] It is a fusion genre[7] which combines elements of heavy metal with other genres, including grunge and rap. The genre gained mainstream success in the late 1990s and early 2000s.

Characteristics

Bands associated with nu metal derive influence from a variety of diverse styles, including electronica/electronic music, funk, glam rock, gothic rock, grunge, hardcore punk, hip hop, industrial rock, jazz, post punk and synthpop.[9][2][7][10][11] Also, nu metal derives influence from multiple subgenres of heavy metal including rap metal, funk metal and thrash metal.[9][2][7]

Nu metal music is mostly syncopated and based on riffs.[1] Its lack of guitar solos and virtuosity contrasts it with other metal subgenres.[1] Another way in which nu metal is contrasted with other metal subgenres is its emphasis on rhythm.[7] Similarities with other heavy metal subgenres include its use of common time, distorted guitars, power chords and note structures primarily revolving around Dorian, Aeolian or Phrygian modes.[1]

Some nu metal bands use seven-string guitars over traditional six-string guitars.[9] 7-string guitars, which are sometimes downtuned[8] to increase heaviness, resulted in bass guitarists using five-string and six-string instruments.[9]

Some nu metal bands feature a DJ for additional rhythmic instrumentation (such as music sampling, scratching and electronic backgrounds).[9]

The vocals of many bands may range from melodic singing to rapping to screaming to death growling or in some cases have all of these styles in a single song but it can range from song to song. The lyrics of many nu metal bands focus on pain and personal alienation rather than the themes of other metal subgenres.[9][11] In many cases this is a trait from grunge bands and is sometimes seen as a disadvantage of the genre; Q Magazine argues that many of "(its) leading lights (focused on) abandonment issues they should have left behind on their first day of big school".

Nu metal fashion can include baggy shorts, body piercings and tattoos.[12][13]

History

In Nu-metal: The Next Generation of Rock & Punk, Joel McIver cites the bands Faith No More, Tool, Red Hot Chili Peppers, Beastie Boys, Nirvana and Jane's Addiction as setting up various musical characteristics which are prominent in the genre.[14] In Popular music genres: an introduction, Stuart Borthwick and Ron Moy identify Rage Against the Machine as an influence on nu metal.[15]

The origin of "nu metal" is often adjudicated to the work of producer Ross Robinson,[14] who worked with acts such as Korn, Limp Bizkit, producing their first albums and helping create the sound that defined them. He has even been called "The Godfather of Nu Metal".

Korn is often acknowledged as a reference for the nu-metal style of music. They released their first self-titled album in 1994,[16] but they did not gain mainstream popularity until years later. The most "pure" form of nu-metal is considered to be the one contained in their second studio album, Life is Peachy. However, Korn has repeatedly stated that they do not agree with the label "nu-metal", saying they considered the term "dumb".

Many of the first nu metal bands came from California.[17]

Nu metal gained mainstream success through MTV and Ozzy Osbourne's 1995 introduction of Ozzfest, which led the media to talk of a resurgence of heavy metal.[18] Also, the 30th anniversary of Woodstock (Woodstock 99) featured nu metal bands, notably Korn and Limp Bizkit.[19] The Family Values Tour is the most widely recognized tour meant mainly for nu-metal bands.

Established artists such as Sepultura,[20] Slayer,[21] Vanilla Ice,[22] and Machine Head[23] released albums which critics felt drew from the style. In Sound of the Beast: The Complete Headbanging History of Heavy Metal, Ian Christie wrote that the genre demonstrated that "pancultural metal could pay off."[24] However, some fans of traditional heavy metal did not fully embrace the style.[24]

Decline in mainstream popularity

Nu metal album sales declined and rotation of nu metal artists on rock radio began to diminish in the early 2000's. Several factors contributed to this, including over saturation of the market, and a stigma associated with the genre.[25]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d e Pieslak, Jonathan (2008). "Sound, text and identity in Korn’s ‘Hey Daddy’". Popular Music. 27: 35–52. doi:10.1017/S0261143008001451. 
  2. ^ a b c "Genre: Alternative Metal". Allmusic. Retrieved 22 May 2010. 
  3. ^ Van Pelt, Doug (2004). "Static X". Rock Stars on God: 20 Artists Speak Their Mind about Faith. Relevant Media Group. p. 180. ISBN 0972927697. 
  4. ^ "Amen > Overview". Allmusic. Retrieved 11 February 2011.
  5. ^ Wilson, Scott (2008). Great Satan's rage: American negativity and rap/metal in the age of supercapitalism. Manchester University Press. p. 119. ISBN 0719074630, 9780719074639 Check |isbn= value: invalid character (help).  More than one of |pages= and |page= specified (help)
  6. ^ Halnon, Karen Bettez (2006). "Heavy Metal Carnival and Dis-alienation: The Politics of Grotesque Realism". Symbolic Interaction. 29 (1): 33–48. doi:10.1525/si.2006.29.1.33. 
  7. ^ a b c d e Tompkins, Joseph (2009). "What’s the Deal with Soundtrack Albums? Metal Music and the Customized Aesthetics of Contemporary Horror". Cinema Journal. 49 (1). doi:10.1353/cj.0.0155. 
  8. ^ a b Robinson, Greg (2008). Ozzfest. The Rosen Publishing Group. p. 10. ISBN 1404217568, 9781404217560 Check |isbn= value: invalid character (help).  Text "lang_fr" ignored (help); Unknown parameter |lang_de&id= ignored (help); More than one of |pages= and |page= specified (help)
  9. ^ a b c d e f McIver, Joel (2002). "How is nu-metal different from old metal?". Nu-metal: The Next Generation of Rock & Punk. Omnibus Press. pp. 12–13. ISBN 0711992096. 
  10. ^ Iannini, Tommaso (2003). Nu Metal. Giunti. p. 12. ISBN 8809030516. 
  11. ^ a b Kahn-Harris, Keith (2007). "Introduction: From heavy metal to extreme metal". Extreme metal: music and culture on the edge. Berg Publishers. p. 1. ISBN 1845203992. 
  12. ^ Mulholland Garry (October 4, 2002). "Nu-metal gurus". The Independent. Independent Print Limited. Retrieved April 29, 2010. 
  13. ^ Krovatin, Chris (February 26, 2010). "Final Six:The Six Best/Worst Things to Come out of Nu-Metal". Revolver. Future US, Inc. Retrieved April 29, 2010. 
  14. ^ a b McIver, Joel (2002). "It's their fault...the people who made it happen". Nu-metal: The Next Generation of Rock & Punk. Omnibus Press. pp. 16–23. ISBN 0711992096. 
  15. ^ Popular music genres: an introduction. Edinburgh University Press. 2004. p. 149. ISBN 0748617450, 9780748617456 Check |isbn= value: invalid character (help).  Unknown parameter |coauthors= ignored (|author= suggested) (help); More than one of |pages= and |page= specified (help)
  16. ^ McIver, Joel (2002). "How did we get to nu-metal from old metal?". Nu-metal: The Next Generation of Rock & Punk. Omnibus Press. pp. 10; 12. ISBN 0711992096. 
  17. ^ Iannini, Tommaso (2003). Nu Metal. Giunti. p. 11. ISBN 8809030516. 
  18. ^ Christie. p. 324.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  19. ^ Thomas, Stephen (1999-10-19). "((( Woodstock 1999 > Review )))". allmusic. Retrieved 2010-10-03. 
  20. ^ Thoroddsen, Arnar. "Roots". In Dimery, Robert. 1001 Albums You Must Hear Before You Die. Quintet Publishing Limited. p. 782. ISBN 0789313715.  Text "year2006 " ignored (help)
  21. ^ Begrand, Adrien (2004-01-23). "The Devil in Music". PopMatters. Retrieved 2007-05-29. 
  22. ^ Vontz, Andrew. "Ice capades". Salon.com. Retrieved 2007-11-10. 
  23. ^ "Machine Head - Where to Start with - Kerrang". Kerrang!. Retrieved 16 May 2010. 
  24. ^ a b Christie, Ian (2003). "Virtual Ozzy & Metal's Digital Rebound". Sound of the Beast: The Complete Headbanging History of Heavy Metal. HarperCollins. p. 327; 329. ISBN 0380811278. 
  25. ^ D'angelo, Joe (2003-01-24). "Nu Metal Meltdown". MTV.com. Retrieved 2007-03-28. 

External links