Nuala O'Loan, Baroness O'Loan
The Baroness O'Loan
|Member of the House of Lords|
|Assumed office |
11 September 2009
|Born||20 December 1951|
|Alma mater||King's College London|
Nuala Patricia O'Loan, Baroness O'Loan, DBE (born 20 December 1951), known between 2007 and 2009 as Dame Nuala O'Loan, is a noted public figure in Northern Ireland. She was the first Police Ombudsman from 1999 to 2007. In July 2009, it was announced that she was to be appointed to the House of Lords. Consequently, she was elevated to the peerage in September 2009. In December 2010, National University of Ireland, Maynooth appointed her as Chairman of its Governing Authority. She is a columnist with The Irish Catholic.
O'Loan was born and educated in Hertfordshire, England, one of eight siblings. She studied law at King's College London, graduating in 1973, and became a law lecturer in Northern Ireland. In 1977 she survived an IRA bombing at Ulster Polytechnic, Jordanstown, while pregnant; she lost the baby as a result.
She is married to Social Democratic and Labour Party (SDLP) councillor and former North Antrim MLA, Declan O'Loan; they have five sons. One of her sons, Damian, was badly beaten up in the Oldpark section of North Belfast. The attack, in June 2006, required him to receive hospital treatment. The motive for the attack has not yet been established. She was a voluntary marriage counsellor, working particularly to prepare young people from different religions who are getting married.
Baroness O'Loan was appointed as latest chair of the Daniel Morgan inquiry in July 2014. Following the long gap after Sir Stanley Burnton was forced to quit, Baroness O'Loan has been made the new head of a long-running series of inquiries into the murder and subsequent cover up of the ex-private investigator.
O'Loan is a qualified solicitor and was a law lecturer at the Ulster Polytechnic and University of Ulster from 1974 to 1992. She was then a Senior Lecturer holding the Jean Monnet Chair in European Law at the University of Ulster from 1992 until her appointment as Ombudsman.
She has also been:
- Chairman of the Northern Ireland Consumer Committee for Electricity
- Member of the Police Authority
- Vice-Chair of the Police Authority's Community Relation Committee;
- Member of the Northern Health and Social Services Board
- Convenor for Complaints for the Northern Health and Social Services Board
- Member of the General Consumer Council, and Convenor of the Transport and Energy Group of that Council
- Legal expert member of the European Commission's Consumers Consultative Council
- Member of the Green Economy Working Group
- Chair of the Equality and Human Rights Commission's Human Rights Enquiry
Independent custody visitor (formerly known as "lay visitor")
Career as Ombudsman
O'Loan was appointed by Her Majesty's Government to the post of Police Ombudsman designate in 1999. The Ombudsman's Office was created by the Police (Northern Ireland) Act 1998. This reform came into force some two weeks prior to the Belfast Agreement and the office's existence and practice has been the subject of continued controversy since. In August 2001, she was tasked with looking into police handling of the Omagh bombing in 1998. This attack killed 29 people (and 2 unborn children). Her report, published in December 2001, found that the Royal Ulster Constabulary had prior knowledge of some form of attack planned for that area and it questioned the leadership of Northern Ireland's then Chief Constable, Sir Ronnie Flanagan.
Responding to the report, Flanagan said he considered the report to represent neither a "fair, thorough or rigorous investigation". He said he was considering legal action on a "personal and organisational basis". An application for a High Court judicial review of the report was made by the Police Association trade union in 2002 and withdrawn in 2003.
He further added: "I consider it to be a report of an erroneous conclusion reached in advance and then a desperate attempt to find anything that might happen to fit in with that, and a determination to exclude anything which does not fit that erroneous conclusion". Flanagan said that if he believed the allegations in the report had been true "I would not only resign, I would publicly commit suicide."
O'Loan attracted both praise and criticism for her robust activity in investigating alleged abuses by officers in the Police Service of Northern Ireland (PSNI). She has also served as a trusted intermediary in controversial cases involving alleged criminal activity by Irish Republicans. This role came about because many Republicans did not yet recognise the PSNI as a legitimate and unbiased police service, and so refused to co-operate in its investigations. This role has largely disappeared as Sinn Féin have now called upon republicans to assist the PSNI.
A UK House of Commons Committee reported on the Police Ombudsman in 2005 and praised O'Loan, recommending that she be given wider powers. The same committee acknowledged that the Office was not seen as impartial by the PSNI and its officers and urged that these concerns be addressed. In December 2006, an independent survey by the Northern Ireland Statistics and Research Agency found that Protestants and Catholics are equally supportive of the Police Ombudsman. More than four out of five people questioned from both communities also believed that police officers and complainants would be treated fairly. In addition, a survey of police officers investigated by the Police Ombudsman's Office, suggests 85% believe they have been treated fairly by the office.
Former Ulster Unionist MP Ken Maginnis said, in relation to her handling of the Omagh Bomb Inquiry, that it was as though she had walked through "police interests and community interests like a suicide bomber". Former Secretary of State Peter Mandelson said she has displayed a "certain lack of experience and possibly gullibility" in relation to the same affair.
During the summer of 2006 her youngest son Ciarán, 18, was involved in an altercation with police in his home town. The PSNI announced their intention to caution him, but later reversed the decision without comment.
In October 2006 she was involved in a public row with Ian Paisley Jr. The incident happened in a Belfast coffee shop when Paisley was approached by O'Loan. She voiced her concerns on alleged comments made by Paisley about her children. Her marriage to a nationalist Social Democratic and Labour Party (SDLP) councillor has, in the past, caused Paisley to question her ability to remain independent. Upon her retirement, a farewell party was organised, to which all political parties were invited. However, no representatives from the Ulster Unionist Party, Democratic Unionist Party or Sinn Féin attended. In August 2008 O'Loan while being interviewed on BBC Radio 4's Woman's Hour caused controversy by reportedly claiming that Protestants in Northern Ireland were brought up not to trust Catholics.
In 2003, the Annual Conference of the National Association for Civilian Oversight of Law Enforcement (a US organisation) presented O'Loan with an award for her contribution to police accountability. In 2008 Dame Nuala was made Person of the Year at Ireland's Annual People of the Year Awards. On 3 July 2008, Dame Nuala was awarded an honorary Doctor of Laws (LLD) by the University of Ulster in recognition of her work as Police Ombudsman and for her contribution to the social development of Northern Ireland.
In 2008 O'Loan was awarded an honorary Doctorate of Laws by the Higher Education and Technical Awards Council, Ireland. That same year, she was also awarded an honorary Doctorate of Laws by the National University of Ireland, Maynooth. In 2010, she was awarded an honorary Doctorate of Laws by Queen's University Belfast. In 2012, she was elected a member of the Royal Irish Academy.
Operation Ballast investigation into collusion
On 22 January 2007 she published the results of Operation Ballast, an investigation into collusion between the Royal Ulster Constabulary and the Ulster Volunteer Force in relation to the murder of Raymond McCord Jr., in 1997.
Several crimes committed by informants working for Special Branch were investigated, including the killings of:
- Raymond McCord, Junior
- Peter McTasney
- Sharon McKenna
- Sean McParland
- Gary Convie
- Eamon Fox
- Gerard Brady
- John Harbinson
She was appointed Dame Commander of the Order of the British Empire (DBE) on 29 December 2007 in the 2008 New Year Honours. She, along with the other recipients of 2008 New Year's Honours, were congratulated by First Minister Ian Paisley.
Appointment to Timor-Leste
On 19 February 2008, O'Loan was appointed by the Irish Government as special envoy in Timor-Leste (East Timor). Foreign Affairs Minister Dermot Ahern announced the appointment of O'Loan during a two-day visit to the country.
On 11 September 2009, she was created a life peer as Baroness O'Loan, of Kirkinriola in the County of Antrim, and she was introduced in the House of Lords on 27 October 2009, where she sits on the Crossbenches.
National University of Ireland
Daniel Morgan inquiry
In July 2014, it was announced that Baroness O'Loan would be taking over chairing the inquiry into the 1987 murder of private eye Daniel Morgan. This followed the withdrawal of previous chair Sir Stanley Burnton.
- "Nuala O'Loan appointed to Lords". BBC News. 13 July 2009. Retrieved 15 July 2009.
- Hattenstone, Simon (11 March 2002). "In the line of fire". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 18 October 2006.
- The Telegraph article on O'Loan, 23 January 2007.
- "Assault gang 'will not be caught'". BBC News. 15 August 2006. Retrieved 7 November 2006.
- "Appointment of Baroness Nuala O'Loan of Kirkinriola, as chair of the Daniel Morgan Independent Panel - Written statements to Parliament - GOV.UK". www.gov.uk. Retrieved 23 June 2016.
- Independent Custody Visitors website; retrieved 10 January 2008; accessed 24 March 2014.
- "Omagh bomb report 'grossly unfair'" BBC News website, 12 December 2001
- "Omagh legal bid withdrawn". BBC.co.uk. BBC News. 23 January 2003. Retrieved 30 July 2008.
- BBC report on Sinn Féin/PSNI dynamic; accessed 24 March 2014.
- Equal support for PSNI Ombudsman BBC News website, 1 December 2006
- Tempest, Matthew (7 December 2001). "Reid condemns leaked Omagh report". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 23 October 2006.
- Sharrock, David (15 December 2001). "Mandelson attacks Omagh report". The Daily Telegraph. London. Retrieved 23 October 2006.
- "O'Loan's son cautioned for 'torrent of abuse to cops'". The Sunday Life. 13 August 2006. Retrieved 23 October 2006.
- "Paisley and O'Loan in public row". BBC News. 12 October 2006. Retrieved 7 November 2006.
- Sunday Life, 4 November 2007
- Controversy over O'Loan comments on BBC Radio4, August 2008; accessed 24 March 2014.
- "Dame Nuala warns of fragile peace", University of Ulster News Release, 3 July 2008
- "RIA chief highlights longer-term goals of education" by Joe Humphreys, The Irish Times, 1 June 2013; accessed 20 March 2014.
- Operation Ballast report
- "No. 58557". The London Gazette (Supplement). 29 December 2007. p. 6.
- "O'Loan made dame in honours list". BBC News. 30 December 2007. Retrieved 30 December 2007.
- O'Loan and Lynam receive awards in British honours list Irish Times, 29 December 2007
- "East Timor envoy role for O'Loan". BBC News. 20 February 2008. Retrieved 20 May 2010.
- "No. 59188". The London Gazette. 17 September 2009. p. 15973.
- House of Lords Minutes of Proceedings of Tuesday 27 October 2009. Retrieved 14 June 2012.
- "O'Loan appointed NUI Maynooth chairman". RTÉ. 15 December 2010.
- Singh, Arj (5 July 2014). "Baroness Nuala O'Loan of Kirkinriola to take inquiry into unsolved murder of private investigator Daniel Morgan". Western Daily Press. Archived from the original on 10 July 2014.
- Ombudsman website
- Report on Police Ombudsman by House of Commons Committee 2005
- BBC News report on Commons Committee accessed 29 June 2006
- Interview on the BBC Radio 4 from 2002
- BBC News on Operation Ballast investigation
- Public statement on Operation Ballast from the Police Ombudsman's website
- Official website of Baroness Nuala O'Loan
|New title|| Police Ombudsman for Northern Ireland
1999 to 2007