|Name meaning||probably meaning "a top"|
Nuba (Arabic: نوبا) is a Palestinian village located eleven kilometers north-west of Hebron.The village is in the Hebron Governorate Southern West Bank. According to the Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics, the village had a population of 4,336 in 2007.
The village is mentioned in a late 14th-century document of the Mamluk Sultanate who ruled Palestine from Cairo where three villagers are named as "ar'ru'asā ["the leaders"] in the village of Nūbā".
Nuba, like the rest of Palestine, was incorporated into the Ottoman Empire in 1516, and in the census of 1596, the village appeared in the tax registers as being in the Nahiya of Halil of the Liwa of Quds. It had a population of 82 Muslim households. The villagers paid a fixed tax rate of 25% on wheat, barley, vineyards and fruit trees, occasional revenues, goats and/or beehives; a total of 10,000 akçe.
In 1838, Edward Robinson noted Nuba as a Muslim village, between the mountains and Gaza, but subject to the government of Hebron. It was one of a cluster of villages at the foot of a mountain, together with Kharas and Beit Ula.
In 1896 the population of Nuba was estimated to be about 537 persons.
British Mandate era
In the 1922 census of Palestine conducted by the British Mandate authorities, Nuba' had a population 357, all Muslims. This had increased at the time of the 1931 census to 611 Muslims, in 140 houses.
In the 1945 statistics the population of Nuba was 760, all Muslims, who owned 22,836 dunams of land according to an official land and population survey. 403 dunams were plantations and irrigable land, 10,116 for cereals, while 33 dunams were built-up (urban) land.
The Jordanian census of 1961 found 1,075 inhabitants in Nuba.
- Palmer, 1881, p. 405
- 2007 PCBS Census Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics. p. 118.
- Singer, 1994, p. 36
- Hütteroth and Abdulfattah, 1977, p. 124
- Robinson and Smith, 1841, vol 3, Appendix 2, p. 117
- Robinson and Smith, 1841, vol 2, p. 426
- Socin, 1879, p. 158 It was noted in the district of Hebron
- Hartmann, 1883, p. 143, noted 51 houses
- Conder and Kitchener, 1883, SWP III, p. 309
- Schick, 1896, p. 123
- Barron, 1923, Table V, Sub-district of Hebron, p. 10. But see talk.
- Mills, 1932, p. 33
- Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics, 1945, p. 23
- Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 50
- Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 93
- Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 143
- Government of Jordan, Department of Statistics, 1964, p. 23
- Barron, J. B., ed. (1923). Palestine: Report and General Abstracts of the Census of 1922. Government of Palestine.
- Conder, C.R.; Kitchener, H.H. (1883). The Survey of Western Palestine: Memoirs of the Topography, Orography, Hydrography, and Archaeology. 3. London: Committee of the Palestine Exploration Fund.
- Government of Jordan, Department of Statistics (1964). First Census of Population and Housing. Volume I: Final Tables; General Characteristics of the Population (PDF).
- Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics (1945). Village Statistics, April, 1945.
- Hadawi, S. (1970). Village Statistics of 1945: A Classification of Land and Area ownership in Palestine. Palestine Liberation Organization Research Center.
- Hartmann, M. (1883). "Die Ortschaftenliste des Liwa Jerusalem in dem türkischen Staatskalender für Syrien auf das Jahr 1288 der Flucht (1871)". Zeitschrift des Deutschen Palästina-Vereins. 6: 102–149.
- Hütteroth, Wolf-Dieter; Abdulfattah, Kamal (1977). Historical Geography of Palestine, Transjordan and Southern Syria in the Late 16th Century. Erlanger Geographische Arbeiten, Sonderband 5. Erlangen, Germany: Vorstand der Fränkischen Geographischen Gesellschaft. ISBN 3-920405-41-2.
- Mills, E., ed. (1932). Census of Palestine 1931. Population of Villages, Towns and Administrative Areas. Jerusalem: Government of Palestine.
- Palmer, E.H. (1881). The Survey of Western Palestine: Arabic and English Name Lists Collected During the Survey by Lieutenants Conder and Kitchener, R. E. Transliterated and Explained by E.H. Palmer. Committee of the Palestine Exploration Fund.
- Robinson, E.; Smith, E. (1841). Biblical Researches in Palestine, Mount Sinai and Arabia Petraea: A Journal of Travels in the year 1838. 2. Boston: Crocker & Brewster.
- Robinson, E.; Smith, E. (1841). Biblical Researches in Palestine, Mount Sinai and Arabia Petraea: A Journal of Travels in the year 1838. 3. Boston: Crocker & Brewster.
- Schick, C. (1896). "Zur Einwohnerzahl des Bezirks Jerusalem". Zeitschrift des Deutschen Palästina-Vereins. 19: 120–127.
- Singer, Amy (1994). Palestinian peasants and Ottoman officials: rural administration around sixteenth-century Jerusalem (3rd, illustrated ed.). Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-47679-8.
- Socin, A. (1879). "Alphabetisches Verzeichniss von Ortschaften des Paschalik Jerusalem". Zeitschrift des Deutschen Palästina-Vereins. 2: 135–163.
- Welcome To The City of Nuba
- Nuba, Welcome to Palestine
- Survey of Western Palestine, Map 21: IAA, Wikimedia commons
- Nuba Village (Fact Sheet), Applied Research Institute–Jerusalem (ARIJ)
- Nuba Village Profile, ARIJ
- Nuba aerial photo, ARIJ
- The priorities and needs for development in Nuba village based on the community and local authorities’ assessment, ARIJ