Nuba, Hebron

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Nuba
Other transcription(s)
 • Arabic نوبا
Nuba is located in the Palestinian territories
Nuba
Nuba
Location of Nuba within Palestine
Coordinates: 31°36′26″N 35°02′12″E / 31.60722°N 35.03667°E / 31.60722; 35.03667Coordinates: 31°36′26″N 35°02′12″E / 31.60722°N 35.03667°E / 31.60722; 35.03667
Palestine grid 153/112
Governorate Hebron
Government
 • Type Municipality
Population (2007)
 • Jurisdiction 4,336
Name meaning probably meaning "a top"[1]

Nuba (Arabic: نوبا‎) is a Palestinian village located eleven kilometers north-west of Hebron.The village is in the Hebron Governorate Southern West Bank. According to the Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics, the village had a population of 4,336 in 2007.[2]

History[edit]

The village is mentioned in a late 14th-century document of the Mamluk Sultanate who ruled Palestine from Cairo where three villagers are named as "ar'ru'asā ["the leaders"] in the village of Nūbā".[3]

Ottoman era[edit]

Nuba, like the rest of Palestine, was incorporated into the Ottoman Empire in 1516, and in the census of 1596, the village appeared in the tax registers as being in the Nahiya of Halil of the Liwa of Quds. It had a population of 82 Muslim households. The villagers paid a fixed tax rate of 25% on wheat, barley, vineyards and fruit trees, occasional revenues, goats and/or beehives; a total of 10,000 akçe.[4]

In 1838, Edward Robinson noted Nuba as a Muslim village, between the mountains and Gaza, but subject to the government of Hebron.[5] It was one of a cluster of villages at the foot of a mountain, together with Kharas and Beit Ula.[6]

An Ottoman village list of about 1870 showed that Nuba had 52 houses and a population of 200, though the population count included men, only.[7][8]

In 1883, Palestine Exploration Fund's Survey of Western Palestine described Nuba as a "small village perched on a low hill, with a well about a mile to the east."[9]

In 1896 the population of Nuba was estimated to be about 537 persons.[10]

British Mandate era[edit]

In the 1922 census of Palestine conducted by the British Mandate authorities, Nuba' had a population 357, all Muslims.[11] This had increased at the time of the 1931 census to 611 Muslims, in 140 houses.[12]

In 1945, the population of Nuba was 760, all Muslims,[13] who owned 22,836 dunams of land according to an official land and population survey.[14] 403 dunams were plantations and irrigable land, 10,116 for cereals,[15] while 33 dunams were built-up (urban) land.[16]

Jordanian era[edit]

In the wake of the 1948 Arab–Israeli War, and after the 1949 Armistice Agreements, Nuba came under Jordanian rule.

The Jordanian census of 1961 found 1,075 inhabitants in Nuba.[17]

Post-1967[edit]

After the Six-Day War in 1967, Nuba has been under Israeli occupation.

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Palmer, 1881, p. 405
  2. ^ 2007 PCBS Census Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics. p. 118.
  3. ^ Singer, 1994, p. 36
  4. ^ Hütteroth and Abdulfattah, 1977, p. 124
  5. ^ Robinson and Smith, 1841, vol 3, Appendix 2, p. 117
  6. ^ Robinson and Smith, 1841, vol 2, p. 426
  7. ^ Socin, 1879, p. 158 It was noted in the district of Hebron
  8. ^ Hartmann, 1883, p. 143, noted 51 houses
  9. ^ Conder and Kitchener, 1883, SWP III, p. 309
  10. ^ Schick, 1896, p. 123
  11. ^ Barron, 1923, Table V, Sub-district of Hebron, p. 10. But see talk.
  12. ^ Mills, 1932, p. 33
  13. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics, 1945, p. 23
  14. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 50
  15. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 93
  16. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 143
  17. ^ Government of Jordan, Department of Statistics, 1964, p. 23

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]