Nubchen Sangye Yeshe

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Nubchen Sangye Yeshe
Chinese name
Traditional Chinese 努千桑傑耶喜
Simplified Chinese 努千桑杰耶喜
Tibetan name
Tibetan གནུབས་ཆེན་སངས་རྒྱས་ཡེ་ཤེས

Nubchen Sangye Yeshe (9th century) was one of the twenty-five principal students of Guru Padmasambhava, founder of the Nyingma school of Tibetan Buddhism. Nubchen Sangye Yeshe is considered an important figure in the development of the White Sangha of lay yogis (ngagpas).

Teachers[edit]

As well as his fame as one of the 25 principal disciples of Padmasambhava, Nubchen Sangye Yeshe is held in different sources to have been a direct disciple of Shri Simha, Vimalamitra, Kamalashila, Dhanadhala, Tshaktung Nagpo, Shantigarbha, Dhanasamskrita, Shakyadeva, Dhanarakshita, the Brahman Prakashalamkara, Dharmabodhi, Dharmaraja, Tsuglag Pelge, Acarya Vasudhara, Chetsenkye, Nak Jñanakumara, Sogdian Pelgi Yeshe and Gyelwei Yönten.[1]

Works[edit]

Nubchen Sangye Yeshe wrote Armor Against Darkness (Wylie: mun pa’i go cha), a major commentary on The Six Tantras Clarifying the Six Limits (Wylie: dgongs pa ’dus pa’i mdo), the central tantra of the Anuyoga tradition.

Namkhai Norbu et al. (1986: p.23) identifies Nubchen Sangye Yeshe as the author of a treatise, Samten Migdrön (Tib. bsam gtan mig sgron).[2]

Dalton (2003: unpaginated) states that:

Nubchen Sanggyé Yeshé is renowned for having preserved a number of tantric lineages through the so-called “dark period” of Tibetan history (roughly 842-978 CE), when state-supported monastic Buddhism fell into decline. Nubchen authored many works, including the Lamp for the Eye in Contemplation (bsam gtan mig sgron), an extensive discussion of early Tibetan contemplative systems. But by far his longest work is his little read Armor Against Darkness (mun pa’i go cha), a systematic commentary on the Compendium of the Intentions Sūtra. In preparing his commentary, Nubchen studied directly under Chetsenkye and the other translators of the Compendium Sūtra.[3]

Dargyay (1977, 1998: p.33) discusses the particular generation stage cycle of the 'Eight Pronouncements' (Wylie: bka'-brgyad) that Nubchen was empowered to practice by Padmasambhava and through the realisation of which Nubchen accomplished the specific emanation of this Manjushri 'yidam' (Wylie: lha), mandala of divine accoutrements and entourage and demonstrated his siddhi by deftly wielding the energetic phurba:

Sangs-rgyas-ye-śes practiced the gŚin-rje-snying-thig, the divine power (lha) of which is Mañjuśri; as a sign of successful meditation, he thrust a ceremonial dagger (phur-bu) into a rock.[4]

Lamp for the Eye in Contemplation the Samten Migdron (Tib. bSam-gtan Mig-sgron.)[edit]

Capriles (2003: p.194) in discussing the 'Lamp for the Eye in Contemplation' the Samten Migdrön discovered in 1908 at Tun-huang by Paul Pelliot states:

...this book was entombed in the ruins of Tun-huang, where it remained from the eleventh or twelfth century CE until 1908, when French Sinologist Paul Pelliot explored the cave temples that a local farmer discovered accidentally at the turn of the twentieth century. Therefore, its authenticity is beyond question.[5]

In the Samten Migdrön, Nubchen Sangye Yeshe establishes a salient distinction within the Mahayana between:

The 'suddenness' is further explicated and contextualised by Capriles (2003: p.246) who mentions Huineng:

In his sutra, Hui-neng noted that no tradition is sudden or gradual, and that these adjectives should be applied to students rather than to teachings or schools, for no doubt some students are more “sudden” than others (Wong Mou-Lam and A. F. Price, translators, 1969); however, the term is used to refer to the Ch’an or Zen School insofar as in it Awakening is not posited as the result of a gradual development through paths and levels, but as an instantaneous breakthrough.[7]

For 'instantaneous breakthrough' and 'awakening' refer kensho (Japanese) and satori (Japanese), respectively.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Capriles, Elías (2003). Buddhism and Dzogchen: The Doctrine of the Buddha and the Supreme Vehicle of Tibetan Buddhism. Part One Buddhism: A Dzogchen Outlook. Source: [1] (accessed: Saturday, August 23, 2008) p.193
  2. ^ Norbu, Namkhai (author); Simmons, Barrie (translator); Lipman, Kennard (editor) (1984 (c), 1986). Dzog Chen and Zen. Nevada City, California, USA: Blue Dolphin Publishing. ISBN 0-931892-08-2. p.23
  3. ^ Dalton, Jake (2003). 'Anuyoga Literature' in rNying ma rgyud 'bum - Master Doxographical Catalog of the THDL. Source: [2] (accessed: Sunday August 24, 2008)
  4. ^ Dargyay, Eva M. (author) & Wayman, Alex (editor)(1977, 1998). The Rise of Esoteric Buddhism in Tibet. Second revised edition, reprint.Delhi, India: Motilal Banarsidass Publishers Pvt Ltd. Buddhist Tradition Series Vol.32. ISBN 81-208-1579-3 (paper). p.33
  5. ^ Capriles, Elías (2003). Buddhism and Dzogchen: The Doctrine of the Buddha and the Supreme Vehicle of Tibetan Buddhism. Part One Buddhism: A Dzogchen Outlook. Source: [3] (accessed: Saturday, August 23, 2008) p.194
  6. ^ Capriles, Elías (2003). Buddhism and Dzogchen: The Doctrine of the Buddha and the Supreme Vehicle of Tibetan Buddhism. Part One Buddhism: A Dzogchen Outlook. Source: [4] (accessed: Saturday, August 23, 2008) p.90
  7. ^ Capriles, Elías (2003). Buddhism and Dzogchen: The Doctrine of the Buddha and the Supreme Vehicle of Tibetan Buddhism. Part One Buddhism: A Dzogchen Outlook. Source: [5] (accessed: Saturday, August 23, 2008) p.246

References[edit]

Electronic[edit]

Print[edit]

  • Norbu, Namkhai (author); Simmons, Barrie (translator); Lipman, Kennard (editor) (1984 (c), 1986). Dzog Chen and Zen. Nevada City, California, USA: Blue Dolphin Publishing. ISBN 0-931892-08-2
  • Orofino, Giacomella (translation & commentary) (1990). Sacred Tibetan Teachings on Death and Liberation: Texts from the most Ancient Traditions of Tibet. Preface by Namkhai Norbu. Bridport, Dorset, U.K.: Prism Press. ISBN 1-85327-049-0
  • Dargyay, Eva M. (author) & Wayman, Alex (editor)(1998). The Rise of Esoteric Buddhism in Tibet. Second revised edition, reprint.Delhi, India: Motilal Banarsidass Publishers Pvt Ltd. Buddhist Tradition Series Vol.32. ISBN 81-208-1579-3 (paper)

External links[edit]