Nubuwwah

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

In Islam, Nubuwwah (Arabic: نبوة‎) means "Prophethood" and denotes that God has appointed perfect Prophets and Messengers to teach humanity God's religion.[1] Nubuwwah is among the five Shi'a Roots of Religion.

Muslims believe that the prophets and messengers (Adam being the first prophet and Muhammad the last)are appointed by Allah.

Etymology[edit]

In the Quran, both words Nabi (Arabic: نبي ) and ‘’Rasul'’ (Arabic: رسول) is used to for Nubuwwah.[2] The root of Nabuwwah is ‘’Nabuwwat’’ (Arabic: نبوة ) , which means to be high, so Nabi means a high person: high in presence of Allah. This word is nominated to exalted position of prophet in presence of Allah.[3]

According to Morteza Motahhari, the word Nabi is derived from Naba’ (Arabic: نبأ), which means important news, so Nabi means a person who received news from Allah and bring to people.[2] Another word that is used to for Nabuwwah is ‘’Risalat’’ (Arabic: رسالة ) which means send. ‘’Rasul’’ is derived from this word and means person who is sent. For this reason, ‘’Rasul’’ interprets a person who is sent from Allah.[3]

There is differences between Nabi and Rasul. Sayyid Saeed Akhtar Rizvi nominated that, according to popular point of view, ‘’Rasul’’ was that prophet who brought a new religious law while those prophets who did not bring any new religious law (and followed the law of a previous 'Rasul') were called Nabi.[3]

Further reading[edit]

  • Boislivea, Anne-Sylvie, Prophethood, in Muhammad in History, Thought, and Culture: An Encyclopedia of the Prophet of God (2 vols.), Edited by C. Fitzpatrick and A. Walker, Santa Barbara, ABC-CLIO, 2014, Vol. II, pp. 493–495. ISBN 1610691776

- Prophethood in the Qur'an, in Muhammad in History, Thought, and Culture: An Encyclopedia of the Prophet of God (2 vols.), Edited by C. Fitzpatrick and A. Walker, Santa Barbara, ABC-CLIO, 2014, Vol. II, pp. 495–499. - Prophetic Character of Muhammad, in Muhammad in History, Thought, and Culture: An Encyclopedia of the Prophet of God (2 vols.), Edited by C. Fitzpatrick and A. Walker, Santa Barbara, ABC-CLIO, 2014, Vol. II, pp. 500–502.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Nubuwwah (Prophethood) al-islam.org
  2. ^ a b Motahhari, Morteza. Nabovat. CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform. ISBN 978-1511939126. 
  3. ^ a b c Akhtar Rizvi, Sayyid Sa‘eed (2014). Prophethood. CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform. ISBN 978-1502543844.