|Comune di Nocera Inferiore|
|Province / Metropolitan city||Salerno (SA)|
|Frazioni||Cicalesi, Merichi, Vescovado, Casolla, San Mauro|
|• Mayor||Manlio Torquato|
|• Total||20 km2 (8 sq mi)|
|Elevation||43 m (141 ft)|
|Population (1 December 2009)|
|• Density||2,300/km2 (5,900/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
|Patron saint||St. Priscus|
|Saint day||May 9|
In the period before the Roman supremacy in southern Italy, Nuceria Alfaterna, situated between the current Nocera Inferiore and Nocera Superiore, appears to have been the chief town in the valley of the river Sarnus, with Herculaneum, Pompeii, Stabiae and Surrentum all being dependent upon it. Nuceria minted its own money, its coins bearing the head of the river god, and developed its own alphabet called nucerino and which derived from the Etruscan language. It maintained its allegiance to Rome until 309 BC when it joined the revolted Samnites. In 308 BC it repulsed a Roman attempt to land at the mouth of the Sarnus, but in 307 BC it was besieged and surrendered. It obtained favourable terms, and remained faithful to Rome even after Cannae.
Hannibal reduced it in 216 BC by starvation, and destroyed the town. The inhabitants returned when peace was restored. Even during the Social War Nuceria remained true to Rome, though the dependent towns joined the revolt; after it they were formed into independent communities, and Nuceria received the territory of Stabiae, which had been destroyed by Sulla in 89 BC, as a compensation. In 73 BC it was plundered by Spartacus.
In the 13th century, and long after, the town had the name of Nocera de' Pagani (Nocera of the pagans) because a colony of Muslim Saracens was introduced by Frederick II. The town was described as "a genuine Muhammadan town with all its characteristic mosques and minarets." It is said that, through their darker complexion and features, the townsfolk maintain the heritage of these Muslims settlers. Notably, while the towns name was changed from Nocera de' Pagani to Nocera Inferiore, a nearby town, Nuceria Christianorum, was renamed Nocera Superiore. But in 1239 Frederick II decided to expell the Muslim population of Nocera and the city was abandoned.
A small colony of Saracens was actually introduced in the town around the 9th century.
In 1385 Pope Urban VI was besieged in the castle by Charles III of Naples.
Helena, the widow of Manfred of Sicily, was imprisoned in the Castle and died here after the battle of Benevento (1268). Here also Urban VI imprisoned the cardinals who favoured the antipope Clement VII. The castle also had as guests the writers Dante Alighieri and Boccaccio.
About three kilometers to the east, near the village of Nocera Superiore, is the circular church of Santa Maria Maggiore, dating from the 6th century. Its chief feature is its dome, ceiled with stone internally, but covered externally with a false roof. It is supported by 40 ancient columns, and in its construction resembles Santo Stefano Rotondo in Rome. The walls are covered with frescoes from the 14th century.
- Cathedral-Basilica of san Prisco and San Marco (10th century )
- Basilica of Sant'Anna (13th century)
- Basilica of Sant'Antonio (13th century)
- Church of San Matteo (10th century )
- Convent of San Giovanni in Parco (12th century )
- Church of Sant'Angelo in grotta (12th century )
- Monastery of Santa Chiara (13th century)
- Church of the Corpo di Cristo (16th century)
- Convent of Sant'Andrea (16th century)
- Sanctuary of Santa Maria dei Miracoli (16th century)
- Church of San Bartolomeo (18th century)
- Castello del Parco (10th century )
- Torre Guerritore (19th century)
- Palazzo Vescovile (16th century)
- Curia diocesana (18th century)
- Palazzo ducale (16th century)
- Caserma Bruno Tofano (18th century)
- Palazzo Lanzara (17th century)
- Palazzo del Liceo Classico (20th century)
- Villa Piccolomini d'Aragona (20th century)
- Pinacoteca del convento di Sant'Antonio
- Diocesan Museum San Prisco
- Archaeology museums dell'Agro nocerino
- Publius Sittius
- Publius Vitellius the Elder
- Publius Vitellius the Younger
- Priscus martyr
- Priscus of Nocera
- Felix and Constantia
- Antipope Laurentius
- Beatrice of Provence
- Helena Angelina Doukaina
- Charles Martel of Anjou
- San Ludovico D'Angiò, canonized on April 7, 1317 by John XXII
- Dietrich of Nieheim
- Pope Urban VI
- Raimondo Del Balzo Orsini
- Jacopo Sannazzaro, famous poet, humanist, and epigrammist
- Nunzio Ferraiuoli, famous painter
- Paolo Giovio
- Bernardino Telesio
- Orazio Solimena, famous painter
- Angelo Solimena, famous painter
- Francesco Solimena, famous painter in the Baroque era
- Carlo Cafiero
- Giuseppe Fanelli
- Warren Cuccurullo
- Domenico Rea
- Mario Cuomo, whose father Andrea came from Nocera Inferiore
- Pat Villani
- Mino Raiola, football agent
- Giammario Piscitella
- Lorenzo Prisco, footballer
- Michele Tarallo
- Simone Barone, World Cup-winning footballer
- Raffaele De Martino, footballer
- Teresa Di Loreto
- Joel Salvi
- Isabella Adinolfi
Nocera is connected with Naples, Avellino and Salerno by a branch railway.
Notes and references
- All demographics and other statistics: Italian statistical institute Istat.
- Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). The Encyclopædia britannica: a dictionary of arts, sciences, literature and general information, Volume 19 (11 ed.). The Encyclopædia Britannica Company. p. 730.
- Robert Browning (1984). The Poetical Works of Robert Browning: Volume II. Strafford, Sordello (reprint, annotated ed.). Clarendon Press. p. 300. ISBN 9780198123170.
- Walter Scott (31 Aug 2013). Douglas, David, ed. The Journal of Sir Walter Scott: Volume 2: From the Original Manuscript at Abbotsford (illustrated ed.). Cambridge University Press. pp. 470–1. ISBN 9781108064309.
In the latter village [Nocera Inferiore] the Saracens obtained a place of refuge, from which it takes the name. It is also said that the circumstance is kept in memory by the complexion and features of this second Nocera, which are peculiarly of the African caste and tincture.
- Walter Scott (31 Aug 2013). Douglas, David, ed. The Journal of Sir Walter Scott: Volume 2: From the Original Manuscript at Abbotsford (illustrated ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 470. ISBN 9781108064309.
- Abulafia, David (1988). Frederick II: A Medieval Emperor. London: Allen Lane. ISBN 0-7139-9004-X.
- Diocese of Nocera Inferiore-Sarno
- Alphabet of Nuceria
- A.S.G. Nocerina
- History of Islam in southern Italy
Media related to Nocera Inferiore at Wikimedia Commons