Nuclear art

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The Nuclear art was an artistic tendency developed by some European artists and painters, after the bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki.

Conception and origins[edit]

In 1948, the artistic movement of Eaismo, published a manifesto illustrating some aspects of the atomic age and, at the same time, criticizing the industrial use of nuclear energy.[1]

It was a movement of poetry and painting, founded by the Italian artist Voltolino Fontani, aiming to balance the role of men in a society upset by the danger of nuclear radiation.[2] The artistic group was strengthened by the poet Marcello Landi and by the literary critic Guido Favati. In 1948 Voltolino Fontani depicted the disintegration and fragmentation of an atom on canvas, by creating the artwork: Dinamica di assestamento e mancata stasi.

In 1951 the painters Enrico Baj and Sergio Dangelo created the Arte nucleare movement, criticizing and putting the repetitiveness of painting (as an artistic and commercial phenomenon) in discussion.[3] Plenty of Italian artists, in Milan and Naples, and foreigners like Yves Klein, Asger Jorn, Arman, Antonio Saura joined the movement. The main representative of the arte nucleare movement was Piero Manzoni, who in this context, for the first time in his life, put his talent in evidence.[4]

Unlike Eaismo, recommending artists to pursue painting values (and poetry),[5] the arte nucleare movement tried to promote a new form of art in which painting was marginalized.[6]

In the meantime, Spanish painter Salvador Dalì published the Mystical manifesto (1951), putting catholic mysticism and nuclear themes together. In this period Dalì created artworks like Idillio atomico (1945) and Leda Atomica (1949).


  1. ^ * G.Favati, V.Fontani, M.Landi, A.Neri, A.S.Pellegrini, Manifesto dell'Eaismo, Società Editrice Italiana, Livorno, 1948
  2. ^ * Maria Grandinetti, Punti programmatici del Movimento Eaista, in Arte Contemporanea, Roma,1949 link read on april 2011
  3. ^ * Luciano Caramel, Arte in Italia, 1945-1960, Vita e Pensiero, Milano 1994
  4. ^ link read on april 2011
  5. ^ *G.Favati, V.Fontani, M.Landi, A.Neri, A.S.Pellegrini, Manifesto dell'Eaismo, Società Editrice Italiana, Livorno, 1948
  6. ^ Arman, Baj, Bemporad, Bertini, Colonne, Chapmans, Colucci, Dangelo, De Miceli, D'Haese, Hoeboer, Hundertwasser, Klein, Koenig, Manzoni, Nando, Noiret, A. e G. Pomodoro, Restany, Saura, Sordini, Vandercam ,Verga, Manifesto contro lo stile, Milano, 1959, link read on april 2011


External links[edit]