Nuclear power in Argentina

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Nuclear power stations in Argentina (view)
Green pog.svg Active plants
Blue pog.svg Under construction

In Argentina, about 10% [1] of the electricity comes from 3 operational nuclear reactors: Embalse, a CANDU reactor, and Atucha I and II, two PHWR German designs.

In 2001, the Atucha plant was modified to burn Slightly Enriched Uranium, making it the first PHWR reactor to burn that fuel worldwide.[citation needed] Atucha was originally planned to be a complex with various reactors. Atucha 2 (similar to Atucha 1 but more powerful) began to produce energy on June 3, 2014, and it is expected to produce 745MWh[clarification needed]. Plans for Atucha III, a third reactor in the Atucha complex, have been announced.[2]

Argentina also has various research reactors,[3] and exports nuclear technology. Nucleoeléctrica of Argentina and Atomic Energy of Canada Limited are negotiating over the contracts and project delivery model for a new 740 MWe CANDU  nuclear power plant.[4]

In July 2014, Russian President Vladimir Putin signed a nuclear energy cooperation agreement with Argentine President Cristina Fernández Kirchner, during a visit to the country.[5]

In February 2015, Argentine president Cristina Kirchner and Chinese Communist Party general secretary Xi Jinping signed a cooperation agreement, and the build of a Hualong One design power station has been proposed.[6][7]

In December 2015 a new uranium enrichment plant to manufacture fuel for Argentina's nuclear plants, located in Pilcaniyeu, was inaugurated. The plant will use both gaseous diffusion and more modern laser techniques.[8]

China and Argentina had agreed a contract to build a 700 MWe CANDU 6 derived reactor. Its construction was planned to start in 2018 at Atucha,[9][10] but it was indefinitely suspended by Mauricio Macri's government due to financial issues.[11][12] The building of a 1000 MWe Hualong One plant is planned to start in 2020.[10]

Reactors[edit]

Commercial[edit]

Name Unit
No.
Reactor Status Net capacity (MW) Construction start Commercial operation Closure
Type Model
Atucha[13] 1 PHWR Siemens-KWU Operational 335 1 June 1968 24 June 1974
2 PHWR Siemens-KWU Operational 692 14 July 1981 27 June 2014
3 PWR Hualong-1 Planned[14] (1200)
Embalse[15] 1 PHWR CANDU-6 Operational 600 1 April 1974 20 January 1984 (2049)[16]
CAREM 1 PWR CAREM25 Under construction 25 8 February 2014

Research reactors[edit]

Name[17] Reactor type Status Capacity in kWt Construction start date First criticality date Closure Operator and owner
RA-0 Tank Operational 0.01 January 1954 1 January 1965 National University of Córdoba
RA-1 Enrico Fermi Tank Operational 40 April 1957 20 January 1958 National Atomic Energy Commission
RA-2 Critical assembly Decommissioned 0.03 January 1965 1 July 1966 23 September 1983a National Atomic Energy Commission
RA-3 Pool Operational 10,000 February 1963 17 May 1967 National Atomic Energy Commission
RA-4 HOMOG Operational 0.001 January 1971 1 January 1972 National University of Rosario
RA-6 Pool Operational 3,000 September 1978 23 September 1982 National Atomic Energy Commission
RA-8 Critical assembly Temporary Shutdown 0.01 January 1986 16 June 1997 2001 National Atomic Energy Commission
RA-10 Under construction 30,000 March 2016 (late 2023) National Atomic Energy Commission

Legislation[edit]

Provinces that have banned the construction of nuclear power plants are:[18]

Chaco[edit]

  • Provincial Law, Nº 3902
    • Article 1: Declare the territory of the Chaco Province nuclear-free zone.

Corrientes[edit]

  • Provincial Law, Nº 4207
    • Article 1: Prohibits throughout the territory of the Corrientes Province, installing nuclear plants.

Entre Ríos[edit]

  • Provincial Law, Nº 8785
    • Article 3: It is forbidden the installation of nuclear power plants

La Pampa[edit]

  • Provincial Constitution
    • Article 18: La Pampa is declared a nuclear-free zone, to the extent determined by a special law in order to preserve the environment. Any damage it causes to the environment will generate liability under the applicable legal regulations or as may be provided.[19]

Río Negro[edit]

  • Provincial Law, Nº 5227
    • Article 1: It is forbidden in the territory of the Province of Río Negro the installation of nuclear power generation plants.

San Luis[edit]

  • Provincial Law, Nº 5567
    • Article 1: Declare the territory of the San Luis Province a nuclear-free zone.

Santa Fe[edit]

  • Provincial Law, Nº 10753
    • Article 1: It is forbidden in the Santa Fe Province, the installation of plants and/or temporary or permanent nuclear deposits.
    • Article 3: Declare the Santa Fe Province a nuclear-free zone.

Tierra del Fuego[edit]

  • Provincial Constitution
    • Article 56: It is forbidden in the Province. 1 - Conducting tests or nuclear tests of any kind for military purposes. 2 - Generation of energy from nuclear sources. 3 - Introduction and disposal of nuclear, chemical, biological waste or any other type or nature proven to be toxic, hazardous or potentially in the future.[20]

Tucumán[edit]

  • Provincial Law, Nº 6253
    • Article 47: It is forbidden in the province: b) Generate energy from nuclear sources until the international scientific community works out an appropriate treatment for nuclear waste.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

^a Dismantled 1984-1989 after a criticality accident. Fuel removed to the United States in 2007.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Atucha 2 reaches 100% rated power". WNN. 19 February 2015.
  2. ^ "Una nueva central nuclear, 30 años después". 2011-09-29. Retrieved 2011-09-29.
  3. ^ https://inis.iaea.org/collection/NCLCollectionStore/_Public/36/018/36018102.pdf?r=1[bare URL PDF]
  4. ^ "Canada, Argentina and China to cooperate on Candu projects". World Nuclear News. 2007-09-05. Retrieved 2010-06-20.
  5. ^ "Russia moves to support Argentina through new debt crisis". Argentina News.Net. Archived from the original on 14 July 2014. Retrieved 13 July 2014.
  6. ^ "Hualong One selected for Argentina". World Nuclear News. 5 February 2015. Retrieved 9 March 2015.
  7. ^ Charlie Zhu and David Stanway (6 March 2015). "'Made in China' nuclear reactors a tough sell in global market". Reuters. Retrieved 9 March 2015.
  8. ^ "Argentina resumes uranium enrichment". Nuclear Engineering International. 2 December 2015. Retrieved 9 December 2015.
  9. ^ "Argentina-China talks on new nuclear plants". World Nuclear News. 8 May 2015. Retrieved 19 May 2017.
  10. ^ a b "Argentina and China sign contract for two reactors". World Nuclear News. 18 May 2017. Retrieved 19 May 2017.
  11. ^ "Stopping Nuclear Plant Construction 'Cancels Part of Argentina's Present and Future". www.larouchepub.com. Retrieved 2018-06-25.
  12. ^ Cronista.com. "Suspenden la construcción las centrales nucleares financiadas por China 'hasta un mejor momento fiscal'". El Cronista (in Spanish). Retrieved 2018-06-25.
  13. ^ "Nuclear Power in Argentina | Argentinian Nuclear Energy – World Nuclear Association". world-nuclear.org. Retrieved 4 August 2019.
  14. ^ "China inks $8 bln nuclear power plant deal in Argentina". Reuters. 2 February 2022. Retrieved 2 February 2022.
  15. ^ Yulia Kosarenko. "NASA fact sheet". Archived from the original on 8 July 2007. Retrieved 20 August 2015.
  16. ^ "BNamericas – The Embalse Nuclear Power Plant returns to s..." BNamericas.com.
  17. ^ (PDF) https://web.archive.org/web/20141202073807/http://www.cienciayenergia.com/Contenido/pdf/020513_rad_tn.pdf. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2014-12-02. Retrieved 2018-05-17. {{cite web}}: Missing or empty |title= (help)
  18. ^ Legislation map
  19. ^ La Pampa Constitution
  20. ^ Tierra del Fuego Constitution