Nuclear energy in Argentina
In Argentina, about 10%  of the electricity comes from 3 operational nuclear reactors: The Embalse Nuclear Power Station, a CANDU reactor, and the Atucha 1 plant in 1974, a PHWR German design. In 2001, the plant was modified to burn Slightly Enriched Uranium, making it the first PHWR reactor to burn that fuel worldwide. Atucha was originally planned to be a complex with various reactors. Atucha 2 (similar to Atucha 1 but more powerful) began to produce energy on June 3, 2014, and it is expected to produce 745MWh[clarification needed]. Plans for Atucha III, a third reactor in the Atucha complex, have been announced.
Argentina also has various research reactors, and exports nuclear technology. Nucleoeléctrica of Argentina and Atomic Energy of Canada Limited are negotiating over the contracts and project delivery model for a new 740 MWe CANDU nuclear power plant.
In December 2015 a new uranium enrichment plant to manufacture fuel for Argentina's nuclear plants, located in Pilcaniyeu, was inaugurated. The plant will use both gaseous diffusion and more modern laser techniques.
China and Argentina had agreed a contract to build a 700 MWe CANDU 6 derived reactor. Its construction was planned to start in 2018 at Atucha, but it was indefinitely suspended by Mauricio Macri's government due to financial issues. The building of a 1000 MWe Hualong One plant is planned to start in 2020.
|Reactor||Status||Capacity in MW||Construction start||Commercial operation||Closure|
|Atucha||1||PHWR||Siemens-KWU||Operational||335||362||1 June 1968||24 June 1974|
|2||PHWR||Siemens-KWU||Operational||692||745||14 July 1981 (halted in 1994, restarted in 2007)||27 June 2014|
|Embalse||1||PHWR||CANDU-6||Operational||600||648||1 April 1974||20 January 1984||(2049)|
|CAREM||1||PWR||CAREM25||Under construction||25||29||8 February 2014|
|Name||Reactor||Status||Capacity in kWt||Construction start date||Operation date||Closure||Operator and owner|
|RA-0||Tank type||Operational||0.001||1959||Universidad Nacional de Córdoba|
|RA-1 Enrico Fermi||Tank type||Operational||40||May 1957||17 January 1958||National Atomic Energy Commission|
|RA-2||Critical assembly type||Shut down||0.03||19 July 1966||September 1983||National Atomic Energy Commission|
|RA-3||Pool type||Operational||10,000||20 December 1967||National Atomic Energy Commission|
|RA-4||HOMOG type||Operational||0.001||September 1971||Universidad Nacional de Rosario|
|RA-6||Pool type||Operational||3,000||1 September 1978||23 September 1982||National Atomic Energy Commission|
|RA-8||Critical assembly type||Operation suspended||0.01||16 June 1997||2001||National Atomic Energy Commission|
|RA-10||Under construction||30,000||March 2016||National Atomic Energy Commission|
Provinces that have banned the construction of nuclear power plants are:
- Provincial Law, Nº 3902
- Article 1: Declare the territory of the Chaco Province nuclear-free zone.
- Provincial Law, Nº 4207
- Article 1: Prohibits throughout the territory of the Corrientes Province, installing nuclear plants.
- Provincial Law, Nº 8785
- Article 3: It is forbidden the installation of nuclear power plants
- Provincial Constitution
- Article 18: La Pampa is declared a nuclear-free zone, to the extent determined by a special law in order to preserve the environment. Any damage it causes to the environment will generate liability under the applicable legal regulations or as may be provided.
- Provincial Law, Nº 5227
- Article 1: It is forbidden in the territory of the Province of Río Negro the installation of nuclear power generation plants.
- Provincial Law, Nº 5567
- Article 1: Declare the territory of the San Luis Province a nuclear-free zone.
- Provincial Law, Nº 10753
- Article 1: It is forbidden in the Santa Fe Province, the installation of plants and/or temporary or permanent nuclear deposits.
- Article 3: Declare the Santa Fe Province a nuclear-free zone.
- Provincial Constitution
- Article 56: It is forbidden in the Province. 1 - Conducting tests or nuclear tests of any kind for military purposes. 2 - Generation of energy from nuclear sources. 3 - Introduction and disposal of nuclear, chemical, biological waste or any other type or nature proven to be toxic, hazardous or potentially in the future.
- Provincial Law, Nº 6253
- Article 47: It is forbidden in the province: b) Generate energy from nuclear sources until the international scientific community works out an appropriate treatment for nuclear waste.
- National Atomic Energy Commission
- 2006 Argentine nuclear reactivation plan
- Argentina and weapons of mass destruction
- "Atucha 2 reaches 100% rated power". WNN. 19 February 2015.
- "Una nueva central nuclear, 30 años después". 2011-09-29. Retrieved 2011-09-29.
- "Canada, Argentina and China to cooperate on Candu projects". World Nuclear News. 2007-09-05. Retrieved 2010-06-20.
- "Russia moves to support Argentina through new debt crisis". Argentina News.Net. Archived from the original on 14 July 2014. Retrieved 13 July 2014.
- "Hualong One selected for Argentina". World Nuclear News. 5 February 2015. Retrieved 9 March 2015.
- Charlie Zhu and David Stanway (6 March 2015). "'Made in China' nuclear reactors a tough sell in global market". Reuters. Retrieved 9 March 2015.
- "Argentina resumes uranium enrichment". Nuclear Engineering International. 2 December 2015. Retrieved 9 December 2015.
- "Argentina-China talks on new nuclear plants". World Nuclear News. 8 May 2015. Retrieved 19 May 2017.
- "Argentina and China sign contract for two reactors". World Nuclear News. 18 May 2017. Retrieved 19 May 2017.
- "Stopping Nuclear Plant Construction 'Cancels Part of Argentina's Present and Future". www.larouchepub.com. Retrieved 2018-06-25.
- Cronista.com. "Suspenden la construcción las centrales nucleares financiadas por China 'hasta un mejor momento fiscal'". El Cronista (in Spanish). Retrieved 2018-06-25.
- "Nuclear Power in Argentina | Argentinian Nuclear Energy - World Nuclear Association". www.world-nuclear.org. Retrieved 4 August 2019.
- "Atucha 3 contract signed". Retrieved 20 August 2015.
- "Macri acordó en China que la construcción de Atucha III comenzará en enero". Télam. Retrieved 30 May 2017.
- Yulia Kosarenko. "NASA fact sheet". Archived from the original on 8 July 2007. Retrieved 20 August 2015.
- "http://www.cienciayenergia.com/Contenido/pdf/020513_rad_tn.pdf" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2014-12-02. Retrieved 2018-05-17. External link in
- Legislation map
- La Pampa Constitution
- Tierra del Fuego Constitution