Nuclear power by country

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The Cattenom Nuclear Power Plant in France. France produces around three quarters of its electricity by nuclear power.[1]

Nuclear power plants currently operate in 31 countries. Most are in Europe, North America, East Asia and South Asia. The United States is the largest producer of nuclear power, while France has the largest share of electricity generated by nuclear power. In 2010, before the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear disaster, it was reported that an average of about 10 nuclear reactors were expected to become operational per year, although according to the World Nuclear Association, of the 17 civilian reactors planned to become operational between 2007 and 2009, only five actually came on stream.[2] Global nuclear electricity generation in 2012 was at its lowest level since 1999.[3][4]

China has the fastest growing nuclear power program with 11 new reactors under construction,[5] and a considerable number of new reactors are also being built in India, Russia and South Korea. At the same time, at least 100 older and smaller reactors will "most probably be closed over the next 10–15 years".[2] Pakistan plans on constructing three to four nuclear power plants by 2030.[6]

Some countries operated nuclear reactors in the past but have currently no operating nuclear plants. Among them, Italy closed all of its nuclear stations by 1990 and nuclear power has since been discontinued because of the 1987 referendums on which Italians voted. Kazakhstan and Armenia are planning to reintroduce nuclear power in the future. Belarus has its first nuclear power plant under construction and plans to have it operating from end of 2019. The project is financed by Russia.

Several countries are currently operating nuclear power plants but are planning a nuclear power phase-out. These are Belgium, Germany, Spain, and Switzerland. Other countries, like Netherlands, Sweden, and Taiwan are also considering a phase-out. Austria and the Philippines never started to use their first nuclear plants that were completely built.

Due to financial, political and technical reasons, Cuba, Libya, North Korea, and Poland never completed the construction of their first nuclear plants, and Australia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Ghana, Ireland, Kuwait, Oman, Peru, Singapore, and Venezuela never built their planned first nuclear plants.[7][8]

Overview[edit]

Nations based on nuclear output as a percentage of national power output.
Timeline of commissioned and decommissioned nuclear capacity since the 1950s.[9] Positive numbers show the commissioned capacity for each year; negative numbers show the decommissioned capacity for each year.
Global status of nuclear deployment as of 2017 (source: see file description)
  Operating reactors, building new reactors
  Operating reactors, planning new build
  No reactors, building new reactors
  No reactors, planning new build
  Operating reactors, stable
  Operating reactors, considering phase-out
  Civil nuclear power is illegal
  No reactors
Nuclear power plants in Europe

Of the 31 countries in which nuclear power plants operate, only France, Slovakia, Ukraine, and Hungary use them as the source for a majority of the country's electricity supply as of 2018. Other countries have significant amounts of nuclear power generation capacity.[10] By far the largest nuclear electricity producers are the United States with 808,028 GWh of nuclear electricity in 2019, followed by France with 395,908 GWh.[10] As of December 2018, 457 reactors with a net capacity of 401,837 MWe are operational, and 54 reactors with net capacity of 55,364 MWe are under construction. Of the reactors under construction, 11 reactors with 10,982 MWe are in China and 7 reactors with a capacity of 5,300 MWe are in India.[11]

Nuclear power by country in 2018[10][9][1]
Country Reactors Capacity
Net-total (MWe)
Generated
electricity (GWh)
Share of total
electricity use
Notes
operational U/C
Argentina Argentina 3 1 1,633 6,453 4.7%
Armenia Armenia 1 0 375 1,898 25.6%
Bangladesh Bangladesh 0 2 N/A N/A N/A
Belarus Belarus 0 2 N/A N/A N/A
Belgium Belgium 7 0 5,918 27,251 39.0% Phase-out planned
Brazil Brazil 2 1 1,884 14,787 2.7%
Bulgaria Bulgaria 2 0 1,966 15,445 34.7%
Canada Canada 19 0 13,554 94,450 14.9%
China China 46 11 42,858 277,056 4.2%
Czech Republic Czech Republic 6 0 3,932 28,256 34.5%
Finland Finland 4 1 2,784 21,880 32.4%
France France 58 1 63,130 395,908 71.7%
Germany Germany 6 0 8,215 71,866 10.1% Phase-out by 2022
Hungary Hungary 4 0 1,902 14,857 50.6%
India India 22 7 6,780 37,813 3.2%
Iran Iran 1 1 915 6,300 2.1%
Japan Japan 42 2 39,752 49,330 6.2% Many reactors currently stopped
South Korea Korea, Republic of 24 4 22,444 127,077 23.7%
Mexico Mexico 2 0 1,552 13,200 5.3%
Netherlands Netherlands 1 0 482 3,340 3.0%
Pakistan Pakistan 5 2 1,318 9,290 6.8%
Romania Romania 2 0 1,300 10,459 17.2%
Russia Russia 37 6 28,177 191,340 17.9%
Slovakia Slovakia 4 2 1,814 13,789 55.0%
Slovenia Slovenia[12] 1 0 688 5,490 35.9%
South Africa South Africa 2 0 1,860 10,587 4.7%
Spain Spain 7 0 7,121 53,364 20.4%
Sweden Sweden 7 0 6,950 65,868 40.3%
Switzerland Switzerland 4 0 2,980 24,496 36.7% Phase-out planned
Taiwan Taiwan 4 2 5,052 26,656 9.4%
Turkey Turkey 0 1 N/A N/A N/A
Ukraine Ukraine 15 2 13,107 79,532 53.0%
United Arab Emirates United Arab Emirates 0 4 N/A N/A N/A
United Kingdom United Kingdom 15 2 8,923 59,112 17.7%
United States United States 99 2 99,680 808,028 19.3%
World total 456 54 401,837 2,563,000

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "World Nuclear Power Reactors & Uranium Requirements". World Nuclear Association. 1 October 2010. Retrieved 23 October 2010.
  2. ^ a b Michael Dittmar. Taking stock of nuclear renaissance that never was Sydney Morning Herald, 18 August 2010.
  3. ^ WNA (20 June 2013). "Nuclear power down in 2012". World Nuclear News.
  4. ^ "The Nuclear Renaissance".
  5. ^ "China Nuclear Power - Chinese Nuclear Energy".
  6. ^ "Pakistan plans to build several new nuclear reactors - official". www.reuters.com. Retrieved 24 December 2019.
  7. ^ Duroyan Fertl (5 June 2011). "Germany: Nuclear power to be phased out by 2022". Green Left.
  8. ^ James Kanter (25 May 2011). "Switzerland Decides on Nuclear Phase-Out". New York Times.
  9. ^ a b "Operational & Long-Term Shutdown Reactors". IAEA. 13 April 2013. Retrieved 14 April 2013.
  10. ^ a b c "Nuclear Share of Electricity Generation in 2018". IAEA. 22 July 2019. Retrieved 22 July 2019.
  11. ^ Nuclear Power Reactors in the World (PDF). Vienna: International Atomic Energy Agency. 2018. ISBN 978-92-0-101418-4.
  12. ^ https://www.nek.si/en/about-nek/production

External links[edit]