Nuclear power by country
France has the largest share of electricity generated by nuclear power. China has the fastest growing nuclear power program with 28 new reactors under construction, and a considerable number of new reactors are also being built in India, Russia and South Korea. At the same time, at least 100 older and smaller reactors will "most probably be closed over the next 10–15 years".
In 2010, before the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear disaster, it was reported that an average of about 10 nuclear reactors were expected to become operational per year, although according to the World Nuclear Association, of the 17 civilian reactors planned to become operational between 2007 and 2009, only five actually came on stream. As of 2016, Italy closed all of its nuclear stations and Belgium, Germany, Spain, and Switzerland are phasing-out nuclear power while Netherlands, Sweden, and Taiwan have some same intentions. Lithuania and Kazakhstan shut down lone nuclear stations earlier but plan to built new ones instead. Armenia earlier shut down its lone nuclear plant but then started to exploit it again. Austria never started to exploit its first nuclear plant that was completely built. Due to financial, politic and technical reasons, Cuba, Libya, North Korea, and Poland never completed the construction of their first nuclear plants (but the latter two plan the nuclear stations again) and Australia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Ghana, Ireland, Kuwait, Oman, Peru, Singapore, and Venezuela never built their planned first nuclear plants. Global nuclear electricity generation in 2012 was at its lowest level since 1999.
As of 2011, countries such as Australia, Austria, Denmark, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Luxembourg, Malaysia, Malta, New Zealand, Norway, Philippines, and Portugal have no nuclear power stations and remain opposed to them.
Of the thirty countries in which nuclear power plants operate, only France, Hungary, Slovakia and Ukraine use them as the source for a majority of electricity, although many other countries have a significant nuclear power generation capacity. According to the World Nuclear Association, a nuclear power advocacy group, over 45 countries are giving "serious consideration" to introducing a nuclear power capability, with Belarus, Iran, Jordan, Turkey, the United Arab Emirates and Vietnam at the forefront. China, India and South Korea are pursuing ambitious expansions of their nuclear power capacities, with China aiming to increase capacity to at least 80 GWe by 2020, 200 GWe by 2030 and 400 GWe by 2050. South Korea plans to expand its nuclear capacity from 20.7 GWe in 2012 to 27.3 GWe in 2020 and to 43 GWe by 2030. India aims to have 14.6 GWe nuclear power generation capacity by 2020 and 63 GWe by 2032 and to have 25% of all electricity supplied by nuclear power by 2050.
| %-share of
|Korea, Republic of||25||23133||157196.00||31.73%|
|World total||440||386,276 MWe||2,478 TWh||10.6%|
List of reactors of nuclear plants by country
Only the commercial reactors registered with the International Atomic Energy Agency (as of January 2016) are listed below.
|References and notes|
|Bulgaria||2||0||Four reactors were shut down in 2004 and 2007. Belene Nuclear Power Plant construction was officially terminated in March 2012.|
|Canada||19||0||2 new reactors at Darlington planned|
|China Mainland||35||20||58 GWe by 2020|
|Egypt||0||2||4 reactors expected to be completed by 2024 |
|Finland||4||1||As of 2012, TVO is planning a new reactor to be built and operational by 2020.|
|France||58||1||First French EPR under construction at Flamanville|
|Germany||9||0||Phase-out in place by 2022.|
|Hungary||4||0||Paks2 [2*1200MW] signed with Rosatom in 2014.|
|India||21||6||Six reactors with a cumulative capacity of 4300 MW are under construction as of 2016.|
|Iran||1||0||The first reactor of Bushehr Plant has power generation capacity of 915 MW|
|Japan||48||2||After Fukushima, Japan shut down all of its 54 nuclear reactors, 6 of them permanently; 48 remain operational, but only 2 have been approved for restart.|
|Romania||2||0||20 January 2011, GDF Suez, Iberdrola and RWE pulled out of the project.|
|Russia||34||9||9 new reactors expected to be completed by 2020|
|South Africa||2||0||South Africa will be building a further 9600 MW, 6-8 reactors, by 2030|
|Switzerland||5||0||Phase-out in place, first decommissioning 2029.|
|Republic of China||6||0|
|Ukraine||15||2 (IAEA) or 0 (WNA)||2 new reactors by 2018. One destroyed in 1986.|
|United Arab Emirates||0||4||4 reactors expected to be operational 2017-2020|
|World||446||65 (IAEA) or 63 (WNA)|
- List of nuclear reactors
- Nuclear energy policy by country
- Nuclear power accidents by country
- Uranium reserves
- World Nuclear Industry Status Report
- Nuclear industry in Canada
- Category:Nuclear power by country
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