Nuclear energy in Slovakia

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Nuclear power stations in Slovakia (view)
Location dot red.svg Active plants

Slovakia has four operational nuclear reactors, commissioned between 1984 and 1999 and with a combined net power capacity of 1,815 MWe. Nuclear power produces approximately 52% of the country’s electricity.[1] Three older reactors have been shut down. The government of Slovakia is committed to nuclear power, and two more reactors have been under construction at Mochovce since 1985.[2]

Prior to its accession to the European Union, Slovakia had to shut down two of its older reactors at Bohunice, because they did not meet European safety standards according to one source[citation needed]. Although Slovakia spent significant effort to achieve WANO standards, the EU insisted on the shutdowns.[citation needed] The first plant closed 31 December 2006 and the second on 31 December 2008. The closure of these units, prior to the completion of two new reactors has left the country short on power and Slovakia became an energy importer after the first plant was shut down.[citation needed]

Within the EU, Slovakia is one of the pro-nuclear Visegrád Group nations.[3][4]

The two under construction reactors at Mochovce will have a capacity of 405 MWe each.[2] Italian power company Enel, a majority shareholder of the Slovak power company, plans investment of €1.6 billion for completion of the Mochovce Nuclear Power Plant units 3 and 4 by 2011–2012. In January 2006 the Slovak government approved a new energy strategy incorporating these plans, with capacity uprates at Mochovce NPP units 1 and 2, and at Bohunice Nuclear Power Plant units 3 and 4.[5]

Radioactive waste in Slovakia is disposed without reprocessing. The spent fuel stays at the reactor site; however, some spent fuel has been exported to Russia. Slovakia has also begun a search for a high-level waste repository and established a fund with approximately €775 million to build it.[citation needed]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.iaea.org/PRIS/CountryStatistics/CountryDetails.aspx?current=SK
  2. ^ a b IAEA PRIS-database: http://www.iaea.org/cgi-bin/db.page.pl/pris.powrea.htm?country=SK
  3. ^ http://www.china.org.cn/world/Off_the_Wire/2013-10/14/content_30291509.htm
  4. ^ http://nuclearpower.einnews.com/region/visegrad-group
  5. ^ "Nuclear Power in Slovakia". World Nuclear Association. August 2008. Retrieved 20 August 2008.