Memorial with stone from the Berlin Wall
|Department||Río Negro Department|
|Elevation||10 m (30 ft)|
|Time zone||UTC -3|
|Dial plan||+598 4568 (+4 digits)|
It is located on the east bank of Uruguay River 7 kilometres (4.3 mi) northwest of the junction of Route 24 with Route 20. South of the town flows the stream Arroyo de la Yeguada and to its west, in the Uruguay River, is the island Isla del Burro. Its distance from the capital of the department Fray Bentos is 42 kilometres (26 mi) via Route 42 and Route 2.
In the 19th century, some German settlements were created next to the river, mostly composed by farmers. The brothers Richard and Karl Wendelstandt migrated from Germany around 1850 and bought the farm "El Curupí" in the Department of Soriano. Some years later, they bought properties in Paysandú which they renamed as Nueva Melhem (New Melhem). This new farm, with some 27,000 hectares was surrounded by 32 “positions”, 31 of which were occupied by other German families.
Meanwhile, the Wendelstandt family in Germany decided to invest in their relatives' properties in Uruguay. With these investments, the surroundings of farm "Nueva Melhem" became the village Nuevo Berlín around 1865-1868, with the approval of the brothers Wendelstandt, who requested Mr. Fridolin Quincke to design it. The task was finished by the end of 1874.
In 2011 Nuevo Berlín had a population of 2,450.
Source: Instituto Nacional de Estadística de Uruguay
On 10 October 1997 Austral Líneas Aéreas Flight 2553, a Douglas DC-9-32, registration LV-WEG, en route from Posadas to Buenos Aires, crashed near Nuevo Berlín, Uruguay, after entering a storm, resulting in the death of all 74 occupants, of whom 69 were passengers.
- Giorgian De Arrascaeta, footballer
- "Statistics of urban localities (1908–2004)" (PDF). INE. 2012. Retrieved 5 September 2012.
- "Ley Nº 14.326". República Oriental del Uruguay, Poder Legislativo. 1974. Retrieved 5 September 2012.
- "Censos 2011 Cuadros Río Negro". INE. 2012. Retrieved 25 August 2012.
- "75 Die in Crash of Argentine Plane in Uruguay". The New York Times. 12 October 1997. Retrieved 20 February 2011.