Nuevo Santander

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New Santander
Nuevo Santander
Spanish colony
1746–1821


Coat of arms

Viceroyalty of New Spain in 1819.
Capital Santander Jiménez
Languages Spanish
Religion Roman Catholicism
Government Monarchy
King of Spain
 •  July 9, 1746 – August 10, 1759 Ferdinand VI
 •  December 11, 1813 – September 29, 1833 Ferdinand VII
Royal Governor
 •  May 31, 1748 - April 8, 1767 José de Escandón
 •  July 7, 1821 - September 22, 1822 Felipe de la Garza Cisneros
Historical era Colonial era
 •  Established 1746
 •  Disestablished 1821
Population
 •  1790 est. 43,739 
Currency Spanish colonial real
Succeeded by
First Mexican Empire
Today part of  Mexico

 United States

Nuevo Santander (New Santander) was a region of the Viceroyalty of New Spain, covering the modern Mexican state of Tamaulipas and extending into modern-day southern Texas in the United States.

Nuevo Santander was named after Santander, Cantabria, Spain, and settled by Spanish American colonists in a concerted settlement campaign peaking in 1748–1750. It fell under the jurisdiction of the Real Audiencia of Guadalajara in judicial matters, and in 1776 Nuevo Santander became part of the semi-autonomous Provincias Internas.

José de Escandón founded the colony in 1747. In 1755 Laredo was founded which became the major town and capital of the colony. The people in Nuevo Santander were the first to call themselves tejanos. In 1762 it joined Texas.

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