Nuggets: Original Artyfacts from the First Psychedelic Era, 1965–1968
|Nuggets: Original Artyfacts from the First Psychedelic Era 1965–1968|
|Compilation album by |
|Released||October 2, 1972|
|Genre||Garage rock, acid rock, psychedelic rock, proto-punk|
|Various artists chronology|
|MSN Music (Consumer Guide)||A–|
|Encyclopedia of Popular Music|||
Nuggets: Original Artyfacts from the First Psychedelic Era is a compilation album of American psychedelic and garage rock singles released in the mid-to-late 1960s. It was assembled by Lenny Kaye, who at the time was a writer and clerk at the Village Oldies record shop in New York. He would later become the lead guitarist for the Patti Smith Group. Kaye worked on Nuggets under the supervision of Jac Holzman, founder of Elektra Records. Kaye initially conceived the project as a series of approximately eight individual LP installments, each focusing on US geographical regions, but Elektra convinced him that one 2-disc LP would be a more commercially viable format. The resulting double album was released on LP by Elektra in 1972 with liner notes by Kaye that contained one of the first uses of the term "punk rock". It was reissued with a new cover design by Sire Records in 1976. In the 1980s, Rhino Records issued Nuggets in a series of fifteen installments, and in 1998 as a 4-cd box set.
Jon Savage, in his history of the UK punk rock scene, England's Dreaming, cites Nuggets as a major influence on punk bands and includes it in his essential punk discography, alongside Iggy and the Stooges' Raw Power and The Velvet Underground's White Light/White Heat.
Many other compilation albums took their cue from Nuggets, including the Pebbles, Rubble - 20 volumes of mainly UK 1960s-era psychedelia released in the 1980s - and Back From the Grave series. Nuggets spawned an entire cottage industry of small record labels dedicated to unearthing and releasing obscure but worthy garage and psychedelic rock music from the 1960s.
In 1998 Rhino brought the original LP to CD, reproducing the original song sequence and liner notes. However, rather than releasing a single-disc release of the original LP, Rhino put the original disc in a box set with three other discs, an extra 91 songs in total that were not on the original LP. Contrary to popular belief, many of the songs were American Top 40 hits: more than a third of the original Nuggets would fall into that category, while Rhino's expanded set featured such smash hits as "Incense and Peppermints" by Strawberry Alarm Clock (#1), "Louie, Louie" by the Kingsmen (#2), "Wooly Bully" by Sam the Sham and the Pharaohs (#2), "Little Bit o' Soul" by the Music Explosion (#2), and "Time Won't Let Me" by the Outsiders (#5).
"Louie, Louie", "Laugh, Laugh", "Farmer John", "Psycho", "The Witch", and The Gestures' "Run, Run, Run" fall outside the set's stated time frame of 1965–1968; "Louie, Louie" having been released in 1963 and the rest in 1964.
In Europe in 2006 Rhino released a remastered version of the album featuring the original 1972 tracklist on a single compact disc in a miniaturized replica of the original gatefold sleeve. However, unlike the original album the tracks were presented using their mono mixes. In 2012 the album was again remastered, this time directly from the same tapes as the original 1972 release, featuring mono and stereo mixes. Available in double LP and digital formats, this version included updated release notes from Kaye and Jac Holzman.
It was voted number 479 in the third edition of Colin Larkin's All Time Top 1000 Albums (2000). In 2003, the album was ranked number 196 on Rolling Stone's list of the 500 greatest albums of all time, maintaining the rating in a 2012 revised list. It was later ranked down at 405 on the 2020 edition.
- The Electric Prunes: "I Had Too Much to Dream (Last Night)" (Annette Tucker, Nancie Mantz) – 3:02 (#11)
- The Standells: "Dirty Water" (Ed Cobb) – 2:50 (#11)
- The Strangeloves: "Night Time" (Bob Feldman, Jerry Goldstein, Richard Gottehrer) – 2:35 (#30)
- The Knickerbockers: "Lies" (Beau Charles, Buddy Randell) – 2:46 (#20)
- The Vagrants: "Respect" (Otis Redding) – 2:17
- Mouse: "A Public Execution" (Knox Henderson, Ronnie Weiss) – 3:02 (#121)
- The Blues Project: "No Time Like the Right Time" (Al Kooper) – 2:49 (#96)
- The Shadows of Knight: "Oh Yeah" (Elias McDaniel) – 2:51 (#39)
- The Seeds: "Pushin' Too Hard" (Richard Marsh) – 2:39 (#36)
- The Barbarians: "Moulty" (Barbara Baer, Douglas Morris, Eliot Greenberg, Robert Schwartz) – 2:37 (#90)
- The Remains: "Don't Look Back" (William McCord) – 2:45
- The Magicians: "An Invitation to Cry" (Alan Gordon, James Woods) – 2:59
- The Castaways: "Liar, Liar" (Dennis Craswell, Jim Donna) – 1:56 (#12)
- The 13th Floor Elevators: "You're Gonna Miss Me" (Roky Erickson) – 2:31 (#55)
- Count Five: "Psychotic Reaction" (Craig Atkinson, John Byrne, John Michalski, Kenn Ellner, Roy Chaney) – 3:09 (#5)
- The Leaves: "Hey Joe" (Billy Roberts) – 2:53 (#31)
- Michael and the Messengers: "Romeo & Juliet" (Bob Hamilton, Fred Gorman) – 2:02 (#129)
- The Cryan' Shames: "Sugar and Spice" (Fred Nightingale) – 2:33 (#49)
- The Amboy Dukes: "Baby Please Don't Go" (Big Joe Williams) – 5:41 (#106)
- Blues Magoos: "Tobacco Road" (John D. Loudermilk) – 4:44
- The Chocolate Watchband: "Let's Talk About Girls" (Manny Freiser) – 2:45
- The Mojo Men: "Sit Down, I Think I Love You" (Stephen Stills) – 2:25 (#36)
- The Third Rail: "Run, Run, Run" (Arthur Resnick, Joey Levine, Kris Resnick) – 1:57 (#53)
- Sagittarius: "My World Fell Down" (Geoff Stephens, John Shakespeare) – 3:52 (#70)
- Nazz: "Open My Eyes" (Todd Rundgren) – 2:47 (#112)
- The Premiers: "Farmer John" (Dewey Terry, Don Harris) – 2:29 (#19)
- The Magic Mushrooms: "It's-a-Happening" (David Rice, Sonny Casella) – 2:47 (#93)
1998 CD box set
The same tracks appear in the same order as the original double album.
- The Music Machine: "Talk Talk" (Sean Bonniwell) (#15)
- The Del-Vetts: "Last Time Around" (Dennis Dahlquist)
- The Human Beinz: "Nobody but Me" (Ronald Isley/O'Kelly Isley/Rudolph Isley) (#8)
- Kenny & the Kasuals: "Journey to Tyme" (Jerry Smith/Mark Lee)
- The Sparkles: "No Friend of Mine" (Jay Turnbow/Lawrence Parks)
- The Turtles: "Outside Chance" (Warren Zevon, Glenn Crocker)
- The Litter: "Action Woman" (Warren Kendrick)
- The Elastik Band: "Spazz" (David Cortopassi)
- The Chocolate Watchband: "Sweet Young Thing" (Ed Cobb)
- Strawberry Alarm Clock: "Incense and Peppermints" (John Carter/Timothy Gilbert) (#1)
- The Brogues: "I Ain't No Miracle Worker" (Nancie Mantz/Annette Tucker)
- Love: "7 and 7 Is" (Arthur Lee) (#33)
- The Outsiders: "Time Won't Let Me" (Thomas King/Chet Kelley) (#5)
- The Squires: "Going All the Way" (Michael Bouyea)
- The Shadows of Knight: "I'm Gonna Make You Mine" (Carole Bayer/William Carr/Carl D'Errico) (#90)
- Kim Fowley: "The Trip" (Dennis Hardesty/Kim Fowley/Paul Geddes)
- The Seeds: "Can't Seem to Make You Mine" (Sky Saxon) (#41)
- The Remains: "Why Do I Cry" (Barry Tashian)
- The Beau Brummels: "Laugh, Laugh" (Ron Elliott) (#15)
- The Nightcrawlers: "The Little Black Egg" (Michael Stone/Chuck Conion) (#85)
- The Gants: "I Wonder" (Sid Herring)
- The Five Americans: "I See the Light" (Norman Ezell/Mike Rabon/John Durrill) (#26)
- The Woolies: "Who Do You Love?" (Ellas McDaniel) (#95)
- The Swingin' Medallions: "Double Shot (Of My Baby's Love)" (Cyril Vetter/Don Smith) (#17)
- The Merry-Go-Round: "Live" (Emitt Rhodes) (#63)
- Paul Revere & the Raiders: "Steppin' Out" (Paul Revere/Mark Lindsay) (#46)
- Captain Beefheart & His Magic Band: "Diddy Wah Diddy" (Ellas McDaniel/Willie Dixon)
- The Sonics: "Strychnine" (Gerald Roslie)
- Syndicate of Sound: "Little Girl" (Bob Gonzalez/Don Baskin) (#8)
- Blues Magoos: "(We Ain't Got) Nothin' Yet" (Ronald Gilbert/Ralph Scala/Michael Esposito/Emil Thielhelm) (#5)
- Max Frost and the Troopers: "Shape of Things to Come" (Barry Mann/Cynthia Weil) (#22)
- The Hombres: "Let It Out (Let It All Hang Out)" (Bill Cunningham/John Hunter/Jerry Masters/Gary McEwen) (#12)
- The Golliwogs: "Fight Fire" (John Fogerty/Tom Fogerty)
- New Colony Six: "At the River's Edge" (Walter Kemp)
- The Daily Flash: "Jack of Diamonds" (arr. Steve Lalor/Don MacAllister/Jon Keliehor/Doug Hastings)
- Lyme and Cybelle: "Follow Me" (Warren Zevon/Violet Santangelo) (#65)
- The Choir: "It's Cold Outside" (Daniel Klawon) (#68)
- The Rare Breed: "Beg, Borrow and Steal" (Joseph DiFrancesco/Louis Zerato) (#28, when re-issued as Ohio Express)
- Sir Douglas Quintet: "She's About a Mover" (Doug Sahm) (#13)
- The Music Explosion: "Little Bit O' Soul" (John Shakespeare/Kenneth Lewis) (#2)
- The E-Types: "Put the Clock Back on the Wall" (Alan Gordon/Gary Bonner)
- The Palace Guard: "Falling Sugar" (Lawrence Rush/Paul Leka)
- The Gestures: "Run, Run, Run" (Dale Menten) (#44)
- The Rationals: "I Need You" (Ray Davies)
- The Humane Society: "Knock, Knock" (Woody Minnick/Danny Wheetman)
- The Groupies: "Primitive" (Robert Cortez/Norman Desrosiers/Peter Hendleman/Gordon McLaren/Ronald Peters/Steven Venet)
- The Sonics: "Psycho" (Gerald Roslie)
- The Lyrics: "So What!!" (Christopher Gaylord)
- The Lollipop Shoppe: "You Must Be a Witch" (Fred Cole)
- The Balloon Farm: "A Question of Temperature" (Michael Appel/Edward Schnug/Donald Henny) (#37)
- Mouse and the Traps: "Maid of Sugar - Maid of Spice" (Ronnie Weiss/Knox Henderson)
- The Uniques: "You Ain't Tuff" (Knox Henderson/Lawrence Puckett)
- The Standells: "Sometimes Good Guys Don't Wear White" (Ed Cobb) (#43)
- The Mojo Men: "She's My Baby" (James Alaimo/Paul Curcio/Steven Alaimo)
- The Unrelated Segments: "Story of My Life" (Rory Mackavich/Ronald Stults)
- The Third Bardo: "I'm Five Years Ahead of My Time" (Rusty Evans/Victoria Pike)
- We the People: "Mirror of Your Mind" (Thomas Talton)
- The Shadows of Knight: "Bad Little Woman" (Tito Tinsley/Victor Catling/Roderick Demick/Herbert Armstrong/Brian Rosbotham) (#91)
- The Music Machine: "Double Yellow Line" (Sean Bonniwell) (#111)
- The Human Expression: "Optical Sound" (Jim Quarles/Jim Foster)
- The Amboy Dukes: "Journey to the Center of the Mind" (Ted Nugent/Steven Farmer) (#16)
- The Chocolate Watchband: "Are You Gonna Be There (At the Love-In)" (Ethon McElroy/Donald Bennett)
- The Leaves: "Too Many People" (Bill Rhinehart/Jim Pons)
- The Brigands: "(Would I Still Be) Her Big Man" (Kris Resnick/Arthur Resnick)
- The Barbarians: "Are You a Boy or Are You a Girl" (Douglas Morris/Ron Morris) (#55)
- Sam the Sham & the Pharaohs: "Wooly Bully" (Domingo Samudio) (#2)
- The Strangeloves: "I Want Candy" (Robert Feldman/Jerry Goldstein/Richard Gottehrer/Bert Berns) (#11)
- The Kingsmen: "Louie Louie" (Richard Berry) (#2)
- The Knickerbockers: "One Track Mind" (Linda Colley/Keith Colley) (#46)
- The Wailers: "Out of Our Tree" (Ronald Gardner/Kent Morrill/John Ormsby)
- Harbinger Complex: "I Think I'm Down" (James Hockstaff/Robert Hoyle)
- The Dovers: "What Am I Going to Do" (Tim Granada)
- The Charlatans: "Codine" (Buffy Saint-Marie)
- The Mystery Trend: "Johnny Was a Good Boy" (Ronald Nagle/Robert Cuff)
- Clefs of Lavender Hill: "Stop - Get a Ticket" (Travis Fairchild/Coventry Fairchild) (#80)
- The Monks: "Complication" (Gary Burger/Larry Spangler/David Havlicek/Roger Johnston/Thomas Shaw)
- The Sonics: "The Witch" (Gerald Roslie)
- The Electric Prunes: "Get Me to the World on Time" (Annette Tucker/Jill Jones)(#27)
- The Other Half: "Mr. Pharmacist" (Jeff Nowlen)
- Richard and the Young Lions: "Open Up Your Door" (Larry Brown/Neval Abounader/Raymond Bloodworth) (#99)
- Paul Revere & the Raiders: "Just Like Me" (Richard Dey/Roger Hart) (#11)
- We the People: "You Burn Me Up and Down" (Thomas Talton)
- The Lemon Drops: "I Live in the Springtime" (Roger Weiss)
- Fenwyck: "Mindrocker" (Keith Colley/Linda Colley)
- The Rumors: "Hold Me Now" (Benson Turner/Norman Prinsky)
- The Underdogs: "Love's Gone Bad" (Eddie Holland/Lamont Dozier/Brian Holland) (#122)
- The Standells: "Why Pick on Me" (Ed Cobb) (#54)
- The Zakary Thaks: "Bad Girl"
- GONN: "Blackout of Gretely" (Rex Garrett/Craig Moore)
- The Bees: "Voices Green and Purple" (Rob Wood/Tom Willsie)
- Davie Allan & the Arrows: "Blues' Theme" (Mike Curb/Davie Allan) (#37)
The Nuggets series
In the mid-to-late 1980s, Rhino released a series of fifteen albums that bore the Nuggets name. The first twelve of these albums each focused on either a specific garage-rock subgenre or location, while the last three took a more global approach. This series provided much of the source material for the box set.
Rhino released Nuggets II: Original Artyfacts from the British Empire and Beyond, 1964-1969, a four-CD box set, in 2001. While the original Nuggets focused on the American scene, the second compilation shifted its focus to the rest of the world, collecting cuts from the United Kingdom (such as the Pretty Things and Small Faces), Australia (the Easybeats), New Zealand (the La De Das), Canada (the Guess Who and The Haunted), Japan (the Mops), Iceland (Thor's Hammer), Peru (We All Together), and Brazil (Os Mutantes).
Rhino released two more compilations using the Nuggets title, Hallucinations: Psychedelic Pop Nuggets from the WEA Vaults and Come to the Sunshine: Soft Pop Nuggets from the WEA Vaults, in 2004. Both discs were released through Rhino's internet-only label Rhino Handmade in limited pressings of 7500 each.
Rhino also released Children of Nuggets: Original Artyfacts From The Second Psychedelic Era, 1976-1995, a four-CD set of recordings by bands influenced by the original Nuggets, in late 2005.
Nuggets Volume 2
Lenny Kaye, who compiled the original Nuggets double LP set, also compiled a second volume that was never released. Many of the cuts appeared on the later Nuggets releases, but some did not. Below is the tentative track listing for Lenny Kaye's unreleased second Nuggets volume.
- The Lovin' Spoonful – "Do You Believe in Magic" (Kama Sutra)
- The Outsiders – "Time Won’t Let Me" (Capitol)
- The Left Banke – "Walk Away Renée" (Smash)
- Syndicate of Sound – "Little Girl" (Bell)
- The Balloon Farm – "A Question of Temperature" (Laurie)
- Swingin' Medallions – "Double Shot of My Baby’s Love" (Smash)
- The Gentrys – "Keep On Dancing" (MGM)
- The Music Machine – "Talk Talk" (Original Sound)
- The Five Americans – "I See the Light" (Abnak/HBR)
- ? & the Mysterians – "96 Tears" (Cameo)
- Richard & The Young Lions – "Open Up Your Door" (Phillips)
- The Beau Brummels – "Laugh, Laugh" OR "Just a Little" (Autumn)
- Clefs of Lavender Hill – "Stop-Get a Ticket" (Date)
- The Rainy Daze – "That Acapulco Gold" (Uni)
- The Elastik Band – "Spazz" (Atco)
- The Mystery Trend – "Johnny Was a Good Boy" (Verve)
- The Good Rats – "The Hobo" (Kapp)
- The Yellow Balloon – "Yellow Balloon" (Canterbury)
- The Gestures – "Run Run Run" (Soma)
- The Choir – "It’s Cold Outside" (Roulette)
- Bobby Fuller Four – "I Fought the Law" (Mustang)
- The Myddle Class – "Free as the Wind" (Tomorrow)
- The Evil – "Whatcha Gonna Do About It?" (Capitol)
- The Gants – "Road Runner" (Liberty)
- The Music Explosion – "A Little Bit of Soul" (Laurie)
- The North Atlantic Invasion Force – "Black on White" (Mr. G)
- The Monocles – "Spider and the Fly" (Chicory)
- The Lollipop Shoppe – "You Must Be a Witch" (Uni)
- The Kaleidoscope – "Just a Taste" (Epic)
- Gonn – "Blackout of Gretely" (Emir)
- The Squires – "Goin’ All the Way" (Atco)
- Link Cromwell (a.k.a. Lenny Kaye) – "Crazy Like a Fox" (Hollywood)
- Nuggets II: Original Artyfacts from the British Empire and Beyond, 1964-1969 - a box set of non-U.S. psychedelic rock released between 1964 and 1969
- Children of Nuggets: Original Artyfacts from the Second Psychedelic Era, 1976-1995 - the third box set in Nuggets series, compiling psychedelic rock released after 1975
- Love Is the Song We Sing: San Francisco Nuggets 1965-1970
- Hallucinations: Psychedelic Pop Nuggets from the WEA Vaults
- Come to the Sunshine: Soft Pop Nuggets from the WEA Vaults
- Where the Action Is! Los Angeles Nuggets 1965–1968
- Anthology of American Folk Music
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- Larkin, Colin (2007). Encyclopedia of Popular Music (5th ed.). Omnibus Press. ISBN 978-0857125958.
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- Colin Larkin, ed. (2006). All Time Top 1000 Albums (3rd ed.). Virgin Books. p. 170. ISBN 0-7535-0493-6.
- "500 Greatest Albums of All Time: Various Artists, 'Nuggets: Original Artyfacts From the First Psychedelic Era, 1965-1968'". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 2014-07-13.
- "500 Greatest Albums of All Time Rolling Stone's definitive list of the 500 greatest albums of all time". Rolling Stone. 2012. Retrieved September 18, 2019.
- "500 Greatest Albums of All Time". Rolling Stone. 2020. Retrieved September 23, 2020.
- Leland 1980.
- Shaw, Greg (January 4, 1973). "Punk Rock: The Arrogant Underbelly of Sixties Pop (review of Nuggets)". Rolling Stone.
- Leland, John (November–December 1980). "The Ultimate Record Collector". Trouser Press.