Nuh (city)

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Nuh
नूह
Town
Nuh is located in Haryana
Nuh
Nuh
Nuh is located in India
Nuh
Nuh
Coordinates: 28°07′N 77°01′E / 28.12°N 77.02°E / 28.12; 77.02
Country  India
State Haryana
District Nuh
Government
 • Type democratic
Elevation 199 m (653 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 16,260
Demonym(s) मेवाती
Languages
 • Official Hindi
 • Spoken Ahirwati, Mewati
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
ISO 3166 code IN-HR
Vehicle registration HR
Website haryana.gov.in
http://www.mewat.gov.in

Nuh is the district headquarters of the Nuh district[1] in the Indian state of Haryana. It lies on the National Highway 248 (NH 48) or Gurgaon-Sohna-Alwar highway about 45 kilometres (28 mi) from Gurgaon.

Geography[edit]

Nuh is located at 28°07′N 77°01′E / 28.12°N 77.02°E / 28.12; 77.02.[2] It has an average elevation of 199 metres (652 feet).

It is 70 km from New Delhi. It is located in the far southwest area of Haryana.

Climate[edit]

Climate in City is Extreme. Lowest Temperature: 0-1 degrees Highest Temperature: 44-45 degrees

Demographics[edit]

As of 2001 India census,[3] Nuh had a population of 11,038. Males constitute 53% of the population and females 47%. Nuh has an average literacy rate of 54%, lower than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 63%, and female literacy is 44%. In Nuh, 20% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Visitor attractions and monuments[edit]

The town assumed importance at the time of Bahadur Singh of Ghasera because of the trade in salt manufactured in neighbouring villages.

To the west of the town is a masonry tank of red sandstone tank featuring a chhatri adorned with floral designs. The tomb of Sheikh Musa combines Muslim and Rajput forms of architecture and is about 2.5 kilometres (1.6 mi) from the town.

Various ancient monuments of historical importance are scattered in this region, including:

Ghasera Fort[edit]

The ruined Ghasera Fort lies at Ghasera village 14 kilometres (8.7 mi) from Nuh city on Nun-Sohna road[4] that was ruled by Bahadur Singh Bargujar, a Rajput chief of 11 villages, he was killed in 1753 by the famous Jat king Surajmal of Bharatpur State after Jats besieged and ran over the Ghasera fort, after which Jats turned to Delhi by defeating Mughal king Ahmad Shah Bahadur and occupied the Red Fort there in 1754 CE.[5][6]

Chui Mal Ka Taalab[edit]

Chui Mal Ka Talaab or Chui Mal's water tank is a rectangular ancient water tank built mid 19th century[7] near Nalhar road behind Yasin degree college on the outskirts of Nuh city. The pond has an ancient cenotaph (chhatri) of red stone and having beautiful carvings.[8]

Nalhar Pandava Shiva Reservoir[edit]

Nalhar Pandava Shiva Reservoir and Nalhar Shiva Temple are located There is also a natural reservoir 2 kilometres (1.2 mi) from Nuh city in the foothills of Aravalli Hills which can be reached by climbing 250 stair steps from the Nalhar Shiva Temple. Shaheed Hasan Khan Mewati Government Medical College is located nearby.[9]

At the foothills of Aravalli range at Nalhar village, there is also a Lord Shiva temple within a U-shaped Nalhar valley which is reached by the nalhar road from Nuh city through a large ceremonial Hindu religious gate small distance from the temple. Water keeps flowing out of this reservoir and it is located behind the temple up in Aravalli Hills by climbing 250 stair steps. Popular folklore claims that Pandavas stayed here, prayed to the lord Shiva and drank water from this reservoir during a visit in their 14 years long exile.[9]

Temple of Hathor[edit]

http://www.merinews.com/article/shaking-minarets-in-haryanas-nuh/15897183.shtml

The ruins of Temple of Hathor (not to be confused with Hathor temple in the Dendera Temple complex in Egypt) of third dynasty of Thutmose of Egypt in 1479–1425 BC along with the Tomb of Sheikh Musa are located on a small hillock next to the Mewat Engineering College 6.5 kilometres (4.0 mi) from Nuh city on Nuh-Taoru road (state highway 132).[10] Archaeologists have found papyrus document written in ancient Demotic Egyptian script and Greek script within the temple complex.[10] The Temple of Hathor in Nuh is believed to be of the Third Dynasty of Thutmose and was restored again in 11th Dynasty of Tuthmose.[11] It was again destroyed and then was rebuilt in the Ptolemaic Period.[11] Hathor is an ancient Egyptian goddess who personified the principles of joy, feminine love, and motherhood who presided over the moon and Noah or Nuh who presided over the river Nile in Egypt.

Tomb of Sheikh Musa[edit]

The Tomb of Sheikh Musa is a 14th-century structure also has as the Shaking Minarets of Sheikh Musa and the adjacent Temple of Hathor of third dynasty of Thutmose of Egypt in 1479–1425 BC are located on a small hillock next to the Mewat Engineering College 6.5 kilometres (4.0 mi) from Nuh city.

The Tomb and mosque were built in Hijri era 1142 (14th century CE) in Tughlaq style architecture.[10] Sheikh Musa was the grandson of Mohammed Farid, and he came to Nuh looking for solitude and salvation. The tomb was built in his memory and the complex grew over time, with his dargah (tomb), mosque, madarsa, surrounding defensive wall with 12 arched gateways, one of the gateways around the dargah has shaking minarets that vibrate synchronously.[10]

The shaking arches and gateways were built in late Mughal-Rajput architectural style in 18th to early 19th century.[10] These minarets are one of its kind in India, as these can vibrate/shake. If a person shakes the pillars of one minar, the person standing inside the adjacent minar will automatically feel vibrations.[12] The condition of these minars are not good due to lack of maintenance by concerned authorities and immediate action required otherwise within next 2–3 years we may lose this example of ancient engineering.[10]

Tomb of Bahadur Khan Nahir[edit]

The Tomb of Raja Nahar Khan and Kotla Mosque are 6.5 kilometres (4.0 mi) from Nuh city in the Kotla village. The red sandstone and Grey quartzite tomb has inscription on the ruined gateway, dating it to 1392-1400 CE.[13]

Transport[edit]

It lies on the National Highway 248 (NH 248) or Gurgaon-Sohna-Alwar highway about 45 kilometres (28 mi) from Gurgaon.

Nuh is well connected to Gurgaon, Delhi, Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh by high frequency bus service. Night bus services are also provided by Rajasthan and Haryana Roadways. It has a depot and workshop of Haryana Roadways. Frequent bus service provided by Haryana and Rajasthan Roadways from Delhi to Alwar serves Nuh city.

The nearest railway stations are Palwal (32 km) and Gurgaon (45 km). A new railway line is being laid from Alwar to Pirthala and Asaoti near Palwal as a part of Western Dedicated Freight Corridor. A small portion of the track will pass slightly east of Nuh town and a Nuh railway station may be created.

The nearest airport is Palam airport at New Delhi.

Education[edit]

Schools[edit]

  • A.M.U PUBLIC SCHOOL BICHHOR (PUNHANA)
  • Mewat Model School, Nuh
  • Sardar Gurumukh Singh Memorial School
  • Hindu High School
  • Meo High School
  • Utopian Sr.Sec.School (Punahana)
  • Maria Manzil School
  • Green Field Public School
  • Girl High School
  • Kasturba Gandhi Balika Vidhliya
  • Aravali Public School

Higher Education[edit]

  • Yasin Meo Degree College
  • A.M.U COLLEGE OF EDUCATION BICHHOR(PUNHANA) NUH
  • Mewat Wakf Engineering College
  • SHKM Memorial Govt. Medical College
  • Industrial Training Institute
  • Teachers Training Institute

Nearby cities and towns[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]