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|District of Haryana|
Location of Mewat district in Haryana
|Tehsils||Nuh, Ferozepur Jhirka, Punahana, Taoru,|
|• Lok Sabha constituencies||Gurugram(Old Name:Gurgaon)|
|• Assembly seats||Nuh, Ferozepur Jhirka, Punahana, Tauru, Sub tehsil Nagina, Pingaon, Indri|
|• Total||1,860 km2 (720 sq mi)|
|• Density||590/km2 (1,500/sq mi)|
|• Sex ratio||906|
|Major highways||National Highway 248-A (Gurgaon-Sohna-Alwar), KMP (Western Peripheral) Expressway, Delhi-Mumbai Expressway|
|Average annual precipitation||594 mm|
Mewat district, officially known as Nuh district, is one of the 22 districts in the Indian state of Haryana. There are four Sub-Divisions in this district Nuh, Ferozepur Jhirka, Punahana and Taoru It has an area of 1,860 square kilometres (720 sq mi) and 1.09 million population. It is bounded by Gurugram district on the North, Palwal District of Haryana on East and Alwar District of Rajasthan on the South and West and its boundaries also touch with Bharatpur District of Rajasthan.Mewat district's some area also touch with Mathura District of Uttar Pradesh Near Bichhor Village and Nai Village of Punahana Tehsil. It is predominantly populated by the Meo farmers.
The district was created as Mewat district by taking areas from Gurgaon district and the Hathin Block of Faridabad district on 4 April 2005. However, Hathin sub-division was moved to the new district of Palwal in 2008. The district was renamed Nuh in 2016 as Mewat is a cultural region which spans the state of Haryana, Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh.
The district comprises Nuh, Taoru, Nagina, Ferozepur Jhirka, Indri, Punhana and Pinangwan blocks, 431 villages and 297 panchayats. There were 512 villages and 365 panchayats in district before Hathin Block was transferred to Palwal district.
The soil of district is light in texture, particularly sandy, sandy loam and clay loam. The upper hills are mostly barren.The total area of Mewat district is 1507 km2.
According to the 2011 census, Mewat district had a population of 1,089,406, roughly equal to the nation of Cyprus or the US state of Rhode Island. This gives it a ranking of 420th in India (out of a total of 640). The district had a population density of 729 inhabitants per square kilometre (1,890/sq mi) . Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 37.94%. It has a sex ratio of 906 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 56.1%.
According to the Census of India 2001, the total population of district was 993,617 (including Hathin Block of district Palwal) of which 46,122 (4.64%) lived in urban areas and the major chunk 947,495 (95.36%) of the population lived in rural areas. Out of the total population of 993,617, there are 524,872 males and 468,745 females. The SC population is around 78,802. The total numbers of households are 142,822 out of which 135,253 (95%) are in rural areas and remaining 7,569 (5%) are in urban areas. The total number of BPL households are 53,125 including Hathin Block.
The main occupation in district is agriculture along with allied and agro-based activities. The Meos are the predominant population group and are all agriculturists. Agriculture is mostly rain fed except in small pockets where canal irrigation is available. Agriculture production measured in terms of crop yield per hectare is low in comparison to the other districts of the State. Animal husbandry, particularly dairy, is the secondary source of income for the people and those who live closer to the hilly ranges of Aravali also keep sheep and goats. Milk yields are not so low, however, due to heavy indebtedness most of the farmers are forced to sell the milk to the lenders at lower than normal price, which drastically reduces their income from the milk. Towns like Punhana, Pinangwan, Ferozepur Jhirka, Taoru and Nuh are major hub of retail shops and acts as backbone of day-to-day life in area.
The district also has a MMTC-PAMP factory located in the Rojka-Meo industrial estate.
The district falls under the Sub-Tropical, Semi-arid climatic zone with extremely hot temperature in summer. Dryness of air is standard feature in Mewat district except during the monsoon season. May and June are the hottest months of the year with the temperature ranging from 30C to 48C. January, on the other hand is the coldest month with temperature ranging between 2 °C to 25 °C. Strong dusty winds are conspicuous during summer.
The annual rainfall varies considerably from year to year. The maximum rainfall is experienced during the monsoon season, which reaches its peak in the month of July. The principal precipitation occurs during monsoon period from June to September when about 80% of the rainfall is received. The average rainfall varies from 336 mm to 440 mm in the district.
Humidity is considerably low during the greater part of the year. The Mewat district experiences high humidity only during the monsoon period. The period of minimum humidity (less than 20%) is between April and May.
During the monsoon, the sky is heavily clouded, and winds are strong during this period. Winds are generally light during the post-monsoon and winter months.
Region Specific Weather Phenomena
Mewat district experiences a high incidence of thunderstorms and dust storms, often accompanied by violent squalls (andhar) during the period April to June. Sometimes the thunderstorms are accompanied by heavy rain and occasionally by hailstorms. In the winter months, fog sometimes appears in the district.
The district headquarter Nuh town is on Gurgaon-Sohna-Alwar road which is now National Highway 248 (NH 248) connecting it to Gurugram and Alwar. Kundli Manesar Palwal Expressway provides high speed access to district from Palwal and Manesar. Major District Roads 131 and 135 passing through district connects major town to Delhi-Agra Highway.There is no railway line and railway station in this district.NearestRailway Station from district boundaries is Hodal which is around 21 kilometers away from Punahana town. Nearest Railway Staion to the headquarter Nuh town is Gurgaon, which is 51 kilometers away.Station Code of Gurgaon Railway station is GGN
Under Construction Delhi- Mumbai Expressway will pass near to Pinangwan town and will boost connectivity to metro cities.
- "Gurgaon is now 'Gurugram', Mewat renamed Nuh: Haryana government". The Indian Express. 12 April 2016. Retrieved 12 April 2016.
- "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30.
- US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01.
Cyprus 1,120,489 July 2011 est.
- "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-09-30.
Rhode Island 1,052,567
- "Population by religion community - 2011". Census of India, 2011. The Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Archived from the original on 25 August 2015.
- Mewat Development Society (MDS)
- Official website of district Nuh